THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
CONSTITUENCIES BEGINNING WITH "M"
Last updated 16/11/2012
Date   Name Born Died Age
Dates in italics in the first column denote that the election held on that
date was a by-election. Dates shown in normal type were general elections,
or, in some instances, the date of a successful petition against a
previous election result.
Dates in italics in the "Born" column indicate that the MP was baptised on
that date; dates in italics in the "Died" column indicate that the MP was
buried on that date
MACCLESFIELD (CHESHIRE)
14 Dec 1832 John Ryle
John Brocklehurst (to 1868) 30 Oct 1788 13 Aug 1870 81
27 Jul 1837 Thomas Grimsditch 1786 early 1864 77
31 Jul 1847 John Williams 29 Nov 1855
8 Jul 1852 Edward Christopher Egerton 27 Jul 1816 27 Aug 1869 53
17 Nov 1868 David Chadwick 1821 19 Sep 1895 74
William Coare Brocklehurst 9 Feb 1818 3 Jun 1900 82
[Following the general election in Apr 1880,
the election of both sitting members
(Chadwick and Brocklehurst) was declared
void 22 Jun 1880. The writ was then
suspended until Dec 1885]
REPRESENTATION REDUCED
TO ONE MEMBER 1885
2 Dec 1885 William Coare Brocklehurst 9 Feb 1818 3 Jun 1900 81
15 Jul 1886 William Bromley-Davenport [kt 1924] 21 Jan 1862 6 Feb 1949 87
18 Jan 1906 William Brocklehurst Brocklehurst 18 May 1851 27 Jun 1929 78
14 Dec 1918 John Rumney Remer 2 Jul 1883 12 Mar 1948 64
22 Nov 1939 Willard Garfield Weston 26 Jan 1898 22 Oct 1978 80
26 Jul 1945 Arthur Vere Harvey [kt 1957],later [1971] Baron
Harvey of Prestbury [L] 31 Jan 1906 5 Apr 1994 88
30 Sep 1971 Nicholas Raymond Winterton [kt 2002] 31 Mar 1938
6 May 2010 David Henry Rutley 7 Mar 1961
MAIDENHEAD (BERKSHIRE)
1 May 1997 Theresa Mary May 1 Oct 1956
MAIDSTONE (KENT)
Apr 1660 Thomas Twisden 8 Jun 1602 2 Jan 1683 80
Robert Barnham,later [1663] 1st baronet 12 Oct 1606 c Jun 1685 78
(to Feb 1679)
3 Aug 1660 Sir Edward Hales,2nd baronet 12 Feb 1626 c 1684
20 Mar 1661 Sir Edmund Peirce 10 Aug 1667
14 Jan 1668 Thomas Harlackenden 28 Sep 1624 21 Jul 1689 64
14 Feb 1679 Sir John Tufton (to Nov 1685) c 1623 11 Oct 1685
Sir John Darell 20 Aug 1645 2 Feb 1694 48
16 Aug 1679 Thomas Fane 7 Sep 1626 5 Sep 1692 65
6 Mar 1685 Archibald Clinkard (to 1689) c Feb 1696
Nov 1685 Edwin Wyatt c 1629 7 Dec 1714
9 Jan 1689 Sir Thomas Taylor,2nd baronet (to 1696) 19 Aug 1657 5 Feb 1696 38
Caleb Banks 18 Sep 1659 13 Sep 1696 36
24 Feb 1690 Thomas Rider c 1648 by Sep 1704
25 Oct 1695 Sir John Banks,1st baronet (to 1698) 19 Aug 1627 19 Oct 1699 72
17 Feb 1696 Thomas Rider c 1648 by Sep 1704
22 Jul 1698 Sir Robert Marsham,4th baronet (to Dec 1702) 16 Dec 1650 25 Jul 1703 52
Thomas Bliss c 1647 8 Oct 1721
17 Jul 1702 Sir Robert Marsham,4th baronet 16 Dec 1650 25 Jul 1703 52
Sir Thomas Roberts,4th baronet 2 Dec 1658 20 Nov 1706 47
Election declared void 8 Dec 1702
3 Nov 1704 Heneage Finch,later [1719] 2nd Earl
of Aylesford 27 Aug 1683 29 Jun 1757 73
Thomas Bliss (to 1708) c 1647 8 Oct 1721
9 May 1705 Sir Thomas Colepeper,3rd baronet (to 1713) c 1656 18 May 1723
30 Apr 1708 Sir Robert Marsham,later [1716] 1st
Baron Romney (to 1716) 17 Sep 1685 28 Nov 1724 39
24 Aug 1713 Sir Samuel Ongley 13 Jun 1647 25 Aug 1726 79
24 Jan 1715 Sir Thomas Colepeper,3rd baronet (to 1723) c 1656 18 May 1723
30 Jun 1716 Sir Barnham Rider c 1683 21 Nov 1728
24 Mar 1722 John Finch (to 1740) c 1689 1 Jan 1740
1 Jun 1723 Sir Barnham Rider c 1683 21 Nov 1728
18 Aug 1727 Thomas Hope after 1734
26 Apr 1734 William Horsemonden-Turner (to 1741) 23 Apr 1678 14 Apr 1753 74
15 Jan 1740 Robert Fairfax 1707 15 Aug 1793 86
7 May 1741 Heneage Finch,styled Baron Guernsey,later
[1757] 3rd Earl of Aylesford 6 Nov 1715 9 May 1777 61
John Bligh,later [1747] 3rd Earl of Darnley [I] 1 Oct 1719 31 Jul 1781 61
27 Jun 1747 William Horsemonden-Turner 23 Apr 1678 14 Apr 1753 74
Robert Fairfax (to 1754) 1707 15 Aug 1793 86
25 Apr 1753 Gabriel Hanger,later [1762] 1st Baron
Coleraine [I] (to 1761) 9 Jan 1697 24 Jan 1773 76
16 Apr 1754 Heneage Finch,styled Baron Guernsey,later
[1757] 3rd Earl of Aylesford 6 Nov 1715 9 May 1777 61
6 Dec 1757 Savile Finch c 1736 20 Sep 1788
28 Mar 1761 Rose Fuller c 1708 7 May 1777
William Northey c 1722 24 Dec 1770
18 Mar 1768 Charles Marsham,later [1793] 3rd Baron
Romney and [1801] 1st Earl of Romney 28 Sep 1744 1 Mar 1811 66
Robert Gregory c 1729 1 Sep 1810
8 Oct 1774 Sir Horatio Mann,later [1786] 2nd
baronet (to 1784) 2 Feb 1744 2 Apr 1814 70
Heneage Finch,styled Baron Guernsey,later
[1777] 4th Earl of Aylesford 4 Jul 1751 21 Oct 1812 61
16 May 1777 Charles Finch 4 Jun 1752 17 Dec 1819 67
8 Sep 1780 Clement Taylor (to 1796) Apr 1804
2 Apr 1784 Gerard Edwards (later Noel),later [1813]
2nd baronet 17 Jul 1759 25 Feb 1838 78
14 Jul 1788 Matthew Bloxham [kt 1800] (to 1806) 10 Aug 1744 16 Oct 1822 78
27 May 1796 Oliver de Lancey c 1749 3 Sep 1822
5 Jul 1802 John Hodsdon Durand c 1761 28 Feb 1830
1 Nov 1806 George Simson (to 1818) 18 Mar 1767 7 Jul 1848 81
George Longman c 1773 23 Nov 1822
8 Oct 1812 Sir Samuel Egerton Brydges,1st baronet 30 Nov 1762 8 Sep 1837 74
17 Jun 1818 Abraham Wildey Robarts (to 1837) 1 Aug 1779 2 Apr 1858
George Longman c 1773 23 Nov 1822
9 Mar 1820 John Wells 1761 22 Nov 1848 87
30 Jul 1830 Henry Winchester 5 Jan 1777 8 Mar 1838 61
3 May 1831 Charles James Barnett 31 Oct 1796 31 Dec 1882 86
5 Jan 1835 Wyndham Lewis (to 1838) 7 Oct 1780 14 Mar 1838 57
27 Jul 1837 Benjamin Disraeli,later [1876] 1st Earl of
Beaconsfield (to 1841) 21 Dec 1804 19 Apr 1881 76
28 Mar 1838 John Minet Fector [his election was 1812 24 Feb 1868 55
declared void 6 Jun 1838. At the subsequent
by-election held on 15 Jun 1838,he was
again returned]
29 Jun 1841 Alexander James Beresford Beresford-Hope 25 Jan 1820 20 Oct 1887 67
George Dodd (to 1853) [following the 12 Dec 1864
general election in Jul 1852,his election
was declared void 22 Apr 1853]
8 Jul 1852 James Whatman (to 1857) 1813 12 Mar 1887 73
16 May 1853 William Lee 23 Aug 1801 29 Sep 1881 80
30 Mar 1857 Alexander James Beresford Beresford-Hope 25 Jan 1820 20 Oct 1887 67
Edward Scott
30 Apr 1859 William Lee (to 1870) 23 Aug 1801 29 Sep 1881 80
Charles Buxton 18 Nov 1823 10 Aug 1871 47
13 Jul 1865 James Whatman (to 1874) 1813 12 Mar 1887 73
25 Feb 1870 Sir John Lubbock,4th baronet, later [1900]
1st Baron Avebury (to 1880) 30 Apr 1834 28 May 1913 79
31 Jan 1874 Sir Sydney Hedley Waterlow,1st baronet 1 Nov 1822 3 Aug 1906 83
1 Apr 1880 Alexander Henry Ross (to 1888) 1829 3 Dec 1888 59
John Evans Freke-Aylmer 23 Feb 1838 14 Oct 1907 69
REPRESENTATION REDUCED
TO ONE MEMBER 1885
14 Dec 1888 Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis,
later [1927] 1st Baron Cornwallis 27 May 1864 26 Sep 1935 71
12 Jul 1895 Sir Frederick Seager Hunt,1st baronet 27 Apr 1837 21 Jan 1904 66
26 Mar 1898 Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis,
later [1927] 1st Baron Cornwallis 27 May 1864 26 Sep 1935 71
5 Oct 1900 John Barker,later [1908] 1st baronet 6 Apr 1840 16 Dec 1914 74
[His election was declared void 13 Feb 1901]
1 Mar 1901 Sir Francis Henry Evans,later [1902] 1st baronet 29 Aug 1840 22 Jan 1907 66
17 Jan 1906 Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-
Stewart,styled Viscount Castlereagh,later
[1915] 7th Marquess of Londonderry 13 May 1878 11 Feb 1949 70
22 Feb 1915 Carlyon Wilfroy Bellairs 15 Mar 1871 22 Aug 1955 84
27 Oct 1931 Alfred Charles Bossom,later [1953] 1st baronet
and [1960] Baron Bossom [L] 16 Oct 1881 4 Sep 1965 83
8 Oct 1959 John Julius Wells [kt 1984] 30 Mar 1925
11 Jun 1987 Ann Noreen Widdecombe 4 Oct 1947
NAME ALTERED TO "MAIDSTONE
AND THE WEALD" 1997
MAIDSTONE AND THE WEALD (KENT)
1 May 1997 Ann Noreen Widdecombe 4 Oct 1947
6 May 2010 Helen Grant 28 Sep 1961
MAKERFIELD (MANCHESTER)
9 Jun 1983 Michael Thomas Francis McGuire 3 May 1926
11 Jun 1987 Ian McCartney [kt 2010] 25 Apr 1951
6 May 2010 Yvonne Helen Fovargue 29 Nov 1956
MALDON (ESSEX)
12 Apr 1660 Henry Mildmay 25 Nov 1619 13 Dec 1692 73
Tristram Conyers (to 1661) 5 Sep 1619 6 Aug 1684 64
Edward Herrys Sep 1612 3 Mar 1662 49
Double return between Mildmay and Herrys.
Mildmay seated 27 Apr 1660. Mildmay's
election was subsequently declared void
and he was replaced by Herrys - see below
12 Jun 1660 Edward Herrys Sep 1612 3 Mar 1662 49
10 Apr 1661 Sir John Tyrell 14 Dec 1597 5 Apr 1676 78
Sir Richard Wiseman (to Mar 1679) c 1632 25 May 1712
26 Feb 1677 Sir William Wiseman,1st baronet (to 1685) c 1630 14 Jun 1688
3 Mar 1679 Sir John Bramston 11 Sep 1611 4 Feb 1700 88
6 Oct 1679 Sir Thomas Darcy,1st baronet (to 1693) 1 Jan 1632 Apr 1693 61
2 Apr 1685 Sir John Bramston 11 Sep 1611 4 Feb 1700 88
17 Jan 1689 Charles Montagu,later [1700] 1st Baron Haifax
and [1714] 1st Earl of Halifax (to 1695) 16 Apr 1661 19 May 1715 54
7 Dec 1693 Sir Eliab Harvey (to 1699) 3 Jun 1635 20 Feb 1699 63
7 Nov 1695 Irby Montagu (to Dec 1701) c 1656 28 Aug 1704
14 Mar 1699 John Bullock c 1671 1740
3 Jan 1701 William Fytche (to 1708) c 1671 12 Sep 1728
26 Nov 1701 John Comyns c 1667 13 Nov 1740
3 May 1708 Sir Richard Child,later [1731] 1st Earl Tylney
of Castlemaine [I] 5 Feb 1680 Mar 1750 70
Thomas Richmond (to 1711) c Apr 1711
5 Oct 1710 John Comyns (to 1715) [he was unseated c 1667 13 Nov 1740
on petition in favour of Samuel Tufnell
20 May 1715]
30 Apr 1711 William Fytche c 1671 12 Sep 1728
28 Jan 1712 Thomas Bramston (to 1727) 10 Nov 1658 30 May 1737 78
20 May 1715 Samuel Tufnell 15 Sep 1682 28 Dec 1758 76
20 Mar 1722 John Comyns c 1667 13 Nov 1740
25 Jan 1727 Henry Parsons (to 1740) 24 Jul 1687 29 Dec 1739 52
15 Aug 1727 Thomas Bramston c 1690 14 Nov 1765
29 Apr 1734 Martin Bladen (to 1741) c 1680 14 Feb 1746
14 Jan 1740 Benjamin Keene c 1697 15 Dec 1757
4 May 1741 Sir Thomas Drury,1st baronet 12 Nov 1712 19 Jan 1759 46
Robert Colebrooke (to 1761) 24 Jun 1718 10 May 1784 65
9 Jul 1747 Sir Richard Lloyd c 1696 6 Sep 1761
16 Apr 1754 John Bullock (to 1774) 31 Dec 1731 28 Dec 1809 77
27 Mar 1761 Bamber Gascoyne 22 Feb 1725 27 Oct 1791 66
26 Apr 1763 John Huske 3 Jul 1724 Oct 1773 49
15 Dec 1773 Charles Rainsford 3 Feb 1728 24 May 1809 81
8 Oct 1774 John Strutt (to 1790) Nov 1727 8 Mar 1816 88
Richard Savage Nassau 1 Jun 1723 17 May 1780 56
27 May 1780 Eliab Harvey 5 Dec 1758 20 Feb 1830 71
30 Mar 1784 Drigue Billers Olmius,2nd Baron Waltham [I] 12 Mar 1746 10 Feb 1787 40
19 Feb 1787 Sir Peter Parker,1st baronet c 1721 21 Dec 1811
16 Jun 1790 Joseph Holden Strutt (to 1826) 21 Nov 1758 18 Feb 1845 86
Charles Callis Western,later [1833] 1st Baron
Western 9 Aug 1767 4 Nov 1844 77
30 Oct 1806 Benjamin Gaskell [he was unseated on 28 Feb 1781 21 Jan 1856 74
petition in favour of Charles Callis Western
4 Feb 1807]
4 Feb 1807 Charles Callis Western,later [1833] 1st Baron
Western 9 Aug 1767 4 Nov 1844 77
5 Oct 1812 Benjamin Gaskell 28 Feb 1781 21 Jan 1856 74
30 Jun 1826 George Mark Arthur Way Allanson-Winn 14 Aug 1785 5 Nov 1827 42
Thomas Barrett-Lennard (to 1837) 4 Oct 1788 9 Jun 1856 67
3 Dec 1827 Hugh Dick c 1780 10 Aug 1830
30 Jul 1830 Quintin Dick (to 1847) 7 Feb 1777 26 Mar 1858 81
26 Jul 1837 John Round 8 Mar 1783 28 Apr 1860 77
31 Jul 1847 David Waddington 1810 12 Oct 1863 53
Thomas Barrett-Lennard 4 Oct 1788 9 Jun 1856 67
10 Jul 1852 Charles du Cane [kt 1875] 5 Dec 1825 25 Feb 1889 63
Taverner John Miller 1804 27 Mar 1867 62
Election declared void 18 Mar 1853. Writ
suspended until Aug 1854
17 Aug 1854 George Montagu Warren Peacocke (Sandford c 1821 17 Jun 1879
from 1866)
John Bramley-Moore (to 1859) 1800 19 Nov 1886 86
28 Mar 1857 Thomas Sutton Western,later [1873] 2nd
baronet (to 1865) 7 Oct 1821 20 Jun 1877 55
30 Apr 1859 George Montagu Warren Peacocke (Sandford
from 1866) (to 1868) c 1821 17 Jun 1879
12 Jul 1865 Ralph Anstruther Earle 1835 10 Jun 1879 43
REPRESENTATION REDUCED
TO ONE MEMBER 1868
18 Nov 1868 Edward Hammond Bentall 1814 7 Aug 1898 84
3 Feb 1874 George Montagu Warren Sandford c 1821 17 Jun 1879
12 Dec 1878 George Courtauld 11 Aug 1830 29 Feb 1920 89
3 Dec 1885 Arthur George Kitching 28 Dec 1840 3 Nov 1919 79
9 Jul 1886 Charles Wing Gray 1845 23 Nov 1920 75
Jul 1892 Cyril Joseph Settle Dodd 1844 29 Jan 1913 68
18 Jul 1895 Charles Hedley Strutt 18 Apr 1849 19 Dec 1926 77
18 Jan 1906 Thomas Robert Bethell [kt 1914] 1867 23 Dec 1957 90
24 Jan 1910 Sir James Fortescue Flannery,1st baronet 16 Dec 1851 5 Oct 1943 91
15 Nov 1922 Edward Archibald Ruggles-Brise,later [1935]
1st baronet 9 Sep 1882 12 May 1942 59
6 Dec 1923 Valentine George Crittall,later [1948] 1st
Baron Braintree 28 Jun 1884 21 May 1961 76
29 Oct 1924 Sir Edward Archibald Ruggles-Brise,1st
baronet 9 Sep 1882 12 May 1942 59
25 Jun 1942 Thomas Edward Neil Driberg,later [1976]
Baron Bradwell [L] 22 May 1905 12 Aug 1976 71
26 May 1955 Alastair Brian Clarke Harrison 3 Oct 1921
28 Feb 1974 John Wakeham,later [1992] Baron Wakeham [L] 22 Jun 1932
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1983
BUT RE-CREATED 2010
6 May 2010 John Flasby Lawrance Whittingdale 16 Oct 1959
MALDON AND EAST CHELMSFORD (ESSEX)
1 May 1997 John Flasby Lawrance Whittingdale 16 Oct 1959
NAME ALTERED TO "MALDON" 2010
MALLOW (CORK)
1801 John Longfield 5 Jul 1741 18 Dec 1815 74
13 Jul 1802 Denham Jephson c 1748 9 May 1813
16 Oct 1812 James Laurence Cotter,later [1829] 3rd
baronet c 1787 31 Dec 1834
27 Jun 1818 William Wrixon-Becher 31 Jul 1780 23 Oct 1850 70
16 Jun 1826 Sir Charles Denham Orlando Jephson-
Norreys,later [1838] 1st baronet 1 Dec 1799 11 Jul 1888 88
17 Dec 1832 William Joseph O'Neil Kilkaskin Daunt
[he was unseated on petition in favour of
Charles Denham Orlando Jephson 24 Apr 1833]
24 Apr 1833 Sir Charles Denham Orlando Jephson-
Norreys,later [1838] 1st baronet 1 Dec 1799 11 Jul 1888 88
6 May 1859 Robert Longfield 1810 27 Apr 1868 57
13 Jul 1865 Edward Sullivan,later [1881] 1st baronet 10 Jul 1822 13 Apr 1885 62
3 Feb 1870 Henry Munster [his election was declared
void 18 Apr 1870]
10 May 1870 George Waters 1827
7 Jun 1872 William Felix Laurence Austin Munster 1849 11 Apr 1877 27
For further information on the death of this MP,
see the note at the foot of this page
9 Feb 1874 John George McCarthy 1829
13 Apr 1880 William Moore Johnson,later [1909] 1st
baronet 1828 9 Dec 1918 90
25 Jan 1883 William O'Brien 2 Oct 1852 25 Feb 1928 75
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1885
MALMESBURY (WILTSHIRE)
3 Apr 1660 Robert Danvers 19 Oct 1624 1674 49
Sir Francis Henry Lee (to 1668) 17 Jan 1639 4 Dec 1667 28
2 Apr 1661 Lawrence Washington 30 Sep 1622 17 Jan 1662 39
13 Feb 1662 Philip Howard (to 1679) 5 Mar 1629 Sep 1717 88
16 Jan 1668 Sir Edward Poole c 1617 mid 1673
3 Nov 1673 Thomas Estcourt [kt 1674] c 1645 1702
10 Feb 1679 Sir William Estcourt 16 May 1654 Nov 1684 30
Sir James Long,2nd baronet 12 Jan 1617 23 Jan 1692 75
28 Apr 1685 Sir Thomas Estcourt c 1645 1702
John Fitzherbert c 1624 20 Mar 1693
15 Jan 1689 Henry Wharton [he was also returned for 13 Jan 1657 28 Oct 1689 32
Westmorland,for which he chose to sit]
Charles Godfrey c 1648 23 Feb 1715
30 Jan 1689 Thomas Tollemache c 1651 12 Jun 1694
27 Feb 1690 Goodwin Wharton (to 1696) [at the general 8 Mar 1653 25 Oct 1704 51
election in Oct 1695,Wharton was also
returned for Cockermouth,for which he
chose to sit]
Sir James Long,2nd baronet 12 Jan 1617 23 Jan 1692 75
3 Feb 1692 George Booth c 1655 11 Jun 1726
21 Oct 1695 Craven Howard (to 1698) c 1649 7 Jun 1700
1 Dec 1696 Sir Thomas Skipwith,2nd baronet c 1652 15 Jun 1710
27 Jul 1698 Michael Wicks c 1633 by May 1708
Edward Pauncefort (to 1705) after 1652 4 Jul 1726
8 Jan 1701 Samuel Shepheard 3 Dec 1677 24 Apr 1748 70
24 Nov 1701 Sir Charles Hedges [at the general election 30 Jan 1650 10 Jun 1714 64
in Jul 1702,Hedges was also returned for
Calne,for which he chose to sit]
21 Nov 1702 Thomas Boucher c 1657 2 Sep 1708
14 May 1705 Thomas Farrington (to 1713) c 1664 7 Oct 1712
Henry Mordaunt c 1682 24 Feb 1710
11 Mar 1710 Joseph Addison (to 1719) 1 May 1672 17 Jun 1719 47
20 Apr 1713 Sir John Rushout,4th baronet (to Dec 1722) 6 Feb 1685 2 Feb 1775 89
30 Nov 1719 Fleetwood Dormer 14 Apr 1657 21 Oct 1723 66
24 Mar 1722 Trevor Hill,1st Viscount Hillsborough [I] 1693 5 May 1742 48
[Both sitting members (Rushout and
Hillsborough) were unseated on petition in
favour of Giles Earle and John Fermor
13 Dec 1722]
13 Dec 1722 Giles Earle (to 1747) c 1678 20 Aug 1758
John Fermor 10 Oct 1674 29 Dec 1722 48
25 Jan 1723 Charles Stewart 1681 5 Feb 1741 59
17 Aug 1727 William Rawlinson Earle 7 Apr 1702 10 Aug 1774 72
3 Jul 1747 John Lee (to 1754) 8 May 1695 c Nov 1761 66
James Douglas 2 Jun 1751
13 Jun 1751 Edward Digby,later [1752] 6th Baron Digby [I] 5 Jul 1730 30 Nov 1757 27
18 Apr 1754 Lord George Bentinck 24 Dec 1715 1 Mar 1759 43
Brice Fisher (to 1761) 28 May 1767
21 Mar 1759 Thomas Conolly (to 1768) c 1737 27 Apr 1803
25 Mar 1761 John Tylney,2nd Earl Tylney of Castlemaine [I] 22 Oct 1712 17 Sep 1784 71
17 Mar 1768 Arthur Chichester,5th Earl of Donegall [I],
later [1791] 1st Marquess of Donegall [I] 13 Jun 1739 5 Jan 1799 59
Thomas Howard,later [1779] 14th Earl of
Suffolk and 7th Earl of Berkshire 11 Jan 1721 3 Feb 1783 62
8 Oct 1774 Charles James Fox 24 Jan 1749 13 Sep 1806 57
William Strahan 24 Mar 1715 9 Jul 1785 70
9 Sep 1780 George Legge,styled Viscount Lewisham,later
[1801] 3rd Earl of Dartmouth [he was also 3 Oct 1755 10 Nov 1810 55
returned for Staffordshire,for which he
chose to sit]
Arthur Hill,styled Viscount Fairford,later [1793]
2nd Marquess of Downshire (to 1784) 23 Feb 1753 7 Sep 1801 48
28 Nov 1780 John Calvert c 1758 2 Jun 1844
2 Apr 1784 Peniston Lamb,1st Viscount Melbourne [I]
(to Jun 1790) 29 Jan 1745 22 Jul 1828 83
James Maitland,styled Viscount Maitland,later
[1789] 8th Earl of Lauderdale 26 Jan 1759 15 Sep 1839 80
1 Feb 1790 Paul Benfield (to 1792) 25 Jan 1741 Apr 1810 69
21 Jun 1790 Benjamin Bond-Hopkins (to 1794) c 1745 30 Jan 1794
20 Feb 1792 Sir James Sanderson,later [1794] 1st baronet 30 Dec 1741 21 Jun 1798 56
(to 1796)
11 Feb 1794 Francis Glanville 31 Jul 1762 3 Jun 1846 83
27 May 1796 Samuel Smith [he was also returned for 14 Apr 1754 12 Mar 1834 79
Leicester,for which he chose to sit]
Peter Isaac Thellusson,later [1806] 1st Baron
Rendlesham [I] (to 1802) 13 Oct 1761 16 Sep 1808 46
22 Nov 1796 Philip Metcalfe 29 Aug 1733 10 Aug 1818 84
8 Jul 1802 Claude Scott 11 May 1742 27 Mar 1830 87
Samuel Scott,later [1830] 2nd baronet 29 Apr 1772 30 Sep 1849 77
31 Oct 1806 Robert Ladbroke c 1739 1 Jul 1814
Nicholas William Ridley-Colborne,later [1839]
1st Baron Colborne 14 Apr 1779 3 May 1854 75
8 May 1807 Sir George Bowyer,6th baronet 3 Mar 1783 1 Jul 1860 77
Philip Gell (to 1812) Jul 1775 25 Jan 1842 66
30 Jan 1810 Abel Smith 17 Jul 1788 23 Feb 1859 70
13 Oct 1812 William Hicks-Beach (to 1817) 24 Jul 1783 22 Nov 1856 73
Sir Charles Saxton [he was also returned 2 Oct 1773 24 Jan 1838 64
for Cashel,for which he chose to sit]
2 Jan 1813 Peter Patten-Bold (to 1818) 1764 17 Oct 1819 55
8 Feb 1817 Sir William Abdy,7th baronet c 1779 18 Apr 1868
19 Jun 1818 Charles Forbes,later [1823] 1st baronet (to 1832) 3 Apr 1773 20 Nov 1849 76
Kirkman Finlay Apr 1773 4 Mar 1842 68
27 Jun 1820 William Leake c 1771 21 Apr 1852
10 Jun 1826 John Forbes 15 Dec 1801 20 Dec 1840 39
REPRESENTATION REDUCED
TO ONE MEMBER 1832
10 Dec 1832 Charles John Howard,styled Viscount Andover,
later [1851] 17th Earl of Suffolk and 10th Earl
of Berkshire 7 Nov 1804 14 Aug 1876 71
1 Jul 1841 James Kenneth Howard 5 Mar 1814 7 Jan 1882 67
8 Jul 1852 Thomas Luce 1790 6 Aug 1875 85
29 Apr 1859 Henry Charles Howard,styled Viscount Andover,
later [1876] 18th Earl of Suffolk and 11th Earl
of Berkshire 10 Sep 1833 31 Mar 1898 64
17 Nov 1868 Walter Powell 1842 10 Dec 1881 39
For further information on this MP, see
the note at the foot of this page
7 Mar 1882 Charles William Miles 1823 4 Oct 1892 69
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1885
MALTON (YORKSHIRE)
c Apr 1660 Sir Philip Howard c 1631 Apr 1686
Thomas Hebblethwaite [kt Jun 1660] (to 1668) 19 Jun 1628 21 Jun 1668 40
c Apr 1661 Thomas Danby [he was unseated on petition 17 Aug 1631 31 Jul 1667 35
in favour of Sir Thomas Gower 18 Dec 1661]
18 Dec 1661 Sir Thomas Gower,2nd baronet (to 1673) c 1605 3 Sep 1672
6 Oct 1668 William Palmes (to 1685) c 1638 5 Feb 1716
21 Feb 1673 James Hebblethwaite c 1652 10 Dec 1729
William Leveson Gower
Double return. Hebblethwaite declared
elected 18 Mar 1673
13 Feb 1679 Sir Watkinson Paylor c 1634 30 Sep 1705
26 Mar 1685 Thomas Fairfax,later [1688] 5th Lord
Fairfax of Cameron 16 Apr 1657 6 Jan 1710 52
Thomas Worsley c 1649 18 May 1715
8 Jan 1689 Sir William Strickland,3rd baronet Mar 1665 12 May 1724 59
William Palmes (to 1713) c 1638 5 Feb 1716
29 Jul 1698 Thomas Worsley c 1649 18 May 1715
9 Jan 1701 Sir William Strickland,3rd baronet Mar 1665 12 May 1724 59
11 May 1708 William Palmes c 1638 5 Feb 1716
William Strickland,later [1724] 4th baronet c 1686 1 Sep 1735 59
(to 1715)
Thomas Worsley c 1649 18 May 1715
Thomas Harrison
Double return. Palmes and Strickland
declared elected 14 Dec 1708
3 Sep 1713 Thomas Watson-Wentworth (to 1722) 17 Jun 1665 6 Oct 1723 58
1 Feb 1715 Thomas Watson-Wentworth [kt 1725],later
[1746] 1st Marquess of Rockingham (to 1727) 13 Nov 1693 14 Dec 1750 57
27 Mar 1722 Sir William Strickland,3rd baronet Mar 1665 12 May 1724 59
27 Nov 1724 Henry Finch (to 1761) c 1694 26 Apr 1761
23 Aug 1727 Wardell George Westby 9 Dec 1756
19 May 1731 Sir William Wentworth,4th baronet 29 Oct 1686 1 Mar 1763 76
6 May 1741 Lord James Cavendish after 1698 5 Nov 1741
30 Dec 1741 John Mostyn (to 1768) c 1709 16 Feb 1779
11 Dec 1761 Savile Finch (to 1780) c 1736 20 Sep 1788
22 Mar 1768 John Dawnay,4th Viscount Downe [I] 9 Apr 1728 21 Dec 1780 52
11 Oct 1774 Edmund Burke [he was also returned for 12 Jan 1729 9 Jul 1797 68
Bristol,for which he chose to sit]
28 Feb 1775 William Weddell (to 1784) 13 May 1736 30 Apr 1792 55
7 Dec 1780 Edmund Burke (to 1794) 12 Jan 1729 9 Jul 1797 68
1 Apr 1784 Sir Thomas Gascoigne,8th baronet 7 Mar 1745 11 Feb 1810 64
10 Aug 1784 William Weddell 13 May 1736 30 Apr 1792 55
7 May 1792 George Damer,styled Viscount Milton of
Milton Abbey, later [1798] 2nd Earl of
Dorchester (to Feb 1798) 28 Mar 1746 7 Mar 1808 61
18 Jul 1794 Richard Burke 9 Feb 1758 2 Aug 1794 36
21 Jan 1795 William Baldwin (to Jul 1798) c 1737 10 Oct 1813
27 Feb 1798 Bryan Cooke (to 1807) 8 Jun 1756 8 Nov 1821 65
5 Jul 1798 Charles Lawrence Dundas 18 Jul 1771 25 Jan 1810 38
23 Apr 1805 Henry Grattan 3 Jul 1746 4 Jun 1820 73
3 Nov 1806 Charles William Wentworth Fitzwilliam,styled
Viscount Milton,later [1833] 5th Earl Fitzwilliam 4 May 1786 4 Oct 1857 71
12 May 1807 Robert Lawrence Dundas [kt 1815] (to 1812) 27 Jul 1780 23 Nov 1844 64
Charles Winn-Allanson,2nd Baron Headley [I] 25 Jun 1784 9 Apr 1840 55
[his election was declared void 16 Mar 1808]
24 Mar 1808 Bryan Cooke 8 Jun 1756 8 Nov 1821 65
6 Oct 1812 John William Ponsonby,styled Viscount
Duncannon,later [1844] 4th Earl of Bessborough 31 Aug 1781 16 May 1847 65
John Charles Ramsden (to 1831) 30 Apr 1788 29 Dec 1836 48
9 Jun 1826 Constantine Henry Phipps,styled Viscount
Normanby,later [1838] 1st Marquess of Normanby 15 May 1797 28 Jul 1863 66
3 Aug 1830 Sir James Scarlett,later [1835] 1st Baron Abinger 13 Dec 1769 7 Apr 1844 74
6 Apr 1831 Francis Jeffrey (to Jul 1831) [at the general 23 Oct 1773 26 Jan 1850 76
election in May 1831,he was also returned
for Perth Burghs,for which he chose to sit]
3 May 1831 Henry Gally-Knight (to 1832) 2 Dec 1786 9 Feb 1846 59
13 Jul 1831 William Cavendish,styled Baron Cavendish from
Sep 1831,later [1834] 2nd Earl of Burlington
and [1858] 7th Duke of Devonshire 27 Apr 1808 21 Dec 1891 83
30 Sep 1831 Charles Christopher Pepys [kt 1834],later [1836]
1st Baron Cottenham and [1850] 1st Earl of
Cottenham 29 Apr 1781 29 Apr 1851 70
12 Dec 1832 William Charles Wentworth Fitzwilliam,
styled Viscount Milton from 1833 18 Jan 1812 8 Nov 1835 23
8 Mar 1833 John Charles Ramsden (to 1837) 30 Apr 1788 29 Dec 1836 48
12 Feb 1836 John Walbanke Childers (to 1846) 27 May 1798 8 Feb 1886 87
27 Jan 1837 William Thomas Spencer Wentworth-
Fitzwilliam,styled Viscount Milton,later [1857]
6th Earl Fitzwilliam 12 Oct 1815 20 Feb 1902 86
30 Jun 1841 John Evelyn Denison,later [1872] 1st Viscount
Ossington (to 1857) 27 Jan 1800 7 Mar 1873 73
15 Apr 1846 William Thomas Spencer Wentworth-
Fitzwilliam,styled Viscount Milton,later [1857]
6th Earl Fitzwilliam 12 Oct 1815 20 Feb 1902 86
28 Jul 1847 John Walbanke Childers 27 May 1798 8 Feb 1886 87
8 Jul 1852 Charles William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam
(to 1885) 18 Sep 1826 20 Dec 1894 68
27 Mar 1857 James Brown 12 Apr 1814 14 Jul 1877 63
REPRESENTATION REDUCED
TO ONE MEMBER 1868
NAME ALTERED TO "THIRSK &
MALTON" 1885
MANCHESTER (LANCASHIRE)
15 Dec 1832 Mark Philips (to 1847) 4 Nov 1800 23 Dec 1873 73
Charles Edward Poulett Thomson,later [1840] 1st
Baron Sydenham 13 Sep 1799 19 Sep 1841 42
7 Sep 1839 Robert Hyde Gregg 24 Sep 1795 21 Feb 1875 79
1 Jul 1841 Thomas Milner Gibson (to 1857) 3 Sep 1806 25 Feb 1884 77
29 Jul 1847 John Bright 16 Nov 1811 27 Mar 1889 77
30 Mar 1857 Sir John Potter 10 Apr 1815 25 Oct 1858 43
James Aspinall Turner (to 1865) 1797 28 Sep 1867 70
17 Nov 1858 Thomas Bazley,later [1869] 1st baronet 27 May 1797 18 Mar 1885 87
(to 1880)
14 Jul 1865 Edward James 1807 3 Nov 1867 60
27 Nov 1867 Jacob Bright (to 1874) 26 May 1821 7 Nov 1899 78
REPRESENTATION INCREASED
TO THREE MEMBERS 1868
18 Nov 1868 Hugh Birley (to 1883) 21 Oct 1817 9 Sep 1883 65
7 Feb 1874 William Romaine Callender 1825 22 Jan 1876 50
19 Feb 1876 Jacob Bright (to 1885) 26 May 1821 7 Nov 1899 78
3 Apr 1880 John Slagg (to 1885) 1841 7 May 1889 47
4 Oct 1883 William Henry Houldsworth,later [1887] 1st
baronet 20 Aug 1834 18 Apr 1917 82
SPLIT INTO 6 DIVISIONS 1885
SEE BELOW
MANCHESTER CENTRAL
28 Feb 1974 Norman Harold Lever,later [1979] Baron Lever
of Manchester [L] 15 Jan 1914 6 Aug 1995 81
27 Sep 1979 Robert Kenneth Litherland 23 Jun 1930 13 May 2011 80
1 May 1997 Anthony Joseph Lloyd 25 Feb 1950
15 Nov 2012 Lucy Maria Powell 1975
MANCHESTER EAST
26 Nov 1885 Arthur James Balfour,later [1922] 1st
Earl of Balfour 25 Jul 1848 19 Mar 1930 81
13 Jan 1906 Thomas Gardner Horridge [kt 1910] 12 Dec 1857 25 Jul 1938 80
15 Jan 1910 John Edward Sutton 23 Dec 1862 29 Nov 1945 82
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MANCHESTER NORTH
26 Nov 1885 James Frederick Hutton 1826 1 Mar 1890 63
2 Jul 1886 Charles Ernest Schwann (Swann from 1913),
later [1906] 1st baronet 25 Jan 1844 13 Jul 1929 85
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MANCHESTER NORTH-EAST
26 Nov 1885 Sir James Fergusson,6th baronet 18 Mar 1832 14 Jan 1907 74
13 Jan 1906 John Robert Clynes 27 Mar 1869 23 Oct 1949 80
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MANCHESTER NORTH-WEST
26 Nov 1885 William Henry Houldsworth,later [1887] 1st
baronet 20 Aug 1834 18 Apr 1917 82
13 Jan 1906 Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill [KG 1953] 30 Nov 1874 24 Jan 1965 90
23 Apr 1908 William Joynson-Hicks,later [1919] 1st baronet
and [1929] 1st Viscount Brentford 23 Jun 1865 8 Jun 1932 66
15 Jan 1910 Sir George Kemp,later [1913] 1st Baron Rochdale 9 Jun 1866 24 Mar 1945 78
8 Aug 1912 Sir John Scurrah Randles 25 Dec 1857 11 Feb 1945 87
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MANCHESTER SOUTH
26 Nov 1885 Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe 7 Jan 1833 18 Dec 1915 82
13 Jul 1895 John Douglas Sutherland Campbell,styled
Marquess of Lorne,later [1900] 9th Duke of Argyll 6 Aug 1845 2 May 1914 68
25 May 1900 William Robert Wellesley Peel,later [1912] 2nd
Viscount Peel and [1929] 1st Earl Peel 7 Jan 1867 28 Sep 1937 70
13 Jan 1906 Arthur Adlington Haworth,later [1911]
1st baronet 22 Aug 1865 31 Aug 1944 79
5 Mar 1912 Philip Kirkland Glazebrook 24 Dec 1880 7 Mar 1918 37
For further information on this MP,see
the note at the foot of this page
22 Mar 1918 Robert Burdon Stoker 19 Jun 1859 4 Sep 1919 60
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MANCHESTER SOUTH-WEST
26 Nov 1885 Lord Frederick Spencer Hamilton 13 Oct 1856 11 Aug 1928 71
2 Jul 1886 Jacob Bright 26 May 1821 7 Nov 1899 78
13 Jul 1895 William Johnson Galloway 1868 28 Jan 1931 62
13 Jan 1906 George Davy Kelley 1848 18 Dec 1911 63
15 Jan 1910 Henry Arthur Colefax [kt 1920] 9 Jul 1866 19 Feb 1936 69
Dec 1910 Christopher Thomas Needham [kt 1919] 30 Aug 1866 29 Apr 1944 77
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MANSFIELD (NOTTINGHAMSHIRE)
8 Dec 1885 Cecil George Savile Foljambe,later [1892] 1st
Baron Hawkesbury and [1905] 1st Earl
of Liverpool 7 Nov 1846 23 Mar 1907 60
Jul 1892 John Carvell Williams 20 Sep 1821 8 Oct 1907 86
11 Oct 1900 Arthur Basil Markham,later [1911] 1st baronet 25 Aug 1866 7 Aug 1916 50
20 Sep 1916 Sir Charles Hilton Seely,2nd baronet 7 Jul 1859 26 Feb 1926 66
14 Dec 1918 William Carter 12 Jun 1862 29 Feb 1932 69
15 Nov 1922 Albert James Bennett,later [1929] 1st baronet 17 Sep 1872 14 Dec 1945 73
6 Dec 1923 Frank Bradley Varley 18 Jun 1885 17 Mar 1929 43
30 May 1929 Charles Brown 1884 22 Dec 1940 56
22 Apr 1941 Harry Bernard Taylor,later [1966] Baron
Taylor of Mansfield [L] 18 Sep 1895 11 Apr 1991 95
31 Mar 1966 John Dennis Concannon 16 May 1930 14 Dec 2003 73
11 Jun 1987 Joseph Alan Meale [kt 2011] 31 Jul 1949
MARLBOROUGH (WILTSHIRE)
5 Apr 1660 Henry Hungerford 23 Jul 1611 27 May 1673 61
Jeffrey Daniel (to 1679) 29 Jun 1626 22 Apr 1681 54
1 Apr 1661 Lord John Seymour,later [1671] 4th Duke of
Somerset c 1633 29 Apr 1675
31 Jan 1673 Sir John Elwes [election declared void 1 Nov 1635 6 Mar 1702 66
6 Feb 1673. At the subsequent by-election
held on 10 Feb 1673,Elwes was again elected]
7 Feb 1679 Thomas Bennet (to 1685) c 1640 29 Jun 1703
Edward Goddard 10 Jun 1679
28 Aug 1679 Thomas Bruce,styled Viscount Bruce of
Ampthill,later [1685] 2nd Earl of Ailesbury 26 Sep 1656 16 Dec 1741 85
25 Mar 1685 Sir John Ernle (to Nov 1695) c 1620 27 Jun 1697
Sir George Willoughby c 1635 8 Jan 1695
24 Jan 1695 Thomas Bennet (to 1698) c 1640 29 Jun 1703
5 Nov 1695 William Daniell 29 Jan 1665 25 Apr 1698 33
25 Jul 1698 Richard Jones,1st Earl of Ranelagh [I] 8 Feb 1641 5 Jan 1712 70
(to Nov 1701)
William Grinfield 28 Oct 1673 29 Sep 1714 40
3 Jan 1701 John Jeffreys (to Nov 1702) [at the general c 1659 2 Oct 1715
election in Jul 1702,Jeffreys was also
returned for Breconshire,for which he
chose to sit]
22 Nov 1701 Robert Yard c 1651 27 Apr 1705
18 Jul 1702 Robert Bruce (to May 1705) 11 Feb 1668 19 May 1729 61
25 Nov 1702 Edward Jeffreys 1680 15 Jul 1740 60
11 May 1705 Edward Ashe [he was also returned for c 1673 22 May 1748
Heytesbury,for which he chose to sit]
John Jeffreys (to 1708) c 1659 2 Oct 1715
27 Nov 1705 Algernon Seymour,styled Earl of Hertford later
[1748] 7th Duke of Somerset (to Dec 1708) 11 Nov 1684 7 Feb 1750 65
[at the general election in May 1708, Hertford
was also returned for Northumberland,for
which he chose to sit]
7 May 1708 James Bruce (to 1710) c 1670 by Jan 1733
10 Dec 1708 Sir Edward Ernle,3rd baronet c 1673 31 Jan 1729
9 Oct 1710 Charles Bruce,styled Viscount Bruce of
Ampthill,later [1741] 3rd Earl of Ailesbury 29 May 1682 10 Feb 1747 64
Robert Bruce (to 1715) 11 Feb 1668 19 May 1729 61
23 Jan 1712 Richard Jones by 1679 Dec 1736
26 Aug 1713 Gabriel Roberts c 1665 after 1734
27 Jan 1715 Sir William Humphreys,1st baronet (to 1722) c 1651 26 Oct 1735
Joshua Ward [he was unseated on petition 1685 21 Nov 1761 76
in favour of Gabriel Roberts 13 May 1717]
13 May 1717 Gabriel Roberts (to 1727) c 1665 after 1734
24 Mar 1722 Algernon Seymour,styled Earl of Hertford,later
[1748] 7th Duke of Somerset [he was also 11 Nov 1684 7 Feb 1750 65
returned for Northumberland,for which he chose
to sit]
26 Oct 1722 Thomas Gibson (to 1734) 16 Mar 1667 21 Sep 1744 77
18 Aug 1727 Edward Lisle (to 1737) [at the general 17 May 1692 15 Jun 1753 61
election in Apr 1734,he was also returned for
Hampshire,for which he chose to sit]
29 Apr 1734 Francis Seymour (to 1741) 1 Oct 1697 23 Dec 1761 64
28 Feb 1737 John Crawley (to 1747) 26 Apr 1703 9 Sep 1767 64
5 May 1741 Sir John Hynde Cotton,3rd baronet (to 1752) 7 Apr 1686 4 Feb 1752 65
27 Jun 1747 John Talbot (to 1754) c 1717 1778
18 Feb 1752 Sir John Hynde Cotton,4th baronet (to 1761) c 1717 23 Jan 1795
15 Apr 1754 John Ward,later [1774] 2nd Viscount Dudley
and Ward of Dudley 22 Feb 1725 10 Oct 1788 63
27 Mar 1761 John Montagu,styled Baron Brudenell,later
[1762] 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton and,
from 1766,styled Marquess of Monthermer 17 Mar 1735 11 Apr 1770 35
Robert Brudenell (to 1768) Oct 1726 20 Oct 1768 42
11 May 1762 James Long (Tylney-Long from 1784),later
[1767] 7th baronet (to 1780) c 1737 28 Nov 1794
17 Nov 1768 James Brudenell,later [1790] 5th Earl of Cardigan 20 Apr 1725 24 Feb 1811 85
13 Sep 1780 James Stopford,2nd Earl of Courtown [I]
(to 1793) 28 May 1731 30 Mar 1810 78
William Woodley 27 Jun 1728 2 Jun 1793 64
5 Apr 1784 Sir Philip Hales c 1735 12 Apr 1824
22 Jun 1790 Thomas Bruce (to 1796) 1738 12 Dec 1797 59
28 Jun 1793 Charles William Henry Montagu-Scott,styled
Earl of Dalkeith,later [1812] 4th Duke of
Buccleuch and 6th Duke of Queensberry 25 May 1772 20 Apr 1819 46
30 May 1796 Charles Bruce Brudenell Bruce,styled Baron
Bruce,later [1814] 2nd Earl of Ailesbury and
[1821] 1st Marquess of Ailesbury (to 1814) 14 Feb 1773 4 Jan 1856 82
James Bruce 23 Mar 1769 10 Jul 1798 29
For information on the death of this MP,see
the note at the foot of this page
16 Nov 1797 Robert Brudenell 25 Apr 1769 14 Aug 1837 68
8 Jul 1802 James Henry Leigh 8 Feb 1765 28 Oct 1823 58
4 Nov 1806 Charles William Henry Montagu-Scott,styled
Earl of Dalkeith,later [1812] 4th Duke of
Buccleuch and 6th Duke of Queensberry 25 May 1772 20 Apr 1819 46
20 Apr 1807 James George Stopford,styled Viscount
Stopford,later [1810] 3rd Earl of Courtown [I] 15 Aug 1765 15 Jun 1835 69
10 Apr 1810 Edward Stopford (to 1818) 28 Sep 1766 14 Sep 1837 70
9 May 1814 William Hill,later [1832] 3rd Baron Berwick 21 Oct 1773 4 Aug 1842 68
18 Jun 1818 John Wodehouse,later [1834] 2nd Baron
Wodehouse 11 Jan 1771 29 May 1846 75
James Thomas Brudenell,styled Baron Brudenell,
later [1837] 7th Earl of Cardigan (to 1829) 16 Oct 1797 28 Mar 1868 70
14 Jun 1826 George William Frederick Brudenell-
Bruce,styled Earl Bruce,later [1856] 2nd
Marquess of Ailesbury 20 Nov 1804 6 Jan 1878 73
13 Mar 1829 Thomas Henry Sutton Bucknall-Estcourt
(Sotheron from 1839-1855,and Sotheron-
Estcourt thereafter) (to 1832) 4 Apr 1801 6 Jan 1876 74
23 Mar 1829 William John Bankes 11 Dec 1786 15 Apr 1855 68
For further information on this MP,see the
note at the foot of the page containing
details of the constituency of Truro
11 Dec 1832 Lord Ernest Augustus Charles Brudenell-
Bruce,later [1878] 3rd Marquess of Ailesbury
(to 1878) 8 Jan 1811 18 Oct 1886 75
Henry Bingham Baring 4 Mar 1804 26 Apr 1869 65
REPRESENTATION REDUCED
TO ONE MEMBER 1868
31 Jan 1878 Lord Charles William Brudenell-Bruce 18 Jun 1834 16 Apr 1897 62
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1885
MARYHILL (GLASGOW)
14 Dec 1918 Sir William Lowson Mitchell-Thomson,2nd
baronet,later [1932] 1st Baron Selsdon 15 Apr 1877 24 Dec 1938 61
15 Nov 1922 John William Muir 15 Dec 1879 11 Jan 1931 51
29 Oct 1924 James Brown Couper 1870 14 Oct 1946 76
30 May 1929 John Smith Clarke 4 Feb 1885 30 Jan 1959 73
27 Oct 1931 Douglas Jamieson 14 Jul 1880 31 May 1952 71
14 Nov 1935 John James Davidson 13 Dec 1899
26 Jul 1945 William Hannan 30 Aug 1906 6 Mar 1987 80
28 Feb 1974 James Mark Craigen 2 Aug 1938
11 Jun 1987 Maria Fyfe 25 Nov 1938
7 Jun 2001 Ann McKechin 22 Apr 1961
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 2005
MARYLEBONE
12 Dec 1832 Edward Berkeley Portman,later [1873] 1st
Viscount Portman 9 Jul 1799 19 Nov 1888 89
Sir William Horne (to 1835) 2 Dec 1773 13 Jul 1860 86
20 Mar 1833 Sir Samuel St.Swithin Burden Whalley 1800 3 Feb 1883 82
(to 1838) [following the general election
in Jul 1837,his election was declared void
21 Feb 1838]
9 Jan 1835 Sir Henry Lytton Earle Bulwer,later [1871] 1st
Baron Dalling & Bulwer 13 Feb 1801 23 May 1872 71
26 Jul 1837 Benjamin Hall,later [1838] 1st baronet and
[1859] 1st Baron Llanover (to Jul 1859) 8 Nov 1802 27 Apr 1867 64
3 Mar 1838 Charles John Shore,2nd Baron Teignmouth [I] 13 Jan 1796 18 Sep 1885 89
2 Jul 1841 Sir Charles Napier 6 Mar 1786 6 Nov 1860 74
31 Jul 1847 Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart 11 Jan 1803 17 Nov 1854 51
20 Dec 1854 Hugh Fortescue,styled Viscount Ebrington,
later [1861] 3rd Earl Fortescue 4 Apr 1818 10 Oct 1905 87
25 Feb 1859 Edwin John James (to 1861) c 1812 4 Mar 1882
For further information on this MP,see
the note at the foot of this page
7 Jul 1859 Edmund Burke Roche,1st Baron Fermoy [I]
(to 1865) Aug 1815 17 Sep 1874 59
19 Apr 1861 John Harvey Lewis (to 1874) 1814 23 Oct 1888 74
12 Jul 1865 Thomas Chambers [kt 1872] (to 1885) 1814 24 Dec 1891 77
5 Feb 1874 William Forsyth 25 Oct 1812 26 Dec 1899 87
3 Apr 1880 Daniel Grant 1826
CONSTITUENCY SPLIT INTO EAST &
& WEST DIVISIONS 1885
MARYLEBONE EAST
26 Nov 1885 Lord Charles William de la Poer
Beresford,later [1916] 1st Baron Beresford 10 Feb 1846 6 Sep 1919 73
19 Jul 1889 Edmund Boulnois 17 Jun 1838 7 May 1911 72
15 Jan 1906 Lord Robert Cecil,later [1923] 1st Viscount
Cecil of Chelwood 14 Sep 1864 24 Nov 1958 94
17 Jan 1910 James Boyton [kt 1918] 1855 16 May 1926 70
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
MARYLEBONE WEST
26 Nov 1885 Frederick Seager Hunt,later [1892] 1st baronet 27 Apr 1837 21 Jan 1904 66
16 Jul 1895 Sir Horace Brand Townsend Farquhar,1st
baronet,later [1922] 1st Earl Farquhar 19 May 1844 30 Aug 1923 79
3 Feb 1898 Sir Samuel Edward Scott,6th baronet 25 Oct 1873 21 Feb 1943 69
CONSTITUENCY ABOLISHED 1918
William Felix Laurence Austin Munster, MP for Mallow 1872-1874
On 11 April 1877, in St.Louis, Missouri, a fire broke out in the Southern Hotel. This six-storey
building was widely regarded as one of the premier hotels in the city. Shortly after 1 a.m., the
flames were first noticed and guests started to flee the hotel. Most of the 300 guests escaped
but 21 guests and hotel workers perished, including 8 who were killed when jumping in a vain
attempt to escape the flames.
Two of the guests in the hotel that night were William Felix Laurence Austin Munster and his
wife. The following account appeared in the St.Louis 'Globe-Democrat' of 12 April 1877:-
'The marriage three months since of the Hon. William Felix Austin Munster, of Brighton, Sussex,
England, to Miss Blanche, daughter of Dr. H.C. Lynch, a highly-respected citizen of St. Louis,
was a brilliant social event. The bridal party left on a tour to the South, and returned on the
Grand Republic last Friday. They engaged board at the Southern. Their rooms were on the
fifth floor, facing on Fourth street. On the ill-fated night the husband and wife had retired
early. Under the influence of an opiate, Mr. Munster slept soundly. Mrs. Munster awoke before
the alarm had become general, and with difficulty aroused her husband. Hastily dressing, they
attempted to escape by the halls. The smoke stifled and blinded them. "We will smother to
death," shrieked the wife, and together they returned to the room they had just quitted and
closed the door. They looked out of the window. No ladders were up. The noise of the flames
was heard, and they knew that death was near. There seemed to be no hope. Someone
hallooed up, "Make a rope out of your sheets." They made it. "Climb down, Blanche," said the
husband. She started, but returned. "How will you get down if you give me that rope?" said
she. "Will you be brave?" said he. "Yes." "Then we will die together." He had a revolver, and
he said, "We will at least not burn to death."
'At this moment the door was burst in. Some brave fellow lifted Mrs. Munster to his shoulders
and ran with her through the halls. "My husband," she cried. He followed and answered.
Scorched, wet, and exhausted, they reached the street. They were but thinly clad. Together
they started for the residence of a relative, and at 3 o'clock reached the residence of Mr.
Frank J. Donovan, a relative of the lady. To the inmates of the house they told the story of
the night's horror, and Mr. Donovan and Dr. Lynch, who happened [to be] in the house
overnight, started down to the scene of the fire.
'Mr. Jerry Conroy, business partner of Mr. Donovan, and an intimate friend of Mr. Munster, was
early on the scene of the fire. Knowing the location of the room of his friends, he made every
effort to reach them. Some one told him that they were safe and were at Donovan's house.
He called a carriage and was driven out there. The home is at 2827 Gamble street. When he
returned it was with Mr. Munster. They again visited the fire. Together they went amongst the
scenes of death and suffering. Together they witnessed some of the fearful death-leaps, and
scenes of horror that abounded. The ghastly whole seemed to have a depressing effect upon
Mr. Munster. At about 5 o'clock they went up to Conroy's office, in a building at the corner
of Fourth and Olive streets, and lay down for a while. At 5.30 Dr. Lynch and Frank Donovan
came up to the office. The party discussed the event of the night. Mr. Munster seemed to be
greatly depressed, and talked in a vein of deep melancholy. When daylight broke, and the
noise and bustle of the street told that the city was awake, Mr. Donovan suggested an
adjournment to his house for breakfast. Mr. Conroy started down the stairs; Mr. Donovan
followed; Dr. Lynch had just left the room. "Close the door, William," said the Doctor to
Munster, who tarried. The reply was the report of a pistol.
'The party hurried back into the office. Mr. Munster lay upon the floor dead. He had taken a
revolver, the property of Mr. Conroy, from a bureau drawer, placed the muzzle in his mouth,
and fired.
'They covered the body, and Dr. Lynch departed to break the news to his daughter - she who
three months ago was a bride, and is to-day a widow,
'William Munster was insane when he shot himself. That fact is admitted. For weeks his brain
had been giving way, and even before his marriage he was under treatment for radical
defects in his nervous organization. His conduct has been eccentric, and he seemed himself to
understand his condition, and to struggle against it. Early in the evening of the night of the
fire he called upon Dr. Kennard for a prescription. The Doctor prescribed a simple soporific, and
an operation was performed upon a boil upon his neck.
'From the leaves of Dr. Thorn's Irish Almanac the reporter learned that William Felix Austin
Munster, Esq., is the son of Lord Henry Munster [sic], of Sussex, England. He was born at
Brighton, in 1849, and was in his twenty-eighth year at the time of his death. He was a
graduate of Bath, Oxford and the London University, and was a Bachelor of Law. He
represented the Mallow District in 1872 and [retired] in 1874, serving with distinction and
credit. He has made periodical visits to America during the past three years.'
Walter Powell, MP for Malmesbury 1868-1881
Powell was the son of Thomas Powell, an extremely wealthy man whose fortune derived
from vast interests in coal, railways and shipping. At one point in the 1840s, Powell was
the world's largest coal producer. His company, under the name of Powell Duffryn plc, is still
a major player in the areas of ports and engineering - its coal interests were nationalised
in 1946.
Walter entered Parliament at the general election in December 1868 when, standing as
the Conservative candidate, he was successful in the seat of Malmesbury. He continued
to represent this constituency until his death 13 years later.
His great love was ballooning, which eventually led to his death in December 1881. The
following report appeared in 'The Times' of 13 December 1881:-
'There is every reason to fear that Mr. Walter Powell, M.P., who was carried out to sea
in a balloon in the neighbourhood of Bridport on Saturday [10 December 1881] has perished
in the English Channel. The accident is fully detailed in the letter which we publish below by
Captain Templer who, with Mr. Gardner, son of the late member for Cheltenham,
accompanied Mr. Powell in his fatal ascent. The balloon, which was named the Saladin, was
the property of the War Office, but about six months ago it was lent by the Government to
the Meteorological Society, for whom Captain Templer and his associates made their ascent
at Bath on Saturday. On leaving Bath the balloon was carried over Somerset to Exeter,
thence into Dorset. Near Bridport the aeronauts attempted to descend. The balloon struck
the ground with great violence, and Captain Templer was thrown out. This caused the
balloon to rise, and as it did so Mr. Gardner fell out at a height of about eight feet, breaking
his leg. Mr. Powell remained in the car, and was then rapidly borne out to sea in a south-
easterly direction. When last seen he was waving his hand to Captain Templer. It is not
known at present how far the balloon has carried, but as nothing has been heard of it from
the Channel Islands or from France, it is feared that it has been lost at sea.'
The letter from Captain Templer referred to in 'The Times' report above reads as follows:-
'I regret to report that on Saturday, the 10th of December, I ascended at Bath,
accompanied by Mr. Walter Powell and Mr. Agg Gardner, at 1.55 p.m., for the purpose of
taking the temperature of the air, and the amount of snow in the air, for the
Meteorological Office. I cleared the snow clouds at 4,000 ft altitude: the temperature of
these clouds was 28 deg., and the wet-bulb thermometer read 26 deg. At 4,200 ft we
passed over Wells, the time being 2h.50 m. At this height I worked over Glastonbury: the
temperature now rose to 41 deg., and the sky was perfectly clear. I passed then between
Somerton and Langport, and I here found that I was in a N 1/2 W current. I asked Mr.
Powell to send the balloon up to 6,000 ft. to ascertain the temperature of a small bank of
cirrus. I found this temperature to be 31 deg., and then I asked him to place me at 2,000
ft. altitude, to regain the N 1/2 W current, and we then came in view of Crewkerne. I now
kept at a low altitude until I reached Beaminster. Mr. Powell here observed that we were
going at 30 miles an hour, and here we first heard the roar of the sea. The balloon suddenly
rose to 4,000 ft.; at this time I said to Mr. Powell "Go down to within 100 ft. of the earth
and ascertain our exact position." We coasted along close to the ground until we reached
Symondsbury. I here called to a man and asked him how far the distance was to Bridport,
and he said about a mile. I asked Mr. Powell to prepare to 'take in,' our pace now
increasing to 35 miles an hour. To avoid the little village of Neape, Mr. Powell threw out
some ballast. This took us to 1,500 ft. elevation, and we still had two miles to get in. I
opened the valve and descended about 150 yards short of the cliff. The balloon, on
touching the ground, dragged a few feet, and I rolled out of the car with the valve line
in my hand. This caused the balloon to ascend about 8 ft., when Mr Gardner dropped off
and unfortunately broke his leg. I found that the rope was being pulled through my hands
and I called to Mr. Powell, who was standing in the car, to come down the line. He took
hold of the line, and in a few more seconds the line was torn through my hands. The
balloon rose rapidly. Mr. Powell waved his hands to me and I took his compass bearings,
and found that he was going in a S 1/2 E direction. Some men coming up, I placed Mr.
Gardner in their charge, and sent word to the Coastguard and Bridport Harbourmaster to
keep a good look out and to go out with boats. I then proceeded to Bridport and
telegraphed to the Commanding Officer of Royal Engineers, Weymouth, to have a steamer
in readiness for me to go in search. I proceeded to Weymouth and found the steamship
Commodore with steam up. I here received a telegram from the Bridport Harbourmaster,
saying that the balloon had been seen to drop in the sea south of Bridport. I at once
proceeded to sea, and searched the alleged place of his descent, making due allowance
for the wind and current. This proving unsuccessful, I crossed the Channel till we sighted
the Casquets Light, and then returned in a N.W. direction, ultimately reaching Weymouth
about 5 a.m. on Sunday morning, and have organized further search. I am of [the] opinion
that what was seen to fall into the sea was not the balloon, but part of the gear, thrown
out to lighten the balloon, as the balloon could not have fallen so close to the shore as to
be visible about 5 p.m.'
In spite of exhaustive searches which continued during the next three weeks, no sign of
Powell was ever seen again.
Philip Kirkland Glazebrook, MP for Manchester South 1912-1918
Glazebrook first contested Manchester South in the general election held in December 1910,
but failed, due to a mistake made by his election agent. An article in "The Times" of 3
December 1910 recounts what happened:-
'The Unionist campaign in Manchester was been seriously prejudiced on the eve of the poll
by an incomprehensible blunder. Mr. A. A. Haworth, the Liberal candidate for South
Manchester, was returned unopposed through the failure of his Unionist opponent to hand
in his nomination paper within the period prescribed by law. The Lord Mayor, Mr. Behrens,
sat at the Town Hall to receive nominations from 10 to 12 o'clock this morning. Sir George
Kemp and Mr. Bonar Law, the rival candidates in the North-West Division, were in early
attendance and had a friendly chat while the necessary formalities were being gone
through. The candidates for the other divisions were all nominated in good time with the
exception of Mr. P. K. Glazebrook, the Unionist candidate for South Manchester.
'When the hour of noon struck Unionists found to their consternation that Mr. Glazebrook
had not arrived, and the Lord Mayor had no option but to announce that he had only
received one nomination, and to declare Mr. Haworth elected an hour later. At six minutes
past 12 o'clock Mr. Glazebrook and his agent drove up to the Town Hall in a motor-car. Mr.
Glazebrook was horrified when he was told that he was too late for nomination, and his
agent explained that he thought that the period for nominations was from 12 o'clock till 2.
Nobody seems to have thought of telephoning either to Mr. Glazebrook or his agent to
warn them of their danger, and the expression of astonishment and sorrow on the faces of
both when they were told that Mr. Haworth had been elected showed conclusively, if proof
were needed, that the business was a bungle, and not, as the excited crowd which was
swarming round the Town Hall had begun to conjecture, a "plant." '
In February 1912, Sir Arthur Haworth [he had been created a baronet in 1911] was
appointed a Junior Lord of the Treasury (i.e. a government Whip). This appointment meant
that Sir Arthur had to face his electors again in a by-election, which was held on 5 March
1912. This time, Glazebrook made sure that his nomination was lodged in time, and went on
to win the seat.
During the First World War, Glazebrook saw action in Egypt and Palestine, where he was
killed in action at Bireh, near Jerusalem, on 7 March 1918.
James Bruce, MP for Marlborough 1796-1797
'The London Chronicle' of 17 July 1798:-
'On Tuesday the 10th inst. the Hon. James Bruce, brother of the Earl of Elgin, crossing the
River Don at Barnby Dunn in Yorkshire, on horseback, was carried down by the stream and
unfortunately drowned. His body was not found till the next day.'
Edwin John James, MP for Marylebone 1859-1861
After a brief attempt to make a career for himself on the stage, James followed in his
father's footsteps and was called to the bar in June 1836. Over the next 20 years, he
acquired a large and lucrative practice, taking silk in late 1853. Although he was now a
Queen's Counsel, he was not elected a Bencher [i.e. a senior member of one of the Inns
of Court], although it was customary to do so at that time. It has been speculated that
the nature of his practice was deemed unsavoury by his fellow barristers, since he appeared
to specialize in the seamier side of the law - actions for breach of promise, seduction, false
imprisonment and so on.
Between 1855 and 1861, he acted as Recorder of Brighton, and, during this period, was
elected to represent Marylebone in the House of Commons in February 1859.
Although he was earning a large amount in fees, James was deeply in debt. On 9 April 1861,
he resigned his seat in Parliament, as well as the membership of his clubs. The Benchers of
his Inn of Court conducted their own investigation into his conduct, with the result that
he was disbarred on 18 July 1861. They found that his debts amounted to 100,000 and
that he had obtained money in the past by criminal means. For further details of the
findings of the investigation, see the report below,
In the meantime, James had married and gone to America, where he was admitted to the
New York bar. On 15 July 1862, the "London Gazette" announced that "The Queen has by
letters patent, under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom, determined the letters patent
whereby Edwin John James, Esq., was appointed one of her Majesty's counsel learned in the
law, and removed and discharged him from the said office." To the best of my knowledge,
this was the first occasion upon which a Queen's Counsel was thrown out of the legal
profession.
When news of his disbarment reached New York, the authorities there attempted to disbar
him there as well, but he denied the charges on oath and, as the judges could not reach a
unanimous opinion, the question was dropped. After becoming an American citizen in 1866,
he married for the second time in September 1868, his first wife having divorced him in
1863. James returned to London in 1872, where he unsuccessfully attempted to have
himself re-instated. He spent the remainder of his life as a legal adviser, but once again fell
into debt, dying in poverty on 4 March 1882.
The following article appeared in "Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper" on 16 February 1862, reprinted
from the "Spectator." The original report is one massive paragraph, but I have taken the
liberty of breaking it up into smaller chunks.
'The cloud which shrouded the misdoings of Mr. Edwin James, Q.C., has at length been
dispelled by the publication, in the last number of the Law Magazine, of a narrative of the
transactions on which the sentence of the bench was grounded. It seems that the charges
were three in number.
'The first and most important [arise] out of his relations with Lord Worsley, M.P., now Earl
of Yarborough, which may be shortly stated as follows:- In 1849, Mr. Pelham, the late earl's
brother, was contesting Boston, and Mr. Edwin James was retained to conduct his election.
This introduction to the earl's family it was not difficult for a man of Mr. James's social
qualities to improve. He became intimate with the son, and availed himself of the intimacy to
induce him, immediately on attaining his majority, to become security to certain insurance-
offices for a sum of 4,500, secured on life policies. The transaction was, however, brought
to Lord Yarborough's knowledge, and a long correspondence with the earl's solicitor ensued,
which was closed on the 7th of December, 1857, by a letter in which Mr. James pledged
himself that the account for which Lord Worsley was security should be discharged by
himself, and further declared himself under such "deep obligations" to the earl that he would
make any sacrifice rather than occasion him annoyance or discomfort. On the 14th of
August, 1860, the solicitor wrote again to Mr. James, requesting an explanation of some
ugly rumours which had reached him, that Lord Worsley had been led into still worse
pecuniary entanglements. Mr. James, however, was too busy in examining Neapolitan prisons
and negotiating with Garibaldi, to vouchsafe a reply. But by February, 1861, facts had been
discovered which authorised Lord Yarborough's adviser to demand a full statement in writing
of every transaction with Lord Worsley. "A refusal," he concluded, "will be followed by most
active steps for your exposure at all hazards."
'At the subsequent inquiry before the bench, Lord Worsley gave evidence in person, and
stated that he had believed that his earlier obligations on Mr. James's behalf had been
liquidated by the money raised by the later transactions, but that Mr. James had deceived
him, and he found himself responsible for no less a sum than 30,000. On this subject, Mr.
James's letters amounted to a confession, and an agreement, dated the 8th April, 1860,
was also laid before the bench, by which he agreed:- 1. To continue his practice, under a
letter of license, for the benefit of his creditors; 2. That Lord Yarborough should have the
power, by the disclosure of all the circumstances necessitating such deed or license, to
prevent his acceptance of any office of public trust or service; 3. To give Lord Worsley
a warrant of attorney for the amount of his debt; and 4. To abstain from any further
communication, direct or indirect, with Lord Worsley. The agreement further stated that
Lord Yarborough and his advisers consented to the arrangement, "solely because the
large and serious debts of other creditors would, by present disclosures, be wholly
sacrificed and lost," and that Mr. James was not to be at liberty to accede to it until he
had resigned his seat in parliament, his clubs and recordership.
'The next of our hero's exploits was the victimisation of an attorney. Mr. Fryer, of
Wimborne, was the assignee of a heavy life policy, the payment of which the office resisted,
and was much struck by the ability displayed by his leader, Mr. James, in the conduct of
the cause. This acquaintance ripened into a friendship, and from a friend Mr. Fryer was soon
advanced to the rank of a creditor. Finally he became fired by the ambition of freeing his
friend from his embarrassments. There seems to have been a real income of 7,000, without
parliamentary business, and he agreed to pay off the more pressing liabilities, on condition
of receiving the whole of Mr. James's income. This arrangement lasted two years, during
which Mr. Fryer advanced no less than 22,000, and consented to his creditor becoming a
member of parliament and the tenant of a mansion in Berkeley-square. He was already, in
idea, receiving the fees of an attorney general when the crash came, and he and Lord
Worsley for the first time became convinced of the claims of the other. It is very creditable
to Mr. James's adroitness that he had succeeded in persuading Lord Yarborough's solicitor
that there was no truth in the report that he was indebted to Mr. Fryer, and in persuading
Mr. Fryer that he was under no obligations to Lord Worsley.
'The last charge was of a different character. Mr. James was counsel for the plaintiff in the
cause of Scully v Ingram; and after a protracted trial, in which he cross-examined the
defendant, the proprietor of the Illustrated London News, into what an Irishman might
describe as smithereens, a verdict was given for the plaintiff. A new trial was then applied
for and obtained, pending which Mr. Ingram said to one of his friends, "I must lend Mr.
James some money." On his friend demurring to the necessity, he added, "I must - I am
afraid of him - I must do anything he asks." And after his death, the following letter was
found: - "Confidential. My dear sir, - You shall not repent your kindness to me. I must make
the sum 1,250. Please deduct the interest, and send me cheques. Sincerely, Edwin James."
No one will be surprised to hear that at the second trial a compromise was effected. Mr.
James's account of this transaction was, that Mr. Ingram, in conjunction with three or four
other friends, offered 1,000 each towards the expenses of his second election [sic for
trial], and that he had since repaid the other loans. He did not, however, reveal the lenders'
names, and had the grace to aver that he should always regret the indiscretion of his
acceptance of Mr. Ingram's proposition.
'So fell Mr. Edwin James, to be pitied of no man. For the first time of her Majesty's counsel
has been disbarred. But although the honour of the bar has been vindicated, his patent from
the crown remains still uncancelled [as mentioned above, it was cancelled in July 1862].
This may be from inadvertence, but these are not times in which laxity on such subjects
can be indulged with impunity. We are far from believing that such turpitude as Mr. James's
conduct displays is anything but a portentous exception. But the patient and underpaid
toilers of all professions who gaze with envy on the seemingly prosperous leader at the bar,
may depend on it that all which glitters is not always gold; that the splendid incomes with
which rumour endows them are grossly exaggerated; and that it has more than once
happened, even recently, that lawyers supposed to be in affluence have been - not indeed
as guilty as Mr. James - but, like him, absolutely ruined and desperate men.'
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