PEERAGE
Last updated 30/03/2014
Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
BODMIN
23 Jul 1679 V 1 John Robartes,2nd Baron Robartes 1606 17 Jul 1685 79
Created Viscount Bodmin and Earl of
Radnor 23 Jul 1679
See "Radnor"
BODRIGAN
26 Oct 1309 B 1 Henry de Bodrigan after 1309
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
after 1309 Bodrigan 26 Oct 1309
Peerage extinct on his death
BOHUN DE MIDHURST
1 Jun 1363 B 1 John de Bohun 1367
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1367 Bohun de Midhurst 1 Jun 1363
Peerage extinct on his death
 
BOLEBROOKE
11 Feb 1782 B 1 George Sackville-Germain 26 Jan 1716 26 Aug 1785 69
Created Baron Bolebrooke and 
Viscount Sackville 11 Feb 1782
See "Sackville"
BOLINGBROKE 
28 Dec 1624 E 1 Oliver St.John,4th Baron St.John of Bletso c 1584 Jun 1646
Created Earl of Bolingbroke 
28 Dec 1624
Jun 1646 2 Oliver St.John c 1634 18 Mar 1688
18 Mar 1688 3 Paulet St.John 23 Nov 1634 5 Oct 1711 76
to     MP for Bedford 1663-1685
5 Oct 1711 Peerage extinct on his death
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7 Jul 1712 V 1 Henry St.John 16 Sep 1678 12 Dec 1751 73
Created Baron St.John and Viscount
Bolingbroke 7 Jul 1712
These creations contained a special remainder,
failing his issue male, to his father and the heirs
male of his body
MP for Wootton Basset 1701-1708 and
Berkshire 1710-1712. Secretary at War 
1704-1708, Secretary of State 1710-1714.
PC 1710. Lord Lieutenant Essex 1712-1714
12 Dec 1751 2 Frederick St.John 5 May 1787
He had succeeded as 3rd Viscount St.John
in 1748 when the two peerages became united
and so remain
5 May 1787 3 George Richard St.John  (also 4th Viscount St.John) 5 Mar 1761 18 Dec 1824 63
MP for Cricklade 1782-1784
18 Dec 1824 4 Henry St.John  (also 5th Viscount St.John) 6 Mar 1786 1 Oct 1851 65
1 Oct 1851 5 Henry St.John  (also 6th Viscount St.John) 30 Mar 1820 7 Nov 1899 79
For further information on this peer, see the
note at the foot of this page.
7 Nov 1899 6 Vernon Henry St.John  (also 7th Viscount St.John) 15 Mar 1896 1 May 1974 78
1 May 1974 7 Kenneth Oliver Musgrave St.John  (also 8th
Viscount St.John) 22 Mar 1927 5 Jul 2010 83
5 Jul 2010 8 Henry Fitzroy St.John  (also 9th Viscount St.John) 18 May 1957 21 May 2011 54
21 May 2011 9 Nicholas Alexander Mowbray St.John  (also 10th
Viscount St.John) 20 Jun 1974
BOLSOVER
23 Apr 1880 B 1 Augusta Mary Elizabeth Cavendish-
Bentinck 8 Nov 1834 7 Aug 1893 58
Created Baroness Bolsover 23 Apr 1880
For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of this peerage,see the note at the 
foot of this page
7 Aug 1893 2 William John Arthur Charles James
Cavendish-Bentinck 28 Dec 1857 26 Apr 1943 85
He had succeeded to the Dukedom of Portland
in 1879 into which title this peerage then merged
and so remains
BOLTON
9 Apr 1689 D 1 Charles Powlett,6th Marquess of Winchester c 1625 27 Feb 1699
Created Duke of Bolton 9 Apr 1689
MP for Winchester 1660 and Hampshire
1661-1675. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire
1667-1676 and 1689-1699. PC 1679
27 Feb 1699 2 Charles Powlett 1661 21 Jan 1722 60
MP for Hampshire 1681-1698. Lord
Lieutenant Hampshire 1699-1710 and 1714-1722
and Dorset 1699-1722. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1717-1718 and 1719.  PC 1690  KG 1714
 
21 Jan 1722 3 Charles Powlett 3 Sep 1685 26 Aug 1754 68
MP for Lymington 1705-1708, Hampshire
1708-1710 and Carmarthenshire 1715-1717. Lord
Lieutenant Hampshire and Dorset 1722-1733
and Glamorgan 1729-1754  KG 1722  PC 1725
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Pawlet de Basing
12 Apr 1717
For information on his mistress, and later wife,
see the note at the foot of this page
26 Aug 1754 4 Harry Powlett  24 Jul 1691  9 Oct 1759 68
MP for St Ives 1715-1722 and Hampshire
1722-1754. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire
1754-1758.  PC 1755
9 Oct 1759 5 Charles Powlett c 1718 5 Jul 1765
MP for Lymington 1741-1754 and Hampshire
1754-1759. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire
1758-1763.  PC 1758
5 Jul 1765 6 Harry Powlett  6 Nov 1720 25 Dec 1794 74
to     MP for Christchurch 1751-1754, Lymington
25 Dec 1794 1755-1761 and Winchester 1761-1765.
Lord Lieutenant Hampshire 1782-1793.  PC 1766
Peerage extinct on his death
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20 Oct 1797 B 1 Thomas Orde-Powlett 30 Aug 1746 30 Jul 1807 60
Created Baron Bolton 20 Oct 1797
MP for Aylesbury 1780-1784 and Harwich 1784- 
1796. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire 1800-1807  
PC [I] 1784  PC 1785
30 Jul 1807 2 William Orde-Powlett 31 Oct 1782 13 Jul 1850 67
MP for Yarmouth (IOW) 1807
13 Jul 1850 3 William Henry Orde-Powlett 24 Feb 1818 7 Nov 1895 77
7 Nov 1895 4 William Thomas Orde-Powlett 31 Jan 1845 14 Aug 1922 77
14 Aug 1922 5 William George Algar Orde-Powlett 21 Aug 1869 11 Dec 1944 75
MP for Richmond,Yorkshire 1910-1918
Lord Lieutenant Nth Riding Yorkshire
1935-1944
11 Dec 1944 6 Nigel Amyas Orde-Powlett 26 Mar 1900 15 Jun 1963 63
15 Jun 1963 7 Richard William Algar Orde-Powlett 11 Jul 1929 29 Jul 2001 72
29 Jul 2001 8 Harry Algar Nigel Orde-Powlett 14 Feb 1954
BONHAM-CARTER
21 Jul 1986 B[L] 1 Mark Raymond Bonham-Carter 11 Feb 1922 4 Sep 1994 72
to     Created Baron Bonham-Carter for life
4 Sep 1994 21 Jul 1986
MP for Torrington 1958-1959
Peerage extinct on his death
BONHAM-CARTER OF YARNBURY
23 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Jane Bonham-Carter 20 Oct 1957
Created Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury
for life 23 Jun 2004
BONVILLE
23 Sep 1449 B 1 William Bonville 12 Aug 1392 18 Feb 1461 68
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Bonville 23 Sep 1449
KG 1460
18 Feb 1461 2 Cicelie Grey c Jun 1530
c Jun 1530 3 Thomas Grey 22 Jun 1477 10 Oct 1530 53
He had previously succeeded as 2nd Marquess of
Dorset (qv) with which title this peerage merged
BOOTHBY
22 Aug 1958 B[L] 1 Robert John Graham Boothby 12 Feb 1900 16 Jul 1986 86
to     Created Baron Boothby for life 22 Aug 1958
16 Jul 1986 MP for Aberdeen and Kincardine East 1924-1950
and Aberdeenshire East 1950-1958
Peerage extinct on his death
BOOTHROYD
15 Jan 2001 B[L] 1 Betty Boothroyd 8 Oct 1929
Created Baroness Boothroyd for life
15 Jan 2001
MP for West Bromwich 1973-1974 and West
Bromwich West 1974-2000. Speaker of the 
House of Commons 1992-2000. PC 1992  OM 2005
BORINGDON
18 May 1784 B 1 John Parker 27 Apr 1788
Created Baron Boringdon 18 May 1784
MP for Bodmin 1761-1762 and Devon 1762-1784
27 Apr 1788 2 John Parker 3 May 1772 14 Mar 1840 67
      Created Viscount Boringdon and Earl 
of Morley 29 Nov 1815
See "Morley"
BORODALE
27 Sep 1919 V 1 David Beatty 17 Jan 1871 11 Mar 1936 65
Created Baron Beatty,Viscount
Borodale and Earl Beatty 27 Sep 1919
See "Beatty"
BORRIE
21 Dec 1995 B[L] 1 Gordon Johnson Borrie 13 Mar 1931
Created Baron Borrie for life 21 Dec 1995
BORTHWICK
12 Jun 1452 B[S] 1 Sir William Borthwick c 1470
Created Lord Borthwick 12 Jun 1452
c 1470 2 William Borthwick c 1484
c 1484 3 William Borthwick 9 Sep 1513
9 Sep 1513 4 William Borthwick 1543
1543 5 John Borthwick Mar 1566
Mar 1566 6 William Borthwick Oct 1582
Oct 1582 7 James Borthwick 1570 1599 29
1599 8 John Borthwick Nov 1623
Nov 1623 9 John Borthwick 9 Feb 1616 c 1675
On his death the peerage became dormant. Based
on a decision by the House of Lords in 1762, the
descent was as follows:-
c 1675 10 William Borthwick c 1690
c 1690 11 William Borthwick 8 Feb 1666 23 May 1706 40
23 May 1706 12 Henry Borthwick 27 May 1706
27 May 1706 13 William Borthwick c 1723
c 1723 14 Henry Borthwick 6 Sep 1772
He established his right to the peerage before
the House of Lords 8 April 1762. On his death
the peerage again became dormant, the line
of descent being as follows:-
6 Sep 1772 15 Patrick Borthwick 6 Oct 1772
6 Oct 1772 16 Archibald Borthwick 13 May 1732 13 Jul 1815 83
13 Jul 1815 17 Patrick Borthwick 12 Sep 1779 12 Apr 1840 60
12 Apr 1840 18 Archibald Borthwick 31 Aug 1811 3 Jul 1863 51
3 Jul 1863 19 Cunninghame Borthwick 16 Jun 1813 24 Dec 1885 72
He established his right to the peerage
5 May 1870
For further information on the history of this
peerage, see the note at the foot of this page
24 Dec 1885 20 Archibald Patrick Thomas Borthwick 3 Sep 1867 4 Oct 1910 43
4 Oct 1910 21 William Henry Borthwick 28 Nov 1832 8 Oct 1928 95
8 Oct 1928 22 Henry Borthwick 23 Jul 1868 27 May 1937 68
27 May 1937 23 John Henry Stuart Borthwick 13 Sep 1905 30 Dec 1996 91
30 Dec 1996 24 John Hugh Borthwick 14 Nov 1940
 
BORWICK
20 Jul 1922 B 1 Sir Robert Hudson Borwick,1st baronet 21 Jan 1845 27 Jan 1936 91
Created Baron Borwick 20 Jul 1922
27 Jan 1936 2 George Borwick 22 May 1880 27 Jan 1941 60
27 Jan 1941 3 Robert Geoffrey Borwick 1 Jul 1886 30 Jan 1961 74
30 Jan 1961 4 James Hugh Myles Borwick 12 Dec 1917 19 Apr 2007 89
19 Apr 2007 5 Geoffrey Robert James Borwick 7 Mar 1955
BOSCAWEN-ROSE
9 Jun 1720 V 1 Hugh Boscawen c 1680 25 Oct 1734
Created Baron of Boscawen-Rose and
Viscount Falmouth 9 Jun 1720
See "Falmouth"
BOSSOM
30 Jan 1960 B[L] 1 Sir Alfred Charles Bossom,1st baronet 6 Oct 1881 4 Sep 1965 83
to     Created Baron Bossom for life 30 Jan 1960
4 Sep 1965 MP for Maidstone 1931-1959
Peerage extinct on his death
For information on the death of this peer's wife
and son,see the note at the foot of this page
BOSTON
24 Dec 1698 E 1 Henry d'Auverquerque c 1675 5 Dec 1754
to     Created Viscount Boston and Earl of
5 Dec 1754 Grantham 24 Dec 1698
See "Grantham"
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10 Apr 1761 B 1 Sir William Irby,2nd baronet 8 Mar 1707 30 Mar 1775 68
Created Baron Boston 10 Apr 1761
MP for Launceston 1735-1747 and Bodmin
1747-1761
30 Mar 1775 2 Frederick Irby 9 Jun 1749 23 Mar 1825 75
23 Mar 1825 3 George Irby 27 Dec 1777 12 Mar 1856 78
12 Mar 1856 4 George Ives Irby 14 Sep 1802 22 Dec 1869 67
22 Dec 1869 5 Florance George Henry Irby 9 Mar 1837 4 Jan 1877 39
4 Jan 1877 6 George Florance Irby 6 Sep 1860 16 Sep 1941 81
16 Sep 1941 7 Greville Northey Irby 24 Aug 1889 16 Sep 1958 69
16 Sep 1958 8 Cecil Eustace Irby 14 Jul 1897 12 Oct 1972 75
12 Oct 1972 9 Gerald Howard Boteler Irby 29 Aug 1897 17 Feb 1978 80
17 Feb 1978 10 Timothy George Frank Boteler Irby 27 Mar 1939 3 Feb 2007 67
3 Feb 2007 11 George William Eustace Boteler Irby 1 Aug 1971
BOSTON OF FAVERSHAM
1 Jul 1976 B[L] 1 Terence George Boston 21 Mar 1930 23 Jul 2011 81
to     Created Baron Boston of Faversham
23 Jul 2011 for life 1 Jul 1976
MP for Faversham 1964-1970. Minister of
State,Home Office 1979
Peerage extinct on his death
BOSWELL OF AYNHO
8 Jul 2010 B[L] 1 Timothy Eric Boswell 2 Dec 1942
Created Baron Boswell of Aynho for life
8 Jul 2010
MP for Daventry 1987-2010
BOSWORTH
19 Mar 1687 B 1 James Fitzjames 21 Aug 1670 12 Jun 1734 63
to     Created Baron of Bosworth,Earl of
1695 Tinmouth and Duke of Berwick-upon-
Tweed 19 Mar 1687
See "Berwick upon Tweed"
BOTELER
23 Jun 1295 B 1 William le Boteler c 1328
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
c 1328 Boteler 23 Jun 1295
Peerage extinct on his death
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19 Mar 1308 B 1 William le Boteler 1334
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Boteler 19 Mar 1308
1334 2 William le Boteler Dec 1361
Dec 1361 3 William le Boteler 14 Aug 1369
14 Aug 1369 4 Elizabeth Ferrers Jun 1411
to     On her death the peerage fell into abeyance
Jun 1411
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30 Jul 1628 B 1 Sir John Boteler,1st baronet 27 May 1637
Created Baron Boteler 30 Jul 1628
27 May 1637 2 William Boteler 1647
to     Peerage extinct on his death
1647
BOTETOURT
19 Jun 1305 B 1 John de Botetourt 1324
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Botetourt 19 Jun 1305
1324 2 John de Botetourt 1385
1385 3 Joan Burnell 1 Jan 1406
to     On her death the peerage fell into abeyance
1406
13 Apr 1764 4 Norborne Berkeley c 1717 15 Oct 1770
to     Abeyance terminated in his favour 1764.
15 Oct 1770 Lord Lieutenant Gloucester 1762-1766
MP for Gloucestershire 1741-1763
On his death the peerage again fell into 
abeyance
4 Jun 1803 5 Henry Somerset,5th Duke of Beaufort 16 Oct 1744 11 Oct 1803 58
Abeyance terminated in his favour 1803.
Peerage merged with Dukedom of Beaufort
and remained so merged until the death of
the 10th Duke in 1984,when the barony
again fell into abeyance.
BOTETOURT OF LANGPORT
17 Mar 1664 E 1 George Berkeley,1st Viscount Fitzhardinge by 1636 3 Jun 1665
to     Created Baron Botetourt of Langport
3 Jun 1665 and Earl of Falmouth 17 Mar 1664
See "Fitzhardinge"
BOTHWELL
c 1485 B[S] 1 Sir John Ramsay 1513
to     Created Lord Bothwell c 1485
8 Oct 1488 Peerage forfeited 1488
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17 Oct 1488 E[S] 1 Patrick Hepburn,3rd Lord Hales c 1508
Created Earl of Bothwell 17 Oct 1488
c 1508 2 Adam Hepburn 9 Sep 1513
9 Sep 1513 3 Patrick Hepburn Sep 1556
Sep 1556 4 James Hepburn c 1536 14 Apr 1578
to     Husband of Mary,Queen of Scots
29 Dec 1569 Peerage forfeited 1569
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16 Jun 1581 E[S] 1 Francis Stewart c 1604
to     Created Lord Hales and Earl of 
12 Jul 1592 Bothwell 16 Jun 1581
He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
BOTHWELL AND HARTSIDE
3 Apr 1651 E[S] 1 Archibald Douglas c 1609 15 Apr 1655
Created Lord Bothwell and Hartside,
and Earl of Ormond 3 Apr 1651
See "Ormond"
BOTREAUX
24 Feb 1368 B 1 William de Botreaux 10 Aug 1391
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Botreaux 24 Feb 1368
10 Aug 1391 2 William de Botreaux 25 May 1392
25 May 1392 3 William de Botreaux 1389 1462 73
1462 4 Margaret Hungerford 1477
1477 5 Mary Hastings c 1520
c 1520 6 George Hastings,1st Earl of Huntingdon 1488 24 Mar 1545 56
24 Mar 1545 7 Francis Hastings,2nd Earl of Huntingdon c 1514 22 Jun 1561
22 Jun 1561 8 Henry Hastings,3rd Earl of Huntingdon c 1536 14 Dec 1595
14 Dec 1595 9 George Hastings,4th Earl of Huntingdon c 1540 31 Dec 1604
31 Dec 1604 10 Henry Hastings,5th Earl of Huntingdon 24 Apr 1586 14 Nov 1643 57
14 Nov 1643 11 Ferdinando Hastings,6th Earl of Huntingdon 18 Jan 1608 13 Feb 1656 48
13 Feb 1656 12 Theophilus Hastings,7th Earl of Huntingdon 10 Dec 1650 30 May 1701 50
30 May 1701 13 George Hastings,8th Earl of Huntingdon 22 Mar 1677 22 Feb 1705 27
22 Feb 1705 14 Theophilus Hastings,9th Earl of Huntingdon 12 Nov 1696 13 Oct 1746 49
13 Oct 1746 15 Francis Hastings,10th Earl of Huntingdon 13 Mar 1729 2 Oct 1789 60
2 Oct 1789 16 Elizabeth Rawdon 23 Mar 1731 11 Apr 1808 77
11 Apr 1808 17 Francis Rawdon-Hastings,1st Marquess of
Hastings 9 Dec 1754 28 Nov 1826 71
28 Nov 1826 18 George Augustus Francis Rawdon-
Hastings,2nd Marquess of Hastings 4 Feb 1808 13 Jan 1844 35
13 Jan 1844 19 Paulyn Reginald Serlo Rawdon-Hastings,3rd
Marquess of Hastings 2 Jun 1833 17 Jan 1851 17
17 Jan 1851 20 Henry Weysford Charles Plantagenet
to     Rawdon-Hastings,4th Marquess of Hastings 22 Jul 1842 10 Nov 1868 26
10 Nov 1868 On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
6 Nov 1871 21 Edith Maud Abney-Hastings,Countess of Loudoun 10 Dec 1833 23 Jan 1874 40
Abeyance terminated in her favour 1871
23 Jan 1874 22 Charles Edward Rawdon-Hastings,11th Earl of
Loudoun 5 Jan 1855 17 May 1920 65
On his death the peerage again fell into abeyance
7 Mar 1921 23 Edith Maud Abney-Hastings,Countess 
to     of Loudoun (12th in line) 13 May 1883 24 Feb 1960 76
24 Feb 1960 Abeyance terminated in her favour, but once again
fell into abeyance upon her death
BOTTESFORD
10 Mar 1835 V 1 Sir Charles Manners-Sutton 29 Jan 1780 21 Jul 1845 65
Created Baron Bottesford and 
Viscount Canterbury 10 Mar 1835
See "Canterbury"
BOTTOMLEY
31 Jan 1984 B[L] 1 Arthur George Bottomley 7 Feb 1907 3 Nov 1995 88
to     Created Baron Bottomley for life 31 Jan 1984
3 Nov 1995 MP for Chatham 1945-1950, Rochester and
Chatham 1950-1959, Middlesbrough East
1962-1974 and Middlesbrough 1974-1983
Secretary for Overseas Trade 1947-1951,
Secretary of State for Commonwealth
Affairs 1964-1966,Minister of Overseas
Development 1966-1967.  PC 1952
Peerage extinct on his death
BOTTOMLEY OF NETTLESTONE
24 Jun 2005 B[L] 1 Virginia Hilda Brunette Maxwell Bottomley 12 Mar 1948
Created Baroness Bottomley of Nettlestone
for life 24 Jun 2005
MP for Surrey SW 1984-2005. Minister for Health
1989-1992. Secretary of State for Health 1992-
1995. Secretary of State for National Heritage 
1995-1997. PC 1992
BOURCHIER
25 Feb 1342 B 1 Robert Bourchier 1349
Summoned To Parliament as Lord
Bourchier 25 Feb 1342
Lord Chancellor 1340-1349
1349 2 John Bourchier 21 May 1400
KG 1392
21 May 1400 3 Bartholomew Bourchier 18 May 1409
18 May 1409 4 Elizabeth Robessart 1 Jul 1433
1 Jul 1433 5 Henry Bourchier 1406 4 Apr 1483 76
14 Dec 1446 V 1 Created Viscount Bourchier 14 Dec 1446
and Earl of Essex 30 Jun 1461
KG 1452
4 Apr 1483 6 Henry Bourchier,2nd Earl of Essex 1472 13 Mar 1540 67
to     2 Viscountcy extinct on his death
13 Mar 1540
13 Mar 1540 7 Anne Parr 28 Jan 1571
28 Jan 1571 8 Walter Devereux,1st Earl of Essex 16 Sep 1541 22 Sep 1576 35
22 Sep 1576 9 Robert Devereux,2nd Earl of Essex 10 Nov 1567 25 Feb 1601 33
to     He was attainted and the peerages
25 Feb 1601 forfeited
18 Apr 1604 10 Robert Devereux,3rd Earl of Essex 22 Jan 1591 14 Sep 1646 55
to     Restored to the peerages 1604. On his
14 Sep 1646 death the Barony fell into abeyance
BOURKE OF BRITTAS
17 Feb 1618 B[I] 1 Theobald Bourke 1654
Created Baron Bourke of Brittas
17 Feb 1618
1654 2 John Bourke 1668
1668 3 Theobald Bourke by Sep 1706
to     He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1691
BOURKE OF CLANMORIES
20 Apr 1629 V[I] 1 John Bourke 16 Nov 1635
Created Viscount Bourke of
Clanmories 20 Apr 1629
16 Nov 1635 2 Thomas Bourke c 1650
c 1650 3 Ulick Bourke,5th Earl of Clanricarde Dec 1604 Jul 1657 52
Peerage merged with Earldom of Clanricarde 
until its extinction in 1916
BOURKE OF CONNELL (or CASTLE CONNELL)
16 May 1580 B[I] 1 Sir William Bourke 1584
Created Baron Bourke of Connell (or Castle
Connell) 16 May 1580
1584 2 John Bourke 14 Jan 1592
14 Jan 1592 3 Richard Bourke 28 Feb 1599
28 Feb 1599 4 Thomas Bourke 28 Feb 1599
28 Feb 1599 5 Edmund Bourke 1635
1635 6 William Bourke c 1665
c 1665 7 Thomas Bourke c 1680
c 1680 8 William Bourke after 1691
to     He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1691
BOURNE
22 Aug 1964 B[L] 1 Geoffrey Kemp Bourne 5 Oct 1902 26 Jun 1982 79
to     Created Baron Bourne for life 22 Aug 1964
26 Jun 1982 Peerage extinct on his death
BOURNE OF ABERYSTWYTH
9 Sep 2013 B[L] 1 Nicholas Henry Bourne 1 Jan 1952
Created Baron Bourne of Aberystwyth for
life 9 Sep 2013
BOWDEN
18 Jan 1964 B[L] 1 Bertram Vivian Bowden 18 Jan 1910 28 Jul 1989 79
to     Created Baron Bowden for life 18 Jan 1964
28 Jul 1989 Minister of State for Education & Science
1964-1965
Peerage extinct on his death
BOWEN
23 Sep 1893 B[L] 1 Sir Charles Synge Christopher Bowen 29 Aug 1831 10 Apr 1894 62
to     Created Baron Bowen for life 23 Sep 1893
10 Apr 1894 Lord Justice of Appeal 1882-1893. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 1893-1894.  PC 1882
Peerage extinct on his death
BOWES OF CLONLYON
15 Aug 1758 B[I] 1 John Bowes 1691 22 Jul 1767 76
to     Created Baron Bowes of Clonlyon
22 Jul 1767 15 Aug 1758
Solicitor General [I] 1730, Attorney General [I]
1739. Lord Chancellor [I] 1757-1767  PC [I] 1742
Peerage extinct on his death
BOWES OF STREATLAM CASTLE & LUNEDALE
7 Aug 1815 B 1 John Bowes,10th Earl of Strathmore & Kinghorn 14 Apr 1769 3 Jul 1820 51
to     Created Baron Bowes of Streatlam
3 Jul 1820 Castle and Lunedale 7 Aug 1815
Peerage extinct on his death
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1 Jul 1887 B 1 Claud Bowes-Lyon,13th Earl of Strathmore
and Kinghorn 21 Jul 1824 16 Feb 1904 79
Created Baron Bowes of Streatlam
Castle and Lunedale 1 Jul 1887
See "Strathmore & Kinghorn"
BOWLES
12 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Francis George Bowles 2 May 1902 29 Dec 1970 68
to     Created Baron Bowles for life 12 Dec 1964
29 Dec 1970 MP for Nuneaton 1942-1964
Peerage extinct on his death
BOWMONT AND CESSFORD
25 Apr 1707 M[S] 1 John Ker,5th Earl of Roxburghe c 1680 24 Feb 1741
Created Lord Ker of Cessfurd and
Cavertoun,Viscount of Broxmouth,
Earl of Kelso,Marquess of Bowmont
and Cessfurd and Duke of Roxburghe
25 Apr 1707
See "Roxburghe"
BOWNESS
17 Jan 1996 B[L] 1 Peter Spencer Bowness 19 May 1943
Created Baron Bowness for life 17 Jan 1996
BOYCE
16 Jun 2003 B[L] 1 Michael Cecil Boyce 2 Apr 1943
Created Baron Boyce for life 16 Jun 2003
Chief of the Defence Staff 2001-2003. Lord
Warden of the Cinque Ports 2004-   KG 2011
BOYD OF DUNCANSBY
14 Jun 2006 B[L] 1 Colin David Boyd 7 Jun 1953
Created Baron Boyd of Duncansby for life
14 Jun 2006
Solictor General of Scotland 1997-2000. Lord
Advocate 2000-2006   PC 2000
BOYD OF KILMARNOCK
c 1454 B[S] 1 Sir Robert Boyd c 1470
to          Created Lord Boyd c 1454
c 1469 He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1482 2 James Boyd c 1469 1484
1484 3 Alexander Boyd after 1508
after 1508 4 Robert Boyd c 1558
Confirmed in the peerage c 1546
c 1558 5 Robert Boyd c 1517 3 Jan 1589
3 Jan 1589 6 Thomas Boyd c 1547 Jun 1611
Jun 1611 7 Robert Boyd 1595 Aug 1628 33
Aug 1628 8 Robert Boyd c 1618 17 Nov 1640
17 Nov 1640 9 James Boyd Mar 1654
Mar 1654 10 William Boyd by 1646 Mar 1692
He was created Earl of Kilmarnock 1661
with which this peerage then merged
BOYD OF MERTON
8 Sep 1960 V 1 Alan Tindal Lennox-Boyd 18 Nov 1904 8 Mar 1983 78
Created Viscount Boyd of Merton
8 Sep 1960
MP for Bedford Mid 1931-1960. Minister of
State for Colonial Affairs 1951-1952. 
Minister of Transport 1952-1954. Secretary
of State for Colonies 1954-1959. PC 1951
CH 1960
8 Mar 1983 2 Simon Donald Rupert Neville Lennox-Boyd 7 Dec 1939
BOYD-CARPENTER
1 May 1972 B[L] 1 John Archibald Boyd-Carpenter 2 Jun 1908 11 Jul 1998 90
to     Created Baron Boyd-Carpenter for life
11 Jul 1998 1 May 1972
MP for Kingston upon Thames 1945-1972.
Financial Secretary to the Treasury 1951-
1954, Minister of Transport and Civil
Aviation 1954-1955, Minister of Pensions
and National Insurance 1955-1962, Chief
Secretary to the Treasury and Paymaster
General 1962-1964. PC 1954
Peerage extinct on his death
BOYD-ORR
9 Mar 1949 B 1 John Boyd-Orr 23 Sep 1880 25 Jun 1971 90
to     Created Baron Boyd-Orr 9 Mar 1949
25 Jun 1971 MP for Scottish Universities 1945-1947
Nobel Peace Prize 1949  CH 1968
Peerage extinct on his death
BOYLE
6 Sep 1660 B[I] 1 Francis Boyle 25 Jun 1623 Apr 1699 75
Created Baron Boyle and Viscount 
Shannon 6 Sep 1660
See "Shannon"
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23 Aug 1673 V[I] 1 Murrough Boyle 1648 26 Apr 1728 79
Created Baron Boyle and Viscount 
Blessington 23 Aug 1673
See "Blessington"
BOYLE OF BANDON
20 Mar 1756 V[I] 1 Henry Boyle 1682 28 Dec 1764 82
Created Baron of Castle Martyr,
Viscount Boyle of Bandon and Earl of
Shannon 20 Mar 1756
See "Shannon"
BOYLE OF BROGHILL
28 Feb 1628 B[I] 1 Roger Boyle 25 Apr 1621 16 Oct 1679 58
Creeated Baron Boyle of Broghill
28 Feb 1628
He was subsequently created Earl of
Orrery (qv)
BOYLE OF HANDSWORTH
3 Jul 1970 B[L] 1 Sir Edward Charles Gurney Boyle,3rd baronet 31 Aug 1923 29 Sep 1981 58
to     Created Baron Boyle of Handsworth
29 Sep 1981 for life 3 Jul 1970
MP for Handsworth 1950-1970. Financial
Secretary to the Treasury 1959-1962,
Minister of Education 1962-1964. PC 1962
Peerage extinct on his death
BOYLE OF KELBURN
31 Jan 1699 B[S] 1 David Boyle 1666 1 Nov 1733 67
Created Lord Boyle of Kelburn,
Stewartoun,Cumbra,Largs and Dalry
31 Jan 1699
See "Glasgow"
BOYLE OF KINALMEAKY
28 Feb 1628 V[I] 1 Lewis Boyle 28 May 1619 2 Sep 1642 23
Created Baron on Bandonbridge and
Viscount Boyle of Kinalmeaky 
28 Feb 1628
2 Sep 1642 2 Richard Boyle 20 Oct 1612 15 Jan 1698 85
He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Cork in 1643 with 
which title this peerage then merged and still
remains so
BOYLE OF MARSTON
5 Sep 1711 B 1 Charles Boyle,4th Earl of Orrery 28 Jul 1674 28 Aug 1731 57
Created Baron Boyle of Marston
5 Sep 1711
See "Orrery"
BOYLE OF STEWARTOUN
12 Apr 1703 B[S] 1 David Boyle,1st Baron Boyle of Kelburn 1666 1 Nov 1733 67
Created Lord Boyle of Stewartoun,
Cumbraes,Finnick,Largs,and Dalry,
Viscount of Kelburn and Earl of
Glasgow 12 Apr 1703
See "Glasgow"
BOYLE OF YOUGHAL
6 Sep 1616 B[I] 1 Sir Richard Boyle 3 Oct 1566 15 Sep 1643 76
Created Baron Boyle of Youghal
6 Sep 1616
He was subsequently created Earl of
Cork (qv)
BOYNE
20 Aug 1717  V[I] 1 Gustavus Hamilton,1st Baron Hamilton of
Stackallan c 1640 16 Sep 1723
Created Viscount Boyne 20 Aug 1717
PC [I] 1710
16 Sep 1723 2 Gustavus Hamilton 1710 18 Apr 1746 35
MP for Newport IOW 1736-1741. PC [I] 1736
18 Apr 1746 3 Frederick Hamilton 9 Nov 1718 2 Jan 1772 53
2 Jan 1772 4 Richard Hamilton 24 Mar 1724 30 Jul 1789 65
30 Jul 1789 5 Gustavus Hamilton 20 Dec 1749 29 Feb 1816 66
29 Feb 1816 6 Gustavus Hamilton 12 Apr 1777 30 Mar 1855 77
30 Mar 1855 7 Gustavus Frederick John James Hamilton 11 May 1797 27 Oct 1872 75
Created Baron Brancepeth 31 Aug 1866
27 Oct 1872 8 Gustavus Russell Hamilton-Russell 28 May 1830 30 Dec 1907 77
30 Dec 1907 9 Gustavus William Hamilton-Russell 11 Jan 1864 18 Jan 1942 78
18 Jan 1942 10 Gustavus Michael George Hamilton-Russell 10 Dec 1931 14 Dec 1995 64
Lord Lieutenant Shropshire 1994-1995
14 Dec 1995 11 Gustavus Michael Stucley Hamilton-Russell 27 May 1965
BRABAZON
19 Jul 1616 B[I] 1 Edward Brabazon 1549 7 Aug 1625 76
Created Lord Brabazon,Baron of
Ardee 19 Jul 1616
7 Aug 1625 2 William Brabazon c 1580 19 Dec 1651
He was created Earl of Meath 1627 into
which this peerage then merged
                      **************
30 Oct 1665 William Brabazon c 1635 1 Mar 1685
He was summoned to the Irish House of Lords
by a Writ of Acceleration as Baron Brabazon 
30 Oct 1665
He succeeded as 3rd Earl of Meath (qv) in 1675
                      **************
9 Mar 1715 Chaworth Brabazon 1686 14 May 1763 76
He was summoned to the Irish House of Lords
by a Writ of Acceleration as Baron Brabazon 
9 Mar 1715
He succeeded as 6th Earl of Meath (qv) in 1715
BRABAZON OF TARA
27 Apr 1942 B 1 John Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon 8 Feb 1884 17 May 1964 80
Created Baron Brabazon of Tara
27 Apr 1942
MP for Chatham 1918-1929 and Wallasey
1931-1942. Minister of Transport 1940-1941
Minister of Aircraft Production 1941-1942
PC 1940
17 May 1964 2 Derek Charles Moore-Brabazon 24 Dec 1910 11 Dec 1974 63
11 Dec 1974 3 Ivan Anthony Moore-Brabazon 20 Dec 1946
PC 2013
BRABOURNE
26 May 1880 B 1 Edward Hugessen Knatchbull-Hugessen 29 Apr 1829 6 Feb 1893 63
Created Baron Brabourne 26 May 1880
MP for Sandwich 1857-1880. PC 1873
6 Feb 1893 2 Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen 5 Apr 1857 29 Dec 1909 52
MP for Rochester 1889-1892
29 Dec 1909 3 William Wyndham Wentworth Knatchbull-
Hugessen 21 Sep 1885 11 Mar 1915 29
11 Mar 1915 4 Cecil Marcus Knatchbull-Hugessen 27 Nov 1863 15 Feb 1933 69
15 Feb 1933 5 Michael Herbert Rudolf Knatchbull 8 May 1895 23 Feb 1939 43
MP for Ashford 1931-1933. Governor of
Bombay 1933-1937 and Bengal 1937-1939
23 Feb 1939 6 Norton Cecil Michael Knatchbull 11 Feb 1922 15 Sep 1943 21
15 Sep 1943 7 John Ulick Knatchbull 9 Nov 1924 22 Sep 2005 80
22 Sep 2005 8 Norton Louis Philip Knatchbull 8 Oct 1947
BRACKEN
7 Jan 1952 V 1 Brendan Bracken 15 Feb 1901 8 Aug 1958 57
to     Created Viscount Bracken 7 Jan 1952
8 Aug 1958 MP for Paddington North 1929-1945,
Bournemouth 1945-1950 and Bournemouth
East and Christchurch 1950-1952. Minister for 
Information 1941-1945, First Lord of the Admiralty
1945.  PC 1940
Peerage extinct on his death
BRACKLEY
7 Nov 1616 V 1 Thomas Egerton 1540 15 Mar 1617 76
Created Baron Ellesmere 21 Jul 1603
and Viscount Brackley 7 Nov 1616
Solicitor General 1581-1592, Attorney
General 1592-1594, Master of the Rolls
1594-1603, Lord Keeper 1596-1603, Lord
Chancellor 1603-1617. Lord Lieutenant
Buckingham 1607-1616
15 Mar 1617 2 John Egerton
He was created Earl of Bridgewater 1617
into which this peerage then merged
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
18 Jun 1720 M 1 Scroop Egerton 11 Aug 1681 11 Jan 1745 63
Created Marquess of Brackley and Duke
of Bridgewater 18 Jun 1720
See "Bridgewater"  -  title extinct 1803
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
6 Jul 1846 V 1 Lord Francis Egerton 1 Jan 1800 18 Feb 1857 57
Created Viscount Brackley and Earl of
Ellesmere 6 Jul 1846
See "Ellesmere"
BRACO OF KILBRYDE
28 Jul 1735 B[I] 1 William Duff c 1696 30 Sep 1763
Created Baron Braco of Kilbryde
28 Jul 1735 
He was subsequently created Earl Fife (qv)
BRADBURY
28 Jan 1925 B 1 John Swanwick Bradbury 23 Sep 1872 3 May 1950 77
Created Baron Bradbury 28 Jan 1925
3 May 1950 2 John Bradbury 7 Jan 1914 31 Mar 1994 80
31 Mar 1994 3 John Bradbury 17 Mar 1940
BRADESTON
25 Feb 1342 B 1 Thomas de Bradeston Aug 1360
  Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Bradeston 25 Feb 1342
 
Aug 1360 2 Thomas de Bradeston c 1352 1374
to     On his death the peerage became dormant
1374          
BRADFORD
11 May 1694 E 1 Francis Newport,1st Viscount Newport
of Bradford 23 Feb 1620 19 Sep 1708 88
Created Earl of Bradford 11 May 1694
MP for Shrewsbury 1640-1644. Lord Lieutenant
Shropshire 1660-1687 and 1689-1704. PC 1668
19 Sep 1708 2 Richard Newport 3 Sep 1644 14 Jun 1723 78
MP for Shropshire 1670-1681 and 1689-1698
Lord Lieutenant Shropshire 1704-1712 and 
1714-1723.  PC 1710
14 Jun 1723 3 Henry Newport 8 Aug 1683 23 Dec 1734 51
MP for Bishop's Castle 1706-1708 and
Shropshire 1708-1710 and 1713-1722. Lord 
Lieutenant Staffordshire 1715-1725 and
Shropshire 1724-1734
23 Dec 1734 4 Thomas Newport 18 Apr 1762
to     Peerage extinct on his death
18 Apr 1762
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
17 Aug 1794 B 1 Sir Henry Bridgeman,5th baronet 7 Sep 1725 5 Jun 1800 74
Created Baron Bradford 17 Aug 1794
MP for Ludlow 1748-1768 and Wenlock
1768-1794
5 Jun 1800 2 Orlando Bridgeman 19 Mar 1762 7 Sep 1825 63
30 Nov 1815 E 1 Created Viscount Newport and Earl of
Bradford 30 Nov 1815
MP for Wigan 1784-1800
7 Sep 1825 2 George Augustus Frederick Henry 
Bridgeman 23 Oct 1789 22 Mar 1865 75
22 Mar 1865 3 Orlando George Charles Bridgeman 24 Apr 1819 9 Mar 1898 78
MP for Shropshire South 1842-1865. Lord
Lieutenant Shropshire 1875. PC 1852
9 Mar 1898 4 George Cecil Orlando Bridgeman 3 Feb 1845 2 Jan 1915 69
MP for Shropshire North 1867-1885
2 Jan 1915 5 Orlando Bridgeman 6 Oct 1873 21 Mar 1957 83
21 Mar 1957 6 Gerald Michael Orlando Bridgeman 29 Sep 1911 30 Aug 1981 69
30 Aug 1981 7 Richard Thomas Orlando Bridgeman 3 Oct 1947
BRADLEY
12 Jun 2006 B[L] 1 Keith John Charles Bradley 17 May 1950
Created Baron Bradley for life 12 Jun 2006
MP for Withington 1987-2005. PC 2001
BRADSHAW
22 Jul 1999 B[L] 1 William Peter Bradshaw 9 Sep 1936
Created Baron Bradshaw for life 22 Jul 1999
Henry St.John, 5th Viscount Bolingbroke and 6th Viscount St. John
These peerages are descended from Henry St. John, statesman during the reign of Queen
Anne. The titles are pronounced "Bullingbrook" and "Sinjin" respectively.
Sometime around 1852, the Viscount, just after he had succeeded to the title, paid a visit
to London where he met a young girl of 17 named Ellen Medex. Bolingbroke fell in love with
her and begged her to marry him. In spite of her older sister forbidding the union, the
couple left England together and travelled throughout Europe for some years, but whether
they were ever actually married remains doubtful. Upon their return to England, they lived
in various lodging houses rather than at the family seat at Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire. When
Ellen died in May 1885, she was buried as Viscountess Bolingbroke.
Until that time, the various peerages had assumed that Bolingbroke was a bachelor and that 
the heir to the titles was his kinsman, the Rev. Maurice Ferdinand St. John, Canon of Gloucester
Cathedral and Vicar of Kempsford. After the death of Ellen, he informed the various peerages
that he was, in fact, a widower and that he had two sons, Henry and Charles. It seems that 
editors of the peerages remained unconvinced and requested copies of the marriage and birth 
certificates so as to ensure that their information was correct. For the next ten years or so,
the editors of the peerages pestered Bolingbroke for documentary proof, but he declined to
supply any, with the result that the peerages eventually ignored the possibility of the marriage
to Ellen and reinstated Canon St. John as the heir presumptive.
In 1881, prior to the death of Ellen, Bolingbroke had returned by himself to Lydiard Tregoze.
According to the commonly accepted version of the story, it was there that one afternoon, he
was out riding in a country lane when his horse cast a shoe. While it was being adjusted at
the local blacksmith's he met the smith's 20-year-old daughter, Mary Howard. Impressed by
her, he offered her the post of housekeeper at the family seat, but it was not long before she
became a good deal more. In December 1882, a son was born; this was Henry, who Bolingbroke
allowed the world (and the peerage editors) to think was his son by Ellen Madex. He soon set up
another establishment in Bath so that he now lived at Lydiard Tregoze as Viscount Bolingbroke,
in London with Ellen Medex as Mr and Mrs Morgan, and at Bath with Mary Howard as Mr and Mrs
Wilson.
After the death of Ellen Medex, he told Mary Howard that in order to ensure that their son Henry
became his heir, he represented him as the son of Ellen Medex, antedating his birth by two 
years. A further son Charles was born in November 1885; he too was passed off as Ellen's son 
and his age was also antedated, this time by necessity, since he had been born after Ellen 
Medex's death.
In January 1893, Bolingbroke finally married Mary Howard in Bath. On the marriage certificate, he
described himself as 'widower.' The marriage was kept secret and the couple continued to live in
Bath as Mr and Mrs Wilson. There, in March 1896, another son, Vernon Henry, was born. The
Viscount handed his wife the marriage and birth certificates and gave her strict instructions that
she not disclose her or her son's identity until he should be dead.
When the Viscount died in November 1899, it was assumed that Canon St. John was the rightful
heir. After the funeral had been conducted, the late Viscount's solicitors issued a statement 
which read 'The late Viscount married late in life, and leaves a widow and a son, the Hon. Vernon
Henry St. John, who succeeds to the title as Viscount Bolingbroke. The announcements made in
some quarters that Canon St. John is the heir have been made from want of knowledge of the
true circumstances.'
In March 1922, Vernon petitioned the King to be recognised as Viscount Bolingbroke and St. 
John. His petition was heard by the House of Lords Committee for Privileges and the petition was
upheld. For further reading on this case, I recommend "Romances of the Peerage" by Horace
Wyndham (Eveleigh Nash & Grayson, London, 1930).
The special remainder to the Barony of Bolsover
From the "London Gazette" of 23 April 1880 (issue 24835, page 2600):-
"The Queen has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland granting the dignity of a Baroness of the said United
Kingdom to Augusta Mary Elizabeth Cavendish-Bentinck, widow of Lieutenant-General Arthur
Cavendish-Bentinck, by the name, style, and title of Baroness Bolsover, of Bolsover Castle, in 
the county of Derby, and at her decease the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom to the
heirs male of the body of her late husband the said Arthur Cavendish-Bentinck, by the name,
style, and title of Baron Bolsover, of Bolsover Castle, in the said county of Derby."
Lavinia Fenton, mistress, and later wife, of the 3rd Duke of Bolton
The following biography of Lavinia Fenton appeared in the Australian monthly magazine "Parade"
in its issue for October 1968:-
'A big, luxuriously appointed coach with an English ducal crest emblazoned on the door panels
rolled up to the best inn in the French spa resort of Aix-en-Provence one September day in
1751. The annual appearance of My Lord the Duke of Bolton, with his mistress, parson, valet,
cook, maid and two huge mastiffs, was something of an event in the pleasant little town. For at
least 10 years the duke had been coming to drink the waters. The dogs and servants sometimes
changed, but the mistress and parson never. 
 
'With her delicately rouged and powdered little face, Lavinia Fenton looked very much the same
as when she had been the most bewitching actress on the London stage. And the parson was 
no longer a mystery to the society of the various European cities and spas around which the
Bolton entourage perambulated year after year. At first it had been thought that my lord was a
very pious man and took the clergyman with him to provide spiritual consolation on his travels.
"No, damme, no!" the duke growled. "I keep him by me that he may marry me to Miss Fenton
the instant I hear news that my infernal wife is dead!"
'On September 21, 1751, [actually 20 October] when the party once more arrived at the Inn of
the Golden Pheasant in Aix, the duke found a bulky missive from London awaiting him. That
evening, with the parson stammering through the ceremony in the candle-lot inn parlour, Lavinia
Fenton - illegitimate daughter of a coffee house wench, actress and amorous adventuress - 
became Her Grace the Duchess of Bolton.
 
'The story of Lavinia Fenton was a striking illustration of the rewards of fidelity, patience and 
good sense. She had been the toast of London when she snared the infatuated Duke of Bolton
not only into running away with her, but also into promising to wed her. Having done so she was
prepared to wait more than 20 years to become his duchess, rigidly faithful to her protector and
abandoning all the pleasures of love she had tasted so often before. 
 
'There was no hint of this coming magnificence when Lavinia first saw the light of day in the
back room of a cheap London coffee house in 1708. Her mother was a maid in the house and her
probable father was a naval officer named Beswick who went back to sea a few weeks before
the child was born. Lieut. Beswick left the mother a few guineas and instructions that the infant
was to be named Porteous if a boy and Lavinia if a girl. He also urged his mistress to "retire into
the country and resist any more temptations." Having bequeather this excellent advice he sailed
away and was killed in the wars. 
 
'Far from seeking rural seclusion, Lavinia's mother used the money to set up her own coffee
house at Charing Cross and soon married one of her admirers, a tradesman named John Fenton.
Lavinia was given her stepfather's and she remained at the coffee house until she was 13. By 
then she was already a budding beauty with a well-formed figure, coquettish dark eyes and a
gift for singing and dancing that delighted the fashionable gentlemen who frequented the house.
Mrs. Fenton was not averse to her daughter's precocious conquests but, believing she needed 
a little more polish, packed her off to a select boarding school. The experiment in teaching 
Lavinia Fenton ladylike manners was not successful. Within two years she was back at the 
coffee shop, after rocking the school to its sedate foundations. The climax had come when she
was caught one night entertaining a young lawyer behind the garden rose bushes. Next day she
packed her trunk and departed.
 
'The beaux of Charing Cross welcomed her back with open arms and Mrs. Fenton now decided
that her daughter had better find a husband as soon as possible to keep her out of more 
mischief. Lavinia, however, had other ideas. The fine gentlemen might not be prepared to marry
her, but she knew how to extort a handsome return for her favours. Rarely was the sharp-
witted girl deceived in her calculations, though she could be just as warm-heartedly generous
as grasping when the occasion arose.
 
'Once when she was not quite 16, she went off for a month in the country with a Portuguese
nobleman who wooed her ardently with promises of jewels, money and a mansion full of
servants. The next time she heard of the foreign charmer he was in the Fleet debtors' prison,
disowned by the Portuguese embassy and likely to languish in his cell indefinitely. Hastening to
to visit him Lavinia was deeply touched by his miserable plight as he flung himself at her feet
and begged for forgiveness. Selling all the jewels, gowns and geegaws given her by other
admirers, Lavinia raised enough cash to pay his debts and put him on board a ship for Portugal.
It did not take her, long to recoup these charitable losses despite several more mishaps in her
amorous career.
 
'The momentous hour in Lavinia Fenton's career came in 1726 when she was 18 years old and
faced nothing better than the precarious life of a superior kind of harlot. For years she had
been entertaining the coffee house patrons by mimicking the famous actresses of the day and
singing the latest airs from the Italian opera house. Among her listeners, one summer evening
in 1726 was a friend of the managers of the dilapidated, near-bankrupt little theatre in the
Haymarket.
 
'A few days later, armed with a letter of introduction, she arrived at the theatre to join the
swarm of second­rate and unemployed actors who hung about the door hoping for a 
temporary engagement. Intrigued by her pretty face and assured grace, the managers at once
agreed to give her a trial in the old melodrama The Orphan. In tragedy Lavinia was a flop. But 
the story was very different five weeks later when she appeared as the lively innkeeper's
daughter in Farquhar's comic masterpiece, The Beaux Stratagem. With all London singing her
praises if was obvious that the dazzling new star would soon move on from the scruffy
purlieus of the Haymarket. In 1727 Lavinia signed a 15/- a week contract with John Rich of
the theatre in Lincolns Inn Fields, an event that was to be a turning point in the lives of both
of them.
'Rough, crafty, hard-dealing John Rich was facing a crisis of dwindling audiences in the teeth
of intense competition from the famous house in Drury Lane. Late in 1727 he determined to take
a gamble on a bundle of tattered manuscripts that poet John Gay had been hawking unsuccess-
fully round the London theatres for months. It was a play with songs and music called The
Beggar's Opera. And Rich and his fellow managers had never read anything like it before. Instead
of the customary ladies and gentlemen the cast was made up of highwaymen, thieves, cut-
throats, gaolers and their haunting, bedraggled doxies. And besides uproariously parodying all 
the polite conventions of Italian opera the play was stuffed with deadly satire against Prime
Minister Walpole and his government. Nevertheless Rich decided to take the plunge. The result
was one of the most astonishing successes in theatrical history.
 
'The Beggar's Opera opened on January 29, 1728, and continued for 62 performances - a run
absolutely unprecedented on the London stage up to that time. Rich had hand-picked his
company. But it was Lavinia's Polly Peachum, the bold highwayman's mistress, who filled the
house with the thunder of rapturous applause night after night. There were Lavinia Fenton
bonnets, fans and gloves. Books of verses were published about her, her highly mythical "life"
was written and print shops could not  keep pace with the demand for her engravings.
'Meanwhile, planted night after night in his box throughout the whole season, sat Charles
Paulet, third Duke of Bolton, gazing in rapt devotion at the gambols of Polly Peachum. His
infatuation became the talk of London. The wits wagered whether he would one night leap
on to the stage and cut highwayman MacHeath's throat out of jealousy. For years the 45-
year-old duke had lived apart from his cold, strait-laced duchess, but never before had
scandal suggested that he sought amusement elsewhere.
'Then in June 1728 came the sensation that staggered London society. The Duke of Bolton
and pretty, witty Polly Peachum had run away together. The theatre never saw Lavinia 
Fenton again - though, according to one cynical observer, she gave the most remarkable
performance of her life in the role of ducal mistress. Modest, unassuming and completely
faithful despite her passionate nature, Lavinia continued to live happily with her lord and the
most vicious gossips could find nothing to say against her.
'Bolton bought her a London house and an estate in Yorkshire but the couple spent much of
each year, travelling Europe in style. Lavinia's belated elevation to the rank of duchess made
little difference to their mode of existence and in any case their life as a legally married couple
was brief. When the duke died in August 1754 his title went to his brother but almost all his
vast estates were divided between Lavinia and their children born out of wedlock. 
'The bereaved Lavinia was then 46 but she was still a ripe beauty ready for any amorous
encounter. Dr.Thomas Kelly, a dashing Irish surgeon at Tunbridge Wells, was reputed to be
among those fortunate enough to comfort the duchess in her years of widowhood. It was
among these final whiffs of scandal that Lavinia Fenton, Duchess of Bolton, died at Greenwich
on January 24, 1760.'
 
 
The Borthwick Peerage
The Scottish peerage of Borthwick has a very interesting history, being twice in a state of
dormancy before being revived.
The following account is a summary of two articles which appeared in 'The Glasgow Herald' of 
13 July 1869 and 'The Times' of 12 May 1870:-
The date of creation of the Borthwick peerage was for many years thought to have been in the
early years of the fifteenth century. The greatest authority on the Scottish peerage during the
eighteenth century, Sir Robert Douglas, in his "Peerage of Scotland" [1764] gives a date of 
"before 1430." However, during the hearings before the House of Lords Committee for Privileges
it was established that the peerage must have been created between 1450 and 1455. Burke's
Peerage gives the date as 12 June 1452, while a contemporary writer known as the Auchinleck 
Chronicler quoted in Tytler's 'History of Scotland' gives a date of 27 March 1452.
Whatever the exact date was, the peerage descended in an unbroken line from father to son 
until the death of the 9th Lord Borthwick around 1675, when it became dormant. In 1727, Henry
Borthwick was served as the heir male general of the 1st Lord Borthwick, based on his descent
from Alexander Borthwick, a younger son of the 3rd Lord. Accordingly, Henry assumed the title
of 14th Lord Borthwick and voted in the elections of Scottish Representative Peers between
1727 and 1762, when he was ordered by the House of Lords to cease voting until he had 
established his right to the title, which he did on 8 April 1762.
When Henry, the 14th Lord, died in 1772, the title once again became dormant. On his death,
the next heir was his cousin, Patrick Borthwick, who died a month later. Patrick left a son, 
Archibald Borthwick, who at the time of his father's death was a merchant living at 
Christiansand in Norway. Archibald took no steps to return to Scotland or to make any claim to
the title until 1808, when he petitioned the House of Lords to be recognised as the 16th Lord 
Borthwick.
In the meantime, however, another claimant had appeared in the person of a John Borthwick of 
Crookston, whose argument was that the whole line of the 10th Lord Borthwick, known as the
Borthwicks of Soltray, was extinct. He therefore claimed the title as being the direct 
descendant of a younger son of the 1st Lord. The claimant produced documentary evidence 
which purported to prove his descent from a younger son of the 1st Lord, but the Lord 
Advocate of the time expressed doubts as to their genuineness, and after proceedings had 
been taken in the House of Lords, that body ordered in January 1777 that John Borthwick should
not take the title of Lord Borthwick until such time as he had proved his right thereto.
In 1808, Archibald Borthwick returned to present his petition. In the following year, John 
Borthwick of Crookston, son of the 1777 claimant, applied to be allowed to oppose the claim,
alleging that the Alexander Borthwick previously mentioned above, and from whom Archibald
Borthwick claimed descent, was illegitimate. This provided the House of Lords with a problem,
since they had already, in 1762, admitted the claim of Henry, 14th Lord Borthwick, based on
his pedigree which the House of Lords had accepted. They therefore appointed a committee
to look for precedents but nothing happened until 1812, when Borthwick of Crookston again 
presented a petition for the peerage, arguing that Alexander was illegitimate and that his
descendants were not therefore entitled to the peerage.
The case was heard in April 1814, when Archibald Borthwick proved his descent from Alexander,
younger son of the 3rd Lord, from whom the 10th Lord has also claimed descent in 1762. 
However, during the course of evidence, it became apparent that the pedigree of the 10th Lord
had omitted one generation. Following the discovery of this error, in June 1814, the House of
Lords allowed Borthwick of Crookston to attempt to prove Alexander's illegitimacy. This he
tried to do by reference to a document produced from his family's files. However, Archibald
died in 1815 before the claim could be completed, and the question then remained in abeyance
until 1867.
After the death of Archibald, 16th Lord Borthwick, the right to the title descended to his son,
Patrick, 17th Lord Borthwick. After his death in 1840, he was succeeded by his eldest son,
Archibald, who died in 1863, to be succeeded in turn by his younger brother Cunninghame
Borthwick, 19th Lord Borthwick. In 1867, Cunninghame Borthwick was confident that he could
disprove the authenticity of the document relied upon by Borthwick of Crookston in the 1814
petition, and accordingly he revived his late grandfather's claim.
The case commenced before the House of Lords Committee for Privileges in July 1869. Sir
Roundell Palmer, later 1st Earl of Selborne, was counsel for the applicant. Palmer attacked
the authenticity of the document tendered in 1814, contending that it was a forgery. He
pointed out that the document had not been produced in the original 1762 case or in the
subsequent challenge by John Borthwick in 1777. Further, the document had been produced
from Borthwick of Crookston's own family files, and, if genuine, surely it would have been 
produced in the earlier cases? In the 1814 case, it had been Borthwick of Crookston's 
intention to rely upon the words filius naturalis which were used by the 3rd Lord Borthwick
to describe his son, Alexander, and which, according to Borthwick of Crookston, proved that
Alexander was a natural [i.e. illegitimate] son of the 3rd Lord. However, it was quickly
shown that the term filius naturalis was, at the time of the alleged document, used to
designate sons of the body as distinguished from sons by adoption. The Committee pointed
out that this form of words was still prevalent in the current time in the ecclesiastical 
courts. 
As a result of its hearings, the Committee of Privileges found, on 5 May 1870, that Cunninghame
Borthwick was entitled to the Borthwick peerage.
Alfred Charles Bossom, Baron Bossom [L]
Before being ennobled, Alfred Bossom sat in the House of Commons as member for Maidstone
between 1931 and 1959. Not long after being first elected, his wife and eldest son were killed
in a plane crash. The following [edited] report appeared in "The Irish Times" of 28 July 1932:-
 
'Three people - the wife and son of an M.P. and a prince - were killed last night when their 
plane crashed at Farnham, Surrey.
'They were Mrs. [Emily] Bossom, wife of Mr. A[lfred] Bossom, M.P. for Maidstone; her son, Mr.
Bruce Bossom, and Prince Otto Erbach-Fürstenau.
 
'The crash occurred at 6 p.m. on a cruising flight from Heston. The young prince was a friend
of Mr. and Mrs. Bossom, and had been staying with them as their guest. Mr. Bruce Bossom was
acting as pilot.
'Mr. Alfred Bossom dashed to the scene as soon as he heard of the accident.
'A friend told a reporter that the party were just having a flight around, with no destination in
mind.
'In the case of all three it is believed that death was instantaneous.
'The three bodies were mutilated so badly as to be almost unrecognisable. Mr. Bossom was 
identified by his pilot's licence, and Prince Otto by the name "Otto" on his cigarette case. Mrs.
Bossom's body was found some distance from the others, and her identity was only known as 
she left Heston with her son.
'The circumstances of the accident are at present unexplained, but it is stated that the 
machine, for no apparent reason, suddenly appeared to be in difficulties and crashed.
'Prince Otto was aged twenty-three [he was born 22 June 1909], and came from a very
distinguished German family. His father is still alive.
'The bodies were found several hundred feet from the wreckage of the 'plane, and were widely
separated from each other.
'The Farnham police were notified that an aeroplane had been seen to fall, and a number of
officers at once searched for the machine. It had crashed on Hankley, near Churt. The spot
is an isolated one, and the nearest houses are about a mile away.
'Mr. Alfred Bossom, M.P., arrived at Farnham mortuary last night, and identified the bodies of
his wife and son. He appeared overwhelmed with grief and stunned by the tragedy when he
reached the little town where the bodies had been carried. 
'The machine apparently passed through some very stormy weather after leaving Heston, but
it was comparatively calm when the crash occurred.
'An eye-witness said - I saw an aeroplane flying at a good height, and it disappeared into a
cloud. Very shortly afterwards it came out again, and something seemed to have happened to
the wings. It crashed to earth. The three occupants were flung out of the machine while it
was falling.
'Mr. Bruce Bossom, who was 21 years of age [he was born 25 March 1911], recently stated
that he was casually employed by a firm at Heston. He had had considerable experience of
flying, and his ambition was to break the Australian or South African records or to cross the
Atlantic.
  At the subsequent inquest, the jury returned verdicts of "death by misadventure."
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