PEERAGE
Last updated 30/08/2014
Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
BRADWELL
16 Jan 1976 B[L] 1 Thomas Edward Neil Driberg 22 May 1905 12 Aug 1976 71
to     Created Baron Bradwell for life 16 Jan 1976
12 Aug 1976 MP for Maldon 1942-1955 and Barking
1959-1974
Peerage extinct on his death
BRAGG
4 Aug 1998 B[L] 1 Melvyn Bragg 6 Oct 1939
Created Baron Bragg for life 4 Aug 1998
BRAIN
26 Jan 1962 B 1 Sir Walter Russell Brain,1st baronet 23 Oct 1895 29 Dec 1966 71
Created Baron Brain 26 Jan 1962
29 Dec 1966 2 Christopher Langdon Brain 30 Aug 1926 15 Aug 2014 87
15 Aug 2014 3 Michael Cottrell Brain 6 Aug 1928
BRAINE OF WHEATLEY
10 Aug 1992 B[L] 1 Bernard Richard Braine 24 Jun 1914 5 Jan 2000 85
to     Created Baron Braine of Wheatley for life
5 Jan 2000 10 Aug 1992
MP for Billericay 1950-1955,Essex SE
1955-1983 and Castle Point 1983-1992
PC 1985
Peerage extinct on his death
BRAINTREE
9 Feb 1948 B 1 Valentine George Crittall 28 Jun 1884 21 May 1961 76
to     Created Baron Braintree 9 Feb 1948
21 May 1961 MP for Maldon 1923-1924
Peerage extinct on his death
BRAMALL
9 Feb 1987 B[L] 1 Edwin Noel Westby Bramall 18 Dec 1923
Created Baron Bramall for life 9 Feb 1987
Field Marshal 1982. KG 1990. Lord Lieutenant
Greater London 1986-1998.  Chief of the
Defence Staff 1982-1985
BRAMPTON
27 Jan 1899 B 1 Sir Henry Hawkins 14 Sep 1817 6 Oct 1907 90
to     Created Baron Brampton 27 Jan 1899
6 Oct 1907 PC 1899
Peerage extinct on his death
For an amusing anecdote concerning his wife,
see the note at the foot of this page
BRAMWELL
3 Feb 1882 B 1 Sir George William Wilshere Bramwell 12 Jun 1808 9 May 1892 83
to     Created Baron Bramwell 3 Feb 1882
9 May 1892 Lord Justice of Appeal 1876-1881.  PC 1876
Peerage extinct on his death
BRANCEPETH
3 Nov 1613 E 1 Robert Carr,1st Viscount Rochester c 1587 Jul 1645
to     Created Baron Brancepeth and Earl of
Jul 1645 Somerset 3 Nov 1613
See "Somerset"
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31 Aug 1866 B 1 Gustavus Frederick John James Hamilton,7th
Viscount Boyne 11 May 1797 27 Oct 1872 75
Created Baron Brancepeth 31 Aug 1866
See "Boyne"
BRAND
17 Jul 1946 B 1 Robert Henry Brand 30 Oct 1878 23 Aug 1963 84
to     Created Baron Brand 17 Jul 1946
23 Aug 1963 Peerage extinct on his death
BRANDON
23 Jul 1679 V 1 Charles Gerard,1st Baron Gerard of Brandon c 1618 7 Jan 1694
Created Viscount Brandon and Earl of
Macclesfield 23 Jul 1679
See "Macclesfield"
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10 Sep 1711 D 1 James Hamilton,4th Duke of Hamilton 11 Apr 1658 15 Nov 1712 54
Created Baron of Dutton and Duke of
Brandon 10 Sep 1711
See "Hamilton"
BRANDON (co. Kerry)
16 Sep 1758 B[I] 1 Sir Maurice Crosbie 1690 20 Jan 1762 71
Created Baron Brandon 16 Sep 1758
20 Jan 1762 2 William Crosbie,later [1776] 1st Earl of Glandore May 1716 11 Apr 1781 64
11 Apr 1781 3 John Crosbie,2nd Earl of Glandore 25 May 1753 23 Oct 1815 62
23 Oct 1815 4 William Crosbie 1 Nov 1771 3 May 1832 60
to     Peerage extinct on his death
3 May 1832
BRANDON (co. Kilkenny)
15 Sep 1758 E[I] 1 Ellis Bermingham 1709 11 Mar 1789 79
to     [L] Created Countess of Brandon for life
11 Mar 1789 15 Sep 1758
Peerage extinct on her death
BRANDON OF OAKBROOK
24 Sep 1981 B[L] 1 Henry Vivian Brandon 3 Jun 1920 24 Mar 1999 78
to     Created Baron Brandon of Oakbrook for life
24 Mar 1999 24 Sep 1981
Lord Justice of Appeal 1978-1981, Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 1981-1991. PC 1978
Peerage extinct on his death
BRAOSE
29 Dec 1299 B 1 William de Braose 1326
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1326 Braose 29 Dec 1299
On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
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25 Feb 1342 B 1 Thomas de Braose 1302 1361 59
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Braose 25 Feb 1342
1361 2 John de Braose 3 Feb 1367
3 Feb 1367 3 Thomas de Braose 1352 1395 43
1395 4 Thomas de Braose 1395
1395 5 Elizabeth de Saye 8 Jul 1399
to     Peerage extinct on her death
8 Jul 1399
BRASSEY
5 Jul 1911 E 1 Sir Thomas Brassey 11 Feb 1836 23 Feb 1918 82
Created Baron Brassey 16 Aug 1886,
and Viscount Hythe and Earl Brassey
5 Jul 1911
MP for Devonport 1865 and Hastings 1868-
1886. Governor of Victoria 1895-1901
For further information on this peer,see the
note at the foot of this page
23 Feb 1918 2 Thomas Allnutt Brassey 7 Mar 1863 12 Nov 1919 56
to     Peerages extinct on his death
12 Nov 1919 For information on the death of this peer,see the
note at the foot of this page
BRASSEY OF APETHORPE
26 Jan 1938 B 1 Sir Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey,1st baronet 7 Mar 1870 22 Oct 1958 88
Created Baron Brassey of Apethorpe
26 Jan 1938
MP for Northamptonshire North 1910-1918
and Peterborough 1918-1929
22 Oct 1958 2 Bernard Thomas Brassey 15 Feb 1905 28 Jun 1967 62
28 Jun 1967 3 David Henry Brassey 16 Sep 1932
BRAYBROOKE
5 Sep 1788 B 1 John Griffin Griffin 13 Mar 1719 25 May 1797 78
Created Baron Braybrooke 5 Sep 1788
MP for Andover 1749-1784  Lord Lieutenant
Essex 1784-1797
25 May 1797 2 Richard Griffin (previously Aldworth Neville) 29 Jun 1750 28 Feb 1825 74
MP for Grampound 1774-1780, Buckingham
1780-1782 and Reading 1782-1797. Lord
Lieutenant Essex 1798-1825
28 Feb 1825 3 Richard Griffin 26 Sep 1783 13 Mar 1858 74
MP for Thirsk 1805-1806, Saltash 1807,
Buckingham 1807-1812 and Berkshire 1812-1825
13 Mar 1858 4 Richard Cornwallis Neville 17 Mar 1820 21 Feb 1861 40
21 Feb 1861 5 Charles Cornwallis Neville 29 Aug 1823 7 Jun 1902 78
7 Jun 1902 6 Latimer Neville 22 Apr 1827 12 Jan 1904 76
12 Jan 1904 7 Henry Neville 11 Jul 1855 9 Mar 1941 85
9 Mar 1941 8 Richard Henry Cornwallis Neville 13 Jul 1918 23 Jan 1943 24
23 Jan 1943 9 Henry Seymour Neville 5 Feb 1897 12 Feb 1990 92
12 Feb 1990 10 Robin Henry Charles Neville 29 Jan 1932
Lord Lieutenant Essex 1992-2002
BRAYE
3 Nov 1529 B 1 Sir Edmund Braye 18 Oct 1539
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Braye 3 Nov 1529
18 Oct 1539 2 John Braye 19 Nov 1557
to     On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
19 Nov 1557
 3 Oct 1839 3 Sarah Otway-Cave 2 Jul 1768 21 Feb 1862 93
to     Abeyance terminated in her favour 1839. On
21 Feb 1862 her death the peerage again fell into
abeyance
For further information on the termination of the
abeyance,see the note at the foot of this page
13 May 1879 4 Henrietta Wyatt-Edgell 3 Nov 1809 14 Nov 1879 70
Abeyance terminated in her favour 1879
14 Nov 1879 5 Alfred Verney-Cave 23 Jul 1849 1 Jul 1928 78
1 Jul 1928 6 Adrian Verney Verney-Cave 11 Oct 1874 12 Feb 1952 77
12 Feb 1952 7 Thomas Adrian Verney-Cave 26 Jul 1902 19 Dec 1985 83
19 Dec 1985 8 Mary Penelope Aubrey-Fletcher 28 Sep 1941
BRAYLEY
22 Jun 1973 B[L] 1 John Desmond Brayley 29 Jan 1917 16 Mar 1977 60
to     Created Baron Brayley for life 22 Jun 1973
16 Mar 1977 Peerage extinct on his death
BREADALBANE  and HOLLAND
13 Aug 1681 E[S] 1 Sir John Campbell,5th baronet 1635 28 Mar 1717 81
Created Lord St.Clair,Viscount of
Breadalbane and Earl of Caithness
28 Jun 1677, and Lord Glenurchy,
Benederaloch,Ormelie and Weick,
Viscount of Tay and Paintland,and
Earl of Breadalbane and Holland
13 Aug 1681
28 Mar 1717 2 John Campbell 19 Nov 1662 23 Feb 1752 89
Lord Lieutenant Perthshire
23 Feb 1752 3 John Campbell 10 Mar 1696 26 Jan 1782 85
MP for Saltash 1727-1741 and Orford
1741-1746  PC 1766
26 Jan 1782 4 John Campbell 30 Mar 1762 29 Mar 1834 71
12 Sep 1831 M 1 Created Baron Breadalbane 13 Nov 1806
and Earl of Ormelie and Marquess of
of Breadalbane 12 Sep 1831
For information on the fate of this peer's brother,
Alexander,see the note at the foot of this page
29 Mar 1834 5 John Campbell 26 Oct 1796 8 Nov 1862 66
to     2 MP for Okehampton 1820-1826 and
8 Nov 1862 Perthshire 1832-1834. Lord Lieutenant
Argyll 1839-1862. KT 1838, PC 1848
On his death the Marquessate became extinct
8 Nov 1862 6 John Alexander Gavin Campbell 30 Mar 1824 20 Mar 1871 46
For further information on the Breadalbane
Peerage Case of 1866, see the note at the
foot of this page
20 Mar 1871 7 Gavin Campbell 9 Apr 1851 19 Oct 1922 71
11 Jul 1885 M 1 Created Baron Breadalbane 25 Mar 1873
to     and Earl of Ormelie and Marquess of
19 Oct 1922 Breadalbane 11 Jul 1885
Lord Lieutenant Argyll 1914-1922
PC 1880, KG 1894
On his death the creations of 1873 and 1885
became extinct
19 Oct 1922 8 Iain Edward Herbert Campbell 14 Jun 1885 10 May 1923 37
10 May 1923 9 Charles William Campbell 11 Jun 1889 5 May 1959 69
5 May 1959 10 John Romer Boreland Campbell 28 Apr 1919 15 Dec 1995 76
to     Peerage dormant on his death
15 Dec 1995   For information regarding a recent claim to these
peerages,see the note at the foot of this page
BRECHIN
3 Aug 1646 B[S] 1 Patrick Maule 29 May 1585 22 Dec 1661 76
Created Lord Maule,Brechin and Navar
and Earl of Panmure 3 Aug 1646
See "Panmure"
BRECHIN AND NAVAR
23 Jan 1481 B[S] 1 James Stewart Mar 1476 17 Jan 1504 27
to     Created Lord of Brechin,Navar and
17 Jan 1504 Ardmannoch and Earl of Ross 23 Jan 
1481,and Lord Brechin and Navar,Earl
of Edirdale,Marquess of Ormond and
Duke of Ross 29 Jan 1488
Second son of James III of Scotland
Peerages extinct on his death
BRECKNOCK
20 Jul 1660 E 1 James Butler,1st Marquess of Ormonde 19 Oct 1610 21 Jul 1688 77
      Created Baron Butler of Lanthony 
      and Earl of Brecknock 20 Jul 1660
See "Ormonde" - peerage forfeited 1715
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7 Sep 1812 E 1 John Jeffreys Pratt,2nd Earl Camden 11 Feb 1759 8 Oct 1840 81
Created Earl of the County of 
Brecknock and Marquess Camden 
7 Sep 1812
See "Camden"
BRECON
30 Jan 1958 B 1 David Vivian Penrose Lewis 14 Aug 1905 10 Oct 1976 71
to     Created Baron Brecon 30 Jan 1958
10 Oct 1976 PC 1960
Peerage extinct on his death
BRENNAN
2 May 2000 B[L] 1 Daniel Joseph Brennan 19 Mar 1942
Created Baron Brennan for life 2 May 2000
BRENTFORD
27 May 1644 E 1 Patrick Ruthven 2 Feb 1651
to     Created Baron Ruthven of Ettrick
2 Feb 1651 1639, Earl of Forth 27 Mar 1642 and
Earl of Brentford 27 May 1644
Peerages extinct on his death
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10 Apr 1689 E 1 Frederic Armand de Schomberg 6 Dec 1615 1 Jul 1690 74
Created Baron Teyes,Earl of
Brentford,Marquess of Harwich and
Duke of Schomberg 10 Apr 1689
See "Schomberg"
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6 Apr 1722 B[L] 1 Charlotte Sophia Kielmansegge c 1673 20 Apr 1725
to     Created Baroness of Brentford and
20 Apr 1725 Countess of Darlington for life 6 Apr 1722
Mistress of George I
She had previously been created (1721) Countess
of Leinster (qv). All peerages became extinct on
her death
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5 Jul 1929 V 1 William Joynson-Hicks 23 Jun 1865 8 Jun 1932 66
Created Viscount Brentford 5 Jul 1929
MP for Manchester NW 1908-1910,
Brentford 1911-1918 and Twickenham 1918-
1929. Postmaster General 1923, Minister
of Health 1923-1924, Home Secretary 1924-
1929. PC 1923
8 Jun 1932 2 Richard Cecil Joynson-Hicks 15 Nov 1896 27 Jun 1958 61
27 Jun 1958 3 Lancelot William Joynson-Hicks 10 Apr 1902 25 Feb 1983 80
MP for Chichester 1942-1958
25 Feb 1983 4 Crispin William Joynson-Hicks 7 Apr 1933
BRERETON OF LEIGHLIN
11 May 1624 B[I] 1 Sir William Brereton 6 Feb 1550 1 Oct 1631 81
Created Baron Brereton of Leighlin 11 May 1624
1 Oct 1631 2 William Brereton 28 Feb 1611 21 Apr 1664 53
Lord Lieutenant Cheshire 1662-1664. MP for 
Cheshire 1661-1664
Apr 1664 3 William Brereton 4 May 1631 17 Mar 1680 48
17 Mar 1680 4 John Brereton 2 Dec 1659 1718 58
1718 5 Francis Brereton 1 May 1662 11 Apr 1722 59
to     Peerage extinct on his death
11 Apr 1722
BRETT
20 Jul 1999 B[L] 1 William Henry Brett 6 Mar 1942 29 Mar 2012 70
to     Created Baron Brett for life 20 Jul 1999
29 Mar 2012 Peerage extinct on his death
BRIDGE OF HARWICH
29 Sep 1980 B[L] 1 Nigel Cyprian Bridge 26 Feb 1917 20 Nov 2007 90
to     Created Baron Bridge of Harwich for life
20 Nov 2007 29 Sep 1980
Lord Justice of Appeal 1975-1980. Lord
of Appeal in Ordinary 1980-1992. PC 1975
Peerage extinct on his death
BRIDGEMAN
18 Jun 1929 V 1 William Clive Bridgeman 31 Dec 1864 14 Aug 1935 70
Created Viscount Bridgeman 18 Jun 1929
MP for Oswestry 1906-1929. Secretary for
Mines 1920-1922, Home Secretary 1922-1924,
First Lord of the Admiralty 1924-1929,
PC 1920
14 Aug 1935 2 Robert Clive Bridgeman 1 Apr 1896 17 Nov 1982 86
Lord Lieutenant Shropshire 1951-1970
17 Nov 1982 3 Robin John Orlando Bridgeman 5 Dec 1930
BRIDGES
4 Feb 1957 B 1 Edward Ettingdene Bridges 4 Aug 1892 27 Aug 1969 77
Created Baron Bridges 4 Feb 1957
PC 1953. KG 1965
27 Aug 1969 2 Thomas Edward Bridges 27 Nov 1927
BRIDGWATER
19 Jul 1538 E 1 Henry Daubeney, 9th Baron Daubeney Dec 1493 12 Apr 1548 54
to     Created Earl of Bridgwater
12 Apr 1548 19 Jul 1538
Peerage extinct on his death
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27 May 1617 E 1 John Egerton,2nd Viscount Brackley 1579 4 Dec 1649 70
Created Earl of Bridgwater 27 May 1617
MP for Shropshire 1601. Lord Lieutenant
Shropshire,Worcester,Hereford and
Monmouth 1631
4 Dec 1649 2 John Egerton 30 May 1623 26 Oct 1686 63
Lord Lieutenant Buckingham 1660-1686
Cheshire 1673-1676,Lancashire 1673-1676 and
Hertfordshire 1681-1686  PC 1679
26 Oct 1686 3 John Egerton 9 Nov 1646 19 Mar 1701 54
MP for Buckingham 1685-1686. Lord
Lieutenant Buckingham 1686-1687 and 1689-1701. 
PC 1691
19 Mar 1701 4 Scroop Egerton 11 Aug 1681 11 Jan 1745 63
18 Jun 1720 D 1 Created Marquess of Brackley and Duke
of Bridgwater 18 Jun 1720
Lord Lieutenant Buckingham 1703-1711 and 
1714-1728
11 Jan 1745 5 John Egerton 29 Apr 1727 4 Mar 1748 20
2
4 Mar 1748 6 Francis Egerton 21 Jul 1736 8 Mar 1803 66
to     3 On his death the Dukedom became extinct
8 Mar 1803 whilst the Earldom passed to -
8 Mar 1803 7 John William Egerton 14 Apr 1753 21 Oct 1823 70
MP for Morpeth 1777-1780 and Brackley
1780-1803
21 Oct 1823 8 Francis Henry Egerton 11 Nov 1756 11 Feb 1829 72
to     Peerage extinct on his death
11 Feb 1829 For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
BRIDPORT
14 Nov 1794 B[I] 1 Alexander Hood  2 Dec 1726 3 May 1814 87
16 Jun 1800 V 1 Created Baron Bridport [I] 14 Nov 
to     1794,Baron Bridport 13 Jun 1796 and
3 May 1814 Viscount Bridport 16 Jun 1800
MP for Bridgewater 1784-1790 and
Buckingham 1790-1796
On his death the two peerages of Great
Britain became extinct,whilst the Irish
Barony passed to -
3 May 1814 2 Samuel Hood 7 Dec 1788 6 Jan 1868 79
MP for Heytesbury 1812-1818
6 Jan 1868 3 Alexander Nelson Hood 23 Dec 1814 4 Jun 1904 89
6 Jul 1868 V 1 Created Viscount Bridport 6 Jul 1868
4 Jun 1904 2 Arthur Wellington Alexander Nelson Hood 15 Dec 1839 28 Mar 1924 84
MP for Somerset West 1868-1880
28 Mar 1924 3 Rowland Arthur Herbert Nelson Hood 22 May 1911 25 Jul 1969 58
25 Jul 1969 4 Alexander Nelson Hood 17 Mar 1948
BRIENE
23 Jun 1701 V[S] 1 Robert Kerr 8 Mar 1636 15 Feb 1703 66
Created Lord Kerr of Newbottle,
Viscount of Briene,Earl of Ancram and
Marquess of Lothian 23 Jun 1701
See "Lothian"
BRIGGS
19 Jul 1976 B[L] 1 Asa Briggs 7 May 1921
Created Baron Briggs for life 19 Jul 1976
BRIGHTMAN
12 Mar 1982 B[L] 1 John Ansar Brightman 20 Jun 1911 6 Feb 2006 94
to     Created Baron Brightman for life
6 Feb 2006 12 Mar 1982
Lord Justice of Appeal 1979-1982. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 1982-1986. PC 1979
Peerage extinct on his death
BRIGINSHAW
16 Jan 1975 B[L] 1 Richard William Briginshaw 15 May 1908 27 Mar 1992 83
to     Created Baron Briginshaw for life
27 Mar 1992 16 Jan 1975
Peerage extinct on his death
BRIGSTOCKE
21 May 1990 B[L] 1 Heather Renwick Brigstocke 2 Sep 1929 30 Apr 2004 74
to     Created Baroness Brigstocke for life
30 Apr 2004 21 May 1990
Peerage extinct on her death
BRIMELOW
29 Jan 1976 B[L] 1 Thomas Brimelow 25 Oct 1915 2 Aug 1995 79
to     Created Baron Brimelow for life 29 Jan 1976
2 Aug 1995 Peerage extinct on his death
BRINTON
4 Feb 2011 B[L] 1 Sarah Virginia Brinton 1 Apr 1955
Created Baroness Brinton for life 4 Feb 2011
BRISTOL
15 Sep 1622 E 1 John Digby Feb 1586 21 Jan 1653 66
Created Baron Digby of Sherborne
25 Nov 1618 and Earl of Bristol
15 Sep 1622
MP for Hedon 1610
21 Jan 1653 2 George Digby Oct 1612 20 Mar 1677 64
MP for Dorset 1640. Secretary of State
1643-1649.  KG 1653
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Digby of Sherborne
9 Jun 1641
20 Mar 1677 3 John Digby 26 Apr 1634 18 Sep 1698 64
to     MP for Dorset 1675-1677. Lord Lieutenant
18 Sep 1698 Dorset 1679-1698
Peerage extinct on his death
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19 Oct 1714 E 1 John Hervey 27 Aug 1665 20 Jan 1751 85
Created Baron Hervey of Ickworth
23 Mar 1703 and Earl of Bristol
19 Oct 1714
MP for Bury St.Edmunds 1694-1703
20 Jan 1751 2 George William Hervey 31 Aug 1721 18 Mar 1775 53
Lord Lieutenant Ireland 1766-1767. Lord
Privy Seal 1768-1770. PC 1766
18 Mar 1775 3 Augustus John Hervey 18 May 1724 23 Dec 1779 55
MP for Bury St.Edmunds 1757-1763,Saltash
1763-1768 and Bury St.Edmunds 1768-1775.
PC [I] 1766
23 Dec 1779 4 Frederick Augustus Hervey 1 Aug 1730 8 Jul 1803 72
PC [I] 1767
He became sole heir to the Barony of Howard de
Walden (qv) in 1799. On his death the Barony
descended to his great grandson
For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
8 Jul 1803 5 Frederick William Hervey 2 Jun 1769 15 Feb 1859 89
30 Jun 1826 M 1 Created Earl Jermyn of Horningsheath
and Marquess of Bristol 30 Jun 1826
MP for Bury St.Edmunds 1796-1803
15 Feb 1859 2 Frederick William Hervey 15 Jul 1800 30 Oct 1864 64
MP for Bury St.Edmunds 1826-1859.  PC 1841
 
30 Oct 1864 3 Frederick William John Hervey 28 Jun 1834 7 Aug 1907 73
MP for Suffolk West 1859-1864
Lord Lieutenant Suffolk 1886-1907
7 Aug 1907 4 Frederick William Fane Hervey 8 Nov 1863 24 Oct 1951 86
MP for Bury St.Edmunds 1906-1907
24 Oct 1951 5 Herbert Arthur Robert Hervey 10 Oct 1870 5 Apr 1960 89
5 Apr 1960 6 Victor Frederick Cochrane Hervey 6 Oct 1915 10 Mar 1985 69
For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
10 Mar 1985 7 Frederick William John Augustus Hervey 15 Sep 1954 10 Jan 1999 44
For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
10 Jan 1999 8 Frederick William Augustus Hervey 19 Oct 1979
BRITANNY
24 May 1305 B 1 John de Dreux 17 Jan 1334
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
17 Jan 1334 Britanny 24 May 1305
Peerage extinct on his death
BRITTAN OF SPENNITHORNE
9 Feb 2000 B[L] 1 Leon Brittan 25 Sep 1939
Created Baron Brittan of Spennithorne
for life 9 Feb 2000
MP for Cleveland and Whitby 1974-1983,
Richmond 1983-1988. Minister of State, Home
Office 1979-1981. Chief Secretary to the 
Treasury 1981-1983. Home Secretary 1983-1985
Sec of State for Trade and Industry 1985-
1986. PC 1981
BRITTEN
2 Jul 1976 B[L] 1 Edward Benjamin Britten 22 Nov 1913 4 Dec 1976 63
to     Created Baron Britten for life 2 Jul 1976
4 Dec 1976 CH 1953  OM 1965
Peerage extinct on his death
BROADBRIDGE
14 Sep 1945 B 1 Sir George Broadbridge,1st baronet 13 Feb 1869 17 Apr 1952 83
Created Baron Broadbridge 14 Sep 1945
MP for London 1938-1945 
17 Apr 1952 2 Eric Wilberforce Broadbridge 22 Dec 1895 18 Nov 1972 76
18 Nov 1972 3 Peter Hewett Broadbridge 19 Aug 1938 6 Feb 2000 61
6 Feb 2000 4 Martin Hugh Broadbridge 29 Nov 1929
BROCAS
29 Jun 1925 V 1 John Rushworth Jellicoe 5 Dec 1859 20 Nov 1935 75
Created Viscount Brocas and Earl
Jellicoe 29 Jun 1925
See "Jellicoe"
BROCK
5 Jul 1965 B[L] 1 Russell Claude Brock 24 Oct 1903 3 Sep 1980 76
to     Created Baron Brock  for life 5 Jul 1965
3 Sep 1980 Peerage extinct on his death
BROCKET
19 Jan 1933 B 1 Sir Charles Alexander Nall-Cain,1st baronet 29 May 1866 21 Nov 1934 68
Created Baron Brocket 19 Jan 1933
21 Nov 1934 2 Arthur Ronald Nall Nall-Cain 4 Aug 1904 24 Mar 1967 62
MP for Wavertree 1931-1934
24 Mar 1967 3 Charles Ronald George Nall-Cain 12 Feb 1952
BROCKWAY
17 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Archibald Fenner Brockway 1 Nov 1888 28 Apr 1988 99
to     Created Baron Brockway for life
28 Apr 1988 17 Dec 1964
MP for Leyton East 1929-1931 and Eton and
Slough 1950-1964
Peerage extinct on his death
BRODRICK
13 Apr 1715 B[I] 1 Alan Brodrick 1656 29 Aug 1728 72
Created Baron Brodrick 13 Apr 1715
He was subsequently created Viscount 
Midleton (qv) 15 Aug 1717
                           *************
11 Jun 1796 B 1 George Brodrick,4th Viscount Midleton 1 Nov 1754 12 Aug 1836 81
Created Baron Brodrick [GB] 11 Jun 1796
See "Midleton"
BROERS
21 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Alec Nigel Broers 17 Sep 1938
Created Baron Broers for life 21 Jun 2004
BROME
30 Jun 1753 V 1 Charles Cornwallis 29 Mar 1700 23 Jun 1762 62
Created Viscount Brome and Earl
Cornwallis 30 Jun 1753
See "Cornwallis"
BROOKE
29 Jan 1621 B 1 Fulke Greville 1554 30 Sep 1628 74
Created Baron Brooke 29 Jan 1621
MP for Warwickshire 1586-1601. Chancellor
of the Exchequer 1614-1621
30 Sep 1628 2 Robert Greville 1607 2 Mar 1643 35
MP for Warwickshire 1628. Lord Lieutenant
Warwick 1642
2 Mar 1643 3 Francis Greville Nov 1658
Nov 1658 4 Robert Greville c 1638 17 Feb 1677
Lord Lieutenant Stafford 1660-1677
17 Feb 1677 5 Fulke Greville May 1643 22 Oct 1710 67
MP for Warwick 1664-1677
22 Oct 1710 6 Fulke Greville 1693 22 Feb 1711 17
22 Feb 1711 7 William Greville 1695 28 Jul 1727 32
28 Jul 1727 8 Francis Greville 10 Oct 1719 6 Jul 1773 53
7 Jul 1746 E 1 Created Earl Brooke of Warwick
Castle 7 Jul 1746
Lord Lieutenant Warwick 1749-1757. KT 1753
Further created Earl of Warwick 13 Nov 1759
6 Jul 1773 2 George Greville  (also 2nd Earl Brooke) 16 Sep 1746 2 May 1816 69
MP for Warwick 1768-1773. Lord Lieutenant
Warwick 1795-1816
2 May 1816 3 Henry Richard Greville  (also 3rd Earl Brooke) 29 Mar 1779 10 Aug 1853 74
MP for Warwick 1802-1816. Lord Lieutenant
Warwick 1822-1853.  KT 1827
10 Aug 1853 4 George Guy Greville  (also 4th Earl Brooke) 28 Mar 1818 2 Dec 1893 75
MP for Warwickshire South 1845-1853
2 Dec 1893 5 Francis Richard Charles Guy Greville  (also
5th Earl Brooke) 9 Feb 1853 15 Jan 1924 70
MP for Somerset East 1879-1885 and 
Colchester 1888-1892. Lord Lieutenant
Essex 1901-1919
15 Jan 1924 6 Leopold Guy Francis Maynard Greville
(also 6th Earl Brooke) 10 Sep 1882 31 Jan 1928 45
31 Jan 1928 7 Charles Guy Fulke Greville  (also 7th Earl 4 Mar 1911 20 Jan 1984 72
Brooke)
20 Jan 1984 8 David Robin Francis Guy Greville  (also 8th 15 May 1934 20 Jan 1996 61
Earl Brooke)
20 Jan 1996 9 Guy David Greville  (also 9th Earl Brooke) 30 Jan 1957
BROOKE OF ALVERTHORPE
23 Oct 1997 B[L] 1 Clive Brooke 21 Jun 1942
Created Baron Brooke of Alverthorpe
for life 23 Oct 1997
BROOKE OF CUMNOR
20 Jul 1966 B[L] 1 Henry Brooke 9 Apr 1903 29 Mar 1984 80
to     Created Baron Brooke of Cumnor for life
29 Mar 1984 20 Jul 1966
MP for Lewisham West 1938-1945 and 
Hampstead 1950-1966. Financial Secretary
to the Treasury 1954-1957, Minister of
Housing 1957-1961, Chief Secretary to the
Treasury and Paymaster General 1961-1962,
Home Secretary 1962-1964. PC 1955  CH 1964
Peerage extinct on his death
BROOKE OF OAKLEY
4 Jul 1939 B 1 Sir Arthur Richard de Capell-Brooke,5th baronet 12 Oct 1869 17 Nov 1944 75
to     Created Baron Brooke of Oakley
17 Nov 1944 4 Jul 1939
Peerage extinct on his death
BROOKE OF SUTTON MANDEVILLE
30 Jul 2001 B[L] 1 Peter Leonard Brooke 3 Mar 1934
Created Baron Brooke of Sutton
Mandeville for life 30 Jul 2001
MP for London & Westminster South 1977-
1997 and London & Westminster 1997-2001
Minister of State,Treasury 1985-1987
Paymaster General 1987-1989. Sec for 
Northern Ireland 1989-1992. Sec for National
Heritage 1992-1994. PC 1988  CH 1992
BROOKE OF YSTRADFELLTE
7 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Barbara Muriel Brooke 14 Jan 1908 1 Sep 2000 92
to     Created Baroness Brooke of
1 Sep 2000 Ystradfellte for life 7 Dec 1964
Peerage extinct on her death
BROOKEBOROUGH
1 Jul 1952 V 1 Sir Basil Stanlake Brooke,5th baronet 9 Jun 1888 18 Aug 1973 85
Created Viscount Brookeborough
1 Jul 1952
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland 1943-
1963. Lord Lieutenant Fermanagh 1963-1969
KG 1965  PC [NI] 1933
18 Aug 1973 2 John Warden Brooke 9 Nov 1922 5 Mar 1987 64
PC[NI] 1971
5 Mar 1987 3 Alan Henry Brooke 30 Jun 1952
Lord Lieutenant Fermanagh 2012-
BROOKES
14 Jan 1976 B[L] 1 Raymond Percival Brookes 10 Apr 1909 31 Jul 2002 93
to    Created Baron Brookes for life 14 Jan 1976
31 Jul 2002 Peerage extinct on his death
BROOKMAN
30 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 David Keith Brookman 3 Jan 1937
Created Baron Brookman for life
30 Jul 1998
 
BROOKS OF TREMORFA
17 Jul 1979 B[L] 1 John Edward Brooks 12 Apr 1927
Created Baron Brooks of Tremorfa for life
17 Jul 1979
BROOME
27 Jul 1914 B 1 Horatio Herbert Kitchener 24 Jun 1850 5 Jun 1916 65
Created Baron Denton,Viscount 
Broome and Earl Kitchener of Khartoum
27 Jul 1914
See "Kitchener"
BROTHERTON
17 Jun 1929 B 1 Sir Edward Allen Brotherton,1st baronet 1 Apr 1856 21 Oct 1930 74
to     Created Baron Brotherton 17 Jun 1929
21 Oct 1930 MP for Wakefield 1902-1910 and 1918-1922
Peerage extinct on his death
BROUGHAM AND VAUX
22 Nov 1830 B 1 Henry Peter Brougham 19 Sep 1778 7 May 1868 89
to     Created Baron Brougham and Vaux
7 May 1868 22 Nov 1830 and again 22 Mar 1860
22 Mar 1860 B 1 For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of the Barony of 1860,see the note at the 
foot of this page
MP for Camelford 1810-1812, Winchelsea
1815-1830,Yorkshire 1830 and Knaresborough 1830
Lord Chancellor 1830-1834  PC 1830
On his death the 1830 creation became 
extinct but the 1860 creation passed to -
For further information on this peer,see the note
at the foot of this page
7 May 1868 2 William Brougham 26 Sep 1795 1 Jan 1886 90
MP for Southwark 1831-1835
1 Jan 1886 3 Henry Charles Brougham 2 Sep 1836 24 May 1927 90
24 May 1927 4 Victor Henry Peter Brougham 23 Oct 1909 20 Jun 1967 57
20 Jun 1967 5 Michael John Brougham 2 Aug 1938
BROUGHSHANE
19 Sep 1945 B 1 William Henry Davison 1872 19 Jan 1953 80
Created Baron Broughshane 19 Sep 1945
MP for Kensington South 1918-1945
19 Jan 1953 2 Patrick Owen Alexander Davison 18 Jun 1903 22 Sep 1995 92
22 Sep 1995 3 William Kensington Davison 25 Nov 1914 24 Mar 2006 91
to     Peerage extinct on his death
24 Mar 2006
BROUGHTON
26 Feb 1851 B 1 Sir John Cam Hobhouse 27 Jun 1786 3 Jun 1869 92
to     Created Baron Broughton 26 Feb 1851
3 Jun 1869 MP for Westminster 1820-1833, Nottingham
1834-1847 and Harwich 1848-1851.
Secretary for War 1832-1833, Chief 
Secretary for Ireland 1833, Chief
Commissioner of Woods and Forests 1834,
President of the Board of Control 1835-
1841 and 1846-1852. PC 1832
Peerage extinct on his death
BROUNCKER
12 Sep 1645 V[I] 1 Sir William Brouncker 1585 Nov 1645 60
Created Baron and Viscount
Brouncker 12 Sep 1645
Nov 1645 2 William Brouncker 1620 5 Apr 1684 63
President of the Royal Society 1662-1677
5 Apr 1684 3 Henry Brouncker 1626 4 Jan 1688 61
to     Peerages extinct on his death
4 Jan 1688
BROWN
22 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Wilfred Banks Duncan Brown 29 Nov 1908 17 Mar 1985 76
to     Created Baron Brown for life 22 Dec 1964
17 Mar 1985 Minister of State,Board of Trade 1964-1970
PC 1970
Peerage extinct on his death
BROWN OF EATON UNDER HEYWOOD
13 Jan 2004 B[L] 1 Simon Denis Brown 9 Apr 1937
Created Baron Brown of Eaton under 
Heywood for life 13 Jan 2004
Lord Justice of Appeal 1992-2004. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 2004-2009   Justice of the    
Supreme Court 2009-2012  PC 1992
BROWNE OF BELMONT
12 Jun 2006 B[L] 1 Wallace Browne 29 Oct 1947
Created Baron Browne of Belmont for life
12 Jun 2006
BROWNE OF LADYTON
22 Jul 2010 B[L] 1 Desmond Henry Browne 22 Mar 1952
Created Baron Browne of Ladyton for life
22 Jul 2010
MP for Kilmarnock and Loudoun 1997-2010.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury 2005-2006. 
Secretary of State for Defence 2006-2008.
Secretary of State for Scotland 2007-2008
PC 2005
BROWNE OF MADINGLEY
28 Jun 2001 B[L] 1 Edmund John Philip Browne 20 Feb 1948
Created Baron Browne of Madingley
for life 28 Jun 2001
BROWNE-WILKINSON
1 Oct 1991 B[L] 1 Nicholas Christopher Henry Browne-
Wilkinson 30 Mar 1930
Created Baron Browne-Wilkinson for life
1 Oct 1991
Lord Justice of Appeal 1983-1985. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 1991-2000   PC 1983
BROWNING
9 Jul 2010 B[L] 1 Angela Frances Browning 4 Dec 1946
Created Baroness Browning for life 9 Jul 2010
MP for Tiverton 1992-1997 and Tiverton and
Honiton 1997-2010
BROWNLOW
20 May 1776 B 1 Sir Brownlow Cust,4th baronet 3 Dec 1744 25 Dec 1807 63
Created Baron Brownlow 20 May 1776
MP for Ilchester 1768-1774 and
Grantham 1774-1776
25 Dec 1807 2 John Cust 19 Aug 1779 15 Sep 1853 74
27 Nov 1815 E 1 Created Viscount Alford and Earl
Brownlow 27 Nov 1815
MP for Clitheroe 1802-1807. Lord
Lieutenant Lincoln 1809-1852
15 Sep 1853 3 John William Spencer Brownlow
2 Egerton-Cust 28 Jun 1842 20 Feb 1867 24
20 Feb 1867 4 Adelbert Wellington Brownlow Cust 19 Aug 1844 17 Mar 1921 76
to     3 MP for Shropshire North 1866-1867. 
17 Mar 1921 Paymaster General 1887-1889. Lord
Lieutenant Lincoln 1867-1921. PC 1887
On his death the Earldom became extinct
whilst the Barony passed to -
17 Mar 1921 5 Adelbert Salisbury Cockayne Cust 14 Sep 1867 19 Apr 1927 59
19 Apr 1927 6 Peregrine Francis Adelbert Cust 27 Apr 1899 28 Jul 1978 79
Lord Lieutenant Lincoln 1936-1950
28 Jul 1978 7 Edward John Peregrine Cust 25 Mar 1936
BROXBOURNE
21 Sep 1983 B[L] 1 Sir Derek Colclough Walker-Smith,1st baronet 13 Apr 1910 22 Jan 1992 81
to     Created Baron Broxbourne for life 
22 Jan 1992 21 Sep 1983
MP for Herford 1945-1955 and 
Hertfordshire East 1955-1983.  Economic
Secretary to the Treasury 1956-1957,
Minister of State Board of Trade 1957,
Minister of Health 1957-1960.  PC 1957
Peerage extinct on his death
BROXMOUTH
25 Apr 1707 V[S] 1 John Ker,Earl of Roxburghe c 1680 24 Feb 1741
Created Lord Ker of Cessfurd and
Cavertoun,Viscount of Broxmouth,
Earl of Kelso,Marquess of Bowmont
and Cessfurd and Duke of Roxburghe
25 Apr 1707
See "Roxburghe"
Jane, Lady Hawkins, wife of Baron Brampton
Jane Louis Reynolds married in 1887, as his second wife, the eminent judge Sir Henry Hawkins,
who was later created Baron Brampton. According to Colin Simpson, Lewis Chester and David
in their book "The Cleveland Street Affair" [Little Brown, Boston 1976] she was very ambitious
for her husband and is described in that book as being a noted Mrs Malaprop. The authors give
an amusing example of this trait - 'She is reported to have said after being congratulated on 
possession of a particularly fine Persian carpet: "You wouldn't believe how many people have 
copulated me on that carpet." '
Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey
The following biography of Lord Brassey appeared in the Australian monthly magazine "Parade"
in its issue for December 1963:-
'Although World War I was only weeks away, June 1914 saw international social events in full
swing. Among those who attended the German naval regatta at Kiel was a portly Englishman
who rose at dawn and rowed himself about the crowded harbour. Since the battleships Seydlitz,
Roon and von der Tann, pride of the Kaiser's new Imperial Navy, were lying at anchor at Kiel,
German counter­espionage agents were on edge. They did not trust the inquisitive, cigar-
smoking English oarsman. Although apparently well over 70, he sculled with the ease of a
professional waterman. The agents decided his battered yachting cap, fisherman's guernsey
and ancient reefer jacket were worn as a blind. Because the Kaiser was due in Kiel at any
moment, the secret service men decided to take no risks. They pounced on the mysterious
oarsman and lodged him in Kiel naval prison. The Englishman's only reaction was to roar with
laughter. "Lock me up by all means, gentlemen," he said urbanely, "but kindly get me some
more cigars and tell your emperor why I won't be dining with him this evening."
 
'The supposed spy was the veteran British peer Lord Brassey, millionaire philanthropist, political
economist, naval authority and owner-skipper of the 530-ton Sunbeam, the most famous steam
yacht afloat. Although the yacht had been in commission for 30 years and had logged nearly a
million miles, Brassey asserted that she was still the most seaworthy private yacht in the world.
But the Sunbeam was no toy to Thomas Brassey, who had less of the playboy in his composition
than most other millionaires of his time. His yacht was as much his home as his mansion in Park
Lane or his country home at Normanhurst, Sussex.
 
'The first yacht-owner to hold a master-mariner's ticket, Lord Brassey sailed the Sunbeam to
almost every country, setting up records unlikely to be equalled. The Sunbeam was the first
private vessel to navigate the inland sea of Japan. Brassey remains the only owner-skipper to
sail a steamship through the Straits of Magellan.
 
'Lord Brassey was the son of "Old Tom" Brassey, a small farmer and land surveyor who, in 1831,
became friendly with George Stephenson of railway fame. Convinced by Stephenson that stage-
coaches belonged to the past, Brassey decided to tender for the construction of a few miles of
railway line. The completed job won him such a reputation that within a few years he was the
world's biggest railway contractor, with a business extending to Canada, Australia, Japan, Russia
the Argentine. A man of great vision, Brassey supplied his own raw materials by establishing
mines, smelters, foundries, shipyards and timber mills. During the 1850s he had 100,000 men on
his payroll. After making fortunes for many of his associates, he left an estate of £5.2 million 
when he died in 1870.
 
'Born in Stafford in 1836, Thomas had no urge to build railways. He wanted to join the navy.
But his father soon convinced him that the navy was in such a chaotic state and promotion
was so slow he would probably remain a midshipman for years. So young Tom decided to tackle
the navy from the top. Instead of joining as a cadet midshipman, he went to Oxford University,
took high honours in law, history and economics, and spent his vacations navigating small craft
in the North Sea, the Baltic and the Mediterranean. 
 
'At the age of 29 Brassey entered the House of Commons. His maiden speech, which took five
months to prepare and 50 minutes to deliver, showed the Royal Navy had acquired a new and
authoritative critic and advocate. Both were needed. Ever since the end of the Napoleonic
wars 50 years before, the navy had been sinking deeper into confusion. It had become a medley
of wooden ships, iron ships, steamships, sailing ships and composites. Trained in the age of sail,
the average senior officer, whom Brassey described as having a head as well as a heart of oak,
had a three-decker outlook. The prejudice against steam power was as strong as that against
breech­loading guns. Engineers had no standing, professional or social. One captain even
ordered the marine sentries at the gangway not to salute engineer officers when they boarded
or left the ship. 
 
'From the outset of his political career, Brassey set himself to tidy up this expensive and
dangerous mess. He advocated chiefly the scrapping of obsolete vessels, the formation of the
Royal Naval Reserve, the appointment of gunnery and torpedo officers and the promotion of
engineers to ranks equal to those of deck officers. He had an immense capacity for work and
wrote a number of important books on naval reform. Becoming one of the Lords of the Admiralty
he eventually pushed home most of the changes he had advocated. But his straight-from-the-
shoulder methods and inability to mince words cost him a lot of popularity.
 
'In the early 1870s he began the world travels which made him the most notable tourist of the
time. After experimenting with several chartered vessels, he built the Sunbeam, a 530-ton ship
described by naval architects as a composite three-masted, topsail screw schooner. Fitted 
with 350-horsepower engines, the Sunbeam carried a crew of 35, including seamen, engineers,
cooks, stewards, stewardesses and a surgeon. To this complement were usually added the
personal servants of the Brassey family.
Brassey's first venture in the Sunbeam was a cruise to northern Europe and the Norwegian
fiords. In 1876 the yacht left Chatham on her first round-the-world voyage. The owner, who
earned his master's certificate by examination in the usual way, proved himself a thoroughly
competent mariner. Off Patagonia, the yacht made news when she rescued the crew of the
Monkshaven, which was going down in flames. But her presence in the Pacific baffled the
inhabitants of some of the remoter islands. "You come here save soul?" asked the chief of 
Mattea. When Brassey assured him that he was not a missionary, the chief fell back on the
two other standard occupations of white men in the Pacific at that time: "You steal men or
sell grog?" Learning that his visitor was neither a blackbirder nor a bootlegger, the chief gave
it up. "Why the hell you come here at all then?" he demanded.
'In 1886 Brassey's support for the unpopular cause of Irish Home Rule cost him his seat in the
Commons. Raised to the peerage, he took his seat in the House of Lords and as Lord Brassey
set out on another world trip, taking in the East Indies and Australia. In Melbourne he made a
hit when he led the search for a fishing boat which had disappeared during a gale in Port Phillip
and rescued the crew from a buoy half a mile off Mornington. Queenslanders were delighted
when he took his famous yacht right up the coast, entertaining children on board at every
port from Brisbane to Cooktown. 
'In 1895 Brassey, who was now known as "his yachtship," returned to Australia in the Sunbeam,
this time as Governor of Victoria. The economic boom of the 1880s had burst and Melbourne
was a depressed city. Lord Brassey did his best to cheer everyone up. His vice-regal salary
meant nothing to the governor. He spent his first year's pay on a ball the first week he arrived.
After that his donations to charity and his social expenses assumed astronomical proportions.
During [Melbourne] Cup Week in 1898, after having entertained 5000 citizens at a garden party,
he gave two balls, each of which was attended by 3000 guests. On Steeplechase Day, he
stayed away from Flemington [Racecourse] to entertain 5000 school-children to tea. Nothing
pleased him more than to see a few thousand of the city's ragamuffins swarming over the
Government House lawns or being marched into the huge marquees which sailors from the
Sunbeam were always on hand to erect. His caterer became accustomed to receiving a 
telephone call from an aide ordering 10,000 bottles of lemonade, 6000 sponge cakes, jam tarts
and sausage rolls and anything up to a ton of boiled sweets.
 
'Lord Brassey revived yacht racing on Port Phillip Bay, and did a lot of cruising in the Sunbeam,
including a trip to New Zealand, where he was arrested for furious bicycle riding in Christchurch.
He was the last colonial governor of Victoria [i.e. prior to Australia's Federation in 1901]. What
the job cost him was never revealed. To the grief of caterers, dressmakers, florists, tailors,
bandsmen and even the proprietors of roundabouts and Punch-and-Judy shows, he left in 1900.
'Although Australia saw him no more, his yachtship sailed on. In 1910, at the age of 74, he took
the Sunbeam across the Atlantic for the last time. Five years later she turned up in the eastern
Mediterranean where her indomitable commander used her as an auxiliary hospital ship during 
the Gallipoli campaign. By the time he was 80, Brassey forsook the sea and the Sunbeam to
the Indian Government for the rest of the war. Dying early in 1918 at the age of 82, her owner
did not see her again. The following year Brassey's only son was killed in an accident and the
title became extinct [see following note for more details].
 
'The name lives on in Brassey's Naval Annual, a publication founded by the earl in 1886 and still
regarded as authoritative. [After undergoing a number of changes of name, the publication
continued until 1992]. The famous Sunbeam ended her career as a training ship for boys in
Pangbourne on the Thames, a fate that disgusted some of the former members of her crew.'
 
                                          ************************
Surprisingly, the article above makes no mention of Brassey's first wife. He married, on 9
October 1860, Anna Allnutt (7 October 1839-14 September 1887), who accompanied him on
the Sunbeam during its voyages. Following the completion of the round the world voyage of
1876-77, she published "A Voyage in the Sunbeam" which became a best-seller. The standard
biographies of Lady Brassey state that she died of malaria and was buried at sea in September
1887.
However, a number of American newspapers for many years after her death sought to inject an
element of mystery into her death, for no reason that I have ever been able to discover. One
such typical article appeared in 'The Los Angeles Times' of 17 July 1904:-
'Mysterious indeed was the disappearance at sea of Lady Brassey on September 4 [sic], 1887.
She had been visiting India with her husband, Lord Brassey, and was voyaging on board her
well-known yacht, the Sunbeam, from Bombay to Melbourne. Her children were on board and
inasmuch as both they and her husband were devoted to her, and her life had been a singularly
happy one, there was no reason whatsoever why she should have taken her life. Yet one
evening when the maid tapped at the door of her cabin in order to help her dress for dinner, she
found the apartment empty, and as dinner was announced before Lady Brassey appeared, she
notified Lord Brassey. The latter, who like his daughters, had been under the impression that
Lady Brassey had been resting in her cabin, at once became alarmed and instituted a search
which failed to bring to light any trace of the unfortunate woman. The Sunbeam remained
cruising about in the vicinity in the hope of recovering at least the body. But it was a vain hope
at the best, since the seas in those latitudes are infested with sharks.
'Did Lady Brassey fall overboard, or throw herself into the sea voluntarily? No one knows to this
day. Her end has always been shrouded in mystery, and I doubt whether any of those in this
country who peruse the pages of that singularly charming book entitled "The Voyage of the
Sunbeam," which is to be found in every American library, public as well as private, are aware
of the strange fate of its gifted author.'
Thomas Allnutt Brassey, 2nd Earl Brassey
The 2nd Earl died after being hit by a taxi while crossing a London street. The following report
of his inquest appeared in 'The Scotsman' on 15 November 1919:-
'Dr Ingleby Oddie at the Westminster Coroner's Court yesterday held an inquest concerning the
death of Earl Brassey, who died on Wednesday from injuries received in a taxi-cab accident,
which took place yesterday week at Westminster.
'Evidence was given by the widow of the deceased peer, Lady Idena Mary Brassey, who 
identified her husband, and said he was 56 years of age, and lived at 32 Lancaster Gardens.
Earl Brassey met with an accident on November 6th, but the only thing he said about it was
that a taxi-cab caught him in the back and knocked him down. The late Earl, she added, was in
good health, but one of his eyes was rather affected. He shot with his left eye.
'The Coroner - And his hearing? - Witness - Quite good.
'Police-Constable Maynard produced a plan of the spot near Westminster Hospital where the
accident took place. He explained that it had been drawn up when it was proposed to put a
refuge there. The roadway was wood-paved, and about 110 feet wide.
'The Coroner, after examining the plans remarked that it would be a very good thing if a refuge
was placed there.
'Grace Mary Fenning, of Shotter Mill, Haslemere, said that she was in the taxi-cab going towards
Westminster Bridge when the accident occurred. The taxi was driving at a quite ordinary pace,
and the driver, she believed, was on the right side of the road. She happened to be looking out
of the window at the time, and saw a man suddenly dashing across the road, evidently to the
other side. He was going at an angle of about fifteen degrees towards the taxi.
'The Coroner - Was he in front of you? - I only just saw him. His back was towards me. He was
running.
'What did the driver do? - He pulled up after the man had collided with the taxi. As far as I 
could see the taxi man could not possibly have pulled up in time to avoid him.
'Police-Constable Marriner, who was on point duty at the time of the accident, said that Lord
Brassey refused to go to the Hospital on a stretcher. Witness assisted him to walk there. After
attention in the hospital witness accompanied him home in a cab. Lord Brassey said to him 
about the accident, "I think it was my own fault. I was passing in front of another vehicle."
'Sir Geo. Hastings, who attended Earl Brassey at his home, said that on the evening of the
accident he appeared to be perfectly well, and talked and complained of pain at the back of
his head. Later on he became confused in his speech, and went into a sort of coma. Next
morning witness found him comatose. Other surgeons were called in, and early on Wednesday
morning they operated, and a clot the size of a fist was discovered and removed. This,
however, gave no relief, and Lord Brassey sank during the day, and died at 6.30 on Wednesday
evening. The actual cause of death was the injury to the brain and a fractured skull.
'The Coroner said there was no evidence of negligence on the part of the driver, and he
would record a verdict of "accidental death."
The successful claim to the Barony of Braye 1835-1839
After being in abeyance for the best part of 300 years, a descendant of one of the co-heirs to
this peerage petitioned for the termination of the abeyance in 1835. In the following year, this
petition was heard by the Committee of Privileges, as reported in the London "Morning Post" of
27 February 1836:-
'The claim of Mrs. Sarah Otway Cave to the above title and dignity [the barony of Braye] came
on to be investigated this morning, before a Committee of Privileges.....
'In consequence of the obscurity attending this and other ancient baronies, from the loss of the
early Parliamentary records, and the length of time during which they have been lying in 
abeyance, two extremely important questions have arisen, affecting Peerage claims generally, 
viz., whether the baronies were originally created by writs of summons, or by patent or charter;
and, secondly, whether they are baronies in fee, descendible to heirs general; or baronies in 
tail, limited and descendible to heirs male only.
'The present claim arises under the following circumstances:- Sir Edmund Braye, of Braye, in 
the county of Bedford, Knight, was summoned to Parliament as a Baron of the realm, by writ, as
is stated in the twenty-first year of the reign of King Edward VIII (anno 1529), and sat in 
Parliament in pursuance thereof, whereby he acquired the dignity of a Baron to him and the heirs
of his body. He married Jane, daughter of Sir Richard Hallighwell, and died in the 31st of Henry 
VIII (1539), leaving issue by his said wife one son, John Braye, and six daughters viz., Anne,
Elizabeth, Frideswide, Mary, Dorothy, and Frances. He was succeeded by his only son, the said
John, second Baron Braye, who was repeatedly summoned to and sat in Parliament as a Baron 
of the realm in the reigns of King Henry VIII, King Edward VI, and Queen Mary, and died on the
18th of November, 4 and 5 Phil. and Mary (1557), without issue, leaving his aforesaid six sisters,
his co-heirs, in whom, or whose descendants and representatives, the barony fell into abeyance,
in which state it still continues, and is therefore at his Majesty's disposal. Neither the writ of
summons or any enrolment of it is now extant, nor is any patent or charter creating the barony
enrolled.
'In the month of November last [1835] the claimant presented a petition to the King, praying 
that his Majesty would be graciously pleased to determine the abeyance in her favour, she being
the sole heiress of the body of Elizabeth, the second sister and co-heir of John, the last Baron
Braye, who married Sir Ralph Verney, and setting forth in her said petition that the other co-
heirs of the barony were Sir William Boothby, of Ashbourn Hall, in the county of Derby, Bart., as
heir of Anne, the eldest sister and co-heir of John the last Baron Braye, and that her grandson
and heir, Henry, Lord Cobham, was attainted on high treason in the year 1603, which attainder 
has never been reversed (the representation of the eldest co-heir is therefore vested in the
Crown); Sir Percival Hart Dyke, of Lullingstone Castle, in the county of Kent, Baronet, as heir of
Frideswide, the third sister and co-heir of the said Baron Braye; his Grace the Duke of Bedford,
as heir to Dorothy, the fifth sister and co-heir; and Sir Francis Vincent, Bart., as heir to Francis,
the sixth and youngest sister , and co-heir of the said Lord Braye; and with respect to Mary, 
the fourth sister and co-heir, that she married Sir Robert Peckham, Knight, and that her 
descendants, if any at all, are unknown, a most diligent search, as well as every other effort to 
trace this branch of the family, having been unsuccessful. The probability is that there was no 
issue of her marriage, as her husband, Sir Robert Peckham, of Bellesden, in the county of Bucks, 
Knight, by his will, dated the 11th of September, 1569, and proved on the 17th of the same
month, directed his body to be buried in the Church of St. Gregory, at Rome, and his heart to be 
taken out and placed in lead, and sent to his brother and "universal heir, Sir George Peckham," 
whom he appointed his executor and heir to all his lands and possessions. He bequeathed all his 
rings and jewels to "his dearest Mary Peckham," besides the legacies given to her by a former 
will made in England.
'The petition was referred by his Majesty to the Attorney-General, who reported on the 18th of
January last that there was strong evidence to show that the petitioner was the sole heiress of
the body of Elizabeth, the second daughter of the first, and the sister and co-heir of the second
and last Baron Braye, but from the obscurity in which the creation of the Barony was involved,
and the length of time the title had been in abeyance, he felt it his duty to recommend to his
Majesty to refer the claim to the House of Peers, which was accordingly done.
'The only evidence this day gone into was that of the Rev. Mr. Wright, the rector of the parish 
of Middle Clayton, in the county of Bucks, who produced and proved extracts from, and 
examined copies of, the parish register and monumental inscriptions, in order to prove the 
descent and certain links in the pedigree, commencing with Sir Ralph Verney, who died in 
September, 1696, and ending with Mary, Baroness of Fermanagh, in Ireland, who died in 
November, 1810, unmarried, and was the last of the noble family of Verney. Some of these 
extracts were curious. They mention that information on oath was given of some of the bodies
having been buried and wound up in linen instead of woollen, for which, according to the act of 
30 Car. II, certain forfeitures were incurred, and penalties levied and paid to the poor of the 
parish.'
Eventually, on 27 August 1839, Sarah was found to be co-heir to the barony of Braye, following
which the abeyance was terminated in her favour by letters patent dated 3 October 1839.
Alexander Campbell, brother of the 1st Marquess of Breadalbane (31 March 1767-
24 August 1808)
 
Campbell was executed in 1808 for killing a fellow army officer in a duel. The killing of an 
opponent in a duel was, under English law, treated as being a murder, although the courts
were often very lenient in applying this interpretation. However, the prohibition on duelling 
in the military was generally much more rigidly observed, and was, accordingly, more severely
punished.
 
The following account of his trial appeared in the "Aberdeen Journal" of 14 August 1808:-
 
'On Thursday, the 4th came on at Armagh Assizes the trial of Brevet-Major Alexander Campbell,
of the 21st regiment of foot, accused of murder, by shooting Captain Alexander Boyd, of the
same regiment, with a pistol bullet.
'The circumstances of the quarrel were detailed in evidence by Mr. Adams, assistant-surgeon
of the regiment, who stated that he knew Major Campbell and Captain Boyd. In June 1807
they were quartered in the barracks in the county of Armagh, near Newry. On the 23rd of said
month, the regiment was inspected by General Kerr; after the inspection the General and
officers messed together; about 8 o'clock all of the officers left the mess, except Major C.,
Captain B., witness and Lieut. Hall. A conversation then commenced by Major C. stating,
"General Ker corrected him that day about a particular mode of giving a word of command,
when he conceived he gave it right;" he mentioned how he gave it, and how the General
corrected him. Captain Boyd remarked, "neither was correct according to Dundas, which is the
King's order." Major C. said it might not be according to the King's order, but still he conceived 
it was not incorrect. Captain B. still insisted, "it was not correct, according to the King's order."
They argued for some time, until Captain B. said, "he knew it as well as any man;" Major C.
replied, "he doubted that much." Capt. Boyd at length said, "he knew it better than him, let him
take that as he liked." Major Campbell then got up and said, "Then, Captain Boyd, do you say
that I am wrong?" Capt. B. replied, "I do - I know I am right according to the King's order."
Major C. then quitted the room. Capt B. remained after him for some time; he left the room
before witness or Lieut. Hall. Witness and Lieut. Hall went out together in a short time after;
they went to a second mess room, and there Captain B. came up and spoke to them. They
then went out together, and witness left Captain B. and Lieut. Deivars. In about 20 minutes
after, he was called on to visit Capt. Boyd; he went and found him sitting on a chair vomiting;
he examined his wound, and conceived it a very dangerous one; he survived it but 18 hours.
'John Hoy, the mess waiter to the 21st regt. Deposed to his having gone in quest of Capt. B.
at Major Campbell's desire on the evening of the duel. He found him on the parade ground, and
Capt. B. accompanied him to the mess room; no one was there, and witness pointed to a little
room off it, as the room the gentleman was in; he then went to the mess kitchen, and in eight
or ten minutes he heard the report of a shot; he thought nothing of it till he heard another; he
then went to the mess room, and there saw Capt. Boyd and Lieutenants Hall and Macpherson;
Capt B. was sitting on a chair vomiting; Major Campbell was gone, but in about 10 or 12 minutes
he came to the room where witness was washing some glasses; Major C. asked for candles; he
got a pair and brought them into the small room; Major C. shewed the witness the corners of
the room in which each person stood, which distance measured seven paces.
'John Macpherson was a Lieut. in said regt. Knew Major Campbell and Capt. Boyd; recollects the
day of the duel; on the evening of that day, going upstairs about 9 o'clock he heard as he
thought, Major Campbell say - "On the word of a dying man is everything fair?" Capt. Boyd
replied - "Campbell you have hurried me - you're a bad man." Witness was in coloured clothes,
and Major C. did not know him, but said again "Boyd, before this stranger and Lieut. Hall, was
every thing fair?" Capt. B. replied "O no. Campbell, you know I wanted you to wait and have
friends." Major C. then said "Good God, will you mention before these gentlemen, was not every
thing fair; did not you say you were ready?" Capt. B. answered "Yes;" but in a moment after
said "Campbell, you're a bad man." Capt. B. was helped into the next room, and Major C.
followed, much agitated, and repeatedly said to Capt. B. that he (Boyd) was the happiest man
of the two - "I am (says Major C.) an unfortunate man, but I hope not a bad one." Major C.
asked Capt B. if he forgave him; he stretched out his hand and said, "I forgive you - I feel for
you, and am sure you do for me." Major C. then left the room.
'The defence set up was merely and exclusively as to the character of the prisoner for 
humanity, peaceable conduct, and proper behaviour; to this several officers of the highest rank
were produced. After retiring about half an hour, the Jury returned a verdict of GUILTY, but
recommended him to mercy on the score of character only. He was sentenced to be executed
on Monday, but respited to Wednesday se'ennight.'
The following report of his subsequent execution appeared in 'The Times' of 6 September 1808:-
'Our readers are already in possession of the trial and conviction of this unfortunate Gentleman,
and the recommendatory memorials which were addressed to the Lord Lieutenant in his behalf.
On this occasion his Grace [the Duke of Richmond] declined deciding, but sent the entire
documents, with the Judge's notes, to the King, and on the 16th sent a special messenger to
Armagh, with a further respite till the 24th. Major Campbell passed the painful interval, as may
be imagined, in a state of extreme anxiety, agitated between contending hopes and fears; but
receiving all the consolation which affectionate friendship and commiseration could bestow.
'On the 23rd, about four o'clock in the evening, a second messenger arrived at Armagh, with
the fatal tidings that the King's pleasure was unfavourable; that his Grace could interfere no
longer; and that the awful sentence must take place next day. Early on Wednesday morning
another messenger arrived from Dublin Castle, with an order to remit that part of the sentence
with respect to the anatomising and dissecting his body.
'The Sheriff sent a message to fix his own hour, and he chose between 11 and 12 o'clock in the
day.
'The Rev. Mr. Ball, the curate of Armagh church, remained with him the whole of the night; and
we are informed, that too much cannot be said for this gentleman's humane concern for him
during his unhappy state. The Major was attentive to his religious duties, and was well prepared
to meet his fate with the greatest firmness of mind; and the night before his execution he 
settled all his money accounts with the jailor, with the greatest composure.
'Shortly before his execution, when the Sheriff's attendants waited on him to confine his arms,
he observed to them, that "it was very proper; it would prevent him from struggling:" adding,
"that he thought he would have died a more honourable death; but since this was his fate, he
would submit himself to the laws." He then walked firmly up stairs to the execution-room, took
off his cravat, put it in his breast, and opened his neck, stooping his head to the executioner to
receive the halter, which he complained was too thick, and that a smaller one would be more
effectual.
'He prayed most fervently to Heaven for himself, and that his poor wife and children might be
protected. He then bade farewell to the people in the room, and with the most becoming fort-
itude, he stepped out on the fatal drop, and saluted the people on every side of him. He spoke
a few words in the Erse language to the soldiers, which was understood to be desiring them to
pray for him. He asked a few moments longer; he was told to make his own time. He again 
repeated a fervent prayer for his wife and family - drew down the cap over his face - clenched
his hands firm in each other, and was then removed from this world to eternity. He struggled a
short time; and, after hanging 35 minutes, was cut down, and his body given to his friends. 
They put it into a coffin, which was enclosed in a deal box, and immediately sent off on a car
for Donaghadee. The body is to be interred at Ayr, in Scotland.'
The Breadalbane Peerage Case of 1866
On the death of John Campbell, 2nd Marquess and 5th Earl of Breadalbane in 1862, the
Marquessate became extinct. The Earldom, however, survived and the question of who was
the rightful heir to both this title and the entailed estates was fought out between two 
competitors in the Court of Session in Edinburgh.
The following report is taken from the 'Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle' of 30 June
1866:-
'Judgment was given by the Court of Session today [26 June 1866] in the case of the 
competitors for the Breadalbane succession. The parties were Lieutenant Charles William
Campbell, of the 2nd Bengal Cavalry, pursuer, and John Alexander Gavin Campbell, defender.
The subject of competition was the title of Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Viscount of Tay,
and Lord Glenurchy, in the peerage of Scotland, and the entailed estates of Breadalbane and
Inverardan, situated in the counties of Perth and Argyll, and said to be of the annual value
of above £50,000. The late Marquis of Breadalbane, who died in 1862, left no family nor near
kindred, and the succession to the marquisate, being limited to heirs male, lapsed. The 
succession to the Scottish earldom and entailed estates opened to a distant connection, 
running back about two centuries.
'It was admitted that the right of possession belonged to the representative of William
Campbell, of Glenfalloch, who died in 1791, leaving seven sons. Of this William the present
parties were great-grandsons, the defendant being descended from the second and the pursuer
from the sixth, the other lines being extinct. 
'The priority of the defendant was sought to be superseded on the ground of the illegitimacy of
his father. The defendant is the grandson of James Campbell, second son of William [Campbell]
of Glenfalloch, and the same James, in 1781, quartered in the west of England with his regiment,
eloped with Eliza Maria Blanshard, wife of Christopher Ludlow, grocer, in Chipping Sudbury, with
whom to the end of his life he continued to cohabit. There is some evidence of a marriage
ceremony by the Gaelic minister in Edinburgh in 1781, but that was founded on by the pursuer
rather than the defender, being, in consequence of Ludlow's existence, an invalid or bigamous
one, not followed by any lawful ceremony constituting lawful wedlock after Ludlow's death.
'From 1793 down to James Campbell's death in 1806, the residence of the pair was almost
continuously in Scotland, and there can be no doubt that Eliza Maria Blanshard was, while there,
presented to Campbell's friends, and received as his wife, including the father of the late
Marquis of Breadalbane. In 1788, they had a son William John, who was brought up by his 
parents on the apparent footing of legitimacy. In 1812, on the demise of his uncle William, this
William John was served as heir to the family estate of Glenfalloch, to which he would succeed 
only if legitimate, and his service was conducted by his cousin Campbell, of Boreland,
grandfather of [the] pursuer, who should himself have succeeded if William John was
illegitimate.  In 1852 William John Lamb Campbell died, and was succeeded in the estate of
Glenfalloch by the defender.
 
'It was pleaded on the one hand that the service to Glenfalloch ruled the present case, and, on
the other, that Boreland was then in ignorance of facts since come to light regarding James
Campbell's relations with his wife which have enabled him to claim that succession. The pleas
for the pursuer were that James Campbell's connection with Eliza Maria Blanshard was at the
beginning an adulterous one and to the end an illicit one; that the passing her off as his wife
was illusory, and that a connection so beginning cannot by mere continuance constitute a 
marriage by habit and repute, as the Scotch law allows in other cases.
'The defendant on the other hand contended that, although previous to 1784, when Ludlow
died, the connection was illicit, it became a matrimonial connection by consent, by
cohabitation and repute; that after 1784 the parties were quite free to enter into an 
irregular marriage by the Scotch law, and that in point of fact they did so. Mr. Campbell
recognised Blanshard, treated her as his wife, left her on one occasion a power of attorney
to act as his wife, and even inhibited her at the time, and that William John, if born a
bastard, was at least legitimatised per subsequens matrimonium.'
The case originally came before Lord Barcaple, who found in favour of John Campbell, but
Charles Campbell appealed his finding. As a result, the other judges in the Court of Session
were called in to consider the matter. After one of the judges had excused himself due to his
relationship to Charles Campbell, the judges voted 10 to 2 in favour of John Campbell, who 
was found to be the rightful Earl of Breadalbane.
The recent claim to the Earldom of Breadalbane
On the death of the 10th Earl in 1995, the peerage became dormant. Two claimants have
emerged since that time. The first claimant is a third cousin, once removed from the 10th Earl,
and a member of the branch of the Campbell family that currently live in Hungary. 
The following article on the first claimant appeared in the London 'Telegraph' of 3 
October 2000:-
'A Hungarian former taxi driver brought up in a hovel is the heir presumptive to a Scottish 
earldom.
'Huba Andras Campbell, 55, now a Budapest businessman, is claiming the earldom of Breadalbane
and Holland. The title was declared dormant after John Romer Boreland Campbell, the 10th earl
and 14th baronet, died in a nursing home in 1995. But Robert Noble, a genealogist, discovered
Huba Campbell's claim after researching the Hungarian branch of the Campbells of Breadalbane
for eight years.
'He said yesterday: "The family knew of the Scottish connection, but had no idea that they 
were now the most senior line." The Campbells' Hungarian connection dates from the 1870s
when John Breadalbane Campbell, Huba's great-grandfather, was one of many Scottish 
engineers employed to build bridges over the Danube. He married Katherine Gordon, a 
descendant of the Marquess of Huntly, in Budapest in 1873.
'Huba Campbell suffered greatly for his noble ancestry in communist Hungary. In the Fifties his
family was sent to the countryside for 're-education.' His parents worked as vegetable-pickers
and he was denied a university education because of his origins. At 17 he became a mechanic
and later a taxi driver. Since the fall of communism he and his brother Nicholas have run a
haulage and car import business and now live in one of Budapest's smartest quarters.
 
'Mr Noble said: "In communist Hungary it was bad enough to be a member of the nobility, but to
be from the British nobility was unforgivable." The earldom was created in 1681 for Sir John
Campbell, the 11th Earl of Glenorchy [sic], to whom popular myth has attributed the massacre
of the MacDonald clan in Glencoe. The last earl suffered a severe head wound as an officer with
the Black Watch in the Second World War.
'He subsequently worked as a gardener, on building sites and as a barman. He was a keen
bagpipe player, whose favourite tune was said to be "The Campbells are Coming." In 1994 he 
was taken into a nursing home in Taunton, Somerset, after the owner found him wandering the
streets barefoot, wearing a poncho. George Way, a Scottish solicitor specialising in peerage
law, is preparing Huba Campbell's case for a ruling by the Lord Lyon King of Arms.
 
'However, the only reward will be the title. The huge estates have gone. Alastair Campbell of
Airds, the author of the history of Clan Campbell, said: "At one time they were nearly the largest
landowners in Scotland and their lands exceeded those of the clan chief, the Duke of Argyll. As
recently as the beginning of the 20th century they were supposed to be able to ride for 100
miles across Scotland without leaving the family's lands.
'But a series of distantly related heirs and indifferent management brought about a rapid decline.
"They badly overspent when Queen Victoria came to stay at Taymouth Palace in Perthshire in 
the 1840s and the last property, Kilchurn Castle on Loch Awe in Argyllshire, was sold off some 
dozen years ago."
The second claimant is Sir Lachlan Campbell, 6th baronet, who is descended from a son of the
first Earl by his second marriage. However, as it appears that one of this claimant's ancestors
was illegitimate, his ability to succeed is severely compromised.
I have been unable to find to what extent this claim has progressed, if at all. It may well be that
the lack of the necessary funds has caused the claim to grind to a halt.
Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgwater
The following is extracted from "The Emperor of the United States of America and Other
Magnificent British Eccentrics" by Catherine Caufield (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1981)
Egerton, the 8th Earl of Bridgewater, spent most of his life as the Rev. Mr Egerton, but his
interests were more academic than spiritual and his career in the Church owed much to the
influence of his father, the Bishop of Durham. In 1796 he left England for France, possibly to 
avoid scandal about one or more illegitimate children, but also partly for the sake of his health.
He quarrelled with his brother, eventually the 7th Earl, and he was disappointed in the legacy
left to him by his uncle, the Duke of Bridgewater, but his pride in his family name was 
unqualified.
Egerton's succession in 1823 to the Earldom and £40,000 a year allowed him to indulge his pride
and his fancies. Everything that could be embossed with the Bridgewater arms and crest,
including the silver collars worn by his large assortment of dogs and cats. He styled himself a
Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, a claim difficult to prove or disprove since the Empire, long a
meaningless entity, had been formally dissolved in 1806.
The Earl was not much of a socialiser and often his only companions at dinner were two of his
dogs - usually his favourites, Bijou and Biche. They, like all his other dogs, were dressed in the 
height of Parisian fashion right down to their handmade boots. Linen napkins around their necks
protected their clothes and a footman behind each chair made sure their wants were attended 
to. Of course the dogs were expected to display good manners, which is more than can be
said of the Earl, who was something of a slob at table. Any of the 'guests' who failed to live up
to the honour of dining with their master were condemned to the humiliation of wearing the
yellow servants' livery and eating in the servants' hall for a week.
His carriage, emblazoned with the Bridgewater crest, pulled by four horses, and attended by
liveried footmen, was often seen driving through Paris with half a dozen dogs reclining on silk
cushions on their way to the Bois de Boulogne for a walk. If it rained a servant was on hand
especially to shield them with an umbrella. Sometimes Egerton sent his carriage, fully
attended, merely to convey a borrowed book back to a neighbour in proper Bridgewater style.
The Earl was a bit of a dandy. He suffered from a tremendous underbite and a very upturned
chin, so his clothes had to be remarkable to distract attention from his physiognomy. The
same bootmaker who shod Egerton's pets had a standing order for a new pair of boots for the
Earl himself. He wore each pair once only and employed a valet to keep the cast-offs
arranged in the order in which they had been worn. That way a glance at any pair told him
when, where and, as they were left uncleaned, in what weather he had worn them; his boots
served him as a sort of diary.
Although he lived in France for over 30 years, Egerton never mastered French, which meant he 
had to converse with his scholarly friends in Latin. Even that was preferable to his later habit
of ordering his secretary to entertain them by reading extracts from his long and ever changing
will.
On the rare occasions when Egerton had friends to dine, they could reasonably expect a good
meal since he employed, at no mean expense, the great chef, Viard. Egerton's favourite menu,
however, was boiled beef and potatoes which he presented to his less than thrilled guests as a
great English delicacy.
He missed English hunting and shooting even more than English boiled beef. With a few select
friends, mounted on spirited horses, and dressed in pink coats, and with an imported fox,
proper hounds, and a professional huntsman to sound the horn, Bridgewater gave miniature
hunts in his Paris gardens. He also kept 300 each of rabbits, pigeons and partridges so that
he could totter out into the grounds on the arm of a servant and bag his dinner.
His whims, which he always indulged, were often on a grand scale. Having once decided to
remove for a season to the country, Egerton oversaw the ordeal of packing which went on for
months. On the great day, the party set off in sixteen luggage-laden carriages led by one
containing himself and his pets. Along with this came thirty servants on horseback. Only a few
hours after this procession had left the Earl's house, neighbours saw it wearily returning. The
change of plans had been occasioned by a substandard lunch which awakened the Earl to the
hazards of travel.
In his will, Egerton left most of his estate to academic or charitable concerns and he directed
that his house should be run for two months after his death as if he were still alive. Each
servant received a mourning suit, a cocked hat and three pairs of worsted stockings. The dogs
and cats were not mentioned.
Egerton is buried at Little Gaddesden Church in Hertfordshire. A monument designed to his
instructions depicts a woman with a dolphin at her feet, a stork behind her and an elephant
at her side.
The Earls and Marquesses of Bristol
Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol - Frederick was better known as the Earl-Bishop of 
Derry. In an incident in Siena, Italy, he was forced to run for his life after he had seized a 
tureen of pasta and dropped it out of a window onto a Corpus Christi procession. He was later
imprisoned in a castle in Milan, upon which the British Ambassador in Naples reported that 
"his lordship's freedom in conversation, particularly after dinner, is such as to make him liable
to accidents of this nature." After his release from prison, a young Irish girl spotted the 
Bishop out on the town. "He was sitting in his carriage", she wrote, "between two Italian
women, dressed in a white bed-gown and night-cap like a witch and giving himself the airs
of an Adonis." After he died in Italy, the crew of the ship hired to return his body to England
refused to allow the corpse on board. He had to be smuggled back to England in a packing
case labelled as an antique statue.
His daughter, Lady Elizabeth Foster (1759-1824) combined charm and a formidable sex drive,
the latter embracing bisexual tastes. As a young widow, Lady Elizabeth's relationship with the
5th Duke of Devonshire and his gambling-mad wife, Georgiana, evolved into a notorious
menage-a-trois. Elizabeth's perseverance was rewarded and, after bearing two illegitimate
children by the duke, she became his second wife in 1809.
Lord John William Nicholas Hervey (1841-1902) - in December 1865, Lord John, together 
with the Hon. Henry Strutt and Mr. Coore were cruising around Greece when they encountered
an unlooked-for adventure. According to the Athens correspondent of 'The Times.' …….'On the 
4th inst. [i.e. 4 December 1865], these gentlemen left Ithaca for a week's shooting in Acarnania.
Dragomans, guides, and Ionians all assured them that there was no danger. On reaching
Acarnania they touched at Askatos to exhibit the papers of the yacht and take on board a few
beaters selected by their guide, Photé. I believe they did not find so much game as they
expected, killing only a single deer on Thursday. On Friday they changed their position, going up
the gulf of Dragomestre and nearer Askatos, in order the beat the woods at a place called
Maratha, and in the afternoon of the 8th inst. suddenly found themselves as completely at the
mercy of Spiro Deli as the five officers who went out to capture Kitzos were at his mercy when
he murdered the priest of Marathon before their eyes on the 23rd of October. 
'One of the sailors of the yacht called out that they had fallen among brigands, and on Lord
John, Strutt, and Coore looking around each saw a gun pointed at him within 40 yards, while he
who held the gun contrived to conceal everything but a very small angle of his person. They 
could see four enemies in ambush, and while they paused to consider the means of escape, their
interpreter, whom the brigands had already secured, called out to them not to fire, as the 
robbers were many, and on turning to gain the shore where their boat was waiting by some open
ground they encountered five more guns pointed at them, the owners of which contrived with
admirable ingenuity to conceal their persons. In the meantime, their guide, Photé, disappeared
with the beaters. They stood still, and the chief of the brigands came forward and politely
requested them to make him a present of their rifles and revolvers, which, as nine muzzles were
still pointed at them, they did with as much good will as they could command. They were now
prisoners, and the brigands had a council to settle the manner in which their capture might be
turned to the best account. 
'In order to lose as little time as possible a party was sent off to plunder the yacht, but returned
extremely dissatisfied with the small sum found in gold. This induced the brigands to declare that
they would carry all three to the mountains, but Mr. Strutt said that if they would allow him to
go on board he would give them 20 napoleons, which they had not found. This put them in a
better humour, and on receiving the 20 napoleons they agreed to keep only one hostage and the
interpreter, and to allow the other two to go to Patras for the ransom. Lots were cast, and Mr. 
Coore had the misfortune to remain in the hands of the brigands for a week. Lord John Hervey 
and Mr. Strutt are said to have received each a bank-note for 100 drachmas to pay their 
passage to Patras, and they were the bearers of a letter to Mr. Wood, the managing partner
of the house of Barff and Co., of which this is a translation:-
     "Mr. Wood - you must send us 3,000 lirais sterlinais [i.e. £3,000] to ransom the Englishman
      within eight days, and take care that we are not molested in the meantime, or we shall
      kill the men we have. 
                                             "The Company in the Forest."
Lord John Hervey and Mr. Strutt were so fortunate as to get on board the Greek steamer and
they reached Patras on Sunday evening. They immediately presented their letter from "The
Company in the Forest," but Messrs. Barff and Co. had not £3,000 in gold in hand. They 
therefore applied  for what they wanted to the branch of the Greek National Bank, which at
other seasons of the year has often from £8,000 to £10,000 of the money of Messrs. Barff
and Co. in its hands for months. But the manager would give no gold, even to deliver English-
men, without an order from Athens. A telegram was sent off to the governor of the National
Bank, who on receiving it went to bed, and immediately afterwards to the British Minister, Mr.
Erskine, who on receiving his, about midnight, immediately went and roused the governor of
the National Bank from his bed. But the persuasion of Mr. Erskine, who offered his own private
guarantee as well as the security of Her Majesty's Minister in Greece, was unavailing to procure
an order for the advance of any gold until a council of direction approved sacrificing gold for
men's lives.
'Next morning, however, a telegram was sent off in these terms:-
     "Give the money to Mr. Wood on receiving bills signed by Lord John Hervey and the Hon.
      Henry Strutt, but at an advantageous price."
But only £2,400 was collected in gold, and Lord John and Mr. Strutt sailed on Monday, at 3 p.m.,
with that amount in gold and the rest in Greek bank-notes. The brigands declined receiving
Greek bank-notes. In order to prevent any loss of time, the captain of the Chanticleer went over
to Ithaca, and obtained the gold from the bank branch there on paying a premium of six per 
cent. This gold was in Venetian sequins, which the brigands, after cutting in two and bending
the others in true seraff style to verify the purity of the coin, condescended to receive, and Mr.
Coore was released. Mr. Coore appears to have passed rather a hard time with the brigands. He
slept in caverns and under trees, but he was rarely allowed to enjoy uninterrupted rest, for the
band usually changed its position in the middle of the night. On one occasion the brigands came
suddenly within a few hundred yards of a detachment of gendarmes, and the chief informed Mr.
Coore that he would shoot him rather than allow him to escape. Fortunately for Mr. Coore the
brigands were not pursued.'
For a similar story of Englishmen being captured by Greek brigands, see under "Muncaster."
Victor Frederick Cochrane Hervey, 6th Marquess of Bristol - he was known as 'Victor 
Hervey, Mayfair Playboy No. 1' in society columns written by himself. On one occasion he drove 
his car into a taxi rank to discover whether cars buckled like a concertina - he was able to 
report that they did. He later tried to relieve his financial situation by becoming a gun runner in
the Spanish Civil War, but failed through incompetence. Soon after this disappointment, he
received a three-year prison sentence on two counts of robbery. Asked why he needed the
money, he explained that he was waiting for an unpaid commission of £83,000 on an arms
sale to China.
Frederick William John Augustus Hervey, 7th Marquess of Bristol - the family decadence
reached its height (or should that be depth?) with the drug-addicted 7th Marquess. Before
the death of his father, with whom he was on poor terms, Bristol lived as a tax exile in France
on the proceeds of a £4 million family trust. On one occasion, when driving through Paris, he
was shot at by a Frenchman. Happily, he was in his six-door, armour-plated Mercedes that had
been built for Pope John Paul II.
Though slightly built, Bristol never lacked courage, and he took the incident in good part. When
his father died in 1985, he moved into one wing of the ancestral home in Ickworth, Suffolk, 
thereafter coping with life with copious amounts of heroin. A favourite source of amusement 
was to organise midnight rabbit shoots for his inebriated young guests, firing from limousines;
another was to shoot holes in a rubber dinghy in which a guest was fishing on the lake. A less
pleasant idiosyncrasy was to feed his wolfhound on a diet of cats culled from the estate. In all,
47 cats were thought to have been eaten by the massive 12-stone dog.
Bristol was married briefly to Francesca, the daughter of a property tycoon, but he preferred
the company of young men who were delivered in the middle of the night like pizzas. A
helicopter, parked on the lawn, was used for this purpose, as well as for the ferrying in of
drugs. Targeted by the police, he was arrested several times for dealing in heroin and cocaine, 
and he spent a year in prison. There is no reason to suppose that this experience provided any
sort of cure, and he continued to throw parties until his death at the age of 44. The cause of
death was 'multi-organ failure attributable to chronic drug abuse'. By then, the 7th Marquess's
friends had helped him to dissipate a fortune of £16 million.
Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
The following biography of Lord Brougham and Vaux appeared in the February 1965 issue of
the Australian monthly magazine "Parade."  It should be noted that "Brougham and Vaux" should
  be pronounced as "Broom and Vokes."
   
  'Although Lord Henry Brougham was recognised as a brilliant and versatile public figure, he was
also notorious for eccentricities and a lack of balance which made many people doubt his mental
stability. When Lord Melbourne was forming a new government and refused to have Brougham in
his Cabinet, he pathetically asked the Prime Minister: "Why do you refuse me office? I am not
mad am I? You don't think I'm mad, do you?" Mad or not, Lord Brougham was a legend in his own
lifetime as a passionate reformer and fighter against injustice and oppression.
 
'Henry Peter Brougham was born at Edinburgh in 1778. His father was a small landowner and the
boy grew up in an atmosphere of genteel poverty, although there was enough money for him to
attend Edinburgh University. All his life he was to dazzle his contemporaries with the force of
his intellect. He matriculated at 13 and before he was 20 had published three scientific papers
which later [1803] earned him election to the Royal Society. After taking an arts degree he 
studied law and was called to the bar in 1800, but his brilliance did not appeal to the Scottish
legal world and briefs were few.
'To live he contributed articles to the newly founded Edinburgh Review. No fewer than 80 
articles in the first 20 issues came from his pen, on subjects ranging from vegetarianism to Latin
synonyms. He had opinions about everything and did not keep them to himself. After he had 
been host to Brougham for a weekend the editor of the Edinburgh Review remarked: "This
morning Solon, Lycurgus, Demosthenes, Archimedes, Sir Isaac Newton, Lord Chesterfield and
a great many more departed from my house in one carriage." In 1803 he published a learned
work on colonial policy. The first of more than 40 books he produced, it was widely acclaimed
and its attack on the slave trade caused the famous humanitarian William Wilberforce to invite
the author to London.
'So Brougham went south and settled down in Lincoln's Inn to study for the English bar. 
Meanwhile he wrote political pamphlets for Wilberforce's Tory party and made a dangerous
expedition to Holland to try to persuade the Dutch authorities to ban the slave trade. He duly
qualified for the English bar and worked hard on behalf of the Tories during the 1807 elections.
But he had political ambitions himself and when the Tories failed to find him a seat in the 
Commons he had no compunction in switching his services to the Whig opposition.
'The Whigs used his prolific pen in all the dirty work of political journalism. In 1810 they allowed
him to enter Parliament as member for the Duke of Bedford's pocket borough of Camelford. In
the Commons, Brougham was the best orator the Whigs had. Such was his energy and ambition
that he often made 150 speeches in a single session of Parliament. His enemies said he was a
political opportunist only interested in publicising himself. They said he had "every talent except
discretion." To get rid of him, in 1812 they quietly arranged for the Duke of Bedford to sell the
pocket borough, thus leaving their problem member without a Commons seat.
 
'Brougham remained out of Parliament for four years but his name was still on every tongue. As
a lawyer he successfully defended the radical writer Leigh Hunt on a charge of sedition brought
by the Tory Government. With an eye to his political future he then snapped up the post of
legal adviser to the Princess of Wales, later the unfortunate Queen Caroline, who had for years
been estranged from her husband, the future George IV. Brougham's astute manipulation of the
Princess of Wales as a weapon of intrigue behind the scenes forced the Whigs to find him 
another Commons seat in 1816 [July 1815].
  'By that time the Princess of Wales, having been excluded from Court and insulted by her 
husband, had retired to live on the Continent. After roaming from place to place she finally
settled in a villa on Lake Como. On her staff, as a kind of butler, was an Italian adventurer 
named [Bartolomeo] Pergami. Soon ugly rumours had developed of an affair between the
princess and Pergami. Seeing his chance for a divorce, her husband sent spies to Italy in 1819
to obtain evidence. 
'By the time the spies returned to England George III had died, and as the new king, George IV
was determined to get rid of his wife by any means. He quickly brought suit in the House of
Lords to annul the marriage. Now Queen Caroline, his wife hastened back to England to defend
the suit. Her counsel was Henry Brougham. Most people believed that the dissolute George IV
was trying to frame and persecute the queen.
 
'The trial opened on August 17, 1820, before the Lords. Henry Brougham, with brilliant cross-
examination, demolished the evidence of a crowd of shady witnesses who had been brought
from the Continent. Brougham's final speech took two days and all through it he fortified
himself with mulled port. When he concluded he fell to his knees drunk. Yet he successfully 
hid his condition by pretending to be saying a prayer for "this cruelly ill-used woman whose 
only crime was that she was foolish." The case against Queen Caroline collapsed and Henry
Brougham was a public idol. He set to work to use his popularity for political advancement.
 
'For the next 10 years he was in the Commons as a member of the Whig opposition. But from
that seemingly powerless position he pushed through a whole mass of reforms. William 
Wilberforce had been responsible for putting the abolition of the slave trade on the statute
book. But it was Brougham with his legal knowledge who forced through the punitive legislation
which in practice eliminated it. He also virtually invented state education by persuading the
government to devote funds to it and pass the Public Education Act. The network of mechanics'
institutes which spread all over England and provided the first system of adult education was
another product of his fertile mind. London University was founded by Brougham in 1828 [1836].
He also started the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, which published hundreds of
of cheap textbooks for the working classes.
'On February 7, 1828, he addressed the House of Commons for six hours and three minutes on
the abuses and anomalies in English law. When it was printed the speech took up 168 pages.
Mindful of his experience with mulled port in the Queen Caroline trial, Brougham consumed only
oranges to refresh himself as he spoke. During his speech he outlined virtually every law reform
which was carried out in England in the next 100 years.
 
'Parliamentary reform to give more equitable representation to the people was another cause
into which Brougham threw himself. He attacked the system of rotten boroughs in which small,
ancient villages with only a handful of inhabitants sent members to the Commons while great
centres of population like Manchester had no representation. In the election of 1830 he
abandoned the borough seat he held and instead stood for the huge, popular constituency of
Yorkshire, which had to be won on merit. He won hands down.
'The Whig Party, under Lord Grey, fought the whole election on the promise of parliamentary
reform triumphed after 23 years in opposition. As a result William IV had to ask Lord Grey to 
form a government. And in that government Henry Brougham (after being elevated to the Lords
as Lord Brougham and Vaux) served as Lord Chancellor. He immediately set to work to use his
new power. After being sworn in at noon, he had a bill on the table only six hours later, 
abolishing abuses of the Chancery Court. He revolutionised the criminal law by ensuring the
defence equal rights with the prosecution. He also set up the Judicial Committee of the Privy
Council. 
 
'In 1832 Lord Grey brought in the promised Reform Bill which abolished the rotten boroughs and
gave the vote to every male holding a house with a rental value of £10 a year. Grey has gone
down in history as the father of this historic Reform Bill. But it was Brougham who, when the
House of Lords refused to pass it, bulldozed it through by bullying William IV until he threatened
to create 500 new peers and so get it passed. 
 
'For all that, the power of Brougham began to decline with his taking of office. His eccentricities,
which had advertised him as a private member, did not befit the dignity of a Lord Chancellor. He
insisted on wearing strange-looking plaid trousers. On a tour of Scotland he became roaring 
drunk one night and, still intoxicated the next day, allowed himself to be carried to the race-
course in his wig and gown.
 
'When the Grey ministry fell in 1834 Lord Melbourne formed a government - but he adamantly
refused to find a place in it for Brougham. But Brougham has one more accomplishment to his
name. Travelling in France in 1834 he fell in love with a little Mediterranean fishing village called
Cannes. He made a home there and built a magnificent villa. For the rest of his life he kept
publicising Cannes and almost single-handed turned it into the famous resort it is today. Lord
Brougham died at Cannes in 1868, aged 89. Today, almost forgotten in his own country, he is
honoured there with a fine park called the Square Brougham. His home, the Chateau Elenore-
Louise, which is named after his daughter, still stands in Cannes and is now an exclusive hotel.'
 
Although not mentioned in the article above, he designed the four-wheeled, horse drawn 
carriage which is named after him.
The special remainder to the Barony of Brougham and Vaux created in 1860
 
From the "London Gazette" of 16 March 1860 (issue 22367, page 1099):-
"The Queen has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal,
granting the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland unto Henry,
Baron Brougham and Vaux, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style,
and title of Baron Brougham and Vaux, of Brougham, in the county of Westmorland, and of
Highhead Castle, in the county of Cumberland, with remainder, in default of such heirs male, to
his brother, William Brougham, Esq., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten."
 
 
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