PEERAGE
Last updated 16/06/2013
Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
CASTLEROSSE
12 Feb 1798 B[I] 1 Valentine Browne Jan 1754 3 Oct 1812 58
3 Jan 1801 B[I] 1 Created Baron Castlerosse and 
Viscount Kenmare 12 Feb 1798, and
Viscount Castlerosse and Earl of 
Kenmare 3 Jan 1801
See "Kenmare"
CASTLE STEWART
7 Nov 1619 B[I] 1 Andrew Stewart 1560 Jan 1629 68
Created Baron Castle Stewart 
7 Nov 1619
Jan 1629 2 Sir Andrew Stewart,1st baronet 30 Mar 1639
30 Mar 1639 3 Andrew Stewart Aug 1650
Aug 1650 4 Josias Stewart 2 Dec 1662
2 Dec 1662 5 John Stewart 1685
On his death the title remained dormant for
89 years,but the succession was -
1685 [6] Robert Stewart Mar 1686
Mar 1686 [7] Andrew Stewart 1672 1715 43
1715 [8] Robert Stewart 3 Mar 1700 2 Mar 1742 41
2 Mar 1742 [9] Andrew Thomas Stewart-Moore 29 Aug 1725 26 Aug 1809 83
29 Dec 1800 E[I] 1 Created Viscount Castle Stewart
20 Dec 1793 and Earl Castle Stewart
29 Dec 1800
He proved his right to the Barony in 1774
26 Aug 1809 2 Robert Stewart 19 Aug 1784 10 Jun 1854 69
10 Jun 1854 3 Edward Stewart 11 Sep 1807 20 Feb 1857 49
20 Feb 1857 4 Charles Andrew Knox Stewart 23 Apr 1810 12 Sep 1874 64
12 Sep 1874 5 Henry James Stuart-Richardson 21 Mar 1837 5 Jun 1914 77
5 Jun 1914 6 Andrew John Stuart 21 Dec 1841 7 Nov 1921 79
7 Nov 1921 7 Arthur Stuart 6 Aug 1889 5 Nov 1961 72
MP for Harborough 1929-1933
For further information on the death of this peer,
see the note at the foot of this page
5 Nov 1961 8 Arthur Patrick Avondale Stuart 18 Aug 1928
CASTLETON
11 Jul 1627 V[I] 1 Sir Nicholas Saunderson,1st baronet c 1561 17 May 1630
Created Baron Saunderson and
Viscount Castleton 11 Jul 1627
MP for Gainsborough and Lincoln
17 May 1630 2 Nicholas Saunderson 13 Nov 1640
13 Nov 1640 3 Nicholas Saunderson 1625 1641 16
1641 4 Peregrine Saunderson 1628 1650 22
1650 5 George Saunderson 12 Oct 1631 27 May 1714 82
MP for Lincolnshire 1660-1698
27 May 1714 6 James Saunderson c 1667 23 May 1723
18 Jun 1720 E 1 Created Baron Saunderson 19 Oct 
to     1714,Viscount Castleton 2 Jul 1716
23 May 1723 and Earl Castleton 18 Jun 1720
MP for Newark 1698-1701 and 1701-1710
Peerages extinct on his death
CASTLETOWN
10 Dec 1869 B 1 John Wilson Fitzpatrick 23 Sep 1811 22 Jan 1883 71
Created Baron Castletown 10 Dec 1869
MP for Queen's County 1837-1841,1847-
1852 and 1865-1869. PC [I] 1848.  Lord
Lieutenant Queen's County 1855-1883
22 Jan 1883 2 Bernard Edward Barnaby Fitzpatrick 22 Jul 1849 29 May 1937 87
to     MP for Portarlington 1880-1883. KP 1907
29 May 1937 PC [I] 1908
Peerage extinct on his death
For information on an incident in this peer's life,
see the note at the foot of this page
CATHCART
c 1460 B[S] 1 Sir Alan Cathcart by 1499
Created Lord Cathcart c 1460
by 1499 2 John Cathcart Dec 1535
Dec 1535 3 Alan Cathcart 10 Sep 1547
10 Sep 1547 4 Alan Cathcart c 1537 Dec 1618
Dec 1618 5 Alan Cathcart c 1600 18 Aug 1628
18 Aug 1628 6 Alan Cathcart 1628 13 Jun 1709 80
13 Jun 1709 7 Alan Cathcart 1648 19 Oct 1732 84
19 Oct 1732 8 Charles Cathcart 1686 20 Dec 1740 54
20 Dec 1740 9 Charles Schaw Cathcart 21 Mar 1721 14 Aug 1776 55
KT 1763  PC 1768
14 Aug 1776 10 William Schaw Cathcart 31 Aug 1755 16 Jun 1843 87
16 Jul 1814 E 1 Created Baron Greenock and Viscount
Cathcart 9 Nov 1807 and Earl 
Cathcart 16 Jul 1814
Lord Lieutenant Clackmannan 1794-1798 and
1801-1803  PC 1798  PC [I] 1803  KT 1805
16 Jun 1843 2 Charles Murray Cathcart 21 Dec 1783 16 Jul 1859 75
Governor General of Canada 1846
16 Jul 1859 3 Alan Frederick Cathcart 15 Nov 1828 30 Oct 1905 76
30 Oct 1905 4 Alan Cathcart 16 Mar 1856 2 Sep 1911 55
2 Sep 1911 5 George Cathcart 26 Jun 1862 19 Nov 1927 65
19 Nov 1927 6 Alan Cathcart 22 Aug 1919 15 Jun 1999 79
15 Jun 1999 7 Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart 30 Nov 1952
CATHERLOUGH
7 Jan 1715 M[I] 1 Thomas Wharton,1st Earl of Wharton 23 Oct 1648 12 Apr 1715 66
      Created Baron of Trim,Earl of
Rathfarnham and Marquess of
Catherlough 7 Jan 1715
See "Wharton"
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4 Oct 1733 B[I] 1 John Fane 24 Mar 1686 26 Aug 1762 76
to     Created Baron Catherlough 4 Oct 1733
26 Aug 1762 He succeeded as 7th Earl of Westmorland (qv) in
1736. Barony extinct on his death
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16 May 1763 E[I] 1 Robert Knight 17 Dec 1702 30 Mar 1772 69
to     Created Baron Luxborough 8 Aug 1745,
30 Mar 1772 Viscount Barrells and Earl of Catherlough
16 May 1763
MP for Great Grimsby 1734-1747 and 1762-1768,
Castle Rising 1747-1754 and Milborne Port 
1770-1772
Peerage extinct on his death
CATTO
24 Feb 1936 B 1 Sir Thomas Siveright Catto,1st baronet 15 Mar 1879 23 Aug 1959 80
Created Baron Catto 24 Feb 1936
Governor of the Bank of England 1944-1949
PC 1947
23 Aug 1959 2 Stephen Gordon Catto 14 Jan 1923 3 Sep 2001 78
3 Sep 2001 3 Innes Gordon Catto 7 Aug 1950
CAUTLEY
14 Jul 1936 B 1 Sir Henry Struther Cautley,1st baronet 9 Dec 1863 21 Sep 1946 82
to     Created Baron Cautley 14 Jul 1936
21 Sep 1946 MP for Leeds East 1900-1906 and East
Grinstead 1910-1936.
Peerage extinct on his death
CAVAN
17 Feb 1618 B[I] 1 Oliver Lambart 23 May 1618
Created Lord Lambart,Baron of Cavan
17 Feb 1618
23 May 1618 2 Charles Lambart Mar 1600 25 Jun 1660 60
1 Apr 1647 E[I] 1 Created Viscount Kilcoursie and Earl 
of Cavan 1 Apr 1647
MP for Bossinney 1625 and 1627
25 Jun 1660 2 Richard Lambart c 1690
c 1690 3 Charles Lambart 7 Sep 1649 5 Dec 1702 53
5 Dec 1702 4 Richard Lambart 10 Mar 1742
PC [I] 1729
10 Mar 1742 5 Ford Lambart 1718 29 Sep 1772 54
29 Sep 1772 6 Richard Lambart 2 Nov 1778
2 Nov 1778 7 Richard Ford William lambart 10 Sep 1763 21 Nov 1837 74
21 Nov 1837 8 Frederick John William Lambart 30 Dec 1815 15 Dec 1887 71
15 Dec 1887 9 Frederick Edward Gould Lambart 21 Oct 1839 14 Jul 1900 60
MP for Somerset South 1885-1892. PC 1886
KP 1894
14 Jul 1900 10 Frederick Rudolph Lambart 16 Oct 1865 28 Aug 1946 80
Field Marshal 1932  KP 1916
28 Aug 1946 11 Horace Edward Samuel Lambart 25 Aug 1878 9 Dec 1950 72
9 Dec 1950 12 Michael Edward Oliver Lambart 29 Oct 1911 17 Nov 1988 77
   
17 Nov 1988 13 Roger Cavan Lambart 1 Sep 1944
CAVE
14 Nov 1918 V 1 Sir George Cave 23 Feb 1856 29 Mar 1928 72
to     Created Viscount Cave 14 Nov 1918
29 Mar 1928 MP for Kingston 1906-1918. Solicitor
General 1915. Home Secretary 1916-1919
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary 1918. Lord
Chancellor 1922-1924 and 1924-1928
PC 1915
Peerage extinct on his death. He was about 
to be advanced to an Earldom when he died
and as a result his widow was created
Countess Cave of Richmond (see below)
CAVE OF RICHMOND
8 May 1928 E 1 Anne Estella Sarah Penfold Cave 7 Jan 1938
to     Created Countess Cave of Richmond
7 Jan 1938 8 May 1928
Peerage extinct on her death
For information on this peeress,see the note
at the foot of this page
CAVENDISH OF BOLSOVER
7 Mar 1628 B 1 William Cavendish 16 Dec 1593 25 Dec 1676 83
Created Viscount Mansfield 3 Nov 1620
Baron Cavendish and Earl of Newcastle
upon Tyne 7 Mar 1628,Marquess of
Newcastle on Tyne 27 Oct 1643 and 
Duke of Newcastle 16 Mar 1665
See "Newcastle upon Tyne"
CAVENDISH OF FURNESS
17 May 1990 B[L] 1 Richard Hugh Cavendish 2 Nov 1941
Created Baron Cavendish of Furness for life
17 May 1990
CAVENDISH OF HARDWICK
4 May 1605 B 1 William Cavendish 27 Dec 1552 3 Mar 1626 73
Created Baron Cavendish of Hardwick
4 May 1605
He was subsequently created Earl of
Devonshire (qv) in 1618
                    *****************
13 Jun 1751 William Cavendish 1720 2 Oct 1764 44
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Cavendish of
Hardwick 13 Jun 1751
He succeeded as Duke of Devonshire (qv) in 1755
CAVENDISH OF KEIGHLEY
10 Sep 1831 E 1 George Augustus Henry Cavendish 21 Mar 1754 4 May 1834 80
Created Baron Cavendish of Keighley
and Earl of Burlington 10 Sep 1831
See "Burlington"
CAVERSHAM
8 May 1718 V 1 William Cadogan 1670 17 Jul 1726 56
to     Created Baron Cadogan of Oakley,
17 Jul 1726 Viscount Caversham and Earl Cadogan
    8 May 1718
See "Cadogan" - peerage extinct 1726
CAWDOR
21 Jun 1796 B 1 John Campbell 24 Apr 1755 1 Jun 1821 65
Created Baron Cawdor 21 Jun 1796
MP for Nairnshire 1777-1780 and 
Cardigan 1780-1796
1 Jun 1821 2 John Frederick Campbell 8 Nov 1790 7 Nov 1860 69
6 Oct 1827 E 1 Created Viscount Emlyn and
Earl Cawdor 6 Oct 1827
MP for Carmarthen 1813-1821. Lord
Lieutenant Carmarthen 1852-1860
7 Nov 1860 2 John Frederick Vaughan Campbell 11 Jul 1817 29 Mar 1898 80
MP for Pembroke 1841-1860. Lord
Lieutenant Carmarthen 1861-1898
29 Mar 1898 3 Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell 13 Feb 1847 8 Feb 1911 63
MP for Carmarthen 1874-1885. Lord
Lieutenant Pembroke 1896-1911. First Lord
of the Admiralty 1905.  PC 1905
8 Feb 1911 4 Hugh Frederick Vaughan Campbell 21 Jun 1870 7 Jan 1914 43
7 Jan 1914 5 John Duncan Vaughan Campbell 17 May 1900 9 Jan 1970 69
9 Jan 1970 6 Hugh John Vaughan Campbell 6 Sep 1932 20 Jun 1993 60
20 Jun 1993 7 Colin Robert Vaughan Campbell 30 Jun 1962
CAWLEY
16 Jan 1918 B 1 Sir Frederick Cawley,1st baronet 9 Oct 1850 30 Mar 1937 86
Created Baron Cawley 16 Jan 1918
MP for Prestwich 1895-1918. Chancellor
of the Duchy of Lancaster 1916-1918
PC 1916
30 Mar 1937 2 Robert Hugh Cawley 16 May 1877 24 Sep 1954 77
24 Sep 1954 3 Frederick Lee Cawley 27 Jul 1913 13 Apr 2001 87
13 Apr 2001 4 John Francis Cawley 28 Sep 1946
CAYZER
8 Feb 1982 B[L] 1 Sir William Nicholas Cayzer,2nd baronet 21 Jan 1910 16 Apr 1999 89
to     Created Baron Cayzer for life 8 Feb 1982
16 Apr 1999 Peerage extinct on his death
CECIL OF CHELWOOD
24 Dec 1923 V 1 Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil 14 Sep 1864 24 Nov 1958 94
to     Created Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
24 Nov 1958 24 Dec 1923
MP for Marylebone East 1906-1910 and
Hitchin 1911-1923. Minister for Blockade 
1916-1918. Lord Privy Seal 1923-1924.
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1924-1927. Nobel Peace Prize 1937  PC 1915
CH 1956
Peerage extinct on his death
CECIL OF ESSENDON
13 Aug 1603 B 1 Sir Robert Cecil 1 Jun 1563 24 May 1612 48
Created Baron Cecil of Essendon
13 Aug 1603,Viscount Cranborne
20 Aug 1604 and Earl of Salisbury
4 May 1605
See "Salisbury"
                            ***********
Jan 1941 Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil 27 Aug 1893 23 Feb 1972 78
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Cecil of Essendon in Jan
1941
He succeeded as Marquess of Salisbury (qv)
in 1947
                            ***********
1992 Robert Michael James Cecil 30 Sep 1946
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Cecil of Essendon in 1992
He succeeded as Marquess of Salisbury (qv)
in 2003
CECIL OF PUTNEY
9 Nov 1625 V 1 Sir Edward Cecil 29 Feb 1572 16 Nov 1638 66
to     Created Baron Cecil of Putney and
16 Nov 1638 Viscount Wimbledon 9 Nov 1625
Peerages extinct on his death
CHADLINGTON
16 Oct 1996 B[L] 1 Peter Selwyn Gummer 24 Aug 1942
Created Baron Chadlington for life
16 Oct 1996
CHALFONT
11 Nov 1964 B[L] 1 Alun Arthur Gwynne Jones 5 Dec 1919
Created Baron Chalfont for life 11 Nov 1964
Minister of State,Foreign and Commonwealth
Office 1964-1970  PC 1964
CHALKER OF WALLASEY
24 Apr 1992 B[L] 1 Lynda Chalker 29 Apr 1942
Created Baroness Chalker of Wallasey
for life 24 Apr 1992
MP for Wallasey 1974-1992. Minister of 
State,Transport 1983-1986. Minister of
State,Overseas Development 1986-1989.
Minister of Overseas Development 1989-1997
PC 1987
CHALMERS
24 Apr 1919 B 1 Sir Robert Chalmers 18 Aug 1858 17 Nov 1938 80
to     Created Baron Chalmers 24 Apr 1919
17 Nov 1938 Governor of Ceylon 1913-1916  PC [I] 1916
Peerage extinct on his death
CHAMPION
11 May 1962 B[L] 1 Arthur Joseph Champion 26 Jul 1897 2 Mar 1985 87
to     Created Baron Champion for life
2 Mar 1985 11 May 1962
MP for Derby South 1945-1950 and Derby
Southeast 1950-1959.  PC 1967
Peerage extinct on his death
CHAN
2 Jun 2001 B[L] 1 Michael Chew Koon Chan 6 Mar 1940 21 Jan 2006 65
to     Created Baron Chan for life 2 Jun 2001
21 Jan 2006 Peerage extinct on his death
CHANDOS
20 Dec 1337 B 1 Roger de Chandos 1353
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1353 Chandos 20 Dec 1337
Peerage extinct on his death
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8 Apr 1554 B 1 John Brydges 9 Mar 1492 12 Apr 1557 65
Created Baron Chandos 8 Apr 1554
MP for Gloucestershire 1529-1536
12 Apr 1557 2 Edmund Brydges by 1520 12 Mar 1573
MP for Gloucester 1553. Lord Lieutenant
Gloucester 1559  KG 1572
12 Mar 1573 3 Giles Brydges 1548 21 Feb 1594 45
MP for Cricklade 1571 and Gloucester
1572. Lord Lieutenant Gloucester 1586
21 Feb 1594 4 William Brydges 18 Nov 1602
MP for Cricklade 1572 and Gloucester
1585-1587
18 Nov 1602 5 Grey Brydges by 1583 10 Aug 1621
Lord Lieutenant Gloucester 1614
10 Aug 1621 6 George Brydges 9 Aug 1620 Feb 1655 34
Feb 1655 7 William Brydges 22 Aug 1676
22 Aug 1676 8 Sir James Brydges,3rd baronet Sep 1642 16 Oct 1714 72
16 Oct 1714 9 James Brydges 6 Jan 1673 9 Aug 1744 71
29 Apr 1719 D 1 Created Viscount Wilton and Earl of
Carnarvon 19 Oct 1714, and Marquess
of Carnarvon and Duke of Chandos
29 Apr 1719
MP for Hereford 1698-1714. Lord
Lieutenant Hereford 1721-1741 and Radnor 
1721-1744  PC 1721
9 Aug 1744 2 Henry Brydges 1 Feb 1708 28 Nov 1771 63
MP for Hereford 1727-1734, Steyning 
1734-1741 and Bishops Castle 1741-1744
For further information on this peer's second wife,
see the note at the foot of this page
28 Nov 1771 3 James Brydges 16 Dec 1731 29 Sep 1789 57
to     MP for Winchester 1754-1761 and Radnor
29 Sep 1789 1761-1768. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire 1763-1764
PC 1775
Peerages extinct on his death
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4 Feb 1822 M 1 Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-
Grenville,2nd Marquess of Buckingham 20 Mar 1776 17 Jan 1839 62
Created Marquess of Chandos and 
Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
4 Feb 1822
See "Buckingham"
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9 Sep 1954 V 1 Oliver Lyttelton 15 Mar 1893 21 Jan 1972 78
Created Viscount Chandos 9 Sep 1954
MP for Aldershot 1940-1954. President of
the Board of Trade 1940-1941. Minister of
War Production 1941-1945. Secretary of
State for Colonies 1951-1954. PC 1940
KG 1970
21 Jan 1972 2 Anthony Alfred Lyttelton 23 Oct 1920 28 Nov 1980 60
28 Nov 1980 3 Thomas Orlando Lyttelton 12 Feb 1953
Created Baron Lyttelton of Aldershot
19 Apr 2000
CHANNING OF WELLINGBOROUGH
9 Jul 1912 B 1 Sir Francis Allston Channing,1st baronet 21 Mar 1841 20 Feb 1926 84
to     Created Baron Channing of
20 Feb 1926 Wellingborough 9 Jul 1912
MP for Northamptonshire East 1885-1910
Peerage extinct on his death
CHAPLIN
20 Jun 1916 V 1 Henry Chaplin 22 Dec 1840 29 May 1923 82
Created Viscount Chaplin 20 Jun 1916
MP for Lincolnshire Mid 1868-1885,
Sleaford 1885-1906 and Wimbledon 1907-
1916. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1885-1886. President of the Board of
Agriculture 1889-1892. President of the
Local Government Board 1895-1900.  PC 1885
For further information on this peer, see the
note at the foot of the page containing details 
of the Marquessate of Hastings.
29 May 1923 2 Eric Chaplin 27 Sep 1877 12 Sep 1949 71
12 Sep 1949 3 Anthony Freskin Charles Hamby Chaplin 14 Dec 1906 18 Dec 1981 75
to     Peerage extinct on his death
18 Dec 1981
CHAPMAN
24 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Nicola Jane Chapman 3 Aug 1961 3 Sep 2009 48
to     Created Baroness Chapman for life
3 Sep 2009 24 Jun 2004
Peerage extinct on her death
CHAPPLE
4 Feb 1985 B[L] 1 Frank Joseph Chapple 8 Aug 1921 19 Oct 2004 83
to     Created Baron Chapple for life 4 Feb 1985
19 Oct 2004 Peerage extinct on his death
CHARLEMONT
22 Dec 1620 B[I] 1 Toby Caulfeild 2 Dec 1565 17 Aug 1627 61
Created Lord Caulfeild,Baron of
Charlemont 22 Dec 1620
17 Aug 1627 2 William Caulfeild c 1587 4 Dec 1640
4 Dec 1640 3 Toby Caulfeild Sep 1621 1 Mar 1642 20
For further information on the death of this peer,
see the note at the foot of this page
1 Mar 1642 4 Robert Caulfeild 1622 1642 20
1642 5 William Caulfeild 1624 Apr 1671 46
8 Oct 1665 V[I] 1 Created Viscount Charlemont 
8 Oct 1665
PC [I] 1660
Apr 1671 2 William Caulfeild 21 Jul 1726
PC [I] 1726
21 Jul 1726 3 James Caulfeild 29 Jul 1682 21 Apr 1734 51
21 Apr 1734 4 James Caulfeild 18 Aug 1728 4 Aug 1799 70
23 Dec 1763 E[I] 1 Created Earl of Charlemont 
23 Dec 1763
PC [I] 1783  KP 1783
4 Aug 1799 5 Francis William Caulfeild 3 Jan 1775 26 Dec 1863 88
2 Created Baron Charlemont [UK] 
13 Feb 1837
For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of this peerage,see the note at the 
foot of this page
PC [I] 1831  KP 1831  Lord Lieutenant Tyrone
1839-1863
26 Dec 1863 6 James Molyneux Caulfeild 10 Oct 1820 12 Jan 1892 71
to     3 MP for Armagh 1847-1857. Lord Lieutenant
12 Jan 1892 Armagh 1849-1864 and Tyrone 1864-1892
KP 1865
On his death the Earldom and UK Barony
became extinct whilst the other peerages 
passed to -
12 Jan 1892 7 James Alfred Caulfeild 20 Mar 1830 4 Jul 1913 83
4 Jul 1913 8 James Edward Geale Caulfeild 12 May 1880 30 Aug 1949 69
PC [NI] 1926
30 Aug 1949 9 Charles Edward St.George Caulfeild 12 Jul 1887 18 Jan 1964 76
18 Jan 1964 10 Robert Toby St.George Caulfeild 30 Sep 1881 26 Nov 1967 86
26 Nov 1967 11 Charles St.George Caulfeild 23 Nov 1884 18 Nov 1971 86
18 Nov 1971 12 Richard William St.George Caulfeild 13 Mar 1887 18 Jun 1979 92
18 Jun 1979 13 Charles Wilberforce Caulfeild 10 Mar 1899 1985 86
1985 14 John Day Caulfeild 19 Mar 1934 10 Nov 2001 67
10 Nov 2001 15 John Dodd Caulfeild 15 May 1966
CHARLEVILLE
23 Jun 1718 B[I] 1 Sir John Brownlow 16 Nov 1690 27 Feb 1754 63
to     Created Baron Charleville and 
27 Feb 1754 Viscount Tyrconnel 23 Jun 1718
Peerages extinct on his death
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16 Sep 1758 E[I] 1 Charles Moore,2nd Baron Moore of Tullamore 24 Jan 1712 17 Feb 1764 52
to     Created Earl of Charleville
17 Feb 1764 16 Sep 1758
PC [I] 1746
Peerages extinct on his death
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16 Feb 1806 E[I] 1 Charles William Bury 30 Jun 1764 31 Oct 1835 71
Created Baron Tullamore 29 Dec 1797,
Viscount Charleville 29 Dec 1800 and
Earl of Charleville 16 Feb 1806
31 Oct 1835 2 Charles William Bury 29 Apr 1801 14 Jul 1851 50
MP for Carlow 1826-1831 and Penryn and 
Falmouth 1832-1835
14 Jul 1851 3 Charles William George Bury 8 Mar 1822 19 Jan 1859 36
19 Jan 1859 4 Charles William Francis Bury 16 May 1852 3 Nov 1874 22
3 Nov 1874 5 Alfred Bury 19 Feb 1829 26 Jun 1875 46
to     Peerages extinct on his death
26 Jun 1875
CHARNWOOD
29 Jun 1911 B 1 Godfrey Rathbone Benson 6 Nov 1864 3 Feb 1945 80
Created Baron Charnwood 29 Jun 1911
MP for Woodstock 1892-1895
3 Feb 1945 2 John Roby Benson 31 Aug 1901 1 Feb 1955 53
to     Peerage extinct on his death
1 Feb 1955
CHARTERIS OF AMISFIELD
7 Feb 1978 B[L] 1 Martin Michael Charles Charteris 7 Sep 1913 23 Dec 1999 86
to     Created Baron Charteris of Amisfield
23 Dec 1999 for life 7 Feb 1978
PC 1972
Peerage extinct on his death
CHATFIELD
4 Jun 1937 B 1 Ernle Montacute Chatfield 27 Sep 1873 15 Nov 1967 94
Created Baron Chatfield 4 Jun 1937
Admiral of the Fleet 1935  OM 1939  PC 1939
15 Nov 1967 2 Ernle David Lewis Chatfield 2 Jan 1917 30 Sep 2007 90
to     Peerage extinct on his death
30 Sep 2007
CHATHAM
4 Dec 1761 B 1 Hester Pitt 8 Nov 1720 2 Apr 1803 82
Created Baroness Chatham 4 Dec 1761
2 Apr 1803 2 John Pitt,2nd Earl of Chatham (see below) 9 Oct 1756 24 Sep 1835 78
to     Peerage extinct on his death
24 Sep 1835
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4 Aug 1766 E 1 William Pitt 15 Nov 1708 11 May 1778 69
Created Viscount Pitt and Earl of
Chatham 4 Aug 1766
MP for Old Sarum 1735-1747, Seaford 1747-
1754, Aldborough 1754-1756, Okehampton
1756-1757 and Bath 1757-1766. Secretary
of State 1756-1757 and 1757-1761. Lord
Privy Seal 1766-1768 and 1768. PC 1746
11 May 1778 2 John Pitt 9 Oct 1756 24 Sep 1835 78
to     First Lord of the Admiralty 1788-1794.
24 Sep 1835 Lord Privy Seal 1794-1798. Lord President 
of the Council 1796-1801. PC 1789. KG 1790
Peerage extinct on his death
CHATTISHAM
13 Jul 1945 B 1 Sir William Brass 11 Feb 1886 24 Aug 1945 59
to     Created Baron Chattisham 13 Jul 1945
24 Aug 1945 MP for Clitheroe 1922-1945
Peerage extinct on his death
CHAVENT
29 Dec 1299 B 1 Peter de Chavent 1302
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1302 Chavent 29 Dec 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
CHAWORTH
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Thomas Chaworth c 1225 after 1299
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
after 1299 Chaworth 6 Feb1299
Peerage extinct on his death
CHAWORTH OF ARMAGH
4 Mar 1628 V[I] 1 George Chaworth 3 Jul 1639
Created Baron Chaworth and Viscount
Chaworth of Armagh 4 Mar 1628
3 Jul 1639 2 John Chaworth Jun 1644
Jun 1644 3 Patrick Chaworth 20 Jun 1635 Jun 1693 58
to     Peerage extinct on his death
Jun 1693
CHAWORTH OF EATON HALL
10 Sep 1831 B 1 John Chambre Brabazon,10th Earl of Meath 9 Apr 1772 15 Mar 1851 78
Created Baron Chaworth of Eaton
Hall 10 Sep 1831
See "Meath"
CHEDWORTH
12 May 1741 B  1 John Howe by 1690 3 Apr 1742
Created Baron Chedworth 12 May 1741
MP for Gloucester 1727 and Wiltshire 1729-1741
3 Apr 1742 2 John Thynne Howe 18 Feb 1714 9 May 1762 48
Lord Lieutenant Gloucester 1758-1762
9 May 1762 3 Henry Frederick Howe 17 Feb 1715 7 Oct 1781 66
7 Oct 1781 4 John Howe 22 Aug 1754 29 Oct 1804 50
to     Peerage extinct on his death
29 Oct 1804
CHELMER
31 Jan 1963 B[L] 1 Eric Cecil Boyd Edwards 9 Oct 1914 3 Mar 1997 82
to     Created Baron Chelmer for life 31 Jan 1963
3 Mar 1997 Peerage extinct on his death
CHELMSFORD
1 Mar 1858 B 1 Sir Frederic Thesiger 15 Apr 1794 5 Oct 1878 84
Created Baron Chelmsford 1 Mar 1858
MP for Woodstock 1840-1844. Abingdon
1844-1852 and Stamford 1852-1858.
Solicitor General 1844, Attorney General
1845-1846 and 1852. Lord Chancellor 
1858-1859 and 1866-1868. PC 1858
5 Oct 1878 2 Frederic Augustus Thesiger 21 May 1827 9 Apr 1905 77
9 Apr 1905 3 Frederic John Napier Thesiger 12 Aug 1868 1 Apr 1933 64
3 Jun 1921 V 1 Created Viscount Chelmsford 3 Jun 1921
Governor of Queensland 1905-1909 and
NSW 1909-1913. Viceroy of India 1916-1921
First Lord of the Admiralty 1924  PC 1916
1 Apr 1933 2 Andrew Charles Gerald Thesiger 25 Jul 1903 27 Sep 1970 67
27 Sep 1970 3 Frederic Jan Thesiger 7 Mar 1931 15 Dec 1999 68
15 Dec 1999 4 Frederic Corin Piers Thesiger 6 Mar 1962
CHELSEA
27 Dec 1800 V 1 Charles Sloane Cadogan 29 Sep 1728 3 Apr 1807 78
Created Viscount Chelsea and Earl
Cadogan 27 Dec 1800
See "Cadogan"
CHELWOOD
7 May 1974 B[L] 1 Tufton Victor Hamilton Beamish 27 Jan 1917 6 Apr 1989 72
to     Created Baron Chelwood for life 7 May 1974
6 Apr 1989 MP for Lewes 1945-1974
Peerage extinct on his death
CHERLETON
26 Jul 1313 B 1 John Cherleton 1268 1353 85
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Cherleton 26 Jul 1313
1353 2 John Cherleton 1360
1360 3 John Cherleton 1334 13 Jul 1374 40
13 Jul 1374 4 John Cherleton 25 Apr 1362 19 Oct 1401 39
19 Oct 1401 5 Edward Cherleton 1371 14 Mar 1421 49
to     KG c 1407
14 Mar 1421 On his death peerage fell into abeyance
CHERWELL
26 Jun 1956 V 1 Frederick Alexander Lindemann 5 Apr 1886 3 Jul 1957 71
to     Created Baron Cherwell 4 Jul 1941
3 Jul 1957 and Viscount Cherwell 26 Jun 1956
PC 1943  CH 1953
Peerages extinct on his death
CHESHAM
15 Jan 1858 B 1 Charles Compton Cavendish 28 Aug 1793 10 Nov 1863 70
Created Baron Chesham 15 Jan 1858
MP for Aylesbury 1814-1818, Newtown 
1821-1830, Yarmouth IOW 1831-1832, Sussex 
East 1832-1841, Youghal 1841-1847 and
Buckinghamshire 1847-1857
10 Nov 1863 2 William George Cavendish 29 Oct 1815 26 Jun 1882 66
MP for Peterborough 1847-1852 and
Buckinghamshire 1857-1863
26 Jun 1882 3 Charles Compton William Cavendish 13 Dec 1850 9 Nov 1907 56
PC 1901
For information on the death of this peer,see the
note at the foot of this page
9 Nov 1907 4 John Compton Cavendish 13 Jun 1894 26 Apr 1952 57
26 Apr 1952 5 John Charles Compton Cavendish 18 Jun 1916 23 Dec 1989 73
PC 1964
23 Dec 1989 6 Nicholas Charles Cavendish 7 Nov 1941 27 Aug 2009 67
27 Aug 2009 7 Charles Gray Compton Cavendish 11 Nov 1974
CHESHIRE
17 Jul 1991 B[L] 1 Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire VC 7 Sep 1917 31 Jul 1992 74
to     Created Baron Cheshire for life 17 Jul 1991
31 Jul 1992 OM 1981
Peerage extinct on his death
For further information on this VC winner,see
the note at the foot of this page
CHESTER
1071 E 1 Hugh D'Avranches 27 Jul 1101
Created Earl of Chester 1071
27 Jul 1101 2 Richard D'Avranches 1094 25 Nov 1120 26
to     Peerage extinct on his death
25 Nov 1120
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1121 E 1 Randolph le Meschin c 1129
Created Earl of Chester 1121
c 1129 2 Randolph de Gernon by 1100 16 Dec 1153
16 Dec 1153 3 Hugh de Kevelioc 1147 1181 34
1181 4 Randolph de Blondeville c 1172 26 Oct 1232
to     On his death the peerage apparantly
26 Oct 1232 reverted to the Crown
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21 Nov 1232 E 1 John le Scot,Earl of Huntingdon and
to     Cambridge c 1207 7 Jun 1237
7 Jun 1237 Created Earl of Chester 21 Nov 1232
On his death the peerage reverted to the
Crown
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14 Feb 1254 E 1 Edward Plantagenet 17 Jun 1239 8 Jul 1307 68
to     Created Earl of Chester 14 Feb 1254
1272 Son of Henry III
He succeeded to the throne as Edward I
when the peerage reverted to the Crown
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24 Dec 1264 E 1 Simon de Montfort,Earl of Leicester 4 Aug 1265
to     Created Earl of Chester 24 Dec 1264
4 Aug 1265 On his death the peerage was forfeited
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[1284] E 1 Alphonso Plantagenet 22 Nov 1273 19 Aug 1284 10
to     said to have been designated Earl of
[19 Aug 1284] Chester 1284 ?
Peerage (if such ever existed) extinct on 
his death
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7 Feb 1301 E 1 Edward Plantagenet 25 Apr 1284 25 Jan 1327 42
to     Created Earl of Chester 7 Feb 1301
8 Jul 1307 He succeeded to the throne as Edward II
when the peerage reverted to the Crown
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24 Nov 1312 E 1 Edward Plantagenet 13 Nov 1312 21 Jun 1377 64
to     Created Earl of Chester 24 Nov 1312
25 Jan 1327 He succeeded to the throne as Edward III
when the peerage reverted to the Crown
Subsequent creations of the Earldom of
Chester were associated with the Dukedom
of Cornwall (qv)
CHESTERFIELD
29 May 1660 E[L] 1 Catherine Stanhope 9 Apr 1667
to     Created Countess of Chesterfield for life
9 Apr 1667 29 May 1660
Peerage extinct on her death
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4 Aug 1628 E 1 Philip Stanhope 1584 12 Sep 1656 72
Created Baron Stanhope of Shelford
7 Nov 1616 and Earl of Chesterfield
4 Aug 1628
12 Sep 1656 2 Philip Stanhope 1634 28 Jan 1714 79
PC 1681
28 Jan 1714 3 Philip Stanhope 3 Feb 1673 15 Feb 1726 53
15 Feb 1726 4 Philip Dormer Stanhope 22 Sep 1694 24 Mar 1773 78
MP for St Germans 1715-1722 and
Lostwithiel 1722-1723. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1745-1746. Secretary of State
1746-1748  PC 1728  KG 1730
For information on this peer's possible involvement
in the "Great Bottle Hoax" of 1749,see the note
under "Montagu"
24 Mar 1773 5 Philip Stanhope 10 Nov 1755 29 Aug 1815 59
Lord Lieutenant Buckingham Jan-Apr 1782
Postmaster General 1790  PC 1784  KG 1805
29 Aug 1815 6 George Stanhope 23 May 1805 1 Jun 1866 51
PC 1834
1 Jun 1866 7 George Philip Cecil Arthur Stanhope 28 Sep 1831 1 Dec 1871 40
MP for Nottinghamshire South 1860-1866
1 Dec 1871 8 George Philip Stanhope 29 Nov 1822 19 Oct 1883 60
19 Oct 1883 9 Sir Henry Edwyn Chandos Scudamore-Stanhope,
3rd baronet 8 Apr 1821 21 Jan 1887 65
21 Jan 1887 10 Edwyn Francis Scudamore-Stanhope 5 Mar 1854 24 Jan 1933 78
PC 1894  KG 1915 
24 Jan 1933 11 Henry Athole Scudamore-Stanhope 29 May 1855 2 Nov 1935 80
2 Nov 1935 12 Edward Henry Scudamore-Stanhope 9 Feb 1889 2 Aug 1952 63
 
2 Aug 1952 13 James Richard Stanhope,7th Earl Stanhope 11 Nov 1880 15 Aug 1967 86
to     He had previously succeeded as 7th Earl
15 Aug 1967 Stanhope in 1905. Peerages extinct on his death
CHESTERFORD
30 Dec 1706 B 1 Henry Howard 1670 19 Sep 1718 48
Created Baron Chesterford and Earl
of Bindon 30 Dec 1706
See "Bindon" - this peerage extinct 1722
CHETWODE
10 Jul 1945 B 1 Sir Philip Walhouse Chetwode,7th baronet 21 Sep 1869 6 Jul 1950 80
Created Baron Chetwode 10 Jul 1945
Field Marshal 1933  OM 1936
6 Jul 1950 2 Philip Chetwode 26 Mar 1937
Arthur Stuart, 7th Earl of Castle Stewart
The 7th Earl committed suicide in November 1961. The following account of the inquest into
the Earl's death appeared in 'The Irish Times' of 8 November 1961:-
'A butler told Dr. A.C. Somerville, the East Sussex coroner, at East Grinstead yesterday that 
after he had found the 72-year-old Earl of Castle Stewart dead in his study, he picked up the
12-bore hammerless shotgun that was lying by his side and cleaned it. The earl's seat was at
Stewartstown, co. Tyrone.
'The coroner said that it was clear that the earl had killed himself, but the butler, Mr. Frederick
Taylor, had seriously interfered with the evidence.
'He recorded a verdict of suicide while the balance of the mind was disturbed on the earl, who 
lived at Old Lodge, Nutley, Sussex.
'Dr. A. Sachs, consultant pathologist to Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, told the 
coroner that the earl had died from a gut shot in the mouth. Shotgun pellets had been found
in his skull.
Lady Castle Stewart said that last July her husband had been under several doctors and in
hospital with depression and melancholia. He was allowed home on October 21st, but still
appeared very depressed.
'The butler, Mr. Taylor, who had been with the earl for seven years, told the coroner that the
earl asked him for a gun on November 5th. He gave him his 12-bore hammerless shotgun. He
then asked for some cartridges and loaded the gun, setting the safety catch.
'When the countess told him that the earl had killed himself he took the gun from the study,
emptied it, cleaned it, and put it back in its case. He now realised that it was a stupid thing
to do.
'Dr. A.C. Rumsey, the earl's doctor since 1947, said that the earl had asked him a few days
earlier if it would be a cowardly action to take his own life.'
Bernard Edward Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 2nd and last Baron Castletown
The following story which tells of an incident that happened to Lord Castletown appeared in
the Adelaide 'Advertiser' on 8 March 1924:-
'Lord Castletown, one of the most versatile and accomplished members of the peerage, has
(says the "News of the World") a great gift of vivid narrative. He is one of the most travelled
members of the aristocracy, and it is not without interest to recall that he fought with the
Household Cavalry at Tel-el-Kebir [during the Anglo-Egyptian War on 13 September 1882]. In
the current number of the "Parish Paper" of the Church of St.Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, he
relates with wonderful vividness a tragic affair which happened on the [French] Riviera.
"In the morning I was sitting on a bench at Monaco, on the Riviera, looking over the blue
Mediterranean, and wondering how anyone could be foolish enough to live in our fog-ridden
climate when so much sunlight and beauty could be obtained within a few hours of London. 
Presently I walked into the Casino, which was in full swing, and there my curiosity was 
attracted by a tall, rather handsome lady in black, accompanied by a small, bandy-legged man,
apparently her husband. They were playing at one of the tables. I watched them for some time,
and saw that they were losing heavily. They were there again in the afternoon, the luck still
against them. As they left the table the man walked up to me and said courteously, in excellent
English, "Monsieur seems to take an interest in our bad fortune. Will he honour us by having tea
with us?" I was delighted to accept, and we walked to their villa on the cliffs to the west of the
town, where we had an excellent tea. They were an Italian couple, members of a distinguished
family; but though the villa was luxuriously furnished, I noticed they had only one servant, an 
old woman. After dinner I walked down from my hotel to the sea. The beach in the moonlight 
was almost as bright as day, and as I passed under the villa of my new friends I saw them 
standing on the balcony looking out over the Mediterranean. Then, as I was gazing upwards, 
the man suddenly seized the woman, and, in spite of her struggles, hurled her over the railings. 
She fell almost at my feet. A moment after, the man threw himself after her. He was killed on
the spot, but she lingered, and, resting in my arms, told me how that had lost all, and 
determined on suicide. She had hesitated, and he had hurled her over first, and then died 
himself. As she passed away in her death agony the bells of all the churches were ringing in
Christmas Day, and those two poor souls went to their Maker as Christ was born into the world."
Anne Estella Sarah Penfold Cave, Countess Cave of Richmond
'The Scotsman,' 12 May 1928:-
It was announced in last night's "London Gazette" that the King has been pleased by Letters
Patent under the Great Seal of the Realm, bearing date of 8th inst., to grant the dignity of a
Countess of the United Kingdom unto Anne Estella Sarah Penfold, Viscountess Cave, widow of
the Right Honourable George, Viscount Cave, G.C.M.G., by the name, style, and title of 
Countess Cave of Richmond, and at her decease the dignity of an Earl of the said United 
Kingdom to the heirs male of her body lawfully begotten by the name, style and title of Earl 
Cave of Richmond.
'Lord Cave, who left no heir, died on March 29 within twenty-four hours of his resignation of
the office of Lord Chancellor. That resignation was the consequence of an illness which was
so soon to prove fatal. The announcement that he had resigned was accompanied by an
intimation of the King's intention to bestow upon him an Earldom of the United Kingdom. The
immediate death of Lord Cave, however, precluded the possibility of the issue of the necessary
Letters Patent. Last night's announcement, therefore, that his widow had been created a
Countess in her own right will occasion to surprise. There are, of course, many precedents for
the bestowal upon the widow of a distinguished public man of an honour for which her husband
had been designated, but which he did not live to enjoy.'
Henry Brydges, 2nd Duke of Chandos
Chandos married three times; his first marriage was in 1728 to Mary Bruce, daughter of the 3rd
Earl of Ailesbury. She died, after 10 years of marriage, on 14 August 1738. However, it is with
his second marriage that we are more concerned.
The following is taken from "Notes and Queries" [4th series, no. 6, 27 August 1870].
'The Duke of Chandos and a companion dined at the Pelican, Newbury, on their way to London.
After dinner there was a stir and a bustle in the inn yard, and the explanation was "A man is
going to sell his wife, and they are leading her up the yard with a halter round her neck." "We
will go and see the sale," said the duke to his companion. They did so. The duke was smitten
with her beauty and patient acquiescence in a process which would (as then supposed) set her
free from the power of a harsh and ill-conditioned husband. He bought her, and married her on
Christmas Day, 1744. His first wife had died 1738, but whether at that time the duke was a 
widower, or whether a considerable time intervened between the date of her purchase and her
becoming Duchess of Chandos, does not appear.'
The lady the Duke had purchased was Anne Jeffries, nee Wells, and she was described as a 
'chambermaid at the Pelican Inn, Newbury.' She died in August 1759, leaving a daughter. The
Duke married a third time, in 1767, Elizabeth Major, daughter of Sir John Major, 1st baronet.
Toby Caulfeild, 3rd Baron Charlemont
According to the article in Wikipedia, "the Irish Rebellion of 1641 began as an attempted coup 
d'état by Irish Catholic gentry, but developed into inter-communal violence between native 
Irish and English and Scottish Protestant settlers, starting a conflict known as the Irish
Confederate Wars. The rising was sparked by Catholic fears of an impending invasion of Ireland
by anti-Catholic forces of the English Long Parliament and the Scottish Covenanters. In turn,
the rebel's suspected association with the King of England, Scotland and Ireland, Charles I, 
exacerbated the situation leading up to, and ultimately resulting in, the start of the English
Civil War. The Irish rebellion broke out in October 1641, and was followed by several months 
of violent chaos in Ireland before the Irish Catholic upper classes and clergy formed the Catholic
Confederation in the summer of 1642. The Confederation became a de facto government of
most of Ireland, free from the control of the English state and loosely aligned with the Royalist
side in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. The subsequent war continued in Ireland until the 
1650s, when Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army decisively defeated the Irish Catholics and
Royalists, and re-conquered the country."
One of the leaders of the Irish Rebellion was Sir Phelim O'Neill, who in October 1641 captured
the fort of Charlemont, of which Toby Caulfeild, 3rd Baron Charlemont, was the Governor. 
Lodge, in his "Peerage of Ireland" [4 vols, 1754] describes the subsequent events [I have 
modernised the spelling and punctuation]:-
'Sir Phelim O'Neill that day [22 October 1641] went to dine with his Lordship, who very joyfully
received and entertained him; but Sir Phelim having appointed that visit as a sign to his Irish
followers, they repaired thither in great numbers, and his Lordship's whole company, with the
Captain-Lieutenant Anthony Stratford, were either killed or imprisoned, and all the arms and
goods seized by Sir Phelim, who, being thus master of the place, marched that very night and
took Dungannon, and after keeping his Lordship, with his mother, sisters, brothers, and the
rest of the family fifteen weeks prisoners in Charlemont, sent them about five miles distance to
Killenane, the house of Lawrence Netterville, and the next day, sending away Major Patrick Dory,
the Lord Caulfeild earnestly desired Sir Phelim that the major might stay with him, because he 
could speak the Irish language. But Sir Phelim answered that the major was a traitor, and should
not stay with his Lordship, but that he would have better company before night, and the same
day [1 March 1642], in the major's presence, committed the charge of his Lordship to Captain
Neale Modder O Neile and Captain Neale McKenna of the Trough in the county of Monaghan,
with directions to convey him to Cloughowter Castle. That night he was taken to Kinard, Sir 
Phelim's own castle, when, going into the castle, between the said two captains, the latter
spoke to Edmond Boy O Hugh, foster-brother to Sir Phelim, saying, "Where is your heart now?"
Whereupon the said Edmond shot his Lordship in the back, whereof he then died. And that same
night there were also 15 or 16 of Sir Phelim's servants and tenants, all English and Scots,
murdered at Kinard, among whom was a base son of Sir Phelim's also murdered, because his
mother was a British woman......"
Being unmarried, the 3rd Baron was succeeded by his next oldest brother, Robert, "who was
a Captain after the Rebellion began, but enjoyed the title only a few months, his death being
occasioned by prescribing to himself too large a quantity of opium." [Lodge]
After Cromwell's forces had suppressed the rebellion, Sir Phelim O'Neill was captured and taken
to Dublin, where he was found guilty of treason and was hanged, drawn and quartered in
August 1653.
The special remainder to the Barony of Charlemont created in 1837
From the "London Gazette" of 3 February 1837 (issue 19463, page 262):-
"The King has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal, granting
the dignity of a Baron of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto the Right 
Honourable Francis William Earl of Charlemont, K.P. and the heirs male of his body lawfully 
begotten by the name, style, and title of Baron Charlemont, of Charlemont, in the county of
Armagh; with remainder, in default of such issue male, to the Honourable Henry Caulfeild, of
Hackly, in the said county of Armagh (brother of the said Francis William Earl of Charlemont),
and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten." 
Charles Compton William Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham
Lord Chesham was killed in a hunting accident in November 1907. The following report of the
subsequent inquest into his death appeared in the 'Manchester Guardian' of 12 November 1907:-
'In the library of Holdenby House, the home of Lord Annaly, master of the Pytchley Hounds, the
inquest on the late Lord Chesham was held yesterday.
'The Coroner (Mr. C.H. Davies, of Northampton) said he was sure they all sympathised very
deeply with Lady Chesham in her terrible bereavement. She had had very sad misfortunes in
having lost her daughter by a pony bolting [for further details see below], her eldest son,
killed in the South African War [at the Battle of Diamond Hill on 11 June 1900], and now her
husband. Those who knew Lord Chesham were aware that he was of a most generous and
genial disposition, thoroughly kind and cheery with all with whom he came into contact.
He was ready to do anything in his power, especially for the men on his estates. He would
be greatly missed by hosts of friends, from Royalty downwards.
'Captain B. Beatty, of Kibworth Grange, Leicestershire, said: "I was hunting with the Pytchley
Hounds on Saturday last, and was riding close to Lord Chesham, whom I had known all my life.
Hounds were in full cry across a wheat field close to Welton Reservoir, near Daventry, and I
was riding not far behind Lord Chesham. When we got near to the boundary hedge I shouted 
to him to take the fence first. A lot of other members of the hunt had been across the same
place. Lord Chesham's horse made for the fence at a good rate, but caught its forefoot on the
fence. It recovered itself sufficiently to get over the fence, but not far enough to land clear of
the ditch on the other side. The result was that the animal fell, turning a complete somersault.
I jumped off my horse and got over the fence. Lord Chesham was lying on his face, with his 
head and shoulders under the horse. I went to the horse's head, but before I could reach it the
animal jumped up, and galloped away. When I got to Lord Chesham he was, in my opinion,
already dead. A doctor was sent for and the Master, Lord Annaly, notified. The hunt was 
stopped, and I, with others, remained with the body until a doctor arrived. I afterwards helped
to remove the body to Holdenby House by the express wish of Lord Annaly."
'Doctor A. Harrison said he was riding on his rounds between Daventry and Walton when the
news of the accident reached him, and he at once hurried to the spot. Lord Chesham must
have died immediately, the vertebrae being broken at the junction of the head and neck.
'In returning a verdict of accidental death the foreman of the jury, the Rev. T.W. Bankes-Jones,
rector of Holdenby, said: "The jury desire that an expression of their deepest sympathy be 
sent to the bereaved family. Lord Chesham was known to most of us as the very beau-ideal
of an English nobleman, and wherever he went his bright and cheery presence came as a ray
of sunshine."
The daughter referred to in the above report was killed in a riding accident. A report in the
'Cheshire Observer' of 10 July 1897 states that "a sad accident which, we deeply regret to
state, resulted fatally, occurred on Thursday to the Hon. Marjorie Beatrice Cavendish,
youngest daughter of Lord and Lady Chesham, niece of the Duchess, and grand-daughter of
the Duke of Westminster. Her ladyship, who was about eight years of age, was riding in the
neighbourhood of Upton House, Banbury, Lord Chesham's seat, when her pony, after stumbling,
bolted at a terrific pace. As a result her ladyship was unseated, and her foot being held by the
stirrup she was dragged half-a-mile along the road, sustaining dreadful injuries."
Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire VC, Baron Cheshire
Cheshire was awarded his Victoria Cross in September 1944 not for any one act of valour, as is
usually the case, but in recognition of an extended period of sustained courage and outstanding
effort.
The citation reads:-
'The King has conferred the Victoria Cross for most conspicuous bravery on a pilot of R.A.F.
Bomber Command who has completed 100 missions since the start of the war. The award is
made to Wing Commander Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire, D.S.O. and two bars, D.F.C., Royal Air 
Force Volunteer Reserve, 617 Squadron [The 'Dam Busters'].
'This officer began his operational career in June, 1940. Against strongly defended targets he 
soon displayed the courage and determination of an exceptional leader. He was always ready 
to accept extra risks to ensure success. Defying the formidable Ruhr defences. He frequently 
released his bombs from below 2,000ft. Aver Cologne in November, 1940, a shell burst inside 
his aircraft, blowing out one side and starting a fire. Undeterred, he went on to bomb his target.
'At the end of his first tour of operational duty he immediately volunteered for a second. Again
he pressed home his attacks with the utmost gallantry. Berlin, Bremen, Cologne, Duisberg, 
Essen, and Kiel were among the heavily defended targets which he attacked. When he was
posted for instructional duties in January, 1942, he undertook four more operational missions.
'He started a third operational tour in August, 1942, when he was given command of a
squadron. He led the squadron with outstanding skill before being appointed a station 
commander in March, 1943.
'In October, 1943, he undertook a fourth operational tour, relinquishing the rank of group 
captain at his own request so that he could again take part in operations. He immediately set 
to work as the pioneer of a new method of marking enemy targets involving very low flying. In 
June, 1944, when marking a target in the harbour at Le Havre in broad daylight and without 
cloud cover, he dived well below the range of the light batteries before releasing his marker-
bombs, and he came very near to being destroyed by the strong barrage.
'During his fourth tour, which ended last July, Wing Commander Cheshire led his squadron
personally on every occasion, always undertaking the most dangerous and difficult task of
marking the target alone from a low level in the face of strong defences.
'Wing Commander Cheshire's cold and calculated acceptance of risks is exemplified by his
conduct in an attack on Munich in April. This was an experimental attack to test the new
method of target-marking at low level against a heavily defended target situated deep in
Reich territory. Munich was selected, at Wing Commander Cheshire's request, because of the
formidable nature of its light anti-aircraft and searchlight defences. He was obliged to follow,
in bad weather, a direct route which took him over the defences of Augsberg and thereafter
he was continuously under fire. As he reached the target, flares were being released by our
high-flying aircraft. He was illuminated from above and below. All guns within range opened
fire on him. Diving to 700ft. he dropped his markers with great precision and began to climb
away. So blinding were the searchlights that he almost lost control. He then flew over the
city at 1000ft. to assess the accuracy of his work and direct other aircraft. His own was
badly hit by shell fragments, but he continued to fly over the target area until he was 
satisfied that he had done all in his power to ensure success. For 12 minutes after leaving the
target area he was under withering fire, but he came safely through.
'Wing Commander Cheshire has now completed 100 missions. In four years of fighting against
the bitterest opposition he has maintained a record of outstanding personal achievement,
placing himself invariably in the forefront of the battle. What he did in the Munich operation
was typical of the careful planning, brilliant execution, and contempt for danger which has
established for Wing Commander Cheshire a reputation second to none in Bomber Command.'
After the end of the war, Cheshire devoted his life to charity, founding an organization whose
aim is to provide care for disabled persons throughout the world. Cheshire was created a
member of the Order of Merit in 1981, and was made a life peer in 1991, both honours being,
in my humble opinion, very much deserved.
Copyright @ 2003-2014  Leigh Rayment