PEERAGE
Last updated 20/09/2014
Date Rank Order Name Born Died Age
CHETWYND
29 Jun 1717 V[I] 1 Walter Chetwynd 3 Jun 1678 21 Feb 1736 57
Created Baron of Rathdowne and
Viscount Chetwynd 29 Jun 1717
MP for Stafford 1702-1711,1712-1722 and
1725-1734
21 Feb 1736 2 John Chetwynd c 1680 21 Jun 1767
MP for St Mawes 1715-1722, Stockbridge
1722-1734 and Stafford 1738-1747
21 Jun 1767 3 William Richard Chetwynd 1684 3 Apr 1770 85
MP for Stafford 1715-1722 and 1734-1770
and Plymouth 1722-1727
3 Apr 1770 4 William Chetwynd 15 Nov 1721 12 Nov 1791 69
MP for Stockbridge 1747-1754
12 Nov 1791 5 Richard Chetwynd 29 Sep 1757 27 Feb 1821 63
27 Feb 1821 6 Richard Walter Chetwynd 13 Dec 1800 6 Dec 1879 78
6 Dec 1879 7 Richard Walter Chetwynd 26 Jul 1823 23 Jan 1911 87
23 Jan 1911 8 Godfrey John Boyle Chetwynd 3 Oct 1863 22 Mar 1936 72
CH 1917
22 Mar 1936 9 Adam Duncan Chetwynd 14 Nov 1904 12 Jun 1965 60
12 Jun 1965 10 Adam Richard John Casson Chetwynd 2 Feb 1935
CHEWTON
13 Sep 1729 V 1 James Waldegrave 1684 11 Apr 1741 56
Created Viscount Chewton and Earl
Waldegrave 13 Sep 1729
See "Waldegrave"
CHEYLESMORE
9 Jul 1887 B 1 Henry William Eaton 13 Mar 1816 2 Oct 1891 75
Created Baron Cheylesmore 9 Jul 1887
MP for Coventry 1865-1880 and 1881-1887
2 Oct 1891 2 William Meriton Eaton 15 Jan 1843 10 Jul 1902 59
10 Jul 1902 3 Herbert Francis Eaton 25 Jan 1848 29 Jul 1925 77
29 Jul 1925 4 Francis Ormond Henry Eaton 19 Jun 1893 21 Apr 1974 80
to Peerage extinct on his death
21 Apr 1974
CHEYNE
22 Sep 1487 B 1 Sir John Cheyne 30 May 1499
to Summoned to Parliament as Lord
30 May 1499 Cheyne 22 Sep 1487
KG 1486
Peerage extinct on his death
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8 May 1572 B 1 Sir Henry Cheyne 3 Sep 1587
to Summoned to Parliament as Lord
3 Sep 1587 Cheyne 8 May 1572
MP for Kent 1562-1567
Peerage extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17 May 1681 B[S] 1 Charles Cheyne c 1625 30 Jun 1698
Created Lord Cheyne and Viscount
Newhaven 17 May 1681
See "Newhaven"
CHICHESTER
3 Jun 1644 E 1 Sir Francis Leigh,1st baronet 21 Dec 1653
Created Baron of Dunsmore 31 Jul
1628 and Earl of Chichester 3 Jun 1644
MP for Warwick 1625-1626
21 Dec 1653 2 Thomas Wriothesley,4th Earl of Southampton 10 Mar 1607 16 May 1667 60
to Peerages extinct on his death
16 May 1667
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10 Sep 1675 E 1 Charles Fitzroy 18 Jun 1662 9 Sep 1730 68
Created Baron of Newbury,Earl of
Chichester and Duke of Southampton
10 Sep 1675
See "Southampton"
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
23 Jun 1801 E 1 Thomas Pelham,2nd Baron Pelham of Stanmer 28 Feb 1728 8 Jan 1805 76
Created Earl of Chichester 23 Jun 1801
MP for Rye 1749-1754 and Sussex 1754-1768
PC 1765
8 Jan 1805 2 Thomas Pelham 28 Apr 1756 4 Jul 1826 70
MP for Sussex 1780-1801. Home Secretary
1801-1803, Chancellor of the Duchy of
Lancaster 1803, Postmaster General 1807-
1826. PC [I] 1783 PC 1795
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Pelham of Stanmer
Jun 1801
4 Jul 1826 3 Henry Thomas Pelham 25 Aug 1804 16 Mar 1886 81
Lord Lieutenant Sussex 1860-1886.
16 Mar 1886 4 Walter John Pelham 22 Sep 1838 28 May 1902 63
MP for Lewes 1865-1874
28 May 1902 5 Francis Godolphin Pelham 18 Oct 1844 21 Apr 1905 60
21 Apr 1905 6 Jocelyn Brudenell Pelham 21 May 1871 14 Nov 1926 55
14 Nov 1926 7 Francis Godolphin Henry Pelham 23 Mar 1905 22 Nov 1926 21
22 Nov 1926 8 John Buxton Pelham 12 Jun 1912 21 Feb 1944 31
14 Apr 1944 9 John Nicholas Pelham 14 Apr 1944
CHICHESTER OF BELFAST
23 Feb 1613 B[I] 1 Arthur Chichester May 1563 19 Feb 1625 61
to Created Baron Chichester of
19 Feb 1625 Belfast 23 Feb 1613
Peerage extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Apr 1625 V[I] 1 Sir Edward Chichester c 1568 8 Jul 1648
Created Baron Chichester of Belfast
and Viscount Chichester of
Carrickfergus 1 Apr 1625
See "Chichester of Carrickfergus"
CHICHESTER OF CARRICKFERGUS
1 Apr 1625 V[I] 1 Sir Edward Chichester c 1568 8 Jul 1648
Created Baron Chichester of Belfast
and Viscount Chichester of
Carrickfergus 1 Apr 1625
8 Jul 1648 2 Arthur Chichester
He was created Earl of Donegall (qv) into
which title this peerage then merged
CHIDGEY
17 Jun 2005 B[L] 1 David William George Chidgey 9 Jul 1942
Created Baron Chidgey for life 17 Jun 2005
MP for Eastleigh 1994-2005
CHILSTON
6 Jul 1911 V 1 Aretas Akers-Douglas 21 Oct 1851 15 Jan 1926 74
Created Baron Douglas of Baads and Viscount
Chilston 6 Jul 1911
MP for Kent East 1880-1885 and St.
Augustines 1885-1911. First Commissioner
of Works 1895-1902. Home Secretary 1902-
1905. PC 1891
15 Jan 1926 2 Aretas Akers-Douglas 17 Feb 1876 25 Jul 1947 71
PC 1939
25 Jul 1947 3 Eric Alexander Akers-Douglas 17 Dec 1910 10 Apr 1982 71
10 Apr 1982 4 Alastair George Akers-Douglas 6 Sep 1946
CHILVER
14 Jul 1987 B[L] 1 Amos Henry Chilver 30 Oct 1926 8 Jul 2012 85
to Created Baron Chilver for life 14 Jul 1987
8 Jul 2012 Peerage extinct on his death
CHISHOLM OF OWLPEN
16 Sep 2014 B[L] 1 Caroline Elizabeth Chisholm
Created Baroness Chisholm of Owlpen for life
16 Sep 2014
CHITNIS
18 Jul 1977 B[L] 1 Pratap Chidamber Chitnis 1 May 1936 12 Jul 2013 77
to Created Baron Chitnis for life 18 Jul 1977
12 Jul 2013 Peerage extinct on his death
CHOLMONDELEY
2 Jul 1628 V[I] 1 Sir Robert Cholmondeley,1st baronet 26 Jun 1584 2 Oct 1659 75
1 Sep 1648 B 1 Created Viscount Cholmondeley [I]
to 2 Jul 1628,Baron Cholmondeley
2 Oct 1659 1 Sep 1648 and Earl of Leinster
3 Mar 1646
Peerages extinct on his death
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
29 Mar 1661 V[I] 1 Robert Cholmondeley 22 May 1681
Created Viscount Cholmondeley
29 Mar 1661
22 May 1681 2 Hugh Cholmondeley 1662 18 Jan 1725 62
29 Dec 1706 E 1 Created Baron Cholmondeley 10 Apr
1689,and Viscount Malpas and Earl of
Cholmondeley 29 Dec 1706
Lord Lieutenant Anglesey 1702-1713
and 1714-1725 and Cheshire 1703-1713 and
1714-1725. PC 1705
18 Jan 1725 2 George Cholmondeley 1666 7 May 1733 66
Created Baron Newborough 12 Apr
1715 and Baron Newburgh 10 Jul 1716
MP for Newton 1690-1695. Lord Lieutenant
Cheshire and Anglesey 1725-1733 PC [I] by 1723
7 May 1733 3 George Cholmondeley 2 Jan 1703 10 Jun 1770 67
MP for East Looe 1724-1727 and Windsor
1727-1733. Lord Lieutenant Cheshire 1733-1770
and Anglesey 1733-1761. Chancellor of the
Duchy of Lancaster 1736-1743. Lord
Lieutenant Montgomery 1737-1761. Lord
Privy Seal 1743-1744. PC 1736
10 Jun 1770 4 George James Cholmondeley 11 May 1749 10 Apr 1827 77
22 Nov 1815 M 1 Created Earl of Rocksavage and
Marquess of Cholmondeley 22 Nov 1815
Lord Lieutenant Cheshire 1770-1783.
PC 1783 KG 1822
10 Apr 1827 2 George Horatio Cholmondeley 16 Jan 1792 8 May 1870 78
MP for Castle Rising 1817-1822 PC 1830
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Newburgh 5 Jan 1822
8 May 1870 3 William Henry Hugh Cholmondeley 31 Mar 1800 16 Dec 1884 84
MP for Castle Rising 1822-1832 and
Hampshire South 1852-1857
16 Dec 1884 4 George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley 3 Jul 1858 16 Mar 1923 64
PC 1901
16 Mar 1923 5 George Horatio Charles Cholmondeley 19 May 1883 16 Sep 1968 85
16 Sep 1968 6 George Hugh Cholmondeley 24 Apr 1919 13 Mar 1990 70
13 Mar 1990 7 David George Philip Cholmondeley 27 Jun 1960
CHORLEY
16 Nov 1945 B 1 Robert Samuel Theodore Chorley 29 May 1895 27 Jan 1978 82
Created Baron Chorley 16 Nov 1945
27 Jan 1978 2 Roger Richard Edward Chorley 14 Aug 1930
CHRISTOPHER
30 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Anthony Martin Grosvenor Christopher 25 Apr 1925
Created Baron Christopher for life
30 Jul 1998
CHURCHILL
21 Dec 1682 B[S] 1 John Churchill 24 Jun 1650 16 Jun 1722 71
to Created Lord Churchill 21 Dec 1682
16 Jun 1722 He was subsequently created Duke of
Marlborough (qv) in 1702 - this peerage
extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14 May 1685 B 1 John Churchill 24 Jun 1650 16 Jun 1722 71
Created Lord Churchill 14 May 1685
He was subsequently created Duke of
Marlborough (qv) in 1702
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11 Aug 1815 B 1 Lord Francis Almeric Spencer 26 Dec 1779 10 Mar 1845 65
Created Baron Churchill of
Whichwood 11 Aug 1815
MP for Oxfordshire 1801-1815
10 Mar 1845 2 Francis George Spencer 6 Oct 1802 24 Nov 1886 84
24 Nov 1886 3 Victor Albert Francis Charles Spencer 23 Oct 1864 3 Jan 1934 69
14 Jul 1902 V 1 Created Viscount Churchill 14 Jul 1902
3 Jan 1934 2 Victor Alexander Spencer 1 Aug 1890 21 Dec 1973 83
21 Dec 1973 3 Victor George Spencer 31 Jul 1934
CHURSTON
2 Aug 1858 B 1 Sir John Yarde-Buller,3rd baronet 12 Apr 1799 4 Sep 1871 72
Created Baron Curston 2 Aug 1858
Mp for Devonshire South 1835-1858
4 Sep 1871 2 John Yarde-Buller 26 Oct 1846 30 Nov 1910 64
30 Nov 1910 3 John Reginald Lopes Yarde-Buller 9 Nov 1873 19 Apr 1930 56
19 Apr 1930 4 Richard Francis Roger Yarde-Buller 12 Feb 1910 9 Apr 1991 81
9 Apr 1991 5 John Francis Yarde-Buller 29 Dec 1934
CHUTER-EDE
1 Jan 1965 B[L] 1 James Chuter Ede 11 Sep 1882 11 Nov 1965 83
to Created Baron Chuter-Ede for life 1 Jan 1965
11 Nov 1965 MP for Mitcham 1923 and South Shields 1929-1931
and 1935-1964. Home Secretary 1945-1951
PC 1944 CH 1953
Peerage extinct on his death
CILCENNIN
18 Jan 1956 V 1 James Purdon Lewes Thomas 13 Oct 1903 13 Jul 1960 56
to Created Viscount Cilcennin 18 Jan 1956
13 Jul 1960 MP for Hereford 1931-1955. First Lord of
the Admiralty 1951-1956. Lord Lieutenant
Hereford 1957-1960. PC 1951
Peerage extinct on his death
CIRENCESTER
9 Apr 1689 B 1 William Bentinck 20 Jul 1649 23 Nov 1709 60
Created Baron Cirencester and Earl of
Portland 9 Apr 1689
See "Portland"
CITRINE
16 Jul 1946 B 1 Walter McLennan Citrine 22 Aug 1887 22 Jan 1983 95
Created Baron Citrine 16 Jul 1946
PC 1940
22 Jan 1983 2 Norman Arthur Citrine 27 Sep 1914 18 Mar 1997 82
18 Mar 1997 3 Ronald Eric Citrine 19 May 1919 5 Aug 2006 87
to Peerage extinct on his death
5 Aug 2006
CLANBRASSILL
7 Jun 1647 E[I] 1 James Hamilton,2nd Viscount Claneboye 20 Jun 1659
Created Earl of Clanbrassill 7 Jun 1647
20 Jun 1659 2 Henry Hamilton 1647 12 Jan 1675 27
to PC [I] 1671
12 Jan 1675 Peerages extinct on his death
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
24 Nov 1756 E[I] 1 James Hamilton c 1691 17 Mar 1758
Created Baron Claneboye and Viscount
Limerick 13 May 1719, and Earl of Clanbrassil
24 Nov 1756
MP for Wendover 1727-1734,Tavistock 1742-
1747 and Morpeth 1747-1754 PC [I] 1746
17 Mar 1758 2 James Hamilton 23 Aug 1730 6 Feb 1798 67
to MP for Helston 1768-1774. PC [I] 1766
6 Feb 1798 KP 1783
Peerage extinct on his death
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17 Jul 1821 B 1 Robert Jocelyn,3rd Earl of Roden 27 Oct 1788 20 Mar 1870 81
Created Baron Clanbrassill 17 Jul 1821
20 Mar 1870 2 Robert Jocelyn,4th Earl of Roden 22 Nov 1846 9 Jan 1880 33
9 Jan 1880 3 John Strange Jocelyn,5th Earl of Roden 5 Jun 1823 3 Jul 1897 74
to Peerage extinct on his death
3 Jul 1897
CLANCARE
24 Jun 1565 E[I] 1 Sir Donald Maccarty by 1601
to Created Baron of Valentia amd Earl of
1597 Clancare 24 Jun 1565
He resigned the peerages in 1597
CLANCARTY
27 Nov 1658 E[I] 1 Donough Maccarty,2nd Viscount Muskerry 1594 4 Aug 1665 71
Created Earl of Clancarty 27 Nov 1658
4 Aug 1665 2 Charles Maccarty 22 Sep 1666
22 Sep 1666 3 Callaghan Maccarty 21 Nov 1676
21 Nov 1676 4 Donough Maccarty 1668 1 Oct 1734 66
to He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1691
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12 Feb 1803 E[I] 1 William Power Keating Trench 1741 27 Apr 1805 63
Created Baron Kilconnel 25 Nov 1797,
Viscount Dunlo 3 Jan 1801 and Earl of
Clancarty 12 Feb 1803
27 Apr 1805 2 Richard le Poer-Trench 18 May 1767 24 Nov 1837 70
8 Dec 1823 V 1 Created Baron Trench 4 Aug 1815 and
Viscount Clancarty 8 Dec 1823
MP for co.Galway 1800-1805 and Rye 1807.
President of the Board of Trade 1812-1818
PC 1807 PC [I] 1809
24 Nov 1837 3 William Thomas le Poer-Trench 21 Sep 1803 26 Apr 1872 68
26 Apr 1872 4 Richard Somerset le Poer-Trench 13 Jan 1834 29 May 1891 57
29 May 1891 5 William Frederick le Poer-Trench 29 Dec 1868 16 Feb 1929 60
For further information on this peer and his wife,
see the note at the foot of this page.
16 Feb 1929 6 Richard Frederick John Donough
le Poer-Trench 29 Dec 1891 5 Jun 1971 79
5 Jun 1971 7 Greville Sydney Rochfort le Poer-Trench 10 Dec 1902 15 Sep 1975 72
15 Sep 1975 8 William Francis Brinsley le Poer-Trench 18 Sep 1911 18 May 1995 83
For further information on this peer
see the note at the foot of this page.
18 May 1995 9 Nicholas Power Richard le Poer-Trench 1 May 1952
CLANCONNELL
May 1578 E[I] 1 Terence Lenagh,1st Baron of Clogher 1532 1595 63
to Created Baron Clogher 1578 and Earl
1595 of Clanconnell May 1578
Nothing further appears to be known of
these peerages which presumably became
extinct on his death
CLANEBOYE
4 May 1622 V[I] 1 James Hamilton 1643
Created Viscount Claneboye 4 May 1622
1643 2 James Hamilton 20 Jun 1659
He was created Earl of Clanbrassill (qv) in
1647 with which title this peerage then merged
until its extinction in 1675
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13 May 1719 B[I] 1 James Hamilton 17 Mar 1758
Created Baron Claneboye and Viscount
of the City of Limerick 13 May 1719, and
Earl of Clanbrassil 24 Nov 1756
See "Clanbrassill"
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
22 Jan 1850 B 1 Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-
13 Nov 1871 V 1 Blackwood,5th Baron Dufferin and Clandeboye 21 Jun 1826 12 Feb 1902 75
Created Baron Clandboye 22 Jan 1850,
Viscount Clandboye and Earl of
Dufferin 13 Nov 1871 and Earl of Ava
and Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
17 Nov 1888
See "Dufferin and Ava"
CLANEHUGH
22 Nov 1675 B[I] 1 Sir Arthur Forbes 1623 1695 72
Created Baron Clanehugh and
Viscount of Granard 22 Nov 1675,and
Earl of Granard 30 Dec 1684
See "Granard"
CLANFIELD
10 Jul 1929 V 1 William Robert Wellesley Peel,2nd Viscount Peel 7 Jan 1867 28 Sep 1937 70
Created Viscount Clanfield and Earl
Peel 10 Jul 1929
See "Peel"
CLANMALIER
22 Dec 1631 V[I] 1 Terence O'Dempsey c 1638
Created Baron of Phillipstown and
Viscount Clanmalier 22 Dec 1631
c 1638 2 Lewis O'Dempsey 1683
1683 3 Maximilian O'Dempsey 30 Nov 1691
to Peerage extinct on his death
30 Nov 1691
CLANMAURICE
17 Jan 1723 V[I] 1 Thomas Fitzmaurice,21st Baron of Kerry 1668 16 Mar 1741 72
Created Viscount Clanmaurice and
Earl of Kerry 17 Jan 1723
See "Kerry"
CLANMORRIS
31 Jul 1800 B[I] 1 John Bingham 1762 18 May 1821 58
Created Baron Clanmorris 31 Jul 1800
18 May 1821 2 Charles Barry Bingham 1796 3 Jun 1829 32
3 Jun 1829 3 Denis Arthur Bingham 22 Jan 1808 24 Feb 1847 39
24 Feb 1847 4 John Charles Robert Bingham 28 Nov 1826 5 Apr 1876 49
5 Apr 1876 5 John George Barry Bingham 27 Aug 1852 4 Nov 1916 64
4 Nov 1916 6 Arthur Maurice Robert Bingham 22 Jun 1879 24 Jun 1960 81
24 Jun 1960 7 John Michael Ward Bingham 3 Nov 1908 7 Aug 1988 79
7 Aug 1988 8 Simon John Ward Bingham 25 Oct 1937
CLANRICARDE
1 Jul 1543 E[I] 1 Ulick de Burgh 19 Oct 1544
Created Baron of Dunkellin and Earl
of Clanricarde 1 Jul 1543
19 Oct 1544 2 Richard de Burgh 24 Jul 1582
24 Jul 1582 3 Ulick de Burgh 20 May 1601
20 May 1601 4 Richard Bourke 1572 12 Nov 1635 63
Created Baron of Somerhill and
Viscount Tunbridge 3 Apr 1624 and
Baron of Imanney,Viscount Galway and
Earl of St.Albans 23 Aug 1628
12 Nov 1635 5 Ulick de Burgh Dec 1604 Jul 1657 52
21 Feb 1646 M[I] 1 Created Marquess of Clanricarde
to 21 Feb 1646
Jul 1657 He subsequently [c 1650] succeeded as 3rd
Viscount Bourke of Clanmories. On his death the
Marquessate became extinct whilst the Earldom
passed to -
Jul 1657 6 Richard Bourke Aug 1666
Aug 1666 7 William Bourke Oct 1687
Oct 1687 8 Richard Bourke c 1704
c 1704 9 John Bourke 1642 17 Oct 1722 80
17 Oct 1722 10 Michael Bourke 1686 29 Nov 1726 40
PC [I] 1726
29 Nov 1726 11 John Smyth de Burgh 11 Nov 1720 21 Apr 1782 61
PC [I] 1761
21 Apr 1782 12 Henry de Burgh 8 Jan 1743 8 Dec 1797 54
17 Aug 1789 M[I] 1 Created Marquess of Clanricarde
to 17 Aug 1789
8 Dec 1797 KP 1783. PC [I] 1783
On his death the Marquessate became extinct
whilst the Earldom passed to -
8 Dec 1797 13 John Thomas de Burgh 22 Sep 1744 27 Jul 1808 63
29 Dec 1800 E[1] 1 Created Earl of Clanricarde
29 Dec 1800
For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of this peerage,see the note at the
foot of this page
PC [I] 1801
27 Jul 1808 14 Ulick John de Burgh 20 Dec 1802 10 Apr 1874 71
2 Created Marquess of Clanricarde
26 Nov 1825 M[I] 1 26 Nov 1825 and Baron Somerhill
13 Dec 1826
Postmaster General 1846-1852. Lord
Privy Seal 1857-1858. PC 1830 KP 1831
Lord Lieutenant Galway 1831-1874
10 Apr 1874 15 Hubert George de Burgh-Canning 30 Nov 1832 12 Apr 1916 83
to 3 MP for Galway Co. 1867-1871
12 Apr 1916 2 On his death all peerages became extinct
except the Earldom of Clanricarde created
1800 which passed to the Marquess of
Sligo (qv)
CLANWILLIAM
20 Jul 1776 E[I] 1 Sir John Meade,4th baronet 21 Apr 1744 19 Oct 1800 56
Created Baron Gillford and Viscount
Clanwilliam 17 Nov 1766 and Earl of
Clanwilliam 20 Jul 1776
19 Oct 1800 2 Robert Meade 10 May 1766 3 Sep 1805 39
3 Sep 1805 3 Richard Charles Francis Meade 15 Aug 1795 7 Oct 1879 84
Created Baron Clanwilliam 28 Jan 1828
7 Oct 1879 4 Richard James Meade 3 Oct 1832 4 Aug 1907 74
Admiral of the Fleet 1895
4 Aug 1907 5 Arthur Vesey Meade 14 Jan 1873 23 Jan 1953 80
23 Jan 1953 6 John Charles Edmund Carson Meade 6 Jun 1914 30 Mar 1989 74
Lord Lieutenant Down 1962-1979
30 Mar 1989 7 John Herbert Meade 27 Sep 1919 24 Dec 2009 90
24 Dec 2009 8 Patrick James Meade 28 Dec 1960
CLARE (England)
Holders of the Honour of Clare
c 1070 1 Richard Fitzgilbert c 1035 c 1090
c 1090 2 Gilbert Fitzrichard by 1086 c 1117
c 1117 3 Richard de Clare 15 Apr 1136
15 Apr 1136 4 Gilbert de Clare,1st Earl of Hertford by 1115 1152
1152 5 Roger de Clare,2nd Earl of Hertford by 1137 1173
1173 6 Richard de Clare,3rd Earl of Hertford by 1162 Nov 1217
Nov 1217 7 Gilbert de Clare,4th Earl of Hertford by 1182 25 Oct 1230
25 Oct 1230 8 Richard de Clare,5th Earl of Hertford 4 Aug 1222 13 Jul 1262 39
13 Jul 1262 9 Gilbert de Clare,6th Earl of Hertford 2 Sep 1243 7 Dec 1295 52
7 Dec 1295 10 Gilbert de Clare,8th Earl of Hertford 1291 24 Jun 1314 23
24 Jun 1314 11 Elizabeth de Burgh c 1292 4 Nov 1360
4 Nov 1360 12 Elizabeth Plantagenet 1338 1363 25
1363 13 Lionel Plantagenet,Duke of Clarence 29 Nov 1338 17 Oct 1368 29
17 Oct 1368 14 Philippa Mortimer 16 Aug 1355 5 Jan 1382 26
5 Jan 1382 15 Roger Mortimer,4th Earl of March 11 Apr 1374 20 Jul 1398 24
20 Jul 1398 16 Edmund Mortimer,5th Earl of March 6 Nov 1391 19 Jan 1425 33
19 Jan 1425 17 Richard Plantagenet,3rd Duke of York 21 Sep 1411 31 Dec 1460 49
31 Dec 1460 18 Edward Plantagenet,4th Duke of York 28 Apr 1442 9 Apr 1483 40
He succeeded to the throne as Edward IV
in 1461 when the Honour of Clare merged
with the Crown
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
26 Oct 1309 B 1 Richard de Clare
Summoned to Parliament as Lord 7 Jun 1318
Clare 26 Oct 1309
7 Jun 1318 2 Thomas de Clare c Apr 1321
to Peerage extinct on his death
c Apr 1321
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2 Nov 1624 E 1 John Holles May 1564 4 Oct 1637 73
Created Baron Haughton 9 Jul 1616
and Earl of Clare 2 Nov 1624
MP for Nottinghamshire 1604-1611 and
1614-1616
4 Oct 1637 2 John Holles 13 Jun 1595 2 Jan 1666 70
MP for East Retford 1623-1626. Lord
Lieutenant Nottingham 1642
2 Jan 1666 3 Gilbert Holles 24 Apr 1633 16 Jan 1689 55
MP for Nottinghamshire 1660
16 Jan 1689 4 John Holles 9 Jan 1662 15 Jul 1711 49
14 May 1694 M 1 Created Marquess of Clare and Duke
to of Newcastle 14 May 1694
15 Jul 1711 MP for Nottinghamshire 1689. Lord
Lieutenant Middlesex 1689-1692
Lord Lieutenant Nottingham 1694-1711
Lord Lieutenant E Riding Yorkshire 1698 and
N Riding 1705-1711. Lord Privy Seal 1705-
1711. KG 1698 PC 1705
Peerages extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11 Aug 1715 D 1 Thomas Pelham-Holles,2nd Baron Pelham 1 Jul 1693 17 Nov 1768 75
to Created Viscount Haughton and Earl
17 Nov 1768 of Clare 19 Oct 1714, and Marquess of
Clare and Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
11 Aug 1715
The creations of 1714 and 1715 both contained a
special remainder failing his issue male,to his brother
Henry Pelham in tail male
See "Newcastle upon Tyne" - extinct 1768
CLARE (Ireland)
11 Jul 1662 V[I] 1 Daniel O'Brien c 1580 c 1664
Created Baron Moyarta and Viscount
Clare 11 Jul 1662
c 1664 2 Connor O'Brien c 1605 c 1670
c 1670 3 Daniel O'Brien c 1691
to He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1691 in 1691
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19 Jan 1767 V[I] 1 Robert Nugent c 1720 13 Oct 1788
to Created Baron Nugent and Viscount
13 Oct 1788 Clare 19 Jan 1767 and Earl Nugent
21 Jul 1776
Creations of 1767 extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12 Jun 1795 E[I] 1 John FitzGibbon 1748 28 Jan 1802 53
Created Baron Fitzgibbon [I] 6 Jul 1789,Viscount
Fitzgibbon [I] 6 Dec 1793,Earl of Clare [I] 12 Jun
1795 and Baron Fitzgibbon [GB] 24 Sep 1799
Attorney General [I] 1783. Lord Chancellor
of Ireland 1789-1802. PC [I] 1783
28 Jan 1802 2 John FitzGibbon 10 Jun 1792 18 Aug 1851 59
Lord Lieutenant Limerick 1848-1851. Governor-
General of Bombay 1830-1834. PC 1830 KP 1845
18 Aug 1851 3 Richard Hobart FitzGibbon 2 Oct 1793 10 Jan 1864 70
to MP for Limerick 1818-1841. Lord Lieutenant
10 Jan 1864 Limerick 1831-1848 and 1851-1864
Peerage extinct on his death
For further information on his son and heir, styled
Viscount FitzGibbon, see the note at the foot of
this page
CLARENCE
13 Nov 1362 D 1 Lionel Plantagenet 29 Nov 1338 17 Oct 1368 29
to Created Duke of Clarence 13 Nov 1362
17 Oct 1368 Third son of Edward III. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1361-1365 KG c 1361
Peerage extinct on his death
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2 Jul 1411 D 1 Thomas Plantagenet 29 Sep 1389 22 Mar 1421 31
to Created Earl of Albemarle and Duke
22 Mar 1421 of Clarence 2 Jul 1411
Second son of Henry IV. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1401-1408 KG c 1400
Peerage extinct on his death
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jun 1461 D 1 George Plantagenet 21 Oct 1449 18 Feb 1478 28
to Created Duke of Clarence Jun 1461
18 Feb 1478 Brother of Edward IV. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1462-1470 and 1471. KG 1461
He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
in 1478
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
20 May 1789 D 1 William Henry 21 Aug 1765 20 Jun 1837 71
to Created Earl of Munster and Duke of
26 Jun 1830 Clarence 20 May 1789
Third son of George III. KT 1770 KG 1782
PC 1789
He succeeded to the throne as William IV
in 1830 when the peerage merged with the
Crown
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
24 May 1881 D 1 H R H Leopold George Duncan Albert 7 Apr 1853 28 Mar 1884 30
Created Baron Arklow,Earl of
Clarence and Duke of Albany
24 May 1881
See "Albany"
CLARENCE AND AVONDALE
24 May 1890 D 1 Albert Victor Christian Edward 8 Jan 1864 14 Jan 1892 28
to Created Earl of Athlone and Duke of Clarence
14 Jan 1892 and Avondale 24 May 1890
Eldest son of Edward VII. KG 1883 KP 1887
Peerage extinct on his death
CLARENDON
20 Apr 1661 E 1 Edward Hyde 18 Feb 1609 19 Dec 1674 65
Created Baron Hyde of Hindon 3 Nov
1660,and Viscount Cornbury and Earl
of Clarendon 20 Apr 1661
MP for Wootton Basset 1640 and Saltash
1640-1649. Chancellor of the Exchequer
1643-1660. Secretary of State 1653-1657
Lord Chancellor 1658-1667. First Lord of
the Treasury 1660-1667. Lord Lieutenant
Oxford 1663-1668 and Wiltshire 1667-1668
19 Dec 1674 2 Henry Hyde 2 Jun 1638 31 Oct 1709 71
MP for Lyme Regis 1660-1661 and Wiltshire 1661-
1674. Lord Privy Seal 1685-1687. Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland 1685-1687. PC 1680
31 Oct 1709 3 Edward Hyde 28 Nov 1661 31 Mar 1723 61
MP for Wiltshire 1685-1695 and
Christchurch 1695-1701. Governor of New
York and New Jersey 1701-1708 PC 1711
For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
31 Mar 1723 4 Henry Hyde Jun 1672 10 Dec 1753 81
to He succeeded to the Earldom of Rochester in 1711
10 Dec 1753 MP for Launceston 1692-1711. Lord
Lieutenant Cornwall 1711-1714 PC 1710
Peerages extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14 Jun 1776 E 1 Thomas Villiers 1709 11 Dec 1786 77
Created Baron Hyde of Hindon 3 June
1756 and Earl of Clarendon
14 Jun 1776
MP for Tamworth 1747-1756. Postmaster
General 1763-1765, Chancellor of the
Duchy of Lancaster 1771-1782 and 1783
PC 1763
11 Dec 1786 2 Thomas Villiers 25 Dec 1753 7 Mar 1824 70
MP for Christchurch 1774-1780 and
Helston 1781-1786
7 Mar 1824 3 John Charles Villiers 14 Nov 1757 22 Dec 1838 81
MP for Old Sarum 1784-1790, Dartmouth
1790-1802, Tain Burghs 1802-1805 and
Queenborough 1807-1812 and 1820-1824
PC 1787
22 Dec 1838 4 George William Frederick Villiers 26 Jan 1800 27 Jun 1870 70
Lord Privy Seal 1840-1841, Chancellor of
the Duchy of Lancaster 1840-1841 and
1864-1865, President of the Board of Trade
1846-1847, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1847-1852, Foreign Secretary 1853-1858,
1865-1866 and 1868-1870. PC 1840 KG 1849
27 Jun 1870 5 Edward Hyde Villiers 11 Feb 1846 2 Oct 1914 68
MP for Brecon 1869-1870. Lord
Lieutenant Hertford 1892 -1914. PC 1900
2 Oct 1914 6 George Herbert Hyde Villiers 7 Jun 1877 13 Dec 1955 78
Governor General of South Africa 1931-
1937. PC 1931 KG 1937
13 Dec 1955 7 George Frederick Laurence Hyde Villiers 2 Feb 1933 4 Jul 2009 76
4 Jul 2009 8 George Edward Laurence Hyde Villiers 12 Feb 1976
CLARINA
28 Dec 1800 B[I] 1 Eyre Massey 24 May 1719 17 May 1804 84
Created Baron Clarina 28 Dec 1800
17 May 1804 2 Nathaniel William Massey 23 May 1773 Jan 1810 36
Jan 1810 3 Eyre Massey 6 May 1798 18 Nov 1872 74
18 Nov 1872 4 Eyre Challoner Henry Massey 29 Apr 1830 16 Dec 1897 67
16 Dec 1897 5 Lionel Edward Massey 20 Apr 1837 13 Oct 1922 85
13 Oct 1922 6 Eyre Nathaniel Massey 8 Feb 1880 4 Nov 1952 72
to Peerage extinct on his death
4 Nov 1952
CLARK
24 Jul 1969 B[L] 1 Kenneth Mackenzie Clark 13 Jul 1903 21 May 1983 79
to Created Baron Clark for life 24 Jul 1969
21 May 1983 CH 1959 OM 1976
Peerage extinct on his death
CLARK OF CALTON
21 Jun 2005 B[L] 1 Lynda Margaret Clark 26 Feb 1949
Created Baroness Clark of Calton for life
21 Jun 2005
MP for Pentlands 1997-2005. Advocate General
for Scotland 1999-2005. Scottish Lord of Session
2006- PC 2013
CLARK OF KEMPSTON
21 Jul 1992 B[L] 1 William Gibson Haig Clark 18 Oct 1917 6 Oct 2004 86
to Created Baron Clark of Kempston for life
4 Oct 2004 21 Jul 1992
MP for Nottingham South 1959-1966, Surrey
East 1970-1974 and Croydon South 1974-
1992. PC 1990
Peerage extinct on his death
CLARK OF WINDERMERE
2 Jul 2001 B[L] 1 David George Clark 10 Oct 1939
Created Baron Clark of Windermere for life
2 Jul 2001
MP for Colne Valley 1970-1974 and South Shields
1979-2001. PC 1997 Chancellor of the Duchy of
Lancaster 1997-1998
CLARKE OF HAMPSTEAD
29 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Anthony James Clarke 17 Apr 1932
Created Baron Clarke of Hampstead for life
29 Jul 1998
CLARKE OF STONE-CUM-EBONY
29 May 2009 B[L] 1 Sir Anthony Peter Clarke 13 May 1943
Created Baron Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony for
life 29 May 2009
Lord Justice of Appeal 1998-2005. Master of the
Rolls 2005-2009. Justice of the Supreme Court
2009- PC 1998
CLAUSON
20 Feb 1942 B 1 Albert Charles Clauson 14 Jan 1870 15 Mar 1946 76
to Created Baron Clauson 20 Feb 1942
15 Mar 1946 Lord Justice of Appeal 1938-1942 PC 1938
Peerage extinct on his death
CLAVERING
2 Nov 1295 B 1 Robert Fitzroger c 1245 1310
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Clavering 2 Nov 1295
1310 2 John de Clavering 1270 1332 62
to Peerage extinct on his death
1332
CLEDWYN OF PENRHOS
16 Jul 1979 B[L] 1 Cledwyn Hughes 14 Sep 1916 22 Feb 2001 84
to Created Baron Cledwyn of Penrhos
22 Feb 2001 for life 16 Jul 1979
MP for Anglesey 1951-1979. Minister of
State for Commonwealth Relations 1964-
1966. Secretary of State for Wales 1966-
1968. Minister for Agriculture,Fisheries &
Food 1968-1970. PC 1966 CH 1977
Peerage extinct on his death
CLEMENT-JONES
17 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Timothy Francis Clement-Jones 26 Oct 1949
Created Baron Clement-Jones for life
17 Jul 1998
CLEMENTS
20 Jun 1831 B 1 Nathaniel Clements,2nd Earl of Leitrim 9 May 1768 31 Dec 1854 86
Created Baron Clements 20 Jun 1831
See "Leitrim"
CLERMONT
26 May 1770 B[I] 1 William Henry Fortescue 5 Aug 1722 30 Sep 1806 84
to V[I] Created Baron Clermont 26 May 1770,
30 Sep 1806 E[I] 1 Viscount Clermont 23 Jul 1776
23 Jul 1776 and Earl of Clermont 10 Feb 1777
10 Feb 1777 PC [I] 1755 KP 1795
to On his death the Barony and Earldom became
30 Sep 1806 extinct whilst the Viscountcy passed to -
30 Sep 1806 2 William Charles Fortescue 12 Oct 1764 24 Jun 1829 64
to Peerage extinct on his death
24 Jun 1829
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11 Feb 1852 B[I] 1 Thomas Fortescue 9 Mar 1815 29 Jul 1887 72
2 May 1866 B 1 Created Baron Clermont of
to Dromisken 11 Feb 1852 and Baron
29 Jul 1887 Clermont of Clermont Park 2 May 1866
The creation of the Barony of 1852 contained a
special remainder,failing the heirs male of his body,
to his brother,Chichester Samuel Fortescue
MP for Louth 1840-1841
On his death the UK Barony became extinct
whilst the Irish Barony passed to -
29 Jul 1887 2 Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue 18 Jan 1823 30 Jan 1898 75
to MP for Louth 1847-1874. Chief Secretary
30 Jan 1898 for Ireland 1865-1866 and 1868-1870.
President of the Board of Trade 1870-1874
Lord Privy Seal 1881-1885. Lord President
of the Council 1883-1885. Lord Lieutenant
Essex 1873. PC 1864 KP 1882
Created Baron Carlingford (qv)
28 Feb 1874
Peerages extinct on his death
CLERMONT AND FETTERCAIRN
1 Oct 1660 E[S] 1 John Middleton c 1617 1673
Created Lord Clermont and Fettercairn
and Earl of Middleton 1 Oct 1660
See "Middleton"
William Frederick le Poer-Trench, 5th Earl of Clancarty and
his wife, Isabel Maude Penrice Bilton, Countess of Clancarty
Belle, as she was always known, was born in 1866, the daughter of a recruiting sergeant in the
British Army. At the age of 14, she first appeared on stage with her younger sister, Florence, in
a pantomime at the Garrison Theatre, Woolwich. As luck would have it, there they were
'discovered' by a theatrical agent who happened to be present. Within a short time, the Bilton
Sisters were headline acts in the world of variety.
Unfortunately for Belle, she met and became the mistress of a confidence trickster who called
himself 'Baron de Loanda' but whose real name was Alden Weston. The law finally caught up
with him in March 1888, when he received 18 months for conspiracy to defraud. Belle, who was
at the time pregnant to Weston, was unable to return to the stage in her condition. Around this
time, she met a young 24-year-old man named Isidor Wertheimer, who was the son of a well-
known bric-a-brac dealer in Bond Street, London. The meeting ripened into a platonic friendship
and he offered her the help she needed, housing her in his country cottage and paying for the
doctor and nurse when her baby was born. In gratitude, and somewhat naively, she named the
child ''Isidor.' After the birth, her doctor recommended a holiday abroad, so the faithful Isidor
took her to Paris where they occupied separate rooms. On their return to London, Belle set her
up in a house at St. John's Wood, and, although he stayed there only at weekends, Isidor and
Belle always occupied separate rooms.
When her health had improved sufficiently, Belle returned to the stage. In April 1889, at the
Corinthian Club, she was introduced to William Frederick le Poer-Trench, Viscount Dunlo and
heir to the Earldom of Clancarty. Dunlo was infatuated immediately and after three months'
wooing, they were married in a secret ceremony at a Hampstead registry office on 10 July
1889. In order to keep the marriage secret, they parted immediately after the ceremony, but
Dunlo's ardour overcame his discretion and he booked a honeymoon suite at the Hotel Victoria.
Inevitably, gossip came to the ears of the press and the secret marriage became known.
Dunlo's father reacted very badly to this news, denying hotly that his son had married. When
it became obvious that such was the case, he cut off his son's allowance. The old Earl had,
before the wedding had taken place, arranged for Dunlo to undertake a trip around the world
and Dunlo, who appears to have been a weak and easily dominated man, now left his wife at
home while he undertook the planned journey.
The Earl set a host of private detectives to spy on Belle and to gain, or manufacture, evidence
of marital infidelity. She had to leave her lodgings because her fellow lodgers complained of
constant interference from the detectives. Her landlady later testified that she could not have
led a more blameless life. Even Alden Weston, by now out of prison, could not provide any
ammunition for the detectives. Weston was soon back in custody, this time for forging cheques
in the name of Isidor Wertheimer.
The faithful Isidor again came to her aid and installed her in his house at St. John's Wood again,
but he did not stay in that house.
The Earl then began a suit for his son's divorce, which commenced in the Probate, Divorce and
Admiralty Court on 23 July 1890. Belle denied that she had ever been Isidor's mistress and, when
asked how her position differed from that of a mistress, she replied with dignity, 'I was living
under his protection, but I was not living with him. That is the difference.' Not one particle of
incriminating evidence against Belle was produced and it was shown that, at all times, she had
conducted herself blamelessly. In defiance of his father, Dunlo testified that his love for his
wife was as strong as ever and that he wanted her back. After six days of hearings, and after
only 15 minutes' consideration by the jury, Belle was completely exonerated.
The Earl suffered greatly from the contempt of the public for his actions and the press was
bitter in its denunciation of him. He died within a year - some said as a result of his continued
vindictiveness - having again cut off Dunlo's allowance. Belle again became the breadwinner,
returning to the stage, but, on the death of her father-in-law, she left the stage for the final
time and moved with her husband to the family estates at Garbally Court in county Galway. Here
she gave birth to four children and endeared herself to the local Irish countryfolk for her works
of charity.
But tragedy loomed - she was diagnosed with cancer and, although she fought the disease for
three years, she died on 31 December 1906, aged only 40, being universally mourned by the
entire county. 'On the day of the funeral,' says a contemporary newspaper report, 'all business
was suspended as a mark of respect and every blind was drawn along the line of route. From
an early hour the tenantry and neighbours began to assemble before the house; and shared
between them the sad task of carrying the coffin on their shoulders a distance of three miles
to the family vault.'
After his wife's death, Clancarty's luck does not appear to have changed for the better. Within
a month of his wife's death, he was a passenger in a car which hit and killed a pedestrian (the
driver was charged with manslaughter, but found not guilty), and within six months he had been
declared a bankrupt by the courts in Dublin. This bankruptcy appears to have taught him no
lessons in fiscal responsibility, for he was again bankrupted in September 1910.
The faithful Isidor Wertheimer appears to have died early in 1893, aged only 29. My assumption
is that he was part of the family of either Charles or Asher Wertheimer, who were both very
prominent in the world of art in the early part of the 20th century.
For further information, see 'Romances of the Peerage' by Horace Wyndham (Eveleigh Nash &
Grayson, London, 1930) which contains a full account of the divorce proceedings.
William Francis Brinsley le Poer-Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty
Clancarty was educated at the Nautical College, Pangbourne in Berkshire. He later sold
advertising space for a gardening magazine. Clancarty claimed that he could trace his ancestors
back to 63,000 BC, when beings from another planet had landed on Earth in spaceships. Most
humans, he maintained, were descended from these aliens. No other theory could account for
the variety of shapes, sizes and skin colours to be seen on the streets of South Kensington,
where he lived. However, not all of these aliens came from space - some emerged through
tunnels from a civilization that still existed beneath the Earth's crust. Altogether, there were six
or seven of these tunnels, one at each of the Poles and others in places such as Tibet. The
Earl admitted that 'I haven't been down one of these tunnels myself, but from what I gather,
these beings are quite advanced.'
Clancarty wrote a number of books under the name of Brinsley le Poer Trench concerning UFOs,
including The Sky People, The Flying Saucer Story and Secrets of the Ages. From 1956 to 1959
he edited The Flying Saucer Review and later founded the International Unidentified Object
Observer Corps and Contact International. He served as vice-president of the British UFO
Research Association and was an honorary life member of the Ancient Astronauts Society.
Edward Barry Stewart Bingham VC, son of the 5th Baron Clanmorris (26 Jul 1881-
24 Sep 1939)
Bingham was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1916 for his actions during the naval Battle of Jutland.
The following report appeared in 'The Weekly Irish Times' of 9 December 1916:-
Commander the Hon. Edward Barry Stewart Bingham, R.N., when he won the Victoria Cross in the
Battle of Jutland, was the third son of Lord and Lady Clanmorris, of Bangor Castle, Co. Down, and
Creg Clare, Ardrahan, Co. Galway, but since then he has been bereaved by the death of his
father, which took place on Saturday, 5th November, at Bangor Castle. Commander Bingham is
one of the few naval officers who have gained the coveted honour during the present war. The
official record his gallantry is as follows:-
"For the extremely gallant way in which he led his division in their attack first on enemy
destroyers and then on their battle cruisers. He finally sighted the enemy battle fleet, and
followed by the one remaining destroyer of his division (Nicator), with dauntless courage he
closed to within 3,000 yards of the enemy in order to attain a favourable position for firing of
torpedoes. While making the attack, Nestor [Bingham's ship] and Nicator were under concentrated
fire of the second batteries of the High Sea Fleet. Nestor was subsequently sunk."
It was initially thought that Bingham had gone done with his ship, but he was rescued by the
Germans and spent the rest of the war as a POW. After his release, he continued to serve in the
Royal Navy, retiring as a Rear Admiral in 1932.
The special remainder to the Earldom of Clanricarde
From the "London Gazette" of 6 January 1801 (issue 15326, page 40):-
"His Majesty has been pleased to grant the following Dignities to the Noblemen hereafter named,
and the Heirs Male of their respective Bodies lawfully begotten, viz.......To John Thomas Earl of
Clanricarde, the Dignity of Earl of Clanricarde, of the County of Galway, and in Default of Issue
Male, the Dignity of Countess of Clanricarde, of the County of Galway, to the first and every
other Daughter of the Body of the said John Thomas Earl of Clanricarde, as they shall be in
Priority of Birth and Seniority of Age, and the Dignity of Earl of Clanricarde, of the County of
Galway, to the Heirs Male of [the] body of such first and every other Daughter lawfully issuing
in the like Successions according to Priority of Birth and seniority of Age."
John Charles Henry FitzGibbon, styled Viscount FitzGibbon, son of the 3rd Earl of Clare
(2 May 1829-25 October 1854)
There appears to be absolutely no doubt that Viscount FitzGibbon, son and heir of the 3rd Earl of
Clare, was killed in the Charge of the Light Brigade on 25 October 1854. However, in 1877, a
number of newspaper reports suggested that a claimant had appeared who stated that he was
the missing man. The following report appeared in the "Lancaster Gazette" of 21 November 1877,
reprinted from the "Yorkshire Times" :-
'One or two reports have gained currency to the effect that Lord FitzGibbon, who was supposed
to have been killed in the Balaklava Charge, had returned to England, he not having been shot
dead, but taken prisoner, and, for an insult to a Russian officer, sent to Siberia. It has also been
stated that since his return he had paid a visit to the Hounslow Barracks, where his regiment,
the 8th Hussars, is stationed, and that Colonel Mussenden and Quartermaster-Sergeant-Major
Hefferon (formerly Lord FitzGibbon's servant) had identified him. Enquiries have been made as to
the truth of the statement relating to the visit to the barracks, and the reply was that no
person representing himself as heir to the title of Lord Clare had been there. Moreover,
Quartermaster-Sergeant-Major Hefferon and the late Trumpet-Major Grey, who were in the C
Troop of the 8th Hussars when Lord FitzGibbon took the place of Lord Cardigan's Aide-de-Camp
(Captain Lockwood), and led the troop down to the ever-memorial charge, say they were close
to him when, not long after the commencement of the charge, they saw him struck in the
chest almost at the same moment by two bullets: and they distinctly recollect his losing hold
of his sword (which was prevented from falling to the ground by a strap which secured it to
his arm), violently clasping his arms on his breast, and crying out, "Oh, my God, my God, I'm
shot." With what they believe to have been his dying breath, he exhorted his men not to linger,
saying to them, "Go on." Thus every one believed him to have died the death of a hero. He was
shot directly after the death of Captain Nolan. He had 25 in cash, which was part of 50 served
out on the morning of the charge for the C Troop. It may be added that when the soldiers came
back, Trumpet-Major Grey and several others searched for the body, but it was never found.
If Lord FitzGibbon is really in this country, as alleged, the officers and men of the 8th Hussars,
who knew him, wish to know why he has been so backward in calling upon them. The officers
who would readily recognise him and receive him with open arms are - General de Salis, Colonel
Mussenden, and Lieutenant Harrison (late of the 8th Hussars). For the information of those who
may come in contact with the new claimant, it can be stated that Lord FitzGibbon was tall -
5ft 10in in height - of fair complexion, and slim stature. He had a cast in the left eye, and was
in the habit of wearing a glass. If alive now, he would be upwards of forty years of age.'
Apart from a letter from Lord FitzGibbon's surviving family members published in a number of
papers which vehemently denied the rumours of Lord FitzGibbon's return, no more appears to
have been published in relation to this claim.
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon (known as Viscount Cornbury until 1709)
After graduating from Oxford University, Cornbury entered the Royal Regiment of Dragoons. He
was one of the first commanders to desert King James II in 1688. He sat in the House of
Commons for Wiltshire between 1685 and 1687 and again between 1689 and 1695, and for
Christchurch between 1695 and 1701. In 1688, he married, in a secret ceremony, Katherine
O'Brien, daughter of Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold. Katherine became Baroness Clifton
in her own right on the death of her mother in 1702. She died in New York in 1706 and is buried
at Trinity Church, NY.
Cornbury was appointed Governor of New York and New Jersey in 1701 and served until 1708.
History has certainly not been kind to him; he has been described as a moral profligate, sunk in
corruption and probably the worst Governor ever imposed on an American colony. He was
accused of taking bribes and plundering the public treasury. The historian Bancroft described
him as illustrating the worst form of English aristocracy's "arrogance, joined to intellectual
imbecility." Later historians describe him as a degenerate and pervert who spent half his time
dressed in women's clothes, in keeping with his role as the Queen's representative.
However, modern scholarship suggests that Cornbury has been unjustly condemned. In her
book "The Lord Cornbury Scandal; The Politics of Reputation in British America" (University of
North Carolina Press, 1998), author Patricia Bonomi re-examined the allegations against Lord
Cornbury and found them to be questionable and based on very little evidence. Much of the
evidence upon which the allegations were made was supplied by Cornbury's enemies. She
concludes that most of the stories surrounding Cornbury, and in particular his taste for
cross-dressing, were written after the event and are likely to be untrue.
For a discussion on Lord Cornbury, see http://www.straightdope.com/columns/020125.html
Copyright @ 2003-2014 Leigh Rayment