PEERAGE
Last updated 27/11/2013
Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
GAGE
14 Sep 1720 V[I] 1 Thomas Gage c 1695 21 Dec 1754
Created Baron Gage and Viscount 
Gage 14 Sep 1720
MP for Minehead 1717 and Tewkesbury
1721-1754
21 Dec 1754 2 William Hall Gage 1 Jan 1718 11 Oct 1791 73
17 Oct 1780 B 1 Created Baron Gage 17 Oct 1780 and
to     1 Nov 1790
11 Oct 1791 For details of the special remainder included in the
1 Nov 1790 B 1 creation of the Barony of 1790,see the note at the 
foot of this page
MP for Seaford 1744-1747 and 1754-1780
On his death the Barony of 1780 became
extinct whilst the Barony and Viscountcy of 1720
and the Barony of 1790 passed to -
11 Oct 1791 3 Henry Gage 4 Mar 1761 29 Jan 1808 46
29 Jan 1808 4 Henry Hall Gage 14 Dec 1791 20 Jan 1877 85
20 Jan 1877 5 Henry Charles Gage 2 Apr 1854 18 Apr 1912 58
18 Apr 1912 6 Henry Rainald Gage 30 Dec 1895 27 Feb 1982 86
27 Feb 1982 7 George John St.Clere Gage 8 Jul 1932 30 Nov 1993 61
30 Nov 1993 8 Henry Nicholas Gage 9 Apr 1934
GAINFORD
3 Jan 1917 B 1 Joseph Albert Pease 17 Jan 1860 15 Feb 1943 83
Created Baron Gainford 3 Jan 1917
MP for Tyneside 1892-1900, Saffron
Walden 1901-1910 and Rotherham 1910-1917
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1910-1911. President of the Board of
Education 1911-1915. Postmaster General
1916. PC 1908
15 Feb 1943 2 Joseph Pease 8 Mar 1889 23 Sep 1971 82
23 Sep 1971 3 Joseph Edward Pease 25 Dec 1921 4 Apr 2013 91
4 Apr 2013 4 George Pease 20 Apr 1926
GAINSBOROUGH
1 Dec 1682 E 1 Edward Noel,4th Viscount Campden 27 Jan 1641 8 Apr 1689 48
Created Baron Noel of Tichfield 
3 Feb 1681 and Earl of Gainsborough
1 Dec 1682
MP for Rutland 1661-1679 and Hampshire
1679-1681. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire
1676-1687 and Rutland 1682-1688
Apr 1689 2 Wriothesley Baptist Noel c 1661 21 Sep 1690
MP for Hampshire 1685-1686. Lord Lieutenant
Hampshire 1684-1687 and Rutland 1685-1688
21 Sep 1690 3 Baptist Noel 1684 17 Apr 1714 29
17 Apr 1714 4 Baptist Noel 1708 21 Mar 1751 42
21 Mar 1751 5 Baptist Noel 8 Jun 1740 27 May 1759 18
27 May 1759 6 Henry Noel 1743 8 Apr 1798 54
to     Peerages extinct on his death
8 Apr 1798
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16 Aug 1841 E 1 Charles Noel Noel,3rd Baron Barham 2 Oct 1781 10 Jun 1866 84
Created Baron Noel of Ridlington,
Viscount Campden and Earl of
Gainsborough 16 Aug 1841
MP for Rutland 1808-1814
10 Jun 1866 2 Charles George Noel 5 Sep 1818 13 Aug 1881 62
MP for Rutland 1840-1841. Lord Lieutenant
Rutland 1867-1881
For information on his daughter,Lady Blanche,
see the note at the foot of this page
13 Aug 1881 3 Charles William Francis Noel 20 Oct 1850 17 Apr 1926 75
17 Apr 1926 4 Arthur Edward Joseph Noel 30 Jun 1884 27 Aug 1927 43
27 Aug 1927 5 Anthony Gerard Edward Noel 24 Oct 1923 29 Dec 2009 86
29 Dec 2009 6 Anthony Baptist Noel 17 Jan 1950
GAITSKELL
23 Jan 1964 B[L] 1 Anna Dora Gaitskell 25 Apr 1901 1 Jul 1989 88
to     Created Baroness Gaitskell for life
1 Jul 1989 23 Jan 1964
Peerage extinct on her death
GALE
4 Aug 1999 B[L] 1 Anita Gale 28 Nov 1940
Created Baroness Gale for life 4 Aug 1999
GALLACHER
28 Mar 1983 B[L] 1 John Gallacher 7 May 1920 4 Jan 2004 83
to     Created Baron Gallacher for life 28 Mar 1983
4 Jan 2004 Peerage extinct on his death
GALLEN RIDGEWAY
23 Aug 1622 E[I] 1 Thomas Ridgeway c 1565 24 Jan 1632
Created Baron of Gallen Ridgeway
25 May 1616,and Viscount Gallen
Ridgeway and Earl of Londonderry
23 Aug 1622
See "Londonderry"
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8 Oct 1726 V[I] 1 Thomas Pitt,Baron 1st Londonderry c 1688 12 Sep 1729
Created Viscount Gallen Ridgeway
and Earl of Londonderry 8 Oct 1726
See "Londonderry"
GALLOWAY
19 Sep 1623 E[S] 1 Sir Alexander Stewart c 1580 1649
Created Lord of Garlies 19 Jul 1607
and Earl of Galloway 19 Sep 1623
1649 2 Sir James Stewart,1st baronet Jun 1671
Jun 1671 3 Alexander Stewart Sep 1690
Sep 1690 4 Alexander Stewart 8 Jan 1670 26 Sep 1690 20
26 Sep 1690 5 James Stewart 16 Feb 1746
16 Feb 1746 6 Alexander Stewart 1695 24 Sep 1773 78
24 Sep 1773 7 John Stewart 13 Mar 1736 13 Nov 1806 70
Created Baron Stewart of Garlies
6 Jun 1796
MP for Morpeth 1761-1768 and Ludgershall 1768
KT 1775. Lord Lieutenant Wigtown 1794-1806
and Kirkcudbright 1803-1806
13 Nov 1806 8 George Stewart 24 Mar 1768 27 Mar 1834 66
MP for Saltash 1790-1795, Cockermouth
1805-1806 and Haslemere 1806. KT 1814
Lord Lieutenant Kirkcudbright 1794-1803
and 1820-1828, and Wigtown 1807-1828
27 Mar 1834 9 Randolph Stewart 16 Sep 1800 2 Jan 1873 72
MP for Cockermouth 1826-1831. Lord
Lieutenant Kirkcudbright 1828-1845 and
Wigtown 1828-1851
2 Jan 1873 10 Alan Plantagenet Stewart 21 Oct 1835 7 Feb 1901 65
MP for Wigtownshire 1868-1873.  KT 1888
For further information on this peer, see the
note at the foot of this page.
7 Feb 1901 11 Randolph Henry Stewart 14 Oct 1836 7 Feb 1920 83
7 Feb 1920 12 Randolph Algernon Ronald Stewart 21 Nov 1892 13 Jun 1978 85
Lord Lieutenant Kirkcudbright 1932-1975
13 Jun 1978 13 Randolph Keith Reginald Stewart 14 Oct 1928
GALMOYE
16 May 1646 V[I] 1 Sir Edward Butler 1653
Created Viscount of Galmoye
16 May 1646
1653 2 Edward Butler c 1627 Oct 1667
Oct 1667 3 Piers Butler 1652 18 Jun 1740 87
to     He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1697
GALPERN
10 Jul 1979 B[L] 1 Myer Galpern 1 Jan 1903 23 Sep 1993 90
to     Created Baron Galpern for life 10 Jul 1979
23 Sep 1993 MP for Shettleston 1959-1979
Peerage extinct on his death
GALWAY
3 Apr 1624 B 1 Richard Bourke,4th Earl of Clanricarde 1572 12 Nov 1635 63
Created Baron of Somerhill and
Viscount Tunbridge 3 Apr 1624 and 
Baron of Imanney,Viscount Galway and
Earl of St.Albans 23 Aug 1628
See "Clanricarde"
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2 Jun 1687 V[I] 1 Ulick Bourke c 1670 12 Jul 1691
to     Created Baron of Tyaquin and Viscount
12 Jul 1691 of Galway 2 Jun 1687
Peerages extinct on his death
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12 May 1697 E[I] 1 Henry Massue de Ruvigny 9 Apr 1648 3 Sep 1720 72
to     Created Baron Portarlington and
3 Sep 1720 Viscount Galway 25 Nov 1692,and
Earl of Galway 12 May 1697
PC [I] 1692  PC 1715
Peerages extinct on his death
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17 Jul 1727 V[I] 1 John Monckton 1695 15 Jul 1751 56
Created Baron of Killard and Viscount
Galway 17 Jul 1727
MP for Clitheroe 1727-1734 and Pontefract
1734-1747 and 1749-1751
15 Jul 1751 2 William Monckton-Arundell c 1725 18 Nov 1772
MP for Pontefract 1747-1748 and 1754-1772
and Thirsk 1749-1754
18 Nov 1772 3 Henry William Monckton-Arundell 16 May 1749 2 Mar 1774 24
MP for Pontefract 1772-1774
2 Mar 1774 4 Robert Monckton-Arundell 4 Jul 1752 23 Jul 1810 58
MP for Pontefract 1780-1783 and 1796-1802
and York 1783-1790
PC 1784
23 Jul 1810 5 William George Monckton-Arundell 28 Mar 1782 2 Feb 1834 51
2 Feb 1834 6 George Edward Arundell Monckton-
Arundell 1 Mar 1805 6 Feb 1876 70
MP for East Retford 1847-1876
6 Feb 1876 7 George Edmund Milnes Monckton-Arundell 18 Nov 1844 7 Mar 1931 86
Created Baron Monckton of Serlby
2 Jul 1887
MP for Nottinghamshire North 1872-1885
7 Mar 1931 8 George Vere Arundell Monckton-
Arundell 24 Mar 1882 27 Mar 1943 61
Governor General of New Zealand 1935-
1941. PC 1937
27 Mar 1943 9 Simon George Robert Monckton-Arundell 11 Nov 1929 1 Jan 1971 41
1 Jan 1971 10 William Arundell Monckton-Arundell 24 Sep 1894 15 Aug 1977 82
15 Aug 1977 11 Edmund Savile Monckton-Arundell 11 Sep 1900 30 Jan 1980 79
30 Jan 1980 12 George Rupert Monckton 13 Oct 1922
GAMBIER
9 Nov 1807 B 1 James Gambier 13 Oct 1756 19 Apr 1833 76
to     Created Baron Gambier 9 Nov 1807
19 Apr 1833 Admiral of the Fleet 1830
Peerage extinct on his death
GANT
23 Jun 1295 B 1 Gilbert de Gant 1250 17 Mar 1298 47
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
17 Mar 1298 Gant 23 Jun 1295
Peerage extinct on his death
GANZONI
17 Nov 1999 B[L] 1 John Julian Ganzoni,2nd Baron Belstead 30 Sep 1932 3 Dec 2005 73
to     Created Baron Ganzoni for life 17 Nov 1999
3 Dec 2005 Peerage extinct on his death
GARDEN
3 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Timothy Garden 23 Apr 1944 9 Aug 2007 63
to     Created Baron Garden for life 3 Jun 2004
9 Aug 2007 Peerage extinct on his death
GARDEN OF FROGNAL
16 Oct 2007 B[L] 1 Susan Elizabeth Garden 22 Feb 1944
Created Baroness Garden of Frognal 
for life 16 Oct 2007
GARDINER
15 Jan 1964 B[L] 1 Gerald Austin Gardiner 30 May 1900 7 Jan 1990 89
to     Created Baron Gardiner for life 15 Jan 1964
7 Jan 1990 Lord Chancellor 1964-1970.  PC 1964
CH 1975
Peerage extinct on his death
GARDINER OF KIMBLE
23 Jun 2010 B[L] 1 John Gardiner 17 Mar 1956
Created Baron Gardiner of Kimble for life
23 Jun 2010
GARDNER
29 Dec 1800 B[I] 1 Sir Alan Gardner,1st baronet 12 Apr 1742 1 Jan 1809 66
27 Nov 1806 B 1 Created Baron Gardner [I] 29 Dec 1800
and [UK] 27 Nov 1806
MP for Plymouth 1790-1796 and Westminster
1796-1806
1 Jan 1809 2 Alan Hyde Gardner 5 Feb 1771 22 Dec 1815 44
He was to be promoted to Viscount Gardner
(gazetted 30 Sep 1815) but died before the
patent could be passed
22 Dec 1815 3 Alan Legge Gardner 29 Jan 1810 2 Nov 1883 73
to     On his death the peerages became either
2 Nov 1883 extinct or dormant
For further information on this peerage,see
the note at the foot of this page
GARDNER OF PARKES
19 Jun 1981 B[L] 1 Rachel Trixie Anne Gardner 17 Jul 1927
Created Baroness Gardner of Parkes
for life 19 Jun 1981
GAREL-JONES
22 Oct 1997 B[L] 1 William Armand Thomas Tristan Garel-Jones 28 Feb 1941
Created Baron Garel-Jones for life
22 Oct 1997
MP for Watford 1979-1997. Minister of
State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office
1990-1993.  PC 1992
GARIOCH
c 1180 E[S] 1 David of Scotland 17 Jun 1219
Recognized as Earl of Garioch c 1180
17 Jun 1219 2 John le Scot,Earl of Huntingdon and 7 Jun 1237
to     Chester (qqv)
7 Jun 1237 On his death the peerage reverted to the
Crown
GARLIES
19 Sep 1623 B[S] 1 Sir Alexander Stewart c 1580 1649
Created Lord of Garlies 19 Jul 1607
and Earl of Galloway 19 Sep 1623
See "Galloway"
GARMOYLE
27 Sep 1878 E 1 Hugh McCalmont Cairns 27 Dec 1819 3 Apr 1885 65
Created Viscount Garmoyle and Earl
Cairns 27 Sep 1878
See "Cairns"
GARNER
21 Feb 1969 B[L] 1 Joseph John Saville Garner 14 Feb 1908 10 Dec 1983 75
to     Created Baron Garner for life 21 Feb 1969
10 Dec 1983 Peerage extinct on his death
GARNOCK
10 Apr 1703 V[S] 1 John Lindsay-Crawford 12 May 1669 24 Dec 1708 39
Created Lord Kilbirny,Kingsburn and Drumry,
and Viscount of Mount Crawford 10 Apr 1703.
These titles were altered,26 Nov 1703,to
Lord Kilbirny and Drumry,and Viscount of 
Garnock
24 Dec 1708 2 Patrick Lindsay-Crawford 30 Nov 1697 24 May 1735 37
24 May 1735 3 John Lindsay-Crawford 5 Jul 1722 22 Sep 1738 16
22 Sep 1738 4 George Lindsay-Crawford c 1729 11 Aug 1781
He succeeded to the Earldom of Lindsay (qv)
in 1749 with which title this peerage then
merged and still remains so
GARNSWORTHY
19 Sep 1967 B[L] 1 Charles James Garnsworthy 10 Dec 1906 5 Sep 1974 67
to     Created Baron Garnsworthy for life
5 Sep 1974 19 Sep 1967
Peerage extinct on his death
GARTHIE
3 Nov 1684 B[S] 1 George Gordon,4th Marquess of Huntly c 1643 7 Dec 1716
Created Lord Badenoch,Lochaber,
Strathavon,Balmore,Auchindoun,
Garthie and Kincardine,Viscount of
Inverness,Earl of Huntly and Enzie,
Marquess of Huntly and Duke of
Gordon 3 Nov 1684
See "Gordon" - extinct 1836
GARVAGH
28 Oct 1818 B[I] 1 George Canning 15 Nov 1778 20 Aug 1840 61
Created Baron Garvagh 28 Oct 1818
MP for Sligo 1806-1812 and Petersfield
1812-1820. Lord Lieutenant Londonderry
1830-1840
20 Aug 1840 2 Charles Henry Spencer George Canning 18 Mar 1826 7 May 1871 45
7 May 1871 3 Charles John Spencer George Canning 2 Jun 1852 7 Feb 1915 62
7 Feb 1915 4 Leopold Ernest Stratford George Canning 21 Jul 1878 16 Jul 1956 77
16 Jul 1956 5 Alexander Leopold Ivor George Canning 6 Oct 1920 31 Oct 2013 93
31 Oct 2013 6 Spencer George Stratford de Redcliffe Canning 12 Feb 1953
GASCOYNE-CECIL
17 Nov 1999 B[L] 1 Robert Michael James Cecil,styled Viscount
Cranborne 30 Sep 1946
Created Baron Gascoyne-Cecil for life
17 Nov 1999
He succeeded as 7th Marquess of Salisbury (qv)
in 2003
GASK
17 Feb 1676 B[S] 1 John Murray,2nd Earl of Atholl 2 May 1631  7 May 1703 72
Created Lord Murray,Balvany and
Gask,Viscount of Balquhidder,Earl of
Tullibardin and Marquess of Atholl
17 Feb 1676
See "Atholl"
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30 Jun 1703 B[S] 1 John Murray,2nd Marquess of Atholl 24 Feb 1660 14 Nov 1724 64
Created Lord Murray,Viscount
Glenalmond and Earl of Tullibardine
for life 27 Jul 1696 and Lord Murray,
Balvenie and Gask,Viscount of
Balwhidder,Glenalmond and Glenlyon,
Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle,
Marquess of Tullibardine and Duke of
Atholl 30 Jun 1703
See "Atholl"
GAVRON
6 Aug 1999 B[L] 1 Robert Gavron 13 Sep 1930
Created Baron Gavron for life 6 Aug 1999
GEDDES
28 Jan 1942 B 1 Auckland Campbell Geddes 21 Jun 1879 8 Jan 1954 74
Created Baron Geddes 28 Jan 1942
MP for Basingstoke 1917-1920. President
of the Local Government Board 1918-1919.
Minister of Reconstruction 1919. President
of the Board of Trade 1919-1920. PC 1917
8 Jan 1954 2 Ross Campbell Geddes 20 Jul 1907 2 Feb 1975 67
2 Feb 1975 3 Euan Michael Ross Geddes 3 Sep 1937
GEDDES OF EPSOM
4 Aug 1958 B[L] 1 Charles John Geddes 1 Mar 1897 2 May 1983 86
to     Created Baron Geddes of Epsom for life
2 May 1983 4 Aug 1958
Peerage extinct on his death
GENEVILL
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Geoffrey de Genevill 1307
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1307 Genevill 6 Feb 1299
On his death the peerage became dormant
GEOFFREY-LLOYD
6 May 1974 B[L] 1 Geoffrey William Geoffrey-Lloyd 17 Jan 1902 12 Sep 1984 82
to     Created Baron Geoffrey-Lloyd for life
12 Sep 1984 6 May 1974
MP for Ladywood 1931-1945, Kings Norton
1950-1955 and Sutton Coldfield 1955-1974
Secretary for Mines 1939-1940. Secretary
for Petroleum 1940-1942. Minister for
Information 1945. Minister for Fuel and
Power 1951-1955. Minister of Education
1957-1959.  PC 1943
Peerage extinct on his death
GEORGE
29 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Edward Alan John George 11 Sep 1938 18 Apr 2009 70
to     Created Baron George for life 29 Jun 2004
18 Apr 2009 Governor of the Bank of England 1993-2003
PC 1999
Peerage extinct on his death
GEORGE-BROWN
6 Nov 1970 B[L] 1 George Alfred George-Brown 2 Sep 1914 2 Jun 1985 70
to     Created Baron George-Brown for life
2 Jun 1985 6 Nov 1970
MP for Belper 1945-1970. Minister of Works
1951. First Secretary of State and Secretary
of State for Economic Affairs 1964-1966.
Foreign Secretary 1966-1968.  PC 1951
Peerage extinct on his death
GERAINT
18 Jul 1992 B[L] 1 Geraint Wyn Howells 15 Apr 1925 17 Apr 2004 79
to     Created Baron Geraint for life 18 Jul 1992
17 Apr 2004 MP for Cardigan 1974-1983 and Ceredigion
and Pembroke North 1983-1992
Peerage extinct on his death
GERARD OF BRANDON
8 Nov 1645 B 1 Charles Gerard c 1618 7 Jan 1694
Created Baron Gerard of Brandon
8 Nov 1645,and Viscount Brandon and
Earl of Macclesfield 23 Jul 1679
See "Macclesfield"
GERARD OF BRYN
18 Jan 1876 B 1 Sir Robert Tolver Gerard,13th baronet 12 May 1808 15 Mar 1887 78
Created Baron Gerard of Bryn
18 Jan 1876
15 Mar 1887 2 William Cansfield Gerard 21 Jun 1851 30 Jul 1902 51
30 Jul 1902 3 Frederic John Gerard 10 Nov 1883 12 Feb 1953 69
12 Feb 1953 4 Robert William Frederick Alwyn Gerard 23 May 1918 11 Jul 1992 74
11 Jul 1992 5 Anthony Robert Hugo Gerard 3 Dec 1949
GERARD OF GERARD'S BROMLEY
21 Jul 1603 B 1 Sir Thomas Gerard 15 Jan 1618
Created Baron Gerard of Gerard's
Bromley 21 Jul 1603
Lord President of Wales 1610-1618
15 Jan 1618 2 Gilbert Gerard 1622
1622 3 Dutton Gerard 4 Mar 1613 22 Apr 1640 27
22 Apr 1640 4 Charles Gerard 1634 28 Dec 1667 33
28 Dec 1667 5 Digby Gerard 17 Jul 1662 8 Oct 1684 22
8 Oct 1684 6 Charles Gerard 1659 21 Apr 1707 47
21 Apr 1707 7 Philip Gerard 1 Dec 1665 4 May 1733 67
to     Peerage extinct on his death
4 May 1733
GERMAN
24 Jun 2010 B[L] 1 Michael James German 8 May 1945
Created Baron German for life 24 Jun 2010
GHISNES
24 Jun 1295 B 1 Ingelram de Ghisnes 1323
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1323 Ghisnes 24 Jun 1295
On his death the peerage became dormant
GIBSON
31 Jan 1975 B[L] 1 Richard Patrick Tallentyre Gibson 5 Feb 1916 20 Apr 2004 88
to     Created Baron Gibson for life 31 Jan 1975
20 Apr 2004 Peerage extinct on his death
GIBSON OF MARKET RASEN
9 May 2000 B[L] 1 Anne Gibson 10 Dec 1940
Created Baroness Gibson of Market
Rasen for life 9 May 2000
GIBSON-WATT
7 Sep 1979 B[L] 1 James David Gibson-Watt 11 Sep 1918 7 Feb 2002 83
to     Created Baron Gibson-Watt for life 7 Sep 1979
7 Feb 2002 MP for Hereford 1956-1974. Minister of
State Welsh Office 1970-1974.  PC 1974
Peerage extinct on his death
GIDDENS
16 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Anthony Giddens 18 Jan 1938
Created Baron Giddens for life 16 Jun 2004
GIFFARD
24 Jun 1295 B 1 John Giffard 1232 28 May 1299 66
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Giffard 24 Jun 1295
28 May 1299 2 John Giffard 1286 16 Mar 1322 35
to     He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
16 Mar 1322
GIFFORD
17 Dec 1694 E[S] 1 John Hay 1626 11 Aug 1697 71
Created Earl of Gifford and Marquess 
of Tweeddale 17 Dec 1694
See "Tweeddale"
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30 Jan 1824 B 1 Robert Gifford 24 Feb 1779 4 Sep 1826 47
Created Baron Gifford 30 Jan 1824
MP for Eye 1817-1824. Solicitor General
1817-1819. Attorney General 1819-1824.
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1824. Master of the Rolls 1824-1826.  
PC 1824
4 Sep 1826 2 Robert Francis Gifford 19 Mar 1817 13 May 1872 55
13 May 1872 3 Edric Frederick Gifford VC 5 Jul 1849 5 Jun 1911 61
For further information on this peer and VC
winner, see the note at the foot of this page
5 Jun 1911 4 Edgar Berkeley Gifford 8 Mar 1857 29 Jan 1937 79
29 Jan 1937 5 Charles Maurice Elton Gifford 4 Mar 1899 16 Apr 1961 62
16 Apr 1961 6 Anthony Maurice Gifford 1 May 1940
GILBERT
16 May 1997 B[L] 1 John William Gilbert 5 Apr 1927 2 Jun 2013 86
to     Created Baron Gilbert for life 16 May 1997
2 Jun 2013 MP for Dudley 1970-1974 and Dudley East
1974-1997. Fin Sec to Treasury 1974-1975
Minister for Transport 1975-1976. Minister
of State,Defence 1976-1979 and 1997-1999
PC 1978
GILLFORD
17 Nov 1766 B[I] 1 Sir John Meade 21 Apr 1744 19 Oct 1800 56
Created Baron Gillford and Viscount
Clanwilliam 17 Nov 1766 and Earl of
Clanwilliam 20 Jul 1776
See "Clanwilliam"
GILLMORE OF THAMESFIELD
21 Feb 1996 B[L] 1 David Howe Gillmore 16 Aug 1934 20 Mar 1999 64
to     Created Baron Gillmore of Thamesfield
20 Mar 1999 for life 21 Feb 1996
Peerage extinct on his death
GILMOUR OF CRAIGMILLAR
25 Aug 1992 B[L] 1 Sir Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour,3rd baronet 8 Jul 1926 21 Sep 2007 81
to     Created Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar
21 Sep 2007 for life 25 Aug 1992
MP for Norfolk Central 1962-1974 and
Chesham and Amersham 1974-1992. Minister
of State for Defence Procurement 1971-
1972. Minister of State for Defence 1972-
1974. Secretary of State for Defence 1974.
Lord Privy Seal 1979-1981.  PC 1973
Peerage extinct on his death
GISBOROUGH
23 Jun 1917 B 1 Richard Godolphin Walmesley Chaloner 12 Oct 1856 23 Jan 1938 81
Created Baron Gisborough 23 Jun 1917
MP for Wiltshire West 1895-1900 and
Abercromby 1900-1917
23 Jan 1938 2 Thomas Weston Peel Long Chaloner 6 May 1889 11 Feb 1951 61
11 Feb 1951 3 Thomas Richard John Long Chaloner 1 Jul 1927
Lord Lieutenant Cleveland 1981-1996
GLADSTONE
15 Mar 1910 V 1 Herbert John Gladstone 7 Jan 1854 6 Mar 1930 76
to     Created Viscount Gladstone 15 Mar 1910
6 Mar 1930 MP for Leeds 1880-1885 and Leeds West
1885-1910. First Commissioner of Works
1894-1895. Home Secretary 1905-1910.
Governor General of South Africa 1910-
1914.  PC 1894
Peerage extinct on his death
GLADSTONE OF HAWARDEN
22 Jun 1932 B 1 Henry Neville Gladstone 2 Apr 1852 28 Apr 1935 83
to     Created Baron Gladstone of Hawarden
28 Apr 1935 22 Jun 1932
Lord Lieutenant Flint 1915-1935
Peerage extinct on his death
GLADWIN OF CLEE
28 Sep 1994 B[L] 1 Derek Oliver Gladwin 6 Jun 1930 10 Apr 2003 72
to     Created Baron Gladwin of Clee for life
10 Apr 2003 28 Sep 1994
Peerage extinct on his death
GLADWYN
12 Apr 1960 B  1 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb 25 Apr 1900 24 Oct 1996 96
  Created Baron Gladwyn 12 Apr 1960
24 Oct 1996 2 Miles Alvery Gladwyn Jebb 3 Mar 1930
   
GLAMIS
c 1445 B[S] 1 Patrick Lyon 21 Mar 1459
Created Lord Glamis c 1445
21 Mar 1459 2 Alexander Lyon 1485
1485 3 John Lyon 1 Apr 1497
1 Apr 1497 4 John Lyon 1500
1500 5 George Lyon Mar 1505
Mar 1505 6 John Lyon 1492 8 Aug 1528 36
For information on the fate of his widow,Janet
Douglas,see the note at the foot of this page
8 Aug 1528 7 John Lyon 1558
The peerage was forfeited in 1537 but
restored in 1543
1558 8 John Lyon 17 Mar 1578
17 Mar 1578 9 Patrick Lyon 1575 1 Sep 1616 41
He was created Earl of Kinghorne (qv) in
1606 with which title this peerage then
merged
GLAMORGAN
c 1644 E 1 Edward Somerset 1601 3 Apr 1667 65
to     Created Earl of Glamorgan c 1644
3 Apr 1667 He subsequently [1646] succeeded as 2nd 
Marquess of Worcester. The Earldom of Glamorgan 
probably extinct on his death
GLANDINE
23 Jun 1827 V[I] 1 John Toler,1st Baron Norbury 3 Dec 1745 27 Jul 1831 85
Created Viscount Glandine and Earl of
Norbury 23 Jun 1827
See "Norbury"
GLANDORE
22 Jul 1776 E[I] 1 William Crosbie,2nd Baron Brandon May 1716 11 May 1781 64
Created Viscount Crosbie 30 Nov 1771
and Earl of Glandore 22 Jul 1776
Lord Lieutenant Kerry 1770  PC [I] 1766
11 May 1781 2 John Crosbie 25 May 1753 23 Oct 1815 62
to     PC [I] 1785
23 Oct 1815 Peerage extinct on his death
GLANELY
28 Jun 1918 B 1 Sir William James Tatem,1st baronet 6 Mar 1868 28 Jun 1942 74
to     Created Baron Glanely 28 Jun 1918
28 Jun 1942 Peerage extinct on his death
GLANTAWE
18 Jul 1906 B 1 John Jones Jenkins 10 May 1835 27 Jul 1915 80
to     Created Baron Glantawe 18 Jul 1906
27 Jul 1915 MP for Carmarthen 1882-1886 and 1895-1900
Peerage extinct on his death
GLANUSK
26 Jan 1899 B 1 Sir Joseph Russell Bailey,2nd baronet 7 Apr 1840 6 Jan 1906 65
Created Baron Glanusk 26 Jan 1899
MP for Herefordshire 1865-1885 and
Hereford 1886-1892. Lord Lieutenant
Brecon 1875-1905
6 Jan 1906 2 Joseph Henry Russell Bailey 26 Oct 1864 11 Jan 1928 63
Lord Lieutenant Brecon 1905-1928
11 Jan 1928 3 Wilfred Russell Bailey 27 Jun 1891 12 Jan 1948 56
Lord Lieutenant Brecon 1928-1948
12 Jan 1948 4 David Russell Bailey 19 Nov 1917 28 Jun 1997 79
28 Jun 1997 5 Christopher Russell Bailey 18 Mar 1942
GLASGOW
12 Apr 1703 E[S] 1 David Boyle 1666 1 Nov 1733 67
Created Lord Boyle of Kelburn,
Stewartoun,Cumbra,Largs and Dalry
31 Jan 1699, and Lord Boyle of
Stewartoun,Cumbraes,Finnick,Largs
and Dalry,Viscount of Kelburn and
Earl of Glasgow 12 Apr 1703
1 Nov 1733 2 John Boyle Apr 1688 22 May 1740 52
22 May 1740 3 John Boyle 4 Nov 1714 7 Mar 1775 60
7 Mar 1775 4 George Boyle  26 Mar 1766 6 Jul 1843 77
Created Baron Ross of Hawkhead
11 Aug 1815
Lord Lieutenant Renfrew 1810-1820 and
Ayrshire 1820-1842
6 Jul 1843 5 James Carr-Boyle 10 Apr 1792 11 Mar 1869 76
MP for Ayrshire 1839-1843. Lord Lieutenant
Renfrew 1844-1869
For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
11 Mar 1869 6 George Frederick Boyle 9 Oct 1825 23 Apr 1890 64
MP for Bute 1865
23 Apr 1890 7 David Boyle 31 May 1833 13 Dec 1915 82
Governor of New Zealand 1892-1897
Created Baron Fairlie of Fairlie 23 Jul 1897
13 Dec 1915 8 Patrick James Boyle 18 Jun 1874 14 Dec 1963 79
14 Dec 1963 9 David William Maurice Boyle 24 Jul 1910 8 Jun 1984 73
8 Jun 1984 10 Patrick Robin Archibald Boyle 30 Jul 1939
GLASMAN
4 Feb 2011 B[L] 1 Maurice Mark Glasman 8 Mar 1961
Created Baron Glasman for life 4 Feb 2011
GLASSARY
30 Jul 1954 B 1 Henry James Scrymgeour-Wedderburn,11th  3 May 1902 29 Jun 1983 81
Earl of Dundee
Created Baron Glassary 30 Jul 1954
see "Dundee"
GLASSFORD
5 Jul 1685 B[S] 1 Francis Abercromby 1654 23 Nov 1703 49
to     [L] Created Lord Glassford for life 5 Jul 1685
Nov 1703 Peerage extinct on his death
GLASTONBURY
19 Mar 1719 B[L] 1 Ermengarde Melusina Schulenberg 1659 10 May 1743 83
to     Created Baroness of Dundalk,
10 May 1743 Countess and Marchioness of 
Dungannon and Duchess of Munster for life
18 Jul 1716,and Baroness Glastonbury,
Countess of Feversham and Duchess
of Kendal for life 19 Mar 1719
Mistress of George I
Peerages extinct on her death
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20 Oct 1797 B 1 James Grenville 6 Jul 1742 26 Apr 1825 82
to     Created Baron Glastonbury 20 Oct 1797
26 Apr 1825 This creation included a special remainder,
failing his issue male, to his brother, Lieut.
General Richard Grenville [who predeceased him]
MP for Thirsk 1765-1768, Buckingham 1770-
1790 and Buckinghamshire 1790-1797.
PC 1783
Peerage extinct on his death
GLEAN-O'MALLUN
5 Oct 1622 B[I] 1 Sir Dermot O'Mallun after 1622
to     Created Baron Glean-O'Mallun
after 1622 5 Oct 1622
Nothing further is known of this peerage
GLENALMOND
27 Jul 1696 V[S] 1 John Murray,2nd Marquess of Atholl 24 Feb 1660 14 Nov 1724 64
to     Created Lord Murray,Viscount
14 Nov 1724 Glenalmond and Earl of Tullibardine
30 Jun 1703 V[S] 1 for life 27 Jul 1696 and Lord Murray,
Balvenie and Gask,Viscount of
Balwhidder,Glenalmond and Glenlyon,
Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle,
Marquess of Tullibardine and Duke of
Atholl 30 Jun 1703
Peerage extinct on his death
GLENAMARA
28 Jan 1977 B[L] 1 Edward Watson Short 17 Dec 1912 4 May 2012 99
to     Created Baron Glenamara for life 28 Jan 1977
4 May 2012 MP for Newcastle Central 1951-1976. 
Postmaster General 1966-1968. Secretary
of State for Education and Science 1968-
1970. Lord President of the Council 1974-
1976.  PC 1964  CH 1976
Peerage extinct on his death
GLENAPP
20 Jun 1929 V 1 James Lyle Mackay 11 Sep 1852 23 May 1932 79
Created Viscount Glenapp and Earl
of Inchcape 20 Jun 1929
See "Inchcape"
GLENARTHUR
27 Jun 1918 B 1 Sir Matthew Arthur,1st baronet 9 Mar 1852 23 Sep 1928 76
Created Baron Glenarthur 27 Jun 1918
23 Sep 1928 2 James Cecil Arthur 2 Jun 1883 11 Dec 1942 59
11 Dec 1942 3 Matthew Arthur 12 May 1909 19 May 1976 67
19 May 1976 4 Simon Mark Arthur 7 Oct 1944
GLENAVY
26 Jul 1921 B 1 Sir James Henry Mussen Campbell,1st baronet 4 Apr 1851 22 Mar 1931 79
Created Baron Glenavy 26 Jul 1921
MP for St.Stephens Green 1898-1900 and
Dublin University 1903-1916. Solicitor
General [I] 1901-1905. Attorney General [I]
1905 and 1916. Lord Chief Justice of
Ireland 1916-1918. Lord Chancellor of
Ireland 1918-1921.  PC [I] 1905
22 Mar 1931 2 Charles Henry Gordon Campbell 25 Oct 1885 30 Jul 1963 77
30 Jul 1963 3 Patrick Gordon Campbell 6 Jun 1913 9 Nov 1980 67
9 Nov 1980 4 Michael Mussen Campbell 25 Oct 1924 Jun 1984 59
to     Peerage extinct on his death
Jun 1984
GLENAWLEY
16 May 1701 B[I] 1 Scrope Howe Nov 1648 26 Jan 1713 64
Created Baron Glenawley and Viscount
Howe 16 May 1701
See "Howe"
GLENBERVIE
29 Nov 1800 B[I] 1 Sylvester Douglas 24 May 1743 2 May 1823 79
to     Created Baron Glenbervie 29 Nov 1800
2 May 1823 MP for Fowey 1795-1796, Midhurst 1796-1800,
Plympton Erle 1801 and Hastings 1802-1806.
Chief Secretary for Ireland 1794-1795. Vice
President of the Board of Trade 1801-1804
PC 1794. PC [I] 1794
Peerage extinct on his death
GLENCAIRN
28 May 1488 E[S] 1 Alexander Cunningham 11 Jun 1488
Created Lord Kilmaurs c 1469 and
Earl of Glencairn 28 May 1488
11 Jun 1488 2 Robert Cunningham c 1490
to     The peerage was annulled 17 Oct 1488
17 Oct 1488
c 1503 3 Cuthbert Cunningham c 1538
Acknowledged or created (?) Earl of
Glencirn c 1503
c 1538 4 William Cunningham Mar 1547
Mar 1547 5 Alexander Cunningham 23 Nov 1574
23 Nov 1574 6 William Cunningham c 1580
c 1580 7 James Cunningham c 1622
c 1622 8 William Cunningham Oct 1631
Oct 1631 9 William Cunningham c 1610 30 May 1664
Lord Chancellor of Scotland 1661-1664
30 May 1664 10 Alexander Cunningham 26 May 1670
26 May 1670 11 John Cunningham 14 Dec 1703
14 Dec 1703 12 William Cunningham 14 Mar 1734
14 Mar 1734 13 William Cunningham 9 Sep 1775
9 Sep 1775 14 James Cunningham Jun 1749 30 Jan 1791 41
30 Jan 1791 15 John Cunningham May 1750 24 Sep 1796 46
to     On his death the peerage became dormant
24 Sep 1796
GLENCONNER
3 Apr 1911 B 1 Sir Edward Priaulx Tennant,2nd baronet 31 May 1859 21 Nov 1920 61
Created Baron Glenconner 3 Apr 1911
MP for Salisbury 1906-1910. Lord Lieutenant
Peebles 1908-1920
21 Nov 1920 2 Christopher Grey Tennant 14 Jun 1899 4 Oct 1983 84
4 Oct 1983 3 Colin Christopher Paget Tennant 1 Dec 1926 27 Aug 2010 83
27 Aug 2010 4 Cody Charles Edward Tennant 2 Feb 1994
GLENDALE
11 Jun 1695 V 1 Ford Grey,3rd Baron Grey of Werke 20 Jul 1655 24 Jun 1701 45
to     Created Viscount Glendale and Earl 
24 Jun 1701 of Tankerville 11 Jun 1695
Peerages extinct on his death
The special remainder to the Barony of Gage created in 1790
From the "London Gazette" of 26 October 1790 (issue 13249, page 646):-
"The King has....been pleased to grant to the Right Honorable William Hall gage, Viscount Gage
of the Kingdom of Ireland and Baron Gage of Firle in the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Dignity
of a Baron of the said Kingdom of Great Britain, by the Name, Style and Title of Baron Gage, of
Highmeadow in the County of Gloucester, with Remainder to his Nephew Henry Gage, Esq; and 
the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten."
Lady Blanche Elizabeth Mary Annunciata Noel, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Gainsborough
The following romantic tale appeared in the New Zealand 'Poverty Bay Herald' on 20 January
1891:-
'The American papers bring news of the death in a Boston hospital of a poor Irish musician
named [Thomas] Murphy, who was the hero of one of the most bizarre romances of the
English peerage. In Rutlandshire there is a great family called Noel - or rather calling itself
Noel, for it is really Noel only in the female line - and the head of it is the Earl of Gainsborough.
The first Earl of Gainsborough, of the present recreated line, was strongly Evangelical, as
was also his countess; but, as is not unfrequently the case, the austerity of their creed
produced a reactionary effect on the mind of their heir, and the second Lord Gainsborough
became a Roman Catholic.        
'Without exactly bringing pressure to bear on his dependents at Exton [Park, the family seat],
he set himself to work to show them how to become Catholics if they should feel like it; and
with that view he established Catholic services with exceptionally good music at the hall. For
an organist he obtained the services of one Murphy, and before two years were out his pride
was lowered and his heart was broken by a telegram from his daughter, Lady Blanche Noel,
announcing that she and Murphy were in lodgings in London, and wanted him to come and see
them married. 
'He went up to London and satisfied himself that, as far as the girl's actual honour was 
concerned, there was no overwhelming reason why she should not be brought back to her home
and separated from the organist, who appeared to feel his position acutely, and only made 
matters worse by explaining that he really had been the passive agent in the matter. But Lord
Gainsborough would not hear of separating them. For one thing, all Rutlandshire knew of the
flight, and in the second place he perceived that his daughter's happiness was bound up in the
marriage.
'He saw her married next day [6 March 1870], giving her away himself with his son by his side,
and then packed them off to America. It is said by the Americans he disinherited her, but the
peerage is a poor one, and he gave her what was reasonable. The Americans also in the poetic 
fancy, speak of her as beautiful. Poor thing she was plain and shy, and unless she had taken 
the bull by the horns, it is my belief that she would never have had a husband at all. 
'In America she earned money by writing her recollections of English society, and by the time
that vein was worked out she had acquired sufficient aptitude to become a hack writer for the
Press, her articles always, of course, being gilded by her noble name. She died eight years ago
[21 March 1881, at the age of around 35], and now the poor bewildered organist is dead, too, 
in a hospital [11 October 1890]. They lived affectionately, and struggled bravely. Perhaps she 
was as happy, or happier, than the rest of her kin. Her father never fully recovered from the 
blow, and died very suddenly some years ago in a four-wheeled cab.'
Alan Plantagenet Stewart, 10th Earl of Galloway
The 10th Earl was noted for his eccentricities and for being a constant thorn in the side
of the Marquess of Salisbury, whose sister he had married in 1871. She was inflicted with
the odd christian name - for a female - of Arthur, so named because the Duke of Wellington
was her godfather. The Earl's eccentricity extended to his appearance and, among other
peculiarities, he made a point of always wearing thick, knitted white gloves, winter and
summer, as well as large blue goggles. Added to this, his high white hat and his gloves
were always extremely shabby, and his voice was extraordinarily high-pitched.
The Earl was noted for his intemperate language, full of profanities. On one occasion, he 
applied to the then Prime Minister, the Earl of Beaconsfield, for the mastership of the Royal
Hunt, only to receive the following reply: 'I am sorry I cannot recommend you for the office,
as the Queen dislikes having anybody connected with the Royal Household who is addicted
to strong language. But I will gladly recommend you for the lord high commissionership to the
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.'
This latter offer was meant by Beaconsfield as a joke, but the Earl accepted it in all 
seriousness. As a result, Beaconsfield, who had committed himself in writing to obtaining
the post for the Earl, had no alternative but to fulfil his promise, and in 1877 the Assembly
of the Church of Scotland  was presided over by the Earl with due solemnity and decorum.
Of a far more serious nature, however, was a criminal charge brought against the Earl in
October 1889. The story of the Earl's trial can be found in all of the major British newspapers
of the time, but most reports are very bland, confining themselves to the bare facts. Suffice
it to say that the Earl was charged with 'lewd and libidinous behaviour towards Jane Ann 
Edwards Gibson, a girl under ten years of age.' The Earl swore that, in helping the girl off a
wall, 'his hand had accidentally come into improper contact with her person.' Although few of
the British papers comment upon the Earl's subsequent acquittal from the charge, 'The 
Washington Post' was not so reticent, stating that 'the scene in the court room, when the
jury brought in the verdict, was one rarely witnessed in a criminal court in this country [i.e.
Scotland]. The guilt of the accused seemed so clearly established, even by such evidence as
was allowed to filter through the objections of the six eminent counsel for the defence, that
those present in the court room, many of whom were friends and relatives of the little girl whom
the aged nobleman was charged with abusing, took no pains to conceal their disgust with the
verdict. The announcement of the verdict was the signal for loud expressions of disapproval 
from the benches where the spectators were seated, and the frowns and threats of the 
presiding judge were of no avail to suppress the cries of "Shame", "shame" uttered by dozens
of indignant persons. In London the news of the verdict is received with great indignation
among the common people, and it is pointed out that had the accused been anything but a
great nobleman the evidence brought out would have been sufficient to convict him a dozen
times over.'
In an editorial, 'The Scottish Leader' stated that '………….when one in high station is charged
with a serious offence, the police and a certain section of society enter into a conspiracy of
silence. The substance of the charge, and the fact that the matter was in the hands of the
police, were well known for nearly three weeks before anyone ventured to associate Lord
Galloway's name with it. Until today [i.e. the day of the trial] the readers of certain papers in
Scotland must have been unaware that a Scottish Earl was implicated, so effectively does
class bias set up a screen about any entitled offender. The Dumfries police, instead of
following the ordinary course of the law, succumbed to Lord Galloway's name and rank, and,
after attempts at secrecy and delay, handed the matter over to the Procurator-Fiscal, It is
easy to imagine how different and how vigorous their action would have been had the charge
lain against a peasant instead of a peer; and had a peasant been tried, without he advantage 
of jury and the help of the most eminent Scottish counsel, it is not difficult to conceive a very
different ending for the matter.'
Notwithstanding this apparent close shave, the noble Earl was again in trouble less than three
months later. Again he was acquitted, but again it was felt that his rank and wealth were the
major reasons behind the acquittal. The following article appeared in the 'Dundee Courier and
Argus' of 24 January 1890:-
'The Earl of Galloway is either a much ill-used man or fortunate in being a Peer of the realm.
Twice in the course of a few months has this sprig of our "old nobility" been arraigned at the bar
of a criminal Court, but on each occasion he has managed to slip through the meshes of the law.
If Lord Galloway is an innocent man, it is incomprehensible why, under circumstances that forbid
the idea of conspiracy, his name should be twice mixed up in the course of such a short time 
with charges pretty much alike in their abominable nature. Some months ago his Lordship was
tried before the Sheriff at Dumfries, the accusation against him being that he had committed an
indecent assault upon a little girl. The evidence against him was strong, but ultimately he was
acquitted. The Saturday Review thereupon rushed to the assistance of maligned aristocrats.
It endeavoured to show that in these degenerate times rank was a sufficient reason for a man
to be branded with a crime. It more than insinuated that Lord Galloway was the victim of a
vile plot. This outburst was as ridiculous as it was indiscreet. Even Lord Galloway's warmest
sympathisers must have felt that the verdict was one which ought to be accepted in a 
sprit of thankfulness, not with bluster and bounce. Nor could the statement about the members 
of the nobility having to suffer from trumped-up charges have been more ill-timed, made as it
was almost at the moment when Lord Arthur Somerset and his highly connected friends were
fleeing from justice for a nameless crime [i.e. The "Cleveland Street Affair"]. Yesterday Lord
Galloway was again called upon to answer to a criminal charge, and once again he was lucky
enough to get off.
'At the Glasgow Central Police Court he was accused of having accosted and molested a girl
of sixteen, named Margaret Brown, in certain public thoroughfares. The girl stated that while
going on a message the prisoner came up to her and muttered some words, but in such a low
tone that she could not tell what was said. A gentleman who happened to witness the scene
advised the girl to call the police. Finding that the man was still dogging her footsteps, she
spoke to a policeman. Some distance further on she stopped to look into a shop window, when
the prisoner approached and stared into her face. This thing was repeated when the next street
was reached. Two constables who had been following up the parties at this stage came forward
and arrested the man. When taken into custody he tendered his card and left a pledge of £10.
The evidence of the girl Brown, of which the foregoing is the substance, was corroborated by
the two policemen. The only plea urged for the defence was that after whispering to the girl 
Lord Galloway had not addressed any remarks to her, but Stipendiary Gemmel declared the
charge not proven. Coming so closely upon the Dumfries case, the result of this trial can
hardly fail to create a bad impression upon the mind of the people as to the administration of
the law when the offenders have wealth or title on their side. The idea of conspiracy in the
Glasgow charge against Lord Galloway is out of the question. The initiative was taken by the
policemen. Glasgow has for some time past taken a pride in dealing sharply with what are
called gentlemen street pests, and exemplary sentences have been passed upon well-dressed
men convicted of following and accosting girls in the streets. This was just what the two
policemen saw Lord Galloway doing, though to them his rank and name were unknown. They
saw him persist in his conduct like any other street pest of the "gentleman" type, and they
apprehended the offender. It seems to us that the officers did no more than their duty. The
other week the Queen's Bench Division declared that the fact of one man following another
man, though without any word being uttered, constituted an act of intimidation. With
greater force, therefore, might the law be expected to protect defenceless girls from 
molestation, whether pursued in silence or not, by cowardly fellows, no matter whether they
happen to be clad in fustian or in proud possession of an Earl's coronet.'
The Gardner peerage
The first Baron Gardner was a naval officer who was created Baron Gardner in the peerage of
Ireland on 29 December 1800 and Baron Gardner in the peerage of the United Kingdom on 27
November 1806. He also represented Plymouth in the House of Commons between 1790 and
1796, and Westminster between 1796 and 1806.
On his death in 1809, he was succeeded in the peerages by his son Alan Hyde Gardner, also a
naval officer, who had previously married, in March 1796, a Miss Maria Adderley. In one version
of the story which I have found, one night Captain and Mrs. Gardner were on their way to a
party at the Earl of Strathmore's house when word arrived that Captain Gardner's presence was
required at one of the Government offices. Mrs. Gardner continued her visit alone to Lord
Strathmore's house, where she met a man named Henry Jadis, who made such an impression on
her that when Captain Gardner was ordered to rejoin his ship, the pair became open lovers.
In March 1805, Gardner sued Jadis for damages in an action for Criminal Conversation (i.e.
adultery). The following is extracted from a report in 'The Times' of 4 March 1805:-
'In the beginning of January 1802 Mrs. Gardner went on board the Resolution [her husband's
command] and remained either on board or in port until the 30th of that month. It was not
until the 7th of February, however, that the Plaintiff [Gardner] sailed finally from England. The
evidence will make it appear, that after the 30th of January she could have no intercourse with
her husband; but posterior to the 7th of February, it was an absolute impossibility. Toward the
end of July, 1802, Captain Gardner returned, when he found his wife pregnant. The length of 
time that she had been in this situation must be unknown to him; she pretended she was
advised, by her physicians, on account of her ill-state of health, not to cohabit with him; he
consented, and he afterwards found she was delivered, on the 9th of December, of a male
child. Comparing then the dates, it will be seen, in a moment, that this child could not be
the Plaintiff's. On the 30th of January, above said, she quitted this ship; from this date, to the
9th of December, comprises a period of forty-four weeks and three days; but if you extend the
time to the actual day of his sailing, there is still an interval of forty-three weeks and two days.
Both of these exceed the time of gestation of woman by the laws of nature. There have been
many contests on the precise limit on this subject……and [the time] at the furthest, is forty
weeks……'
Gardner therefore won his case, together with damages of £1,000, and was able to divorce
his wife and remarry. The second marriage produced a son, Alan Legge Gardner, who ultimately
succeeded his father as 3rd Baron Gardner in 1815.
In 1824 the son of Jadis and Mrs. Gardner, named Henry Fenton Jadis, but who referred to
himself as Henry Fenton Gardner, attempted to claim the peerages. The following is an extract
from "A Treatise on the Law of Adulterine Bastardy" by Sir Harris Nicholas, published in 1836.
'A petition was presented to the King on behalf of the said Alan Legge Gardner early in 1824,
praying His Majesty to order his name be placed on the Parliament Roll as a minor peer, or to
take such other measures , as His Majesty might think proper, for declaring and recognising
his right to the barony of Gardner. The petition was referred to Sir John Copley, the Attorney-
general, who reported it to be his opinion that "by reason of the absence and separation of
Lord Gardner from his first wife during the whole of the period from the 7th of February to the
11th of July, 1802, whilst employed in His Majesty's service on a distant station, he could not
be, and was not, the father of the child, born of the body of his said first wife on the 8th of
December 1802 [sources differ between 8th and 9th December as being the date of birth of
the child]; and consequently that the petitioner had established his right to the barony; but as
he was informed by the solicitor of Mr. Henry Fenton Gardner that he intended hereafter to
establish his claim, he suggested that the petitioner's claim be referred to the House of Lords."
'After a careful enquiry as to the period of gestation, during which the most eminent
accoucheurs and midwives of the metropolis, and several married women were examined, the
House of Lords resolved that "Alan Legge Gardner was the only son and heir male of the body
of his father Alan Hyde Gardner Lord Gardner, and that he had made good his claim to the 
title, dignity and honour of Baron Gardner;" thus establishing the illegitimacy of Mr. Fenton
Gardner, the other claimant.'
Alan Legge Gardner, the 3rd Baron Gardner, died in 1883, since which time the peerage has 
remained dormant, although it seems extremely likely that a number of heirs exist. The 3rd
Baron Gardner died without male issue, so any heirs are to be found among the descendants
of the younger sons of the 1st Baron. The second son of the 1st Baron was Francis Farrington
Gardner, who died in July 1821. He had at least three sons, the second of whom, Stewart
William Gardner, who took service in India, where he married a niece of the Emperor of Delhi,
named Jane, but who was known in India as the Hurmoozee Begum. Apparently this marriage
was made according to local rites and produced a number of sons. The eldest of these sons
was named Alan Hyde Gardner, who in turn married an Indian woman. The difficulty for these
descendants of the younger sons of the 1st Baron is to prove the validity of their marriages
and, until this can be achieved, if at all, the peerages seem destined to remain dormant.
The last news of any claims for the peerage that I can trace occurred in 1956, when the
following report appeared in 'The Times':-
'Lieutenant-Commander David William Hyde Gardner, R.N., stated last night that he intends
to apply for a dormant peerage already claimed by a 75-year-old man living in a village in
India.
'Since the death of the third baron in 1883, the barony of Gardner has been dormant, although
Burke's Peerage comments that "an heir obviously exists." Burke's says the right to the title
has not been established. Both Burke's and Debrett's name as the claimant Alan Legge
Gardner, of Village Bhnowta, Dadri, Dist. Bulandshahr, United Provinces, India. He claims to be
a direct descendant of the first Baron Gardner of Uttoxeter, in the county of Stafford, 
Admiral of the Blue, who died in 1809.
'Lieutenant-Commander Gardner, aged 43, married, with two sons, aged 17 and 10, and a
daughter aged 15, is on the staff of the Commodore, R.N. Barracks, Lee-on-Solent. He lives
at Oriel Cottage, St. Mark's Road, Alverstoke, Hampshire. He told a reporter: "I have never met
Alan Legge [Gardner], who is a descendant of my great-great-grandfather's brother, Stewart
William Gardner. Stewart William was in India as an ensign in the 28th Native Indian Regiment
and married an Indian princess and had many sons.
'Stating that his claim would be made in due course, Lieutenant-Commander Gardner said: 
"Meanwhile I am going on with my search into the family background."
Since that time, I have been unable to find any further activity towards claiming the peerages.
Edric Frederick Gifford VC, 3rd Baron Gifford
Gifford was a Lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion of the 24th Foot during the Third Anglo-
Ashanti War of 1873-1874 during which he was awarded a Victoria Cross. His citation reads
"During the 1873-74 Ashanti Campaign, Lieutenant Lord Gifford was in charge of Scouts after
the army crossed the Prah, and he daily took his life in his hands, performing his dangerous
duties. He ferreted out the enemy's intentions, discovered their positions and took numerous
prisoners. His courage was particularly conspicuous at the taking of Bequah, Ashanti, into
which he penetrated with his scouts before the troops carried it."
Janet Douglas, widow of the 6th Lord Glamis, who was unjustly burned at the stake 
The following sketch of Janet Douglas, Lady Glamis, is taken from the July 1971 issue of the
Australian monthly magazine "Parade":-
'When Janet Douglas was burned at the stake on Edinburgh's Castle Hill one July day in 1537,
the weeping crowd who saw her death agonies witnessed one of the most hideous travesties
of justice in Scottish history. No one seriously believed that she had conspired to murder 
James V of Scotland, that she had poisoned her first husband, or was guilty of the black
crimes of sorcery and treason alleged against her.  The judges 
The judges who reluctantly condemned her had pleaded for the royal mercy. Some of the
greatest Scottish nobles had begged in vain that her life be spared. The perjured evidence
of a disappointed lover, a "confession" wrung from a screaming boy under torture and the
implacable vengeance of a king were more than enough to consign Janet Douglas to the flames.
'The remorseless power politics of 16th century Scotland claimed many a hapless victim, but
none more tragic than the beautiful and ill-fated "Bride of Glamis." Born about 1500, Janet was
a child of the house of Douglas, which for centuries had been famous in Scottish history for its
pride, power and turbulence. She was a teenage girl when the Douglas influence reached its
peak with the marriage of her brother, the Earl of Angus, to the widowed Queen Margaret, 
mother of the infant James V. For the next 15 years, with one short break, Angus and the 
Douglas clan were the virtual rulers of Scotland. Although Angus himself was driven into exile
in 1522, he returned two years later, supported by Henry VIII of England, to clamp his authority
even more fiercely on the boy king and his court.
 
'Janet took no part in the intrigues and brutalities by which the Douglases maintained their 
power over the jealous nobility and the terrorised young monarch. She grew up one of the most
notable beauties of the age with an oval, ivory-complexioned face, a small figure, grey eyes and
"the wit of an accomplished courtier." Piety and learning added to the esteem in which she was
held and frequently she went on long pilgrimages to the religious shrines in England and 
Scotland.
'In 1520 she married John Lyon, Lord Glamis, by whom she had two sons, one of them a remote
ancestor of Queen Elizabeth II, who was to occupy the English throne more than 400 years 
later. For seven years the couple lived quietly in the ancient castle of Glamis before the storm
that was eventually to send Janet to the stake burst. When her husband died in 1528, there
was not the slightest suggestion that his death was due to anything but natural causes. The
lord of Glamis had long been sickly, possibly the result of consumption. Janet had nursed him
with devotion and none doubted the grief with which she saw him buried. The, within the next
few months, two more events marked fateful stages in the destiny of Janet Douglas.
 
'The first was apparently trivial, when the young widow rejected a proposal of marriage from
William Lyon, a distant kinsman of her dead husband. From a disappointed suitor, Lyon was
converted into a bitter enemy whose cold-blooded perjury 9 years later finally sealed the doom
of the woman he had loved.
 
'The second incident was played on the national stage when, in 1528, the seemingly unshakable
domination of the Douglases over the government of Scotland suddenly collapsed in ruins. King
James was now 16. For years he had been humiliated under the arrogant tutelage of the Earl of
Angus and his clan and at last he had nerved himself to assert his independence. His flight
from Angus's custody was a signal for every Douglas foe to rise in arms to his support and by
the end of the year the royal triumph was complete.
 
'Angus and his chief adherents escaped to England, but on the rest of the hated family King 
James' vengeance fell with relentless fury. Dozens of Douglas estates were confiscated, and
their owners hounded to death or exile. The king swore that nothing would satisfy him until the
accursed name was rooted out of the Scottish nobility. Even in her widowed retirement at 
Glamis, Janet did not escape the frenzied persecution that engulfed her family. In 1529 she was
ordered to appear before the Scottish parliament to answer charges of secretly and treasonably
corresponding with her exiled brother, the Earl of Angus. Janet ignored the summons and since
the evidence against her was almost non-existent, James contented himself with seizing her
property and handing it over to one of his courtiers.
'But the king was only biding his time until more deadly charges could be raked up against her -
charges that would horrify even those who still pitied her as a victim of royal malice. Three 
years later, by which time Janet had wed a second husband, Archibald Campbell of Skipnish, it
seemed that James' opportunity had arrived.
 
'Spies planted in Janet's household came forward with their concocted stories. Bribes and 
threats produced other damning testimony against her. Early in 1532 she was arraigned on a 
charge of having caused the death if her first husband, Lord Glamis, "by potions, poisons,
magical charms or other devilish arts of sorcery." Once more, however, King James had over-
reached himself in his insatiable thirst for vengeance. The Scottish nobility and public alike 
simply refused to believe that the devout Janet Douglas was a witch and a murderer.  Thirty of
the lords and gentry empanelled as a grand jury to consider the accusation defied the king's 
fury by abruptly ending the "detestable proceedings." Twice James had been thwarted. He was 
determined that the innocent sister of "that prideful monster of treason," the Earl of Angus, 
should not escape a third time.
'Another four years passed before the blow fell, and now, blasted by betrayal and perjury within
her own family, Janet's fate was certain. This time the chief informer was William Lyon, the
rejected lover whose rankling jealousy had been further inflamed by Janet's marriage to his rival,
Archibald Campbell. Ever since Angus's flight, King James had been haunted by fear of 
assassination at the instigation of the ruined Douglases. When, early in 1537, Lyon confronted
the king with a story of a murder plot woven by Campbell and his wife, James listened with an
eager ear. 
'For months, said Lyon, Janet had been in secret communication with her brother in England and
the king's death was to be a signal for a general rebellion by the Douglas chieftains and the 
nobles who followed them. What proof Lyon produced will never be known, but James was easily
satisfied, confident that the royal judges would never dare to sweep aside an accusation of
of plotting against the life of the king, 
'Within a few days Janet, her husband, her two young sons by Lord Glamis and an old priest in
her household were seized and brought to Edinburgh under a guard of soldiers. There, Janet was
formally arraigned on a charge of conspiring to murder King James by poison, and the others 
were accused of complicity in the same terrible plot. Once more the old stories were raked up 
by the king's busy lawyers - that Janet had killed her first husband by poison, that she was a 
dabbler in black magic, that she had incited her brother in his schemes of treason.
'Lyon's testimony formed the basis of most of the indictment, but he was so obviously actuated
by vindictiveness that even the king saw that other evidence must somehow be found. It came
from Janet's own son, the 16-year-old Lord Glamis, who had been separated from his mother 
and flung into the deepest and most noisome dungeon in Edinburgh Castle. First the terrified boy
was forced to watch other victims have their bleeding limbs torn from their sockets on the rack. 
Then, when he still stubbornly refused to confirm Lyon's story, he was strapped to the rack
himself until enough "evidence" had been extorted from his agonised screams to complete the
indictment.
 
'It was June 1537 when Janet Douglas appeared before the Earls of Atholl and Buchan and the
other judges specially appointed by King James to conduct the trial. Only at the reading of the
"confession" signed by her tortured son did her stoic calm break down, but never for an instant
did she waver in her plea of innocence. Nevertheless, she was convicted, and for the fearful
crime of plotting the death of the sovereign the law allowed only one sentence.
 
'Solemnly the Earl of Atholl pronounced her fate. She was to be taken from prison to Castle Hill,
there to be burned alive at the stake and her ashes scattered to the winds. That same night
the judges sent two of their number to the King at Holyrood Palace urging him at least to delay
the execution until the evidence could be further examined. Coldly James told them to do their
duty. When other nobles of the court tried to add their appeals, the implacable king turned
away and refused to listen to them.
 
'And so, on the morning of July 17, 1537, Janet Douglas was taken in a cart through an 
enormous crowd of spectators to the scaffold outside the walls of Edinburgh Castle. As the fire
licked up her motionless figure, "hundreds knelt on the stones to pray for her innocent soul or
wept and cursed against the villains who swore away her life."
 
'Her pitiful son, Lord Glamis, was tried shortly afterwards and condemned to be hanged, drawn
and quartered - a sentence that King James mercifully commuted to imprisonment for life. Her
old household priest was beheaded, and her husband, Archibald Campbell, speedily joined his
stepson in the castle dungeons. Campbell, however, did not remain a prisoner for long, for he
had powerful clan kinsmen who soon contrived a plan for his escape. The captive reached the
top of the battlements and was lowering himself down a wall by a rope when he fell and broke
his neck on the rocks beneath. 
 
'Only one grim footnote remained to the tragic story of Janet Douglas. Half crazed with remorse,
William Lyon flung himself at the king's feet and retracted the accusation that had helped to
send her to the fire. Without a flicker of emotion, James told him to keep silent and never show
his face in the royal court again.'
James Carr-Boyle, 5th Earl of Glasgow
During his life, Glasgow maintained the largest stable of racehorses in the United Kingdom.
At the same time, however, they were one of the least successful. He refused to name any
of his horses and he was obstinately loyal to certain blood-lines that had been proved to be
total failures. However, if a horse failed to perform to expectations, he had no hesitation
in having the horse shot on the spot. On some mornings, after a trial gallop, up to seven
horses were known to have been shot. Since none of the horses had ever been named, it
was never quite clear if the right horses had paid the price of their poor performances.
Glasgow was always unpredictable. On one occasion he argued with one of his trainers, James
Godding, over what Glasgow perceived to be a tasteless remark. While escorting Glasgow on a 
tour of his stables, Godding pointed to one of the horses, 'That's old Volunteer. He's won 17
races and yet his owner's never seen him.' While the Earl puzzled over why an owner should 
take so little interest in such a successful horse, Godding added 'he's as blind as a bat.' Glasgow
was outraged at this remark and immediately removed all of his own horses from Godding's 
stable.
Glasgow did not normally show such sensitivity, however. He tended to treat people as brutally
as his horses - when out hunting, it sometimes amused Glasgow to select one of his own
servants as the quarry. One evening he dropped in late at the Doncaster Club and demanded a
whisky. When he found out that there was no service because the steward had retired for the
night, Glasgow stormed upstairs to the steward's quarters and set fire to his bed.
Copyright @ 2003-2013  Leigh Rayment