PEERAGE
Last updated 21/02/2014
Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
HABGOOD
8 Sep 1995 B[L] 1 John Stapylton Habgood               23 Jun 1927
Created Baron Habgood for life 8 Sep 1995
Archbishop of York 1983-1995. PC 1983
HACHE
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Eustace de Hache 1306
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1306 Hache 6 Feb 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
HACKING
2 Jul 1945 B 1 Sir Douglas Hewitt Hacking,1st baronet 4 Aug 1884 29 Jul 1950 65
Created Baron Hacking 2 Jul 1945
MP for Chorley 1918-1945.  PC 1929
29 Jul 1950 2 Douglas Eric Hacking 7 Dec 1910 7 Nov 1971 60
7 Nov 1971 3 Douglas David Hacking 17 Apr 1938
HADDINGTON
11 Jun 1606 V[S] 1 John Ramsay c 1580 28 Feb 1626
to     Created Lord Ramsay of Barns and
28 Feb 1626 Viscount of Haddington 11 Jun 1606,
Lord Ramsay of Melrose 25 Aug 1615
and Baron of Kingston upon Thames
and Earl of Holdernesse 22 Jan 1621
Peerages extinct on his death
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17 Aug 1627 E[S] 1 Thomas Hamilton 1563 29 May 1637 73
Created Lord Binning 30 Nov 1613 and
Earl of Melrose 20 Mar 1619.
On the death of Viscount Haddington (see
above) the patent was changed to Earl of
Haddington 17 Aug 1627
29 May 1637 2 Thomas Hamilton 25 May 1600 30 Aug 1640 40
30 Aug 1640 3 Thomas Hamilton c 1625 8 Feb 1645
8 Feb 1645 4 John Hamilton c 1626 31 Aug 1669
31 Aug 1669 5 Charles Hamilton c 1650 May 1685
May 1685 6 Thomas Hamilton 29 Aug 1680 28 Nov 1735 55
Lord Lieutenant Haddington 1716. KT 1717
28 Nov 1735 7 Thomas Hamilton 1720 19 May 1794 73
19 May 1794 8 Charles Hamilton 5 Jul 1753 17 Mar 1828 74
Lord Lieutenant Haddington 1804-1823
17 Mar 1828 9 Thomas Hamilton 21 Jun 1780 1 Dec 1858 78
Created Baron Melros 24 Jul 1827
MP for St.Germans 1802-1806, Cockermouth
1807, Callington 1807-1812, Mitchell
1814-1818, Rochester 1818-1826 and 
Yarmouth 1826-1827. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1834-1835. First Lord of the
Admiralty 1841-1846. Lord Privy Seal 1846
PC 1814  KT 1853
1 Dec 1858 10 George Baillie-Hamilton 14 Apr 1802 25 Jun 1870 68
25 Jun 1870 11 George Baillie-Hamilton 26 Jul 1827 11 Jun 1917 89
Lord Lieutenant Haddington 1876-1917
KT 1902
11 Jun 1917 12 George Baillie-Hamilton 18 Sep 1894 17 Apr 1986 91
Lord Lieutenant Berwickshire 1952-1969
KT 1951
17 Apr 1986 13 John George Baillie-Hamilton 21 Dec 1941
HADDO
30 Nov 1682 B[S] 1 George Gordon  3 Oct 1637 20 Apr 1720 82
Created Lord Haddo,Methlick,Tarves
and Kellie,Viscount of Formantine and
Earl of Aberdeen  30 Nov 1682
See "Aberdeen"
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15 May 1915 E 1 John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon,7th Earl
of Aberdeen                3 Aug 1847  7 Mar 1934 86
Created Earl of Haddo and Marquess 
of Aberdeen and Temair 15 May 1915
See "Aberdeen"
HADEN-GUEST
2 Feb 1950 B 1 Leslie Haden Haden-Guest 10 Mar 1877 20 Aug 1960 83
Created Baron Haden-Guest 2 Feb 1950
MP for Southwark North 1923-1927 and
Islington North 1937-1950.
20 Aug 1960 2 Stephen Haden Haden-Guest 7 Jun 1902 21 Dec 1974 72
21 Dec 1974 3 Richard Haden Haden-Guest 20 Jul 1904 26 May 1987 82
26 May 1987 4 Peter Haden Haden-Guest 29 Aug 1913 8 Apr 1996 82
8 Apr 1996 5 Christopher Haden-Guest 5 Feb 1948
HAIG
29 Sep 1919 E 1 Douglas Haig 19 Jun 1861 29 Jan 1928 66
Created Baron Haig,Viscount Dawick
and Earl Haig 29 Sep 1919
KT 1917  OM 1919
29 Jan 1928 2 George Alexander Eugene Douglas Haig 15 Mar 1918 10 Jul 2009 91
10 Jul 2009 3 Alexander Douglas Derrick Haig 30 Jun 1961
HAILES
15 Feb 1957 B 1 Patrick George Thomas Buchan-Hepburn 2 Apr 1901 5 Nov 1974 73
to     Created Baron Hailes 15 Feb 1957
5 Nov 1974 MP for East Toxteth 1931-1950 and 
Beckenham 1950-1957. Minister of Works
1955-1957. Governor General of the West
Indies 1957-1962.  PC 1951  CH 1962
Peerage extinct on his death
HAILEY
15 Jul 1936 B 1 William Malcolm Hailey 15 Feb 1872 1 Jun 1969 97
to     Created Baron Hailey 15 Jul 1936
1 Jun 1969 Governor of Punjab 1924-1928 and United
Provinces 1928-1934.  PC 1949  OM 1956
Peerage extinct on his death
HAILSHAM
4 Jul 1929 V 1 Douglas McGarel Hogg 28 Feb 1872 16 Aug 1950 78
Created Baron Hailsham 5 Apr 1928
and Viscount Hailsham 4 Jul 1929
MP for St.Marylebone 1922-1928. Attorney
General 1923-1924 and 1924-1928. Lord
Chancellor 1928-1929 and 1935-1938.
Secretary of State for War 1931-1935. 
Lord President of the Council 1938.
PC 1922
16 Aug 1950 2 Quintin McGarel Hogg 9 Oct 1907 12 Oct 2001 94
to     Created Baron Hailsham of St.Marylebone
20 Nov 1963 for life 30 Jun 1970
30 Jun 1970 B[L] 1 MP for Oxford 1938-1950 and St.Marylebone
to     1963-1970. First Lord of the Admiralty 1956-
12 Oct 2001 1957. Minister of Education 1957.Lord
President of the Council 1959 and 1960-1964
Lord Privy Seal 1959-1960. Minister for
Science and Technology 1959-1964. Lord
Chancellor 1970-1974 and 1979-1987. 
PC 1956  CH 1974  KG 1988
He disclaimed the peerage for life 20 Nov
1963. Life peerage extinct on his death
12 Oct 2001 3 Douglas Martin Hogg  5 Feb 1945
MP for Grantham 1979-1997 and Sleaford &
North Hykeham 1997-   . Minister of State for
Industry 1989-1990. Minister of State,
Foreign Office 1990-1995. Minister of
Agriculture Fisheries & Food 1995-1997
PC 1992
HAIRE OF WHITEABBEY
13 May 1965 B[L] 1 John Edwin Haire 14 Nov 1908 7 Oct 1966 57
to     Created Baron Haire of Whiteabbey for life
7 Oct 1966 13 May 1965
MP for Wycombe 1945-1951
Peerage extinct on his death
HALDANE
27 Mar 1911 V 1 Richard Burdon Haldane 30 Jul 1856 19 Aug 1928 72
to     Created Viscount Haldane 27 Mar 1911
19 Aug 1928 MP for Haddington 1885-1911. Secretary
of State for War 1905-1911. Lord 
Chancellor 1912-1915 and 1924.  PC 1902
KT 1913  OM 1915
Peerage extinct on his death
HALDON
29 Apr 1880 B 1 Sir Lawrence Palk,4th baronet 5 Jan 1818 22 Mar 1883 65
Created Baron Haldon 29 Apr 1880
MP for Devon South 1854-1868 and Devon
East 1868-1880.
22 Mar 1883 2 Lawrence Hesketh Palk 6 Sep 1846 31 Dec 1903 57
31 Dec 1903 3 Lawrence William Palk 13 Jul 1869 12 Jan 1933 63
For further information on this peer, see the
note at the foot of this page.
12 Jan 1933 4 Lawrence Edward Broomfield Palk 13 May 1896 16 Aug 1938 42
For further information on this peer, see the
note at the foot of this page.
16 Aug 1938 5 Edward Arthur Palk 1854 11 Jan 1939 84
to     Peerage extinct on his death
11 Jan 1939
HALE
24 Apr 1972 B[L] 1 Charles Leslie Hale 13 Jul 1902 9 May 1985 82
to     Created Baron Hale for life 24 Apr 1972
9 May 1985 MP for Oldham 1945-1950 and Oldham
West 1950-1968
Peerage extinct on his death
HALE OF RICHMOND
12 Jan 2004 B[L] 1 Brenda Marjorie Hale 31 Jan 1945
Created Baroness Hale of Richmond for life
12 Jan 2004
Lord Justice of Appeal 1999-2004. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 2004-2009   Justice of the    
Supreme Court 2009-      PC 1999
HALES
c 1458 B[S] 1 Sir Patrick Hepburn c 1410 c 1480
Created Lord Hales c 1458
c 1480 2 Adam Hepburn c 1435 c 1484
c 1484 3 Patrick Hepburn
He was created Earl of Bothwell (qv) in
1488 into which title this peerage then
merged
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16 Jun 1581 B[S] 1 Francis Stewart c 1604
to     Created Lord Hales and Earl of 
12 Jul 1592 Bothwell 16 Jun 1581
See "Bothwell"
HALIBURTON
13 Jun 1898 B 1 Arthur Lawrence Haliburton 26 Sep 1832 21 Apr 1907 74
to     Created Baron Haliburton 13 Jun 1898
21 Apr 1907 Peerage extinct on his death
HALIFAX
17 Aug 1682 M 1 George Saville 11 Nov 1633 5 Apr 1695 61
Created Baron Saville of Eland and
Viscount Halifax 13 Jan 1668,Earl of
Halifax 16 Jul 1679 and Marquess of
Halifax 17 Aug 1682
MP for Pontefract 1660. Lord Privy Seal
1682-1685 and 1689-1690. Lord President
of the Council 1685.  PC 1679
5 Apr 1695 2 William Savile c 1665 31 Aug 1700  
to     MP for Newark 1689-1695
31 Aug 1700 Peerages extinct on his death
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13 Dec 1700 B 1 Charles Montagu 16 Apr 1661 19 May 1715 54
19 Oct 1714 E 1 Created Baron Halifax 13 Dec 1700 and
to     Viscount Sunbury and Earl of Halifax 
19 May 1715 19 Oct 1714
MP for Maldon 1689-1695 and Westminster
1695-1700. Chancellor of the Exchequer
1694-1699. First Lord of the Treasury
1697-1699 and 1714-1715. PC 1694  KG 1714
Lord Lieutenant Surrey 1714-1715
On his death the Earldom and Viscountcy
became extinct whilst the Barony
passed to -
19 May 1715 2 George Montagu c 1684  9 May 1739
14 Jun 1715 E 1 Created Viscount Sunbury and Earl of
Halifax 14 Jun 1715
MP for Northampton 1705-1715. PC 1717
9 May 1739 2 George Montagu-Dunk 6 Oct 1716 8 Jun 1771 54
President of the Board of Trade 1748-1761.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1761-1763. 
First Lord of the Admiralty 1762. Secretary 
of State 1762-1765 and 1771. Lord Privy
Seal 1770-1771. Lord Lieutenant
Northampton 1749-1771.  PC 1749  KG 1764
Peerages extinct on his death
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21 Feb 1866 V 1 Sir Charles Wood,3rd baronet 20 Dec 1800 8 Aug 1885 84
Created Viscount Halifax 21 Feb 1866
MP for Great Grimsby 1826-1831, Wareham
1831-1832, Halifax 1832-1865 and Ripon
1865-1866. Chancellor of the Exchequer
1846-1852. President of the Board of
Control 1852-1855. First Lord of the
Admiralty 1855-1858. Secretary of State
for India 1859-1866. Lord Privy Seal 1870-
1874.  PC 1846
8 Aug 1885 2 Charles Lindley Wood 7 Jun 1839 19 Jan 1934 94
19 Jan 1934 3 Edward Frederick Lindley Wood 16 Apr 1881 23 Dec 1959 78
11 Jul 1944 E 1 Created Baron Irwin 22 Dec 1925 and 
Earl of Halifax 11 Jul 1944
MP for Ripon 1910-1925. President of the
Board of Education 1922-1924. Minister of
Agriculture 1924-1925. Viceroy of India
1926-1931. Secretary of State for War
1935. Lord Privy Seal 1935-1937. Lord
President of the Council 1937. Foreign
Secretary 1938-1940. PC 1922  KG 1931
OM 1946
23 Dec 1959 2 Charles Ingram Courtenay Wood 3 Oct 1912 19 Mar 1980 67
MP for York 1937-1945. Lord Lieutenant 
Yorkshire ER 1968-1974,Humberside 1974-80
19 Mar 1980 3 Charles Edward Peter Neil Wood 14 Mar 1944
HALL
28 Oct 1946 V 1 George Henry Hall 31 Dec 1881 8 Nov 1965 83
Created Viscount Hall 28 Oct 1946
MP for Merthyr Tydfil 1922-1946. Secretary
of State for Colonies 1945-1946. First Lord
of the Admiralty 1946-1951.  PC 1942
8 Nov 1965 2 William George Leonard Hall 9 Mar 1913 24 Jul 1985 72
to     Peerage extinct on his death
24 Jul 1985
HALL OF BIRKENHEAD
19 Mar 2010 B[L] 1 Anthony William Hall 3 Mar 1951
Created Baron Hall of Birkenhead for life
19 Mar 2010
HALSBURY
19 Jan 1898 E 1 Hardinge Stanley Giffard 3 Sep 1823 11 Dec 1921 98
Created Baron Halsbury 26 Jun 1885
and Viscount Tiverton and Earl of
Halsbury 19 Jan 1898
MP for Launceston 1877-1885. Solicitor
General 1875-1880. Lord Chancellor
1885-1886,1886-1892 and 1895-1905.
PC 1885
For further information on this peer, and for a ghost
story concerning him,see the note at the foot of
this page
11 Dec 1921 2 Hardinge Goulburn Giffard 20 Jun 1880 15 Sep 1943 63
15 Sep 1943 3 John Anthony Hardinge Giffard 4 Jun 1908 14 Jan 2000 91
14 Jan 2000 4 Adam Edward Giffard 3 Jun 1934 31 Dec 2010 76
to     Peerages extinct on his death
31 Dec 2010
HAMBLEDEN
11 Nov 1891 V 1 Emily Danvers Smith 1828 13 Aug 1913 85
Created Viscountess Hambleden
11 Nov 1891
For details of the special remainder included in the
creation of this peerage,see the note at the 
foot of this page
13 Aug 1913 2 William Frederick Danvers Smith 12 Aug 1868 16 Jun 1928 59
MP for Strand 1891-1910
16 Jun 1928 3 William Henry Smith 25 Jul 1903 31 Mar 1948 44
31 Mar 1948 4 William Herbert Smith 2 Apr 1930 2 Aug 2012 82
2 Aug 2012 5 William Henry Bernard Smith 18 Nov 1955
HAMBRO
26 Sep 1994 B[L] 1 Charles Eric Alexander Hambro 24 Jul 1930 7 Nov 2002 72
to     Created Baron Hambro for life 26 Sep 1994
7 Nov 2002 Peerage extinct on his death
HAMEED
27 Mar 2007 B[L] 1 Khalid Hameed 1 Jul 1941
Created Baron Hameed for life 27 Mar 2007
HAMILTON
28 Jun 1445 B[S] 1 Sir James Hamilton c 1453
Created Lord Hamilton 28 Jun 1445
c 1453 2 James Hamilton c 1415 Nov 1479
Nov 1479 3 James Hamilton
He was created Earl of Arran (qv) in 1503
with which title this peerage then merged
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17 Apr 1599 M[S] 1 John Hamilton c 1535 12 Apr 1604
Created Lord Aven and Innerdale,Earl
of Arran and Marquess of Hamilton
17 Apr 1599
12 Apr 1604 2 James Hamilton 1589 2 Mar 1625 35
He succeeded as 4th Earl of Arran (qv) in 1609
KG 1623
2 Mar 1625 3 James Hamilton 19 Jun 1606 9 Mar 1649 42
12 Apr 1643 D[S] 1 Created Lord Aven and Innerdale,Earl
of Arran and Cambridge,Marquess of
Clydesdale and Duke of Hamilton
12 Apr 1643
KG 1630
9 Mar 1649 2 William Hamilton 14 Dec 1616 12 Sep 1651 34
Created Lord Machansyre and Polmont
and Earl of Lanark 31 Mar 1639
MP for Portsmouth 1640. KG 1650
12 Sep 1651 3 Anne Hamilton 1636 17 Oct 1716 80
She married Lord William Hamilton (see
below) and resigned the peerages in 1698
in favour of James Hamilton (see below)
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20 Sep 1660 D[S] 1 Lord William Hamilton 24 Dec 1635 18 Apr 1694 58
[L] Created Lord Daer and Shortcleuch
and Earl of Selkirk 4 Aug 1646, and 
Lord Aven,Machansire,Polmont and
Daer,Earl of Arran,Lanark and Selkirk,
Marquess of Clydesdale and Duke of
Hamilton for life 20 Sep 1660
KG 1682  PC 1687
The creations of 1660 became extinct on
his death - see also "Selkirk"
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
9 Jul 1698 4 James Hamilton 11 Apr 1658 15 Nov 1712 54
Created Baron of Dutton and Duke of
Brandon 10 Sep 1711
Lord Lieutenant Lancashire 1710-1712.  PC 1710
KT 1687  KG 1712
15 Nov 1712 5 James Hamilton  (also 2nd Duke of Brandon) 5 Jan 1703 2 Mar 1743 40
KT 1726
2 Mar 1743 6 James Hamilton  (also 3rd Duke of Brandon) 5 Jul 1724 17 Jan 1758 33
KT 1755
17 Jan 1758 7 James George Hamilton  (also 4th Duke of Brandon) 18 Feb 1755 7 Jul 1769 14
He succeeded as 4th Marquess of Douglas in 1761
7 Jul 1769 8 Douglas Hamilton  (also 5th Duke of Brandon) 24 Jul 1756 2 Aug 1799 43
Lord Lieutenant Lanarkshire 1794-1799
KT 1786
2 Aug 1799 9 Archibald Hamilton  (also 6th Duke of Brandon) 15 Jul 1740 16 Feb 1819 78
MP for Lancashire 1768-1772. Lord
Lieutenant Lanarkshire 1799-1802. 
16 Feb 1819 10 Alexander Hamilton  (also 7th Duke of Brandon) 3 Oct 1767 18 Aug 1852 84
MP for Lancaster 1802-1806. Lord 
Lieutenant Lanarkshire 1802-1852. PC 1806
KG 1836
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Dutton 4 Nov 1806
For further information on this peer, see the note
at the foot of this page.
18 Aug 1852 11 William Alexander Anthony Archibald
Hamilton  (also 8th Duke of Brandon) 19 Feb 1811 8 Jul 1863 52
Lord Lieutenant Lanarkshire 1852-1863
8 Jul 1863 12 William Alexander Louis Stephen
Douglas-Hamilton  (also 9th Duke of Brandon) 12 Mar 1845 16 May 1895 50
He succeeded as 8th Earl of Selkirk in 1886
KT 1878
16 May 1895 13 Alfred Douglas Douglas-Hamilton  (also 10th
Duke of Brandon) 6 Mar 1862 16 Mar 1940 78
For information on a claim made to the dukedom
in 1897-1899,see the note at the foot of this page
16 Mar 1940 14 Douglas Douglas-Hamilton  (also 11th Duke of 
Brandon) 3 Feb 1903 30 Mar 1973 70
MP for Renfrew East 1930-1940. PC 1940
KT 1951
30 Mar 1973 15 Angus Alan Douglas Douglas-Hamilton  (also 12th
Duke of Brandon) 13 Sep 1938 5 Jun 2010 71
5 Jun 2010 16 Alexander Douglas Douglas-Hamilton  (also 13th
Duke of Brandon) 31 Mar 1978
HAMILTON OF DALZELL
14 Aug 1886 B 1 John Glencairn Carter Hamilton 16 Nov 1829 15 Oct 1900 70
Created Baron Hamilton of Dalzell
14 Aug 1886
MP for Falkirk 1857-1859 and Lanarkshire
South 1868-1874 and 1880-1886
15 Oct 1900 2 Gavin George Hamilton 29 Jun 1872 23 Jun 1952 79
Lord Lieutenant Lanarkshire 1938-1952
KT 1909
23 Jun 1952 3 John d'Henin Hamilton 1 May 1911 31 Jan 1990 78
Lord Lieutenant Surrey 1973-1986
31 Jan 1990 4 James Leslie Hamilton 11 Feb 1938 28 Sep 2006 68
28 Sep 2006 5 Gavin Goulburn Hamilton 8 Oct 1968
HAMILTON OF EPSOM
17 Jun 2005 B[L] 1 Sir Archibald Gavin Hamilton 30 Dec 1941
Created Baron Hamilton of Epsom 
for life 17 Jun 2005
MP for Epsom & Ewell 1978-2001. Min of State
for the Armed Forces 1988-1993. PC 1991
HAMILTON OF GLENAWLY
2 Mar 1661 B[I] 1 Hugh Hamilton Apr 1679
Created Lord Hamilton,Baron of
Glenawly 2 Mar 1661
Apr 1679 2 William Hamilton Feb 1680
to     Peerage extinct on his death
Feb 1680
HAMILTON OF HAMELDON
20 May 1776 B 1 Elizabeth Campbell 20 Dec 1793
Created Baroness Hamilton of
Hameldon 20 May 1776
20 Dec 1793 2 Douglas Hamilton,8th Duke of Hamilton and 5th
Duke o9f Brandon 24 Jul 1756 2 Aug 1799 43
2 Aug 1799 3 George William Campbell 22 Sep 1766 22 Oct 1839 73
He subsequently succeeded to the 
Dukedom of Argyll in 1806 with which title
this peerage then merged and still remains so
HAMILTON OF HAMILTON
24 Aug 1786 V 1 James Hamilton,8th Earl of Abercorn 22 Oct 1712  9 Oct 1789 76
Created Viscount Hamilton of Hamilton
24 Aug 1786
See "Abercorn"
HAMILTON OF STACKALLAN
20 Oct 1715 B[I] 1 Gustavus Hamilton c 1640 16 Sep 1723
Created Baron Stackallan of Hamilton
20 Oct 1715
He was subsequently created Viscount Boyne
20 Aug 1717 (qv)
HAMILTON OF STRABANE
8 May 1617 B[I] 1 James Hamilton c 1670
Created Lord Hamilton,Baron of 
Strabane 8 May 1617
He resigned the peerage in favour of -
1633 2 Claud Hamilton 14 Jun 1638
14 Jun 1638 3 James Hamilton 1633 16 Jun 1655 21
16 Jun 1655 4 George Hamilton 14 Apr 1668
14 Apr 1668 5 Claud Hamilton
He succeeded to the Earldom of Abercorn
in 1680 with which title this peerage then
merged and still remians so
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10 Aug 1868 M[I] 1 James Hamilton,2nd Marquess of Abercorn 21 Jan 1811 31 Oct 1885 74
Created Marquess of Hamilton of
Strabane and Duke of Abercorn 
10 Aug 1868
See "Abercorn"
HAMILTON OF WISHAW
10 Sep 1831 B 1 Robert Montgomery Hamilton,8th Lord
to     Belhaven and Stenton (qv) 1793 22 Dec 1868 75
22 Dec 1868 Created Baron Hamilton of Wishaw
10 Sep 1831
Peerage extinct on his death
HAMLYN
23 Feb 1998 B[L] 1 Paul Bertrand Hamlyn 12 Feb 1926 31 Aug 2001 75
to     Created Baron Hamlyn for life 23 Feb 1998
31 Aug 2001 Peerage extinct on his death
HAMMOND
5 Mar 1874 B 1 Edmund Hammond 25 Jun 1802 29 Apr 1890 87
to     Created Baron Hammond 5 Mar 1874
29 Apr 1890 PC 1866
Peerage extinct on his death
HAMNETT
6 Jul 1970 B[L] 1 Cyril Hamnett 20 May 1906 17 Mar 1980 73
to     Created Baron Hamnett for life 6 Jul 1970
17 Mar 1980 Peerage extinct on his death
HAMPDEN
14 Jun 1776 V 1 Robert Hampden,4th Baron Trevor 17 Feb 1706 22 Aug 1783 77
Created Viscount Hampden 14 Jun 1776
Postmaster General 1759-1765
22 Aug 1783 2 Thomas Hampden 11 Sep 1746 20 Aug 1824 77
MP for Lewes 1768-1774
20 Aug 1824 3 John Trevor 24 Feb 1749 9 Sep 1824 75
to     Peerage extinct on his death
9 Sep 1824
HAMPDEN OF GLYNDE
4 Mar 1884 V 1 Henry Bouverie William Brand 24 Dec 1814 14 Mar 1892 77
Created Viscount Hampden of Glynde
4 Mar 1884
MP for Lewes 1852-1868 and Cambridgeshire
1868-1884. Speaker of the House of
Commons 1872-1884.  PC 1866. Lord
Lieutenant Sussex 1886-1892
14 Mar 1892 2 Henry Robert Brand 2 May 1841 22 Nov 1906 65
MP for Hertfordshire 1868-1873 and Stroud 1874
and 1880-1886. Governor of NSW 1895-1899
22 Nov 1906 3 Thomas Walter Brand 29 Jan 1869 4 Sep 1958 89
Lord Lieutenant Hertford 1915-1952
4 Sep 1958 4 Thomas Henry Brand 30 Mar 1900 17 Oct 1965 65
17 Oct 1965 5 David Francis Brand 14 Jun 1902 4 Sep 1975 73
4 Sep 1975 6 Anthony David Brand 7 May 1937 4 Jan 2008 70
4 Jan 2008 7 Francis Anthony Brand 17 Sep 1970
HAMPTON
6 Mar 1874 B 1 Sir John Somerset Pakington,1st baronet 20 Feb 1799 9 Apr 1880 81
Created Baron Hampton 6 Mar 1874
MP for Droitwich 1837-1874. Secretary of
State for Colonies 1852. First Lord of the
Admiralty 1858-1859 and 1866-1867.
PC 1852
9 Apr 1880 2 John Slaney Pakington 13 Jul 1826 26 Apr 1893 66
26 Apr 1893 3 Herbert Perrott Murray Pakington 12 Feb 1848 17 Mar 1906 58
17 Mar 1906 4 Herbert Stuart Pakington 15 May 1883 30 Oct 1962 79
30 Oct 1962 5 Humphrey Arthur Pakington 8 Sep 1888 17 Feb 1974 85
17 Feb 1974 6 Richard Humphrey Russell Pakington 25 May 1925 9 Jul 2003 78
9 Jul 2003 7 John Humphrey Arnott Pakington 24 Dec 1964
HAMPTON COURT
26 Jan 1717 V 1 Margaret Newton c 1709 13 Jun 1761
      Created Baroness of Hampton Court
  and Viscountess Coningsby 26 Jan 1717
See "Coningsby"
HAMWEE
6 Jun 1991 B[L] 1 Sally Rachel Hamwee 12 Jan 1947
Created Baroness Hamwee for life 6 Jun 1991
HANHAM
15 Jul 1999 B[L] 1 Joan Brownlow Hanham 23 Sep 1939
Created Baroness Hanham for life 15 Jul 1999
HANKEY
3 Feb 1939 B 1 Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey 1 Apr 1877 26 Jan 1963 85
Created Baron Hankey 3 Feb 1939
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1940. Paymaster General 1941-1942. 
PC 1939
26 Jan 1963 2 Robert Maurice Alers Hankey 4 Jul 1905 28 Oct 1996 91
28 Oct 1996 3 Donald Robin Alers Hankey 12 Jun 1938
HANMER
1 Oct 1872 B 1 Sir John Hanmer,3rd baronet 22 Dec 1809 8 Mar 1881 71
to     Created Baron Hanmer 1 Oct 1872
8 Mar 1881 MP for Shrewsbury 1832-1837, Hull 1831-
1847 and Flint Burghs 1847-1872.
Peerage extinct on his death
HANNAY OF CHISWICK
19 Jun 2001 B[L] 1 David Hugh Alexander Hannay 28 Sep 1935
Created Baron Hannay of Chiswick for life
19 Jun 2001
CH 2003
HANNEN
28 Jan 1891 B[L] 1 James Hannen 1821 29 Mar 1894 72
to     Created Baron Hannen for life 28 Jan 1891
29 Mar 1894 Lord of Appeal in Ordinary 1891-1894
PC 1872
Peerage extinct on his death
HANNINGFIELD
31 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Paul Edward Winston White 16 Sep 1940
Created Baron Hanningfield for life
31 Jul 1998
HANSON
30 Jun 1983 B[L] 1 James Edward Hanson 20 Jan 1922 1 Nov 2004 82
to     Created Baron Hanson for life 30 Jun 1983
1 Nov 2004 Peerage extinct on his death
HANWORTH
17 Jan 1936 V 1 Sir Ernest Murray Pollock,1st baronet 25 Nov 1861 22 Oct 1936 74
Created Baron Hanworth 28 Jan 1926
and Viscount Hanworth 17 Jan 1936
MP for Warwick and Leamington 1910-1923.
Solicitor General 1919-1922. Attorney
General 1922. Master of the Rolls 1923-
1935.  PC 1922
22 Oct 1936 2 David Bertram Pollock 1 Aug 1916 31 Aug 1996 80
31 Aug 1996 3 David Stephen Geoffrey Pollock 16 Feb 1946
HARBERTON
5 Jul 1791 V[I] 1 Arthur Pomeroy 16 Jan 1723 9 Apr 1798 75
Created Baron Harberton 10 Oct 1783
and Viscount Harberton 5 Jul 1791
9 Apr 1798 2 Henry Pomeroy 8 Dec 1749 29 Nov 1829 79
29 Nov 1829 3 Arthur James Pomeroy 3 Mar 1753 27 Sep 1832 79
27 Sep 1832 4 John Pomeroy 19 Dec 1758 4 Jul 1833 74
4 Jul 1833 5 John James Pomeroy 29 Dec 1790 5 Oct 1862 71
5 Oct 1862 6 James Spencer Pomeroy 23 Nov 1836 4 Dec 1912 76
4 Dec 1912 7 Ernest Arthur George Pomeroy 1 Dec 1867 22 Apr 1944 76
22 Apr 1944 8 Ralph Legge Pomeroy 31 Dec 1869 4 Jul 1956 86
4 Jul 1956 9 Henry Ralph Martyn Pomeroy 12 Oct 1908 25 May 1980 71
25 May 1980 10 Thomas de Vautort Pomeroy 19 Oct 1910 12 Mar 2004 93
12 Mar 2004 11 Henry Robert Pomeroy 23 Apr 1958
HARBOROUGH
8 May 1719 E 1 Bennet Sherard,3rd Baron Sherard [I] 9 Oct 1675 16 Oct 1732 57
Created Baron Harborough 19 Oct 1714
Viscount Sherard 31 Oct 1718 and
Earl of Harborough 8 May 1719
The creations of the Barony of 1714 and the 
Earldom of 1719 both contained a special remainder
failing heirs of his body,to Philip Sherard,of 
Whissendine, co.Rutland
MP for Leicestershire 1701-1702 and
Rutland 1713-1715  Lord Lieutenant
Rutland 1700-1712 and 1715-1732
16 Oct 1732 2 Philip Sherard c 1680 20 Jul 1750
MP for Rutland 1708-1710. Lord Lieutenant
Rutland 1733-1750
20 Jul 1750 3 Bennet Sherard 3 Sep 1709 23 Feb 1770 60
23 Feb 1770 4 Robert Sherard 21 Oct 1719 21 Apr 1799 79
21 Apr 1799 5 Philip Sherard 10 Oct 1767 10 Dec 1807 40
MP for Rutland 1795-1796
10 Dec 1807 6 Robert Sherard 26 Aug 1797 28 Jul 1859 61
to     Peerages extinct on his death
28 Jul 1859
HARCLA
15 May 1321 B 1 Sir Andrew de Harcla
Summoned to Parliament as Lord 
Harcla 15 May 1321
He was subsequently created Earl of
Carlisle (qv) 25 Mar 1322
HARCOURT
11 Sep 1721 V 1 Simon Harcourt c Dec 1661 23 Jul 1727 65
Created Baron Harcourt 3 Sep 1711
and Viscount Harcourt 11 Sep 1721
MP for Abingdon 1690-1705, Bossinney
1705-1708, Cardigan 1710 and
Abingdon 1710. Solicitor General
1702-1707. Attorney General 1707-1708
and 1710. Lord Keeper 1710-1713. Lord
Chancellor 1713-1714. PC 1710
29 Jul 1727 2 Simon Harcourt 1714 16 Sep 1777 63
1 Dec 1749 E 1 Created Viscount Nuneham and Earl
Harcourt 1 Dec 1749
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1772-1777
PC 1751
For further information on the death of this peer,
see the note at the foot of this page
16 Sep 1777 2 George Simon Harcourt 1 Aug 1736 20 Apr 1809 72
MP for St.Albans 1761-1768
20 Apr 1809 3 William Harcourt 20 Mar 1743 17 Jun 1830 87
to     MP for Oxford 1768-1774. Field Marshal
17 Jun 1830 1821
Peerages extinct on his death
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
3 Jan 1917 V 1 Lewis Harcourt 31 Jan 1863 24 Feb 1922 59
Created Baron Nuneham and Viscount
Harcourt 3 Jan 1917
MP for Rossendale 1904-1916. First
Commissioner of Works 1905-1910 and 1915-
1916. Secretary of State for Colonies 1910-
1915. PC 1905
24 Feb 1922 2 William Edward Harcourt 5 Oct 1908 3 Jan 1979 70
to     Peerage extinct on his death
3 Jan 1979
HARDIE
21 May 1997 B[L] 1 Andrew Rutherford Hardie 8 Jan 1946
Created Baron Hardie for life 21 May 1997
Lord Advocate 1997-2000   PC 1997
HARDING OF PETHERTON
17 Feb 1958 B 1 Allan Francis John Harding 10 Feb 1896 20 Jan 1989 92
Created Baron Harding of Petherton
17 Feb 1958
Field Marshal 1953. Governor of Cyprus
1955-1957
20 Jan 1989 2 John Charles Harding 12 Feb 1928
HARDINGE
2 May 1846 V 1 Henry Hardinge 30 Mar 1785 24 Sep 1856 71
Created Viscount Hardinge 2 May 1846
MP for Durham 1820-1830, St.Germans
1830-1831, Newport 1831-1832 and
Launceston 1832-1844. Secretary at War
1828-1830 and 1841-1844. Chief Secretary
for Ireland 1830 and 1834-1835. Governor
General of India 1844-1848. Field Marshal
1855.  PC 1828.  PC [I] 1830
24 Sep 1856 2 Charles Stewart Hardinge 12 Sep 1822 28 Jul 1894 71
MP for Downpatrick 1852-1856
28 Jul 1894 3 Henry Charles Hardinge 1 Aug 1857 30 May 1924 66
30 May 1924 4 Caryl Nicholas Charles Hardinge 25 Dec 1905 13 Jun 1979 73
13 Jun 1979 5 Henry Nicholas Paul Hardinge 15 Aug 1929 16 Jul 1984 54
16 Jul 1984 6 Charles Henry Nicholas Hardinge 25 Aug 1956 18 Jan 2004 47
18 Jan 2004 7 Andrew Hartland Hardinge 7 Jan 1960 11 Feb 2014 54
11 Feb 2014 8 Thomas Henry de Montarville Hardinge 19 Jun 1993
HARDINGE OF PENSHURST
21 Jul 1910 B 1 Charles Hardinge 20 Jun 1858 2 Aug 1944 86
Created Baron Hardinge of 
Penshurst 21 Jul 1910
Viceroy of India 1910-1916. PC 1904
KG 1916
2 Aug 1944 2 Alexander Henry Louis Hardinge 17 May 1894 29 May 1960 66
PC 1936
29 May 1960 3 George Edward Charles Hardinge 31 Oct 1921 14 Jul 1997 75
14 Jul 1997 4 Julian Alexander Hardinge 23 Aug 1945
Lawrence William Palk, 3rd Baron Haldon
One of the juicier family histories…..
The family descends from Sir Robert Palk, 1st baronet (qv) who made a fortune in India and
who represented Ashburton and Wareham in the House of Commons. The body of water
between India and Sri Lanka, the Palk Strait, is named after him.
The 2nd Baron Haldon was always known as 'Piggy', apparently due to a marked resemblance
to that species. In 1885, he was successful in obtaining a special Act of Parliament called
'Lord Haldon's Estates Act' [48 and 49 Victoria c.4] which gave him the right to deal with
the settled estates. Under the Act, the 3rd Baron was to receive an income of £1,000 per
year, although the income was never paid. The reason for this Act appears to be that the
2nd Baron spent the greater part of his life in financial straits and had been a frequent
visitor to the bankruptcy courts. He is said to have lost a fortune in the then-popular 'sport'
of racing spiders around a dinner plate.
In 1891, the 2nd Baron's son sold his interest in the estates for £3,750, one of the conditions
of the sale being that the son's existing debts of £20,000 be paid. It appears that the son,
who was later to become the 3rd Baron, was constantly in debt and, by all accounts, not
overly burdened with scruples. In November 1893, he appeared in court charged with having
forged his mother's name on a promissory note. He wrote to her informing her that he had been
compelled by dire necessity to put her name to the document, and she produced his letter
in court rather than pay the promissory note. No conviction was recorded, since it was
believed that the usurer who had lent the money had been aware at the time that Lady
Haldon's signature had been forged, and that he only let her son have the money with a view
to subsequent blackmail. For further information, see The Times of 9 November 1893.
The 3rd Baron, who was formerly a captain in the Royal Fusiliers, took part in the Boer War as
a member of the Imperial Yeomanry. At the end of the Boer War, he was mustered out and
for a time was destitute until he found a job as a railroad conductor at Pretoria in South
Africa. When he succeeded to the peerage in 1903, the 3rd Baron was in prison, having been
charged with two other men in endeavouring to defraud a man named Cowie by offering to
sell him a parcel of diamonds which turned out to be glass. At his subsequent trial he was
acquitted, the court believing that he was a mere dupe rather than a confederate. He had
also been declared bankrupt during his absence from England.
Haldon now blossomed forth as a promoter of patent medicines and became the secretary
of the Artificial Teeth Aid Society, which was formed for the purpose of selling false teeth
on the instalment plan, or even in renting them out. His partner in this enterprise was a 
shady character named F S Kennedy who was also Haldon's partner in another dodgy company
named the Chemical Blood Manufacturing Company which claimed its product would 'cure' gout
and eczema.
We next meet with Lord Haldon in February 1915 when he attempted to have himself
discharged from bankruptcy in order to recover the commission he once held in the army.
Although unsuccessful on this occasion, he was able to emerge from bankruptcy in February
1919.
The 2nd Baron married twice - firstly in 1893 to Lidiana Crezencia, known on the American 
stage as Mlle Miska; she died in 1928. In January 1929, he took as his second wife Edith
Brightman. On 1 May 1930, at around 7.30pm, she was seen to fall from a 60 ft high cliff at
Brighton, her body being found wedged in rocks at the foot of the cliff. The subsequent
inquest returned an open verdict.
On the death of the 3rd Baron in 1933, he was succeeded by his son, Lawrence Edward 
Broomfield Palk. The 4th Baron had, prior to succeeding to the title, been repatriated from
Nairobi as a vagrant in 1921; in September 1922, had been sentenced to three months for
stealing clothing; in January 1927, had received four months for obtaining money by false
pretences; in March 1928, had received a further two months for theft of jewellery and in 
September 1928 was bound over for two years after being charged with stealing jewellery
and clothing.
The 4th Baron died in August 1938, when he was succeeded by his kinsman Edward Arthur Palk.
The 5th Baron died 5 months later, when the title became extinct. One could be forgiven for
believing that this was the last act in the sorry history of this family, but one final twist
emerged in March 1939, when The Times reported that a son had been born to the widow of
the 4th Baron. Until that time, it was thought that the 4th Baron had never married, but the
alleged widow stated that she had married the 4th Baron in Scotland in June 1938 and that
she had been pregnant at the time of his death. However, in November 1940, the alleged 
mother, together with an accomplice, was charged with conspiracy to make a false statement
regarding a birth, causing a false entry in the registry of births and with forgery. The alleged
mother, a woman named Lizzie Ireland, had approached a new mother suggesting that she
adopt the newborn baby, and had taken the baby away with her. Her accomplice, Isabella
Blackett, had then registered the baby's birth as being the son of the late Lord Haldon. The
baby was subsequently christened as Lawrence Edward Bloomfield Palk [the same name as its
alleged father]. At their subsequent trial, both women were found guilty; Lizzie received three
years and Isabella 12 months' imprisonment. It is difficult to understand how they expected to
get away with this patently ridiculous claim, given that Lizzie was nearly 61 years old at the
date of the alleged birth.
Hardinge Stanley Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury
The following biography of Lord Halsbury appeared in the December 1953 issue of the Australian
monthly magazine "Parade":-
'Probably most people who have had cause to consult a lawyer, have gazed with awed astonish-
ment at the row of 39 massive volumes comprising "Halsbury's Laws of England, the "Bible of the
Law" throughout the English­speaking world that most lawyers keep handy to their reach. They
comprise a tremendous work of many millions of words, codifying all the laws of England evolved
by courts and parliament over many centuries, supported by accounts of precedents set in
thousands of special judgments - the whole clarified and interpreted with hundreds of thousands
of words of annotation and commentary. They could be supposed to represent a lifetime's work
for an especially gifted man. In actual fact, the man who undertook the herculean task of 
planning and supervising their compilation did not begin the task until he was 83; and he was 93
when he completed it, in 1916.
'He was Hardinge Stanley Giffard, First Earl of Halsbury, one of England's most remarkable Lord
High Chancellors and the first practitioner in criminal law to attain this, the Empire's highest
judicial office. He combined a penetrating mind and prodigious memory with an encyclopaedic
knowledge of the law that made him pre-eminent among the judges of his day. Son of a lawyer
who edited a conservative newspaper, the "Standard," Hardinge Giffard never attended school, 
but under his father's tuition he became exceptionally well versed in French, Latin, Greek and
Hebrew. His lessons had to be squeezed in to suit his father's daily programme, and not 
infrequently began at 4 a.m., even on freezing mornings.
'Giffard, Snr., did not believe in pampering his children; and Hardinge was taught to swim by the
simple expedient of being tossed overboard when the family was out boating at Margate. He was
initiated to fighting early when his Dublin-born father decked him out in a bright green suit, and
so caused him to have occasion to defend himself from other lads who jeered at him as "the
grasshopper." 
'After matriculating at Oxford University in 1842, he rowed in a record-breaking college "eight"
and showed that, though he was keenly interested in classical studies, he was no mere book-
worm. And, as the author of many practical jokes, he once discomfited a fellow-student, who
boasted of never having missed a chapel service, by screwing up the unhappy man's study door.
'Abominable handwriting almost cost Giffard his degree. Unable to read his papers, the examiners
passed him as a Bachelor of Laws on the strength of his known ability, but as a consequence
could award him only fourth-class honours in Classics. The result was a great disappointment to
Giffard's father, who took him into partnership in the "Standard." His real interest being in law,
after five years he abandoned journalism and was called to the bar in 1850. His career got away
to an auspicious start, for he obtained his first brief on the day he became a barrister. During
his second year in practice he married the daughter of a leading solicitor who had an extensive
Old Bailey practice and who gave the best briefs to his new son-in-law. 
 
'One of his early cases took him to Cardiff in 1854. All was proceeding normally when a mentally
deranged clergyman named Willoughby suddenly sprang to his feet and objected to Giffard's
method of examination. In a wild scene the interjector was dragged from court hurling abuse at
both judge and counsel. The incident had a curious and almost tragic sequel a short time after-
wards. Giffard was about to enter the Old Bailey on an entirely unrelated case when Willoughby
rushed up to him brandishing a pistol. Shouting, "Do you remember Cardiff?" he pointed the
the weapon at Giffard's head and fired. Almost unbelievably the demented parson missed at a 
range of only a few feet, the bullet lodging in the sleeve of his intended victim's gown. Giffard
did not escape unscathed, for the flash of exploding powder seared his cheek and left a 
permanent scar.
 
'In 1864 Giffard appeared for the prosecution in a remarkable case that focused nation-wide
attention upon him. Twelve [actually eight] members of the crew of a small ship named the 
Flowery Land were arraigned on charges of mutiny and of murdering the captain, chief officer 
and four others in subordinate authority. It was alleged that the victims had been thrown over-
board and brutally bashed to death with empty bottles as they struggled helplessly in the water,
trying to clamber back aboard the vessel. Giffard secured a conviction, and the murderers figured
in an unusual public execution in Newgate Street, all 12 [in reality only 5] being hanged 
simultaneously on a common gibbet [22 February 1864].
'A year later Giffard became a Queen's Counsellor, after having three times refused the honour,
on the ground that he would suffer financially by accepting it. His fears proved ill-founded, as he
more than doubled his former annual income of £2000 almost at once. Many important briefs 
came his way, and in 1867 he was leading counsel for Edward John Eyre, famous in the annals of 
Australian exploration for his 1500-mile trek across the Great Sandy Desert, from Fowler's Bay to
Albany. After returning to England, Eyre had been appointed Governor of Jamaica and there 
became embroiled in a native rebellion soon after taking office. Eyre was persuaded to declare
martial law by sadistic European officials secretly anxious for a chance to "put the dirty n-----s
in their place." In a savage pogrom that lasted a month, 439 natives were "legally murdered," 
while 600 others were mercilessly flogged with whips laced with  piano wire. More than 1000
native dwellings were burnt indiscriminately, and the nightmare of torture, rape and arson
culminated in the execution of one, George William Gordon, a negro member of the House of
Assembly, who was wrongly supposed to have incited the rising. Violent protests from missions
and benevolent organisations led to Eyre's recall, and on reaching London he was charged with
the murder of Gordon. By showing his client had been the unsuspecting tool of unscrupulous
colonists, Giffard had the ex-governor acquitted.
 
'On conclusion of the case Giffard attempted to enter Parliament as a Conservative, but failed
by 446 votes to defeat the sitting Liberal member for Cardiff. In the same year Giffard conducted
the prosecution in a trial that led to the last public hanging in England [on 26 May 1868]. The
condemned man, [Michael] Barrett, had been ring-leader of a group of Irish Republicans who
daringly mined the walls of Clerkenwell Prison to release some of their comrades. The plan failed,
but the shattering explosion killed 12 people and injured more than 100 others.
 
'Practically on the heels of this trial Giffard figured in the celebrated "Tichborne Case." Believed
to be the longest and most expensive litigation in the history of English law [up until the time of
the article], it ultimately dragged on for seven years and cost £91,000. In it, Giffard was second
counsel for Arthur Orton, a fat butcher from Wagga, N.S.W., who claimed to be a Sir Roger 
Tichborne, heir to great estates, who was believed to have been lost at sea some years before.
Finally, evidence was so solidly against Orton in his claim to the Tichborne estates that his 
leading counsel agreed to a non-suit. The decision angered Giffard, who always said afterwards
that they at least would have had a good chance of forcing a re-trial. He took no part in the
subsequent proceedings that brought Orton a 14-years' sentence for perjury.
 
'Death ended Giffard's childless first marriage in 1873, and in the following year he married the
woman who was to bear him a son and a daughter and eventually to become his widow. About
the same time he went within 10 votes of becoming Member for Cardiff. In the face of his two
failures to enter Parliament, Prime Minister Disraeli in 1875 wrote to Queen Victoria: "As high legal
talent is wanted in the House of Commons, Mr. Disraeli recommends your Majesty to appoint Mr.
Hardinge Giffard to the office of your Majesty's Solicitor-General. Mr. Giffard is not at present in
Parliament, but Mr. Disraeli can arrange to bring that about. There is no lawyer in the Ministerial
benches at present equal to the post."
'Though knighted and duly appointed, Giffard had the then unusual distinction of being Solicitor-
General without being a member of Parliament. Disraeli found the matter of engineering a seat for
him more difficult than he expected, and to overcome the impasse of having a legal adviser who
could not assist him in the House, he arranged for Giffard to be offered a judgeship. While Giffard
was in process of deciding whether or not to accept the post, friends outside Parliament secured
him the offer of the safe Conservative seat of Launceston. He represented Launceston from 1877
to 1885, when he was raised to the peerage. 
'The appointment of Giffard as Lord High Chancellor and first Baron Halsbury in 1885 surprised the
legal profession. No criminal lawyer had previously been elevated to the Woolsack. Except for one
period of six months [February to August 1886] and another of three years [1892-1895], when 
the Conservative Party was out of power, Giffard continued as Lord Chancellor until his retirement 
in 1905. During his incumbency he was raised to be Earl of Halsbury and Viscount Tiverton, and 
gave judgments that had far-reaching effects in establishing the right of workers to 
compensation, and enabling those accused of capital crimes to give evidence on their own 
behalf. 
 
'On retiring from leadership of the House of Lords in 1905 he began his monumental 11-years' 
labour of editing the digest of the Laws of England that perpetuates his name. Until well into his
90's he was an active golfer and was able to reply personally to scores of congratulations that
reached him in 1920 when he celebrated his 70th anniversary at the bar. He made his last 
appearance in the House of Lords in the following year, and on December 11, 1921, death 
claimed him in his 99th year, after a three-days' illness.'
                                         ***********************
While researching material for another note, I stumbled across the following ghost story relating
to the 1st Earl of Halsbury. Whilst I am unable to vouch for its truth, it's worth recording here.
Around the turn of the 20th century [the story was written in 1905 and refers to the events
as having happened 'a few years ago'], Lord and Lady Halsbury were spending the summer in 
Scotland at a house which they had rented from a member of the Erskine family. One afternoon
when the weather was bad, Lady Halsbury was lying on a couch in the library, while Lord
Halsbury was examining the view through the library window. Suddenly Lord Halsbury saw a 
rather dusty-looking carriage and pair enter the grounds of the house through the distant gate
and proceed up the drive towards the house. He called Lady Halsbury to the window to see if
she might recognise their visitors, and she, too, saw the approaching carriage. However, before
either of them could make out the occupants of the carriage, it had disappeared around the
corner of the house. Lord and Lady Halsbury waited for the bell to ring and for the footman to
announce the names of the visitors, but there was no ring, nor did any servant arrive to bring
news of the visitors. Eventually, Lord Halsbury went to investigate, but he found that no-one
had seen the carriage, or had heard its wheels on the gravel of the drive. Much mystified,
Lord Halsbury inspected the drive, but it was quite clear that no carriage wheels had passed
over the drive, since the gravel was quite undisturbed.
A few days later, Lord and Lady Halsbury hosted a dinner party for some people who lived in
the neighbourhood. During dinner, the Halsburys recounted the story of what had happened,
and in turn were informed by their guests of a tradition, according to which the arrival of a
ghostly, travel-stained and dusty carriage and pair invariably heralded the death of a member 
of the Erskine family. And sure enough, the next day word reached Lord and Lady Halsbury
that the owners of the house which they were renting had just lost their eldest son in tragic
circumstances.
The special remainder to the Viscountcy of Hambleden
From the "London Gazette" of 10 November 1891 (issue 26221, page 5847):-
"The Queen has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, granting the dignity of a Viscountess of the said
United Kingdom unto Emily Smith, widow of the Right Honourable William Henry Smith, by the
name, style, and title of Viscountess Hambleden, of Hambleden, in the county of Buckingham;
and, at her decease, the dignity, of a Viscount of the said United Kingdom to the heirs male of
her body by the said William Henry Smith, by the name, style, and title of Viscount Hambleden,
of Hambleden, in the county of Buckingham."
Alexander Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton
The following is extracted from "The Emperor of the United States of America and Other
Magnificent British Eccentrics" by Catherine Caufield (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1981)
The 10th Duke of Hamilton, often called the proudest man in Britain, combined in one person 
three dukes, two marquesses, three earls and eight barons. He was the premier peer in 
Scotland and could trace his family at least as far the thirteenth century. Above all, he
insisted that he was the true heir to the throne of Scotland. This claim was based on his
conviction that James VI had been secretly killed as a baby and an imposter substituted. The
crown therefore should have descended through the heir-apparent, a Douglas, to the 10th
Duke.
Visitors to the Duke's home on Arran profited from his lordship's feudal view of the world. 
Like a medieval ruler, he threw his regal cloak of protection over those fortunate enough to
enter his domain. All guests were given a token which entitled them to lodge, board and
travel anywhere on the island at the Duke's expense. Not infrequently visitors took 
advantage of this arrangement to stay rather longer on Arran than they had originally planned,
and, in fact, a number became resident there for the lifetime of the Duke.
He showed a democratic streak, however, in choosing a wife. He married a commoner, Miss
Susan Beckford, daughter of William Beckford of Fonthill and one of the great beauties of her
day. Though not of royal blood, she was the grand-daughter of a Hamilton, which, apparently,
counted for a lot. In any case, as the Duke's obituary in The Times in 1852 pointed out, "he
could not expect to find a Princess worthy of his hand."
Hamilton Palace was the family seat, and it was there that the Duke intended to be buried.
He outbid the British Museum for a magnificent sarcophagus that had been made for an
Egyptian princess. When the sarcophagus, for which Hamilton paid £11,000, arrived at 
Hamilton Palace it became all too clear that Egyptian princesses were substantially shorter
than Scottish Dukes. Attempts to lengthen the sarcophagus were unsuccessful due to the
unusually hard nature of the stone from which it was made. The Duke suffered great anxiety
over this and often lay down in the sarcophagus to try to assure himself that he would fit.
He decided to build a mausoleum that would be a worthy receptacle for his sarcophagus and
serve as the final resting-place for all the Dukes of Hamilton, past and future. Described as "the
most costly and magnificent temple for the reception of the dead in the world - always 
excepting the Pyramids", the Hamilton Mausoleum was a domed structure 120 feet high. The
floor was marble inlaid with other rare stones; the doors were replicas of those carved by
Ghiberti for the Baptistry in Florence; inside there was an octagonal chapel, numerous statues,
the tombs of the first nine Dukes, the great sarcophagus of the 10th Duke and room for future
generations. The splendour was not lost on Hamilton. "What a grand sight it will be", he used 
say, "when twelve Dukes of Hamilton rise together here at the Resurrection."
Like the Pharaohs of Egypt, he chose to be embalmed and his last journey was to purchase
the embalming spices. On his death bed fears that the sarcophagus would be too small returned
and his last words were "Double me up! Double me up!" Hamilton's fears were justified; his feet
had to be cut off and placed in the sarcophagus separately. Perhaps it is best that he was
spared the last blow to his pride; the later discovery that the sarcophagus which housed his
remains had held the body, not of a princess, but of the court jester.
The claim made to the Dukedom of Hamilton in 1897-1899
When the 12th Duke of Hamilton died in 1895, the title passed to his fourth cousin, Alfred
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, who became the 13th Duke. In the normal course of events, the
titles would have passed to the 12th Duke's younger brother, Charles George Archibald Douglas-
Hamilton, 7th Earl of Selkirk, but he had pre-deceased his older brother in May 1886.
In late 1898, a man by the name of Charles Gunn, who was at the time under indictment for
fraud in Johannesburg, claimed to be Lord Charles Douglas-Hamilton, and to therefore be the 
rightful heir to the titles and estates. The following reports from various newspapers outline the
history of this claim.
The Bristol Mercury and Daily Post, 5 January 1899:-
'The further information which has just arrived from Johannesburg by mail of the claim of a
man passing under the name of Charles Gunn to the Dukedom of Hamilton does not make the
matter any the less curious. It was as long ago as August, 1897, at Pretoria, that Gunn first
put on record his claim to the dukedom - two years after the death of the twelfth duke. The
claim, which was not then made public, was put forth in the form of a sworn statement as
follows:-
"I, the undersigned, Charles Archibald Hamilton, born May 18th, 1847, hereby declare that I am
the second son of William Alexander Archibald, 11th Duke of Hamilton, and Princess Mary of 
Baden, and only brother of William Alexander Louis Stephen, the late duke. That I left England
after fighting a duel, and that, for various reasons of my own, in 1886 my death was formally
announced, and a sham funeral gone through at my request. Acting under instructions from me,
my men, Charles Stuart, living in the Hunt House, Cadzow, and Archibald Robertson, of Bothwell
Haugh, filled up the coffin to represent the proper weight. A similar testimony to this was 
placed in the coffin, which was sent down to Hamilton Palace, and placed in the family 
mausoleum. The coffin can be opened and examined at any time in proof of this statement. I
make this declaration in case of death or any accident occurring to me previous to my reaching
England, to enable my son to claim the title. I was married under the name of Gunn, of Gunn, to
Rosie Theresa Fuchs, widow of the late --- Rathfelder, and have two children by the marriage
living - one daughter and one son. Marriage and baptismal certificate attached. (Signed), Carl
Hamilton, otherwise Gunn, of Gunn. As witness, H. Glaeser. Sworn before me, August 19, 1897,
at Pretoria, by the above-named Gunn, of Gunn, Edward Cohen."
'There is nothing in this statement inconsistent with the facts to be found in Burke's peerage.
Charles George Archibald Hamilton certainly was born on May 18th, 1847; and certainly was the
second son of William Alexander Anthony Archibald, eleventh Duke of Hamilton, and Princess
Mary of Baden. Certainly, too, he was the only brother of William Alexander Louis Stephen, who
became the twelfth duke, and died in May, 1895. Cadzow and Bothwell are two villages in
Lanarkshire, near Hamilton; and Hamilton Palace is the Lanarkshire seat of the dukedom. It was
in 1886 that the death of Charles George Archibald, the then duke's brother, was announced.
'So that the claimant, Gunn, is either personally familiar with the minute details about the house
of Hamilton, or else he "crammed" from the useful Burke. One would have been more likely to 
adopt the latter theory had he stuck more slavishly to the records Burke gives; had he, for
instance, set forth his name as Charles George Archibald, the second son of William Alexander
Anthony Archibald, etc. [My emphasis]. And Bothwell and Cadzow do not find mention in Burke
or Debrett. Gunn's statement is in substantial agreement with the reference books, with 
circumstantial variety, which the lawyers say is the strongest class of evidence.
'It will be remembered that Sir James Harris, the British Consul at Nice, has assured our 
correspondent there that Lord Charles Hamilton died in Nice in 1886, after arriving in the last
stages of consumption. Mr. E. Prat, the local undertaker, has also stated that the corpse of
Lord Charles was put in the coffin, which was screwed down in his presence. The death
certificate, which can be inspected at Somerset House, confirms this date and place of death;
but this certificate is witnessed, not by a doctor at all, but only by the aforesaid E. Prat, and
it bears no statement of the cause of death.
'Meanwhile, the claimant to the dukedom is under remand at Johannesburg, the charge of fraud
which is preferred against him arising out of this very claim in a curious manner.
'It appears that one Charles Kirkpatrick was courting Mrs. Gunn's daughter, and he lent Mrs. 
Gunn various sums. Later on he met Mr. Gunn, who said he was going home to claim his estate
as thirteenth Duke of Hamilton. Then it was that Gunn gave Kirkpatrick the document which had
been sworn at Pretoria, as set forth above. Gunn said he wanted money to go home to 
prosecute his claim, and Kirkpatrick advanced him some, without, as he states, ever trying to
find out whether Gunn's claim was genuine or bogus. Gunn did not sail, and did not explain to
Kirkpatrick why he did not, beyond stating that he had lost (presumably in speculation) £120 or
£130 of the amount advanced. Kirkpatrick thereupon had Gunn arrested on a charge of fraud,
and that charge is still pending.'
The Times, 10 June 1899:-
'Our Vienna correspondent telegraphs that efforts are being made by the Vienna police 
authorities to throw light upon the real motives of an imposter named Charles Gunn, who is
alleged to have been trying to pass himself off in Vienna as the late Lord Charles George
Archibald Hamilton, a brother of Countess Mary Festetics (daughter of the late Duke of 
Hamilton), who resides in Vienna. The investigations have thus far resulted in the discovery of
a document which would seem to point to the possibility of his being concerned in a conspiracy
similar to that of the notorious Tichborne claimant. This is a newspaper cutting found in Gunn's
possession, which purports to be a copy of an affidavit sworn by him at Pretoria on August 9,
1897. [The report then goes on to detail the wording of the affidavit, which has already been 
outlined above]. 
'If Gunn was in reality an embryo claimant the admissions he has made in Vienna have 
practically destroyed his power of mischief. He confesses that he assumed the name while living
in Cape Colony, but says it was solely for the purpose of greater consideration and without any
ulterior motive. He is, he says, a native of Grahamstown, in Cape Colony. He made the
acquaintance of Lord Charles George Archibald Hamilton in India, where both were officers in the
Army. He himself sold his commission in 1867, and after passing some years in England and 
Scotland returned to the Cape in 1871. There he devoted himself to diamond mining with such 
success that he was ultimately in a position to acquire mines on his own account. While at the
Cape he made the acquaintance of his companion, or accomplice, John Sanders, under his 
assumed name of "Lord Hamilton."  He states that it was Sanders who induced him to come to
Europe, and indeed bore the expenses of the journey. Sanders disappeared immediately before
the arrest of Gunn, and the police are disposed to regard him as the real instigator and moving
spirit in whatever scheme the two worthies were engaged in. Gunn, who is described as a tall
man of powerful physique, does not give the impression either of good breeding or of 
intelligence.'
In a lengthy report which appeared in the London 'Daily Mail' in July 1899, and later reprinted
in the Christchurch, New Zealand 'Star' on 28 August 1899, the Daily Mail confronted Gunn with
Lord Charles Hamilton's former valet, Marcus Waters, who was introduced to Gunn. "How do you
do, Waters?" said Mr. Gunn. "You don't look any older." "That's as it may be, sir," replied Mr. 
Waters, "but I never saw you before."
I have been unable to find any further mention of Gunn or his claim after this date.
Simon Harcourt, 1st Earl Harcourt
The following account of the death of the Earl is taken from the "Gazetteer and New Daily
Advertiser" of 19 September 1777:-
'Extract from a letter from Oxford, Sept. 16 - "I am sorry to acquaint you with a most 
melancholy accident which happened yesterday at Newnham [now spelled Nuneham] about five
miles from this city [i.e. Oxford] the seat of the Right Hon. Lord Harcourt. - His Lordship (Earl
Harcourt) went out for a walk in his park, as he frequently did about noon; not returning at his
usual time to dress before dinner, to which time he was always remarkably punctual, the family
were uneasy: near an hour being elapsed beyond the time of his Lordship's general return, the
family became more alarmed, and sent out every way in expectation of meeting him, but he
could not be found. More persons were then employed, fearing some accident had happened to
his Lordship. After about two hours strict search, his Lordship was discovered to have fallen 
into a well, and appeared to be quite dead: he was immediately carried to his own house, about 
a mile from the spot where the accident happened, and the medical gentlemen from this city
hurried over as fast as possible; but, alas! in vain, for no assistance could prevail, as the 
accident was supposed to have happened three hours before his Lordship was found. This
unhappy catastrophe is supposed to have happened as follows: His Lordship in his walk near
home was generally accompanied by a favourite dog only; the dog, in running about, 
accidentally fell into this old well, which was quite overgrown with sedge, so as not to be
discovered; his Lordship, with his usual humanity, hearing the cries of his favourite little animal,
came to its relief, and in stooping to get out the dog, his Lordship fell into the well head 
foremost, where he stuck quite fast, in which manner he was found. The place was about
eight feet deep, and about three feet of water in it. This melancholy event has spread universal
concern all over the country, as his Lordship was universally respected by all ranks of people." '
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