PEERAGE
Last updated 11/09/2013
Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
LAIDLAW
14 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Irvine Alan Stewart Laidlaw 22 Dec 1942
Created Baron Laidlaw for life 14 Jun 2004
LAING OF DUNPHAIL
8 Feb 1991 B[L] 1 Hector Laing                                     12 May 1923 21 Jun 2010 87
to     Created Baron Laing of Dunphail for life
21 Jun 2010 8 Feb 1991                            
Peerage extinct on his death
LAIRD
16 Jul 1999 B[L] 1 John Dunn Laird                        23 Apr 1944
Created Baron Laird for life 16 Jul 1999
LAKE
4 Nov 1807 V 1 Gerald Lake 27 Jul 1744 20 Feb 1808 63
Created Baron Lake 1 Sep 1804 
and Viscount Lake 4 Nov 1807
MP for Aylesbury 1790-1802
The dates given for the two creations are those
shown in the London Gazette. Some peerages
give the dates of creation as 13 September 1804 
and 4 November 1807 respectively
20 Feb 1808 2 Francis Gerard Lake 31 Mar 1772 12 May 1836 64
12 May 1836 3 Warwick Lake 9 Nov 1783 24 Jun 1848 64
to     Peerage extinct on his death
24 Jun 1848
LAMBERT
23 Jul 1945 V 1 George Lambert 25 Jun 1866 17 Feb 1958 91
Created Viscount Lambert 23 Jul 1945
MP for Devonshire North 1891-1918 and
South Molton 1918-1924 and 1929-1945
PC 1912
17 Feb 1958 2 George Lambert 27 Nov 1909 24 May 1989 79
MP for South Molton 1945-1950 and
Torrington 1950-1958
24 May 1989 3 Michael John Lambert 29 Sep 1912 22 Oct 1999 87
to     Peerage extinct on his death
22 Oct 1999
LAMBOURNE
19 Jun 1917 B 1 Amelius Mark Richard Lockwood 17 Aug 1847 26 Dec 1928 81
to     Created Baron Lambourne 19 Jun 1917
26 Dec 1928 MP for Epping 1892-1917. Lord Lieutenant
Essex 1919-1928. PC 1905
Peerage extinct on his death
LAMBTON
23 Mar 1833 V 1 John George Lambton,1st Baron Durham 12 Apr 1792 28 Jul 1840 48
Created Viscount Lambton and Earl of 
Durham 23 Mar 1833
See "Durham"
LAMBURY
26 Mar 1962 B 1 Leonard Percy Lord 15 Nov 1896 13 Sep 1967 70
to     Created Baron Lambury 26 Mar 1962
13 Sep 1967 Peerage extinct on his death
LAMING
27 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 William Herbert Laming 19 Jul 1936
Created Baron Laming for life 27 Jul 1998
LAMINGTON
3 May 1880 B 1 Alexander Dundas Ross Cochrane-
Wishart-Baillie 24 Nov 1816 15 Feb 1890 73
Created Baron Lamington 3 May 1880
MP for Bridport 1841-1846 and 1847-1852, 
Lanarkshire 1857, Honiton 1859-1868 and Isle of
Wight 1870-1880
15 Feb 1890 2 Charles Wallace Alexander Napier Ross
Cochrane-Baillie 31 Jul 1860 16 Sep 1940 80
MP for St.Pancras North 1886-1890.
Governor of Queensland 1895-1901
16 Sep 1940 3 Victor Alexander Brisbane William
to     Cochrane-Baillie 23 Jul 1896 20 Sep 1951 55
20 Sep 1951 Peerage extinct on his death
LAMONT OF LERWICK
24 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Norman Stewart Hughson Lamont 8 May 1942
Created Baron Lamont of Lerwick for life
24 Jul 1998
MP for Kingston upon Thames 1972-1997.
Minister of State for Trade 1981-1985.
Minister of State for Defence Procurement
1985-1986. Fin Sec to Treasury 1986-1989
Chief Sec to Treasury 1989-1990. Chancellor
of the Exchequer 1990-1993  PC 1986
LANARK
31 Mar 1639 E[S] 1 William Hamilton,later [1649] 2nd Duke of Hamilton 14 Dec 1616 2 Sep 1651 34
Created Lord Machansyre and Polmont
and Earl of Lanark 31 Mar 1639
See "Hamilton"
LANCASTER
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Henry Plantagenet c 1291 22 Sep 1345
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Lancaster 6 Feb 1299
Later created Earl of Leicester (qv)
22 Sep 1345 2 Henry Plantagenet c 1299 13 Mar 1361
to     KG 1348
13 Mar 1361 On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
c 1362 3 Blanche Plantagenet 1347 1369 22
1369 4 Henry Plantagenet 15 Apr 1367 20 Mar 1413 45
to     He succeeded to the throne as Henry IV in
1399 1399 when the peerage merged with the 
Crown
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
29 Dec 1299 B 1 John de Lancaster 1334
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1334 Lancaster 29 Dec 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
 
LANCASTER (County)
30 Jun 1267 E 1 Edmund Plantagenet 16 Jan 1246 5 Jun 1296 50
Created Earl of Lancaster 30 Jun 1267
4th son of Henry III
5 Jun 1296 2 Thomas Plantagenet c 1278 22 Mar 1322
to     He was beheaded and the peerage forfeited
22 Mar 1322
7 Mar 1327 3 Henry Plantagenet c 1281 22 Sep 1345
Restored to the peerage 1327
22 Sep 1345 4 Henry Plantagenet c 1300 13 Mar 1361
6 Mar 1351 D 1 Created Earl of Lincoln 20 Aug 1349
to     and Duke of Lancaster 6 Mar 1351
13 Mar 1361 KG 1348
On his death the Dukedom became extinct,
whilst the Earldom passed to -
13 Mar 1361 5 John Plantagenet 24 Jun 1340 3 Feb 1399 58
13 Nov 1362 D 1 Created Duke of Lancaster 13 Nov 1362
4th son of Edward III  KG 1361
3 Feb 1399 2 Henry Plantagenet 15 Apr 1367 20 Mar 1413 45
to     He succeeded to the throne as Henry IV in
1399 1399 when the peerage merged with the 
Crown
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
10 Nov 1399 D 1 Henry Plantagenet 16 Sep 1386 31 Aug 1422 35
to     Created Duke of Lancaster 10 Nov 1399
1413 He succeeded to the throne as Henry V in
1413 when the peerage merged with the 
Crown
LANDAFF
22  Nov 1797 E[I] 1 Francis Mathew Sep 1738 30 Jul 1806 67
Created Baron Landaff 12 Oct 1783,
Viscount Landaff 4 Dec 1793 and
Earl of Landaff 22 Nov 1797
30 Jul 1806 2 Francis James Mathew 2 Jan 1768 12 Mar 1833 65
to     MP for Tipperary 1801-1806  KP 1831
12 Mar 1833 Peerages extinct or dormant on his death
For further information on this peerage, see the
note at the foot of this page
LANE
28 Sep 1979 B[L] 1 Geoffrey Dawson Lane 17 Jul 1918 22 Aug 2005 87
to     Created Baron Lane for life 28 Sep 1979
22 Aug 2005 Lord Justice of Appeal 1974-1979. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 1979-1980. Lord Chief
Justice 1980-1992.  PC 1975
Peerage extinct on his death
LANE OF HORSELL
17 Jul 1990 B[L] 1 Peter Stewart Lane 29 Jan 1925 9 Jan 2009 73
to     Created Baron Lane of Horsell for life
9 Jan 2009 17 Jul 1990
Peerage extinct on his death
LANE-FOX
19 May 1981 B[L] 1 Felicity Lane-Fox 28 Jun 1918 17 Apr 1988 69
to     Created Baroness Lane-Fox for life
17 Apr 1988 19 May 1981
Peerage extinct on her death
LANE-FOX OF SOHO
25 Mar 2013 B[L] 1 Martha Lane Fox 10 Feb 1973
Created Baroness Lane-Fox of Soho for life
25 Mar 2013
LANERTON
8 Jan 1874 B 1 Edward Granville George Howard 23 Dec 1809 8 Oct 1880 70
to     Created Baron Lanerton 8 Jan 1874
8 Oct 1880 MP for Morpeth 1833-1837 and 1840-1852
Peerage extinct on his death
LANESBOROUGH
31 Jul 1676 V[I] 1 Sir George Lane,2nd baronet c 1620 11 Dec 1683
Created Viscount Lanesborough
31 Jul 1676
11 Dec 1683 2 James Lane 7 Jan 1650 2 Aug 1724 74
to     Peerage extinct on his death
2 Aug 1724
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12 Aug 1728 V[I] 1 Brinsley Butler,2nd Baron Newtown-Butler 1670 6 Mar 1736 65
Created Viscount Lanesborough
12 Aug 1728
PC [I] 1726
6 Mar 1736 2 Humphrey Butler c 1700 11 Apr 1768
20 Jul 1756 E [ I ] 1 Created Earl of Lanesborough
20 Jul 1756
PC [I] 1749
11 Apr 1768 2 Brinsley Butler 4 Mar 1728 15 Jan 1779 50
PC [I] 1774
15 Jan 1779 3 Robert Herbert Butler 1 Aug 1759 17 Apr 1806 46
17 Apr 1806 4 Brinsley Butler 22 Oct 1783 13 Jun 1847 63
13 Jun 1847 5 George John Danvers Butler-Danvers 6 Dec 1794 7 Jul 1866 71
7 Jul 1866 6 John Vansittart Danvers Butler-Danvers 18 Apr 1839 12 Sep 1905 66
Lord Lieutenant Cavan 1876-1900
12 Sep 1905 7 Charles John Brinsley Butler 12 Dec 1865 18 Aug 1929 63
18 Aug 1929 8 Henry Cavendish Butler 2 Jun 1868 22 Aug 1950 82
22 Aug 1950 9 Denis Anthony Brian Butler 28 Oct 1918 21 Dec 1998 80
to     Peerage extinct on his death
21 Dec 1998
LANG OF LAMBETH
2 Apr 1942 B 1 Cosmo Gordon Lang 31 Oct 1864 5 Dec 1945 81
to     Created Baron Lang of Lambeth 
5 Dec 1945 2 Apr 1942
Archbishop of York 1908-1928 and
Canterbury 1928-1942.  PC 1909
Peerage extinct on his death
LANG OF MONKTON
29 Sep 1997 B[L] 1 Ian Bruce Lang 27 Jun 1940
Created Baron Lang of Monkton for life
29 Sep 1997
MP for Galloway 1979-1983 and Galloway
and Upper Nithsdale 1983-1997. Minister of
State,Scotland 1987-1990. Secretary of
State for Scotland 1990-1995. Secretary
of State for Trade and Industry 1995-1997.
PC 1990
LANGDALE
23 Jan 1836 B 1 Henry Bickersteth 18 Jun 1783 18 Apr 1851 67
to     Created Baron Langdale 23 Jan 1836
18 Apr 1851 Master of the Rolls 1836-1851.  PC 1836
Peerage extinct on his death
LANGDALE OF HOLME
4 Feb 1658 B 1 Marmaduke Langdale 1598 5 Aug 1661 63
Created Baron Langdale of Holme
4 Feb 1658
Lord Lieutenant W Riding Yorkshire 1660-1661
5 Aug 1661 2 Marmaduke Langdale 14 Jan 1628 25 Feb 1703 75
25 Feb 1703 3 Marmaduke Langdale 12 Dec 1718
12 Dec 1718 4 Marmaduke Langdale 8 Jan 1771
8 Jan 1771 5 Marmaduke Langdale 5 Apr 1778
to     Peerage extinct on his death
5 Apr 1778
LANGFORD 
19 Feb 1766 V[I] 1 Elizabeth Ormsby Rowley 1713 18 Dec 1791 78
Created Baroness Summerhill and
Viscountess Langford 19 Feb 1766
18 Dec 1791 2 Hercules Rowley 29 Oct 1737 24 Mar 1796 58
to     Peerage extinct on his death
24 Mar 1796
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31 Jul 1800 B[I] 1 Clotworthy Rowley 31 Oct 1763 13 Sep 1825 61
Created Baron Langford 31 Jul 1800
13 Sep 1825 2 Hercules Langford Rowley 1795 3 Jun 1839 43
3 Jun 1839 3 Clotworthy Wellington William Robert
Rowley 24 Jul 1824 19 Jul 1854 29
19 Jul 1854 4 Hercules Edward Rowley 1 Jun 1848 29 Oct 1919 71
29 Oct 1919 5 John Hercules William Rowley 16 Dec 1894 29 Sep 1922 27
29 Sep 1922 6 William Chambre Rowley 30 Aug 1849 22 Jan 1931 81
22 Jan 1931 7 Clotworthy Wellington Thomas Edward
Rowley 1 Jun 1885 15 Jul 1952 67
15 Jul 1952 8 Arthur Sholto Langmead Rowley 10 Dec 1870 19 Aug 1953 82
19 Aug 1953 9 Geoffrey Alexander Rowley-Conwy 8 Mar 1912
LANSDOWN
1 Jan 1712 B 1 George Granville 9 Mar 1666 29 Jan 1735 68
to     Created Baron Lansdown 1 Jan 1712
30 Jan 1735 MP for Fowey 1702-1710 and Cornwall 1710-12
Secretary at War 1710-1712.  PC 1712
Peerage extinct on his death
LANSDOWNE
6 Dec 1784 M 1 William Petty,2nd Earl of Shelburne 2 May 1737 7 May 1805 68
Created Viscount Calne and Calston,
Earl Wycombe and Marquess of
Lansdowne 6 Dec 1784
MP for Wycombe 1760-1761. President of
the Board of Trade 1763. Secretary of
State 1766-1768. Foreign Secretary 1782.
Prime Minister 1782-1783.  PC 1763  KG 1782
7 May 1805 2 John Henry Petty 6 Dec 1765 15 Nov 1809 43
MP for Wycombe 1786-1802
15 Nov 1809 3 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 2 Jul 1780 31 Jan 1863 82
He subsequently [1818] succeeded as 4th Earl 
of Kerry (qv)
MP for Calne 1802-1806, Cambridge
University 1806-1807 and Camelford 1807-
1809. Chancellor of the Exchequer 1806-
1807. Home Secretary 1827-1828. Lord
President of the Council 1830-1834, 1835-
1841 and 1846-1852. Lord Lieutenant
Wiltshire 1827-1863.  PC 1806  KG 1836
31 Jan 1863 4 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 7 Jan 1816 5 Jul 1866 50
MP for Calne 1837-1856.  KG 1864
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Wycombe 11 Jul 1856
5 Jul 1866 5 Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice 14 Jan 1845 3 Jun 1927 82
Governor General of Canada 1883-1888.
Viceroy of India 1888-1894. Secretary of 
State for War 1895-1900. Foreign 
Secretary 1900-1905. Lord Lieutenant
Wiltshire 1896-1920. KG 1894  PC 1895
3 Jun 1927 6 Henry William Edmond Petty-Fitzmaurice 14 Jan 1872 5 Mar 1936 64
MP for Derbyshire West 1908-1918
5 Mar 1936 7 Charles Hope Petty-Fitzmaurice 9 Jan 1917 20 Aug 1944 27
20 Aug 1944 8 George John Charles Mercer Nairne
Petty-Fitzmaurice 27 Nov 1912 25 Aug 1999 86
Minister of State,Colonial Affairs 1962-
1964. Minister of State,Commonwealth
Relations 1963-1964.  PC 1964
25 Aug 1999 9 Charles Maurice Mercer Nairne Petty-
Fitzmaurice 21 Feb 1941
LANSLADRON
24 Dec 1299 B 1 Serlo de Lansladron 1315
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1315 Lansladron 24 Dec 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
LA POER - see POER
LASCELLES
23 Jun 1295 B 1 Roger de Lascelles c 1297
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
c 1297 Lascelles 23 Jun 1295
On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
7 Sep 1812 V 1 Edward Lascelles,1st Baron Harewood 7 Jan 1740 3 Apr 1820 80
Created Viscount Lascelles and Earl of
Harewood 7 Sep 1812
See "Harewood"
LATHAM
16 Jan 1942 B 1 Charles Latham 26 Dec 1888 31 Mar 1970 81
Created Baron Latham 16 Jan 1942
Lord Lieutenant Middlesex 1945-1956
31 Mar 1970 2 Dominic Charles Latham 20 Sep 1954
LATHOM
3 May 1880 E 1 Edward Bootle-Wilbraham,2nd Baron
Skelmersdale 12 Dec 1837 19 Nov 1898 60
PC 1874
Created Earl of Lathom 3 May 1880
19 Nov 1898 2 Edward George Bootle-Wilbraham 26 Oct 1864 15 Mar 1910 45
15 Mar 1910 3 Edward William Bootle-Wilbraham 16 May 1895 6 Feb 1930 34
to     Peerage extinct on his death
6 Feb 1930
LATIMER OF DANBY
15 Aug 1673 V 1 Thomas Osborne 20 Feb 1632 26 Jul 1712 80
Created Viscount Osborne 2 Feb 1673,
Baron Osborne and Viscount Latimer
15 Aug 1673,Earl of Danby 27 Jun 1674,
Marquess of Carmarthen 9 Apr 1689
and Duke of Leeds 4 May 1694
See "Leeds"
LATYMER
29 Dec 1299 B 1 Thomas Latimer c 1271 c 1334
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
c 1334 Latymer 29 Dec 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
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29 Dec 1299 B 1 William Latimer 1305
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Latymer 29 Dec 1299
1305 2 William Latimer 27 Feb 1327
27 Feb 1327 3 William Latimer c 1300 1335
1335 4 William Latimer c 1329 28 May 1381
KG 1361
28 May 1381 5 Elizabeth Nevill c 1357 5 Nov 1395
5 Nov 1395 6 John Nevill c 1383 10 Dec 1430
10 Dec 1430 7 John Willoughby c 1400 c 1450
c 1450 8 John Willoughby c 1480
c 1480 9 Robert Willoughby,1st Lord Willoughby
de Broke c 1452 23 Aug 1502
23 Aug 1502 10 Robert Willoughby,2nd Lord Willoughby
to     de Broke 1472 10 Nov 1521 49
10 Nov 1521 On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
25 Feb 1432 B 1 George Nevill 30 Dec 1469
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Latymer 25 Feb 1432
30 Dec 1469 2 Richard Nevill c 1468 Dec 1530
Dec 1530 3 John Nevill 17 Nov 1493 2 Mar 1543 49
2 Mar 1543 4 John Nevill c 1520 22 Apr 1577
to     On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
22 Apr 1577
11 Feb 1913 5 Francis Burdett Money Coutts-Nevill 18 Sep 1852 8 Jun 1923 70
Abeyance terminated in his favour
8 Jun 1923 6 Hugh Burdett Money-Coutts 13 Aug 1876 23 Nov 1949 73
23 Nov 1949 7 Thomas Burdett Money-Coutts 6 Aug 1901 24 May 1987 85
24 May 1987 8 Hugo Nevill Money-Coutts 1 Mar 1926 10 Nov 2003 77
10 Nov 2003 9 Crispin James Alan Nevill Money-Coutts 8 Mar 1955
LAUDERDALE
14 Mar 1624 E[S] 1 John Maitland,2nd Lord Maitland 18 Jan 1645
Created Viscount of Lauderdale
2 Apr 1616 and Lord Thirlestane and
Boltoun,Viscount Maitland and Earl of
Lauderdale 14 Mar 1624
18 Jan 1645 2 John Maitland 24 May 1616 24 Aug 1682 66
1 May 1672 D[S] 1 Created Lord Thirlestane,Musselburgh and
to     Boulton,Viscount Maitland,Earl of Lauderdale,
24 Aug 1682 Marquess of March and Duke of Lauderdale
26 May 1672 and Baron Petersham and 
Earl of Guilford 25 Jun 1674
Secretary of State for Scotland 1661-1682
KG 1672  PC 1679
On his death all the peerages created in 1672 and
1674 became extinct,whilst the original Earldom
created in 1624 passed to-
24 Aug 1682 3 Charles Maitland 9 Jun 1691
9 Jun 1691 4 Richard Maitland 20 Jun 1653 1695 42
1695 5 Sir John Maitland,1st baronet c 1655 30 Aug 1710
30 Aug 1710 6 Charles Maitland c 1688 15 Jul 1744
Lord Lieutenant Midlothian
15 Jul 1744 7 James Maitland 23 Jan 1718 17 Aug 1789 71
17 Aug 1789 8 James Maitland 26 Jan 1759 15 Sep 1839 80
22 Feb 1806 B 1 Created Baron Lauderdale 22 Feb 1806
MP for Newport 1780-1784 and Malmesbury
1784-1789. PC 1806  KT 1821
15 Sep 1839 9 James Maitland 12 Feb 1784 22 Aug 1860 76
2 MP for Camelford 1806-1807, Richmond 
1818-1820 and Appleby 1826-1832. Lord
Lieutenant Berwick 1841-1860
22 Aug 1860 10 Anthony Maitland 10 Jun 1785 22 Mar 1863 77
to     3 MP for Haddington 1813-1818 and Berwickshire
22 Mar 1863 1826-1832
On his death the Barony became extinct,
whilst the Earldom passed to -
22 Mar 1863 11 Thomas Maitland 3 Feb 1803 1 Sep 1878 75
1 Sep 1878 12 Charles Barclay-Maitland 29 Sep 1822 13 Aug 1884 61
For further information on the death of this peer
and the subsequent claims to the title, see the
note at the foot of this page
13 Aug 1884 13 Frederick Henry Maitland 16 Dec 1840 1 Sep 1924 83
Lord Lieutenant Berwick 1890-1901
1 Sep 1924 14 Frederick Colin Maitland 12 Apr 1868 14 Sep 1931 63
14 Sep 1931 15 Ian Colin Maitland 30 Jan 1891 17 Feb 1953 62
17 Feb 1953 16 Alfred Sydney Frederick Maitland 17 Apr 1904 27 Nov 1968 64
27 Nov 1968 17 Patrick Francis Maitland 17 Mar 1911 2 Dec 2008 97
MP for Lanark 1951-1959
2 Dec 2008 18 Ian Maitland 4 Nov 1937
LAUNCESTON
26 Jul 1726 V 1 Frederick Lewis 20 Jan 1707 20 Mar 1751 44
Created Baron of Snowdon,Viscount
of Launceston,Earl of Eltham,
Marquess of the Isle of Ely and Duke
of Edinburgh 26 Jul 1726
See "Edinburgh"
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18 Jul 1917 V 1 Alexander Albert Mountbatten 23 Nov 1886 23 Feb 1960 73
  Created Viscount Launceston,Earl of
  Berkhamsted and Marquess of 
Carisbrooke 18 Jul 1917
See "Carisbrooke"
LAVINGTON
1 Oct 1795 B[I] 1 Ralph Payne 19 Mar 1739 3 Aug 1807 68
to     Created Baron Lavington 1 Oct 1795
3 Aug 1807 MP for Shaftesbury 1768, Camelford 1776-1780,
Plympton Erle 1780-1784 and Woodstock 1795-
1799. Governor of the Leeward Islands 1774-1775
and 1801-1807.  PC 1801
Peerage extinct on his death
LAWRENCE
3 Apr 1869 B 1 Sir John Laird Lawrence,1st baronet 4 Mar 1811 27 Jun 1879 68
Created Baron Lawrence 3 Apr 1869
Governor General of India 1863-1868
PC 1859
27 Jun 1879 2 John Hamilton Lawrence 1 Oct 1846 22 Aug 1913 66
22 Aug 1913 3 Alexander Graham Lawrence 29 Mar 1878 24 Jun 1947 69
24 Jun 1947 4 John Anthony Edward Lawrence 16 Oct 1908 8 Oct 1968 59
8 Oct 1968 5 David John Downer Lawrence 4 Sep 1937
LAWRENCE OF CLARENDON
6 Sep 2013 B[L] 1 Doreen Delceita Lawrence 24 Oct 1952
Created Baroness Lawrence of Clarendon
for life 6 Sep 2013
LAWRENCE OF KINGSGATE
23 Jul 1923 B 1 Charles Napier Lawrence 27 May 1855 17 Dec 1927 72
to     Created Baron Lawrence of Kingsgate
17 Dec 1927 23 Jul 1923
Peerage extinct on his death
LAWSON
17 Mar 1950 B 1 John James Lawson 16 Oct 1881 3 Aug 1965 83
to     Created Baron Lawson 17 Mar 1950
3 Aug 1965 MP for Chester le Street 1919-1950. 
Secretary of State for War 1945-1946
PC 1945  Lord Lieutenant Durham 1949-1958
Peerage extinct on his death
LAWSON OF BLABY
1 Jul 1992 B[L] 1 Nigel Lawson 11 Mar 1932
Created Baron Lawson of Blaby for life
1 Jul 1992
MP for Blaby 1974-1992. Financial Secretary
to the Treasury 1979-1981. Secretary of
State for Energy 1981-1983. Chancellor
of the Exchequer 1983-1989.  PC 1981
LAYARD
3 May 2000 B[L] 1 Peter Richard Grenville Layard 15 Mar 1934
Created Baron Layard for life 3 May 2000
LAYTON
16 Jan 1947 B 1 Walter Thomas Layton 15 Mar 1884 14 Feb 1966 81
Created Baron Layton 16 Jan 1947
CH 1919
14 Feb 1966 2 Michael John Layton 28 Sep 1912 23 Jan 1989 76
23 Jan 1989 3 Geoffrey Michael Layton 18 Jul 1947
LEA OF CRONDALL
20 Jul 1999 B[L] 1 David Edward Lea 2 Nov 1937
Created Baron Lea of Crondall for life
20 Jul 1999
LEACH OF FAIRFORD
6 Jun 2006 B[L] 1 Charles Guy Rodney Leach 1 Jun 1934
Created Baron Leach of Fairford for life
6 Jun 2006
LEATHERLAND
16 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Charles Edward Leatherland 18 Apr 1898 17 Dec 1992 94
to     Created Baron Leatherland for life 16 Dec 1964
17 Dec 1992 Peerage extinct on his death
LEATHERS
18 Jan 1954 V 1 Frederick James Leathers 21 Nov 1883 19 Mar 1965 81
Created Baron Leathers 19 May 1941
and Viscount Leathers 18 Jan 1954
Minister of War Transport 1941-1945.
Secretary of State for Co-ordination of
Transport,Fuel and Power 195-1953
PC 1941  CH 1943
19 Mar 1965 2 Frederick Alan Leathers 4 Apr 1908 21 Jan 1996 87
21 Jan 1996 3 Christopher Graeme Leathers 31 Aug 1941
LECALE
15 Apr 1645 V[I] 1 Thomas Cromwell,4th Baron Cromwell 11 Jun 1594 1653 59
Created Viscount Lecale 22 Nov 1624
and Earl of Ardglass 15 Apr 1645
See "Ardglass"
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27 Dec 1800 B[I] 1 Lord Charles James Fitzgerald 30 Jun 1756 18 Feb 1810 53
to     Created Baron Lecale 27 Dec 1800
18 Feb 1810 MP for Arundel 1807.  PC [I] 1793
Peerage extinct on his death
LECHMERE
4 Sep 1721 B 1 Nicholas Lechmere 5 Aug 1675 18 Jun 1727 51
to     Created Baron Lechmere 4 Sep 1721
18 Jun 1727 MP for Appleby 1708-1710,Cockermouth 1710-
1717 and Tewkesbury 1717-1721. Solicitor
General 1714-1715. Chancellor of the
Duchy of Lancaster 1717-1727. Attorney
General 1718-1720.  PC 1718
Peerage extinct on his death
LECONFIELD
14 Apr 1859 B 1 George Wyndham 5 Jun 1787 18 Mar 1869 81
Created Baron Leconfield 14 Apr 1859
18 Mar 1869 2 Henry Wyndham 31 Jul 1830 6 Jan 1901 70
MP for Sussex West 1854-1869
6 Jan 1901 3 Charles Henry Wyndham 17 Feb 1872 17 Apr 1952 80
Lord Lieutenant Sussex 1917-1949
17 Apr 1952 4 Hugh Archibald Wyndham 4 Oct 1877 6 Jul 1963 85
6 Jul 1963 5 Edward Scawen Wyndham 30 Apr 1883 17 Oct 1967 84
17 Oct 1967 6 John Edward Reginald Wyndham 5 Jun 1920 6 Jun 1972 52
He was created Baron Egremont (qv) in 1963
6 Jun 1972 7 John Max Henry Scawen Wyndham  (also 2nd
Baron Egremont) 21 Apr 1948
LEE OF ASHERIDGE
5 Nov 1970 B[L] 1 Janet Bevan Lee 3 Nov 1904 16 Nov 1988 84
to     Created Baroness Lee of Asheridge for life
16 Nov 1988 5 Nov 1970
MP for Lanark North 1929-1931 and Cannock
1945-1970. Minister of State,Education and 
Science 1967-1970.  PC 1966
Peerage extinct on her death
LEE OF FAREHAM
28 Nov 1922 V 1 Arthur Hamilton Lee 8 Nov 1868 21 Jul 1947 78
to     Created Baron Lee of Fareham 9 Jul 1918
21 Jul 1947 and Viscount Lee of Fareham 28 Nov 1922
MP for Fareham 1900-1918. President of the
Board of Agriculture 1919-1921. First Lord
of the Admiralty 1921-1922.  PC 1919
Peerage extinct on his death
LEE OF NEWTON
1 Jul 1974 B[L] 1 Frederick Lee 3 Aug 1906 4 Feb 1984 77
to     Created Baron Lee of Newton for life
4 Feb 1984 1 Jul 1974
MP for Hulme 1945-1950 and Newton 1950-
1974. Minister of Power 1964-1966. 
Secretary of State for Colonies 1966-1967.
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1967-1969.  PC 1964
Peerage extinct on his death
LEE OF TRAFFORD
26 May 2006 B[L] 1 John Robert Louis Lee 21 Jun 1942
Created Baron Lee of Trafford for life
26 May 2006
MP for Nelson & Colne 1979-1983 and Pendle
1983-1992
LEEDS
For information on Edward Osborne,the 1st Duke's 
great-grandfather and founder of the family
fortune,see the note at the foot of this page
4 May 1694 D 1 Sir Thomas Osborne,2nd baronet 20 Feb 1632 26 Jul 1712 80
Created Viscount Osborne 2 Feb 1673,
Baron Osborne and Viscount Latimer
15 Aug 1673,Earl of Danby 27 Jun 1674,
Marquess of Carmarthen 9 Apr 1689
and Duke of Leeds 4 May 1694
Lord Treasurer 1673-1679. Lord President
of the Council 1689-1695. Lord Lieutenant
W Riding Yorkshire 1674-1679 and 1689-1699
Lord Lieutenant E Riding Yorkshire 1691-1699
N Riding 1692-1699 and Somerset 1690-1691 
PC 1679  KG 1677
26 Jul 1712 2 Peregrine Osborne 29 Sep 1659 25 Jun 1729 69
MP for Berwick upon Tweed 1677-1679 and
York 1689-1690. 
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Osborne 3 Mar 1690
25 Jun 1729 3 Peregrine Hyde Osborne 11 Nov 1691 9 Apr 1731 39
Lord Lieutenant E Riding Yorkshire 1713-1714
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Osborne 28 Jan 1713
9 Apr 1731 4 Thomas Osborne 6 Nov 1713 23 Mar 1789 75
KG 1749  PC 1757
23 Mar 1789 5 Francis Godolphin Osborne 29 Jan 1751 31 Jan 1799 48
MP for Eye 1774 and Helston 1774-1775.
Lord Lieutenant E Riding Yorkshire 1778-1780
and 1782-1799. Foreign Secretary 1783-1791
PC 1777  KG 1790
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Osborne 15 May 1776
31 Jan 1799 6 George William Frederick Osborne 21 Jul 1775 10 Jul 1838 62
Lord Lieutenant N Riding Yorkshire 1802-38
PC 1827  KG 1827
10 Jul 1838 7 Francis Godolphin D'Arcy-Osborne 21 May 1798 4 May 1859 60
MP for Helston 1820-1830
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Osborne 2 Jul 1838
4 May 1859 8 George Godolphin Osborne 16 Jul 1802 8 Aug 1872 70
He had previously [1850] succeeded as 2nd
Baron Godolphin (qv)
8 Aug 1872 9 George Godolphin Osborne 11 Aug 1828 23 Dec 1895 67
23 Dec 1895 10 George Godolphin Osborne 18 Sep 1862 10 May 1927 64
MP for Brixton 1887-1895
10 May 1927 11 John Francis Godolphin Osborne 12 Mar 1901 26 Jul 1963 62
26 Jul 1963 12 Francis D'Arcy Godolphin Osborne 16 Sep 1884 20 Mar 1964 79
to     Peerage extinct on his death
20 Mar 1964
LEICESTER
c 1107 E 1 Robert de Beaumont c 1046 5 Jun 1118
Created Earl of Leicester c 1107
5 Jun 1118 2 Robert de Beaumont 1104 5 Apr 1168 64
5 Apr 1168 3 Robert de Beaumont 31 Aug 1190
31 Aug 1190 4 Robert de Beaumont 6 Jan 1204
to     On his death the peerage reverted to the
6 Jan 1204 Crown
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
10 Mar 1207 E 1 Simon de Montfort c 1170 27 Jun 1218
Created Earl of Leicester 10 Mar 1207
27 Jun 1218 2 Simon de Montfort 1208 4 Aug 1265 57
to     He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
4 Aug 1265
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
26 Oct 1265 E 1 Edmund Plantagenet 5 Jun 1296
to     Created Earl of Leicester 26 Oct 1265
5 Jun 1296 He was created Earl of Lancaster (qv) 
in 1267 with which title this peerage then
merged
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
29 Sep 1564 E 1 Lord Robert Dudley 24 Jun 1532 4 Sep 1588 56
to     Created Baron of Denbigh 28 Sep 1564
4 Sep 1588 and Earl of Leicester 29 Sep 1564
KG 1559
Peerage extinct on his death
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
2 Aug 1618 E 1 Robert Sydney 28 Nov 1563 13 Jul 1626 62
Created Baron Sydney 13 May 1603,
Viscount L'Isle 4 May 1605 and Earl of
Leicester 2 Aug 1618
KG 1616
13 Jul 1626 2 Robert Sydney 1 Dec 1595 2 Nov 1677 81
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1641-1643. Lord
Lieutenant Kent 1642
2 Nov 1677 3 Philip Sydney Jan 1619 6 Mar 1698 79
MP for Yarmouth 1640-1648 and Kent 1653
6 Mar 1698 4 Robert Sydney 1649 11 Nov 1702 53
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Sydney 11 Jul 1689
11 Nov 1702 5 Philip Sydney 8 Jul 1676 24 Jul 1705 29
MP for Kent 1695-1698
24 Jul 1705 6 John Sydney 14 Feb 1680 27 Sep 1737 57
MP for Brackley 1705. Warden of the 
Cinque Ports 1717. Lord Lieutenant Kent
1724-1737.  PC 1731
27 Sep 1737 7 Jocelyn Sydney 1682 7 Jul 1743 61
to     Peerage extinct on his death
7 Jul 1743
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
9 May 1744 E 1 Thomas Coke c 1695 20 Apr 1759
to     Created Baron Lovell 28 May 1728,and
20 Apr 1759 Viscount Coke and Earl of Leicester
9 May 1744
MP for Norfolk 1722-1728. 
Postmaster General 1733-1759
Peerages extinct on his death
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
18 May 1784 E 1 George Townshend,16th Lord Ferrers of Chartley 18 Apr 1755 27 Jul 1811 56
Created Earl of Leicester 18 May 1784
He succeeded as Marquess Townshend (qv) 1807
27 Jul 1811 2 George Ferrars Townshend,3rd Marquess
to     Townshend 13 Dec 1778 31 Dec 1855 77
31 Dec 1855 Peerage extinct on his death
Francis James Mathew, 2nd Earl of Landaff
In a letter published in "Times Online" on 7 December 2007, Dr. Yaqub Zaki, Deputy
Director of the Muslim Institute stated that the second Earl of Landaff was the
first Muslim peer.
 
Dr.Zaki wrote that [upon the death of the first Earl in 1806] the heir was "understandably 
reluctant to abandon the fleshpots of Calcutta for the inferior ones of London, [and] he
refused to return to be 'read in', whereupon both title and seat were assumed by his
younger brother."
This seems to me to be highly unlikely. The inference is that Francis somehow disclaimed
the title which was then assumed by his next eldest brother. This is contrary to all reason,
as well as the law of the time. Peerages could not be disclaimed until the Peerage Act of
1963. All relevant contemporary peerage works agree that Francis, as the eldest son of
the first Earl, succeeded to the title.
If we ignore Dr. Zaki's claim, the first definitely known Muslim peer was the third Baron
Stanley of Alderley (1827-1903)
                                           *******************
The above was written early in 2008, and I had effectively dismissed (in my mind, at any
rate) Dr. Zaki's claim regarding the 2nd Earl. My major reason for doing so was my assumption
that it was Francis, the 2nd Earl, to whom Dr. Zaki was referring. There was no doubt that
the standard peerage reference works show that Francis was the 2nd Earl. I recently re-read
what I had written and it occurred to me that perhaps what Dr. Zaki meant was that Francis
had an elder brother who did not wish to return and that Francis was the 'younger brother'
who assumed the title, but I could find no reference in any peerage works to such an elder
brother. However, I have now discovered a number of newspaper articles which provide
support to the claim regarding an elder brother. These articles are reproduced below:-
From the "Western Mail" (Cardiff, Wales) 26 September 1895
'………an interesting claim is to be prosecuted in the House  of Lords when Parliament 
re-assembles, in which is involved the ancient title of Earl of Llandaff, which has been lying
dormant for a considerable number of years. The claimant is Mr. A.H.Mathew, 2 Christ Church-
road, Hemel Hempstead. In reply to an inquiry by our representative on this subject, Mr. 
Mathew has kindly furnished us with the following interesting information respecting the
surviving heir:-
After a lengthy summary of the descent of the 1st Earl, the article states that "Francis Mathew,
born in 1738, represented the county of Tipperary [from 1768 to 1783]. He married first,
September 6, 1764, Ellis, second daughter of James Smythe, of Tinna Park, Wicklow, and by her
(who died on giving birth to a daughter on August 9, 1781) had issue: (1) Arnold Nesbitt, born
at Paris February 16, 1765; (2) Francis James, born January 20, 1768; (3) Montague, born 
August 18, 1773; (4) George, born July 12, 1779; and (5) Elizabeth, born August 9, 1781.
'Francis Mathew, M.P., was created Baron Landaff in 1783, Viscount Landaff of Landaff in 1793,
and Earl of Landaff in 1797 - all in the peerage of Ireland. He was one of the first 28 
representative peers elected at the Union. The "Cambrian" of July 19, 1806, records the arrival
at Swansea of "Lord Llandaff (sic) and Lady Elisha Matthews" (sic). He was found dead in his 
bed on July 31, and was succeeded in the peerage by his second son Thomas [sic for Francis]
James, who had in 1797 married Gertrude, daughter of John La Touche, of Harristown, Kildare.
He died without legitimate issue March 12, 1833. His two younger brothers both pre-deceased
him, unmarried. At his death, owing to the failure of a claimant, the earldom became dormant.
'We now come to the most interesting portion of the genealogy. The eldest son of the first
Earl of Landaff was Arnold Nesbitt Mathew, born at Paris on February 16, 1765, and baptised
there by Dr. Richard Challoner, "Vicar Apostolic of the London District." This child was sent to
Mr. Francis Mathew's maternal uncles to be taken charge of and educated. By them he was
sent to Sedbergh School, and, in 1782, to Calcutta, where he became a cadet in the Bengal
Artillery in 1783. In 1803 he lost a leg and thigh at the Battle of Delhi, and, being there
incapacitated from active service, was appointed fort-adjutant at Agra, and, later, deputy-
commissary of ordnance at Fattehgarh. On November 20, 1806, he married Elizabeth Francesca,
elder daughter of the Marquis Domenico Povoleri. By her he had issue, a son, Arnold, born
September 17, 1807.
'Major Arnold Nesbitt Mathew was lost sight of by his relatives shortly after his departure for
India, and believed by them to have died soon after his arrival there. As a matter of fact, his
death occurred on October 5, 1820, at Chandernagore, and he was buried at Chinsurah, where
his gravestone still exists. He elected to remain in India after his father's death, and to 
forego his claim to the peerage, for reasons unnecessary to mention here. [my emphasis].
'His son became an officer in the Bombay Native Infantry in 1823, and retired from the service
in 1846. He was well aware of his right to vote at the election of Irish representative peers,
but, from private motives, preferred neither to claim nor to exercise that right. He died in 1894,
leaving issue, a son, on whom the dormant peerage by right devolves, and two daughters.
'The Earls of Llandaff spelt their family name with one "t" and without a final "s." …… the name
of their title they invariably spelt with one "l." '
In a letter to "The Times" published on 14 September 1898, a correspondent who signed
himself "Landaff" wrote that "I will be much obliged to you if you will kindly permit me to
announce through your columns that it is my intention to assume my title of Earl of Landaff of
Thomastown, in the peerage of Ireland, on and after this 14th day of September, 1898. Any
persons who may be interested in this peerage and desire to have a history of the branch of the
Mathew family to which it belongs will find it set forth in an illustrated 'Genealogy of the Earls of
Landaff',' which Messrs. Sands & Co., 12 Burleigh-street, London, are about to publish. [This was
indeed published in 1898]. A notice of it appeared in Dod's 'Peerage' for this year*, and a fuller
pedigree will be found in 'Debrett' and other printed peerages for 1899."
* In my copy of Dod's 'Peerage' for 1899, the entry under "Landaff" reads:-
"These titles, which were believed to have become extinct on the death without issue of
Francis James, 2nd s. of the 1st earl, whose claim to vote as 2nd earl was admitted by the
House of Lords, are claimed by Arnold Harris Mathew as 4th earl, through descent from Hon.
Arnold Nesbit Mathew, eldest s. of the 1st earl, who was married in India, leaving issue an only
son, the father of the present claimant. Neither Arnold or his son however assumed the title or
claimed the right to vote. The claimant was born 1855; m. 1892, Margaret Florence, d. of Henry
Duncan; ed. At Cheltenham Coll. and Bonn……"
Another summary of the history of the Landaff peerage was published in an article in the 
"Chicago Tribune" on 29 October 1903.
Arnold Harris Mathew died on 19 December 1919, without, as far as I can find, ever making any
serious attempt to prove his right to the earldom. It may be that the reason his grandfather's
reason for foregoing his claim to the peerage was because he had converted to Islam, as stated
by Dr. Zaki. If so, his descendants certainly didn't follow in his footsteps - Arnold Harris Mathew
was at one time a Roman Catholic priest and later "Archbishop" of the Old Roman Catholic Church
in England, a group which broke away from the established Roman Catholic Church in the 1870s
following their refusal to accept the doctrine of papal infallibility.
Charles Barclay-Maitland, 12th Earl of Lauderdale
The 12th Earl of Lauderdale was killed by lightning in August 1884. According to "Lloyd's Weekly
Newspaper" of 17 August 1884:-
'During a terrible thunderstorm in the Lauder district, Scotland, on Tuesday, Lord Lauderdale
was struck on the moors by lightning. His lordship, who was mounted on a pony, was proceeding
across the Braidshaw Rigg, on the Lauderdale estate, when the storm was at its height. The
animal fell dead. Lord Lauderdale never regained consciousness, and died at midnight. His
lordship was struck on the head by the lightning, which made a deep wound on his forehead and
breast. The fluid fused his watch and chain, and then, being diverted into two currents, ran 
down each side of his left leg, the course being plainly traced by the scorched mark which was
made. His clothes were also burnt. The late Earl succeeded to the title in 1878. He was born in 
1822, and, after having served in the army for a time, he is stated to have occupied the 
position of goods guard on the Exeter railway. He was of somewhat eccentric habits, and
shrank from going into society.'
The death of the 12th Earl caused a battle between two rival claimants as to whom was the
rightful heir to the titles and estates. In March 1885, the matter was heard before the Court of
Session in Edinburgh, when each party put their case. A report in 'The Times' of 12 March 1885
outlines the competing cases:-
'Yesterday, in the first division of the Court of Session, Edinburgh, the record was closed in the
action at present depending between Sir James G.R. Maitland and Major Maitland with reference 
to the question of succession to the earldom of Lauderdale and the estates which pertain to the
holder of the title.
'Sir James claims to be descended from the Hon. Sir Alexander Maitland, fifth son of Charles,
sixth Earl of Lauderdale. He admitted that Major Maitland's ancestor - namely, the Hon. Richard
Maitland, was the fourth son of the sixth earl, but alleges that the said progenitor of the 
claimant died unmarried on or about the 13th of July, 1772, and contends that if Patrick 
Maitland, from whom Major Maitland claims to be descended, was the son of Richard Maitland,
he was not born in wedlock. It is further said that for a considerable time before his death
Richard Maitland was domiciled in British North America, in no part of which did the law of 
legitimation per subsequens matrimonium prevail. He, therefore, pleads that the succession 
to the lands and estates has devolved upon him as the nearest lawful heir.
'Major Maitland in his answer denies that Richard Maitland died unmarried, and avers that at
New York on the 11th of July, 1772, he married Mary Macadam, of New York, the clergyman
who performed the marriage being the Rev. John Ogilvy, D.D., assistant minister of Trinity
Church, New York. He alleges that he is the eldest son of Patrick Maitland, some time in the
Royal Navy, thereafter banker in Calcutta, who was the second son of Richard Maitland. It
is admitted by him that Patrick Maitland was born before the marriage of his parents, but it is
averred that Richard Maitland, his father, was born in Scotland on or about the 10th of
February, 1724, that his domicile of origin was therefore Scotch, that he entered the Army while
in his minority, and was in active service until the date of his death, that he never lost his
domicile of origin, and that by his marriage Patrick Maitland was legitimated. Major Maitland,
therefore, pleads that Sir James being upon his own statement descended from a younger son
of the 6th earl cannot succeed in his petition, and that it should be dismissed with costs.'
The question to be decided, therefore, was whether, at the time of his marriage to Mary 
Macadam, Richard Maitland was still a Scottish citizen, and therefore subject to the laws of
Scotland which state that a child born out of wedlock is legitimated by the subsequent 
marriage of the child's parents.
The claims were heard by the Committee of Privileges of the House of Lords in June and July
1885, with final judgment being delivered on 22 July 1885. The following report which details
the judgment appeared in the 'Aberdeen Weekly Journal' of 23 July 1885:-
'Yesterday the Committee of Privileges of the House of Lords delivered judgment in this case.
It will be remembered that Major Maitland claimed the title through Colonel Maitland, who died 
in New York in 1772. Sir J. Gibson Maitland put in a counter claim, and argued by counsel that
there was not sufficient evidence of the marriage of Colonel Maitland in New York two days
before his death to entitle his descendants, but if there were, it being a "death-bed" marriage,
the law of Scotland (of which Colonel Maitland was a native) required that sixty days should
elapse between the marriage and the death to give succession to real property. It was further
argued that there were circumstances showing that Colonel Maitland had an intention to 
become an American citizen, and therefore lost his Scotch domicile. The Lord Advocate, for 
the Crown, supported Major Maitland's claim.
'Earl Selborne, who delivered the leading judgment, recapitulated the points at issue, and dealt
first of all with that of whether Colonel Richard Maitland had changed his Scotch domicile of
origin, the contention on behalf of the counter claimant being that he had, and that, therefore,
the Scotch law which, by reason of a subsequent marriage, legitimised his previously born
children, from one of whom the claimant is descended, did not prevail. The noble and learned
Earl was of [the] opinion that from the fact that Colonel Maitland at his death in 1772 was an
officer in the British Army was, prima facie, unfavourable to this contention. Nor could it be
inferred that he had any intention of changing his domicile from his acceptances of shares in
several Crown grants of lands in British North America, nor from his becoming a shareholder in
certain mining adventures in that country. He never settled on these lands, nor took any active
part in the management of the mines; while his letters to his brother, Lord Lauderdale, and
other members of the family in Great Britain, claimed to be altogether opposed to the notion
that he had any idea of settling permanently in the province of New York, or relinquishing his
domicile. In fact, he clung with tenacity to his rank as a British officer. Some reliance was
placed as to this point upon Colonel Maitland's desire to obtain some appointment in a warmer
climate, on account of ill health, but that, the noble and learned earl thought, in no way
implied permanent residence in such a part, or any intention not to retain his domicile of origin.
'As to the contention that by the law of Scotland a marriage on a death-bed did not legitimate
children previously born, in preference to remoter heirs in respect of succession to heritage, that
was admitted to be without support from authority, and such authority as there was on the point
appeared to be against it, and no principle had been explained on which their lordships could
reasonably be asked now for the first time to lay down this as the law of Scotland. The sole 
question then was whether there was sufficient proof of a lawful marriage of Richard Maitland to
Mary Macadam. That there was a marriage, in fact, by a clergyman according to the rites of
the Church of England, was proved beyond doubt by a statement in writing made within six
months afterwards by Dr. Ogilvie, the clergyman who actually solemnised it. That statement
being evidence according to the law of Scotland, must have weight, unless there was proof
or reasonable ground for presumption to the contrary. Reasonable ground for presumption of
the contrary there was none, for the statement must have been either true or fraudulent. The
truth was necessarily within Dr. Ogilvie's own knowledge. He was a respectable man, and no
motive for fraud on his part could be suggested, and fraud was not to be presumed. So far
from there being evidence to the contrary, the statement was corroborated in every way that
could be expected at this distance of time. There was the testimony of his three executors, of
whom Dr. Ogilvie was one, in their letters to the fact of the marriage, the fact that Mrs. 
Maitland was granted a pension as widow of Colonel Maitland, and the recognition of her and
her children by the family in Great Britain. It was, however, argued that by a local law of the
province of New York, passed in 1684, or by one earlier still, the publication of banns or a 
licence was made an indispensable preliminary to a lawful marriage, and that this continued
to be the law down to 1772. Both propositions were disputed, but supposing them to be
made out, what followed?
'There was a total absence of proof, direct or indirect, that in this case there was no publication
of banns or no licence. If these preliminaries were necessary, then the rule that the presumption
should be that everything was done rightly made it their lordships' duty to presume in the
circumstances of this case that whatever was necessary was actually done. He could not
conceive any circumstances more properly requiring the application of that rule. The whole
object of Richard Maitland and Mary Macadam was to be lawfully married - his to do justice
before his death to his children and their mother, and hers to obtain the status which nothing but 
lawful wedlock could confer. It could not be supposed that they would knowingly neglect any
legal requisite of marriage, and whatever occasion there might have been for promptitude in
fulfilling this purpose, it was not done in a clandestine manner.  Dr. Ogilvie, who was one of the
executors of Lord [sic - Richard] Maitland's will, must have known what was necessary for the
validity of a marriage. It was his duty to solemnise it in a legal manner, and if the law of 1684
was in force he must have known that he would be subject to heavy penalties if he acted
illegally, and no motive could be shown for his acting in any other way that in exact conformity
with the law. The noble and learned earl moved that their lordships resolve that Major
Frederick Maitland had made good his claim to the honours and dignities of the Earldom of
Lauderdale………the motion was unanimously agreed to.'
Sir Edward Osborne, great-grandfather of the 1st Duke of Leeds, founder of the 
Osborne family fortune
The following [edited] romantic tale, which relates to an incident involving Edward Osborne and
which ultimately led to the rise of the Osborne family, is taken from "Chronicles of London Bridge"
by "An Antiquary" [Richard Thomson] published in London in 1827. Although the year is quoted
as 1536, it is probable that 1545 would be closer to the mark.
'I have next to speak of an event occurring on London Bridge, in 1536, which is probably better
known, and more often related, than most other portions of its history: I allude.....to the 
anecdote of Edward Osborne leaping into the Thames from the window of one of the Bridge
houses, to rescue his master's daughter. [The author then quotes from John Stow's "Survey of 
London" where, under the entry relating to Sir William Hewitt (or Huett or Hewet) it is stated that]
This Mayor was a Merchant, possessed of a great estate of £6000 per Annum, and was said to
have had three sons and one daughter,' - Anne -'to which this mischance happened, the father 
then living upon London Bridge. The maid playing with her out of a window, by chance dropped 
her in, almost beyond expectation of her being saved. A young gentleman, named Osborne, then
Apprentice to Sir William, the father, which Osborne was one of the ancestors of the Duke of
Leeds, in a direct line, at this calamitous accident leaped in, and saved the child. In memory of
which deliverance, and in gratitude, her father afterwards bestowed her on the said Mr. Osborne,
with a very great dowry......'
Sir William Hewett was Lord Mayor of London in 1559 and died about 1567. On his death, his 
business was inherited by his son-in-law, Edward Osborne, who in turn became Lord Mayor of
London and was knighted in 1583. His son, Sir Hewett Osborne, was in turn knighted in 1599, and
Sir Hewett's son, Edward Osborne, was created a baronet in 1620. The first baronet's son, 
Thomas, succeeded as 2nd baronet in 1647, and had a brilliant but chequered career which 
culminated in his creation as Duke of Leeds in 1694. 
It should be noted that the title of Leeds does not refer to the town in Yorkshire, but rather to a
town of the same name in Kent, near Maidstone.
Copyright @ 2003-2013  Leigh Rayment