PEERAGE
Last updated 21/07/2017
Date Rank Order Name Born Died Age
MABANE
15 Jun 1962 B 1 Sir William Mabane 12 Jan 1895 16 Nov 1969 74
to†††† Created Baron Mabane 15 Jun 1962
16 Nov 1969 MP for Huddersfield 1931-1945.PC 1944
Peerage extinct on his death
McALPINE OF MOFFAT
21 Feb 1980 B[L] 1 Robert Edwin McAlpine 23 Apr 1907 7 Jan 1990 82
to†††† Created Baron McAlpine of Moffat for life
7 Jan 1990 21 Feb 1980
Peerage extinct on his death
McALPINE OF WEST GREEN
2 Feb 1984 B[L] 1 Robert Alistair McAlpine 14 May 1942 17 Jan 2014 71
to†††† Created Baron McAlpine of West Green
17 Jan 2014 for life 2 Feb 1984
Peerage extinct on his death
MacANDREW
8 Dec 1959 B 1 Sir Charles Glen MacAndrew 13 Jan 1888 11 Jan 1979 90
Created Baron MacAndrew 8 Dec 1959
MP for Kilmarnock 1924-1929, Partick
1931-1935 and Bute and North Ayrshire
1935-1959.PC 1952
11 Jan 1979 2 Colin Nevil Glen MacAndrew 1 Aug 1919 9 Jul 1989 69
9 Jul 1989 3 Christopher Anthony Colin MacAndrew 16 Feb 1945
MACARTNEY
1 Mar 1794 E[I] 1 George Macartney 3 May 1737 31 Mar 1806 68
to†††† Created Baron Macartney 19 Jul 1776,
31 Mar 1806 Viscount Macartney 19 Jul 1792, Earl
Macartney 1 Mar 1794 and Baron
Macartney [GB] 8 Jun 1796
MP for Cockermouth 1768-1769, Ayr Burghs
1774-1776 and Bere Alston 1780-1781. Chief
Secretary for Ireland 1768-1772. Governor of the
Caribbean Islands 1776-1784 and Madras
1784-1785. Governor of Cape of Good Hope
1796-1798.PC [I] 1769PC 1792
Peerages extinct on his death
MACAULAY
16 Sep 1857 B 1 Thomas Babington Macaulay 25 Oct 1800 28 Dec 1859 59
to†††† Created Baron Macaulay 16 Sep 1857
28 Dec 1859 MP for Calne 1830-1832, Leeds 1832-1834, and
Edinburgh 1839-1847 and 1852-1856.
Secretary at War 1839-1841. Paymaster
General 1846-1848.PC 1839
Peerage extinct on his death
MACAULAY OF BRAGAR
9 Jan 1989 B[L] 1 Donald Macaulay 14 Nov 1933 12 Jun 2014 80
to†††† Created Baron Macaulay of Bragar for life
12 Jun 2014 9 Jan 1989
Peerage extinct on his death
McAVOY
22 Jun 2010 B[L] 1 Thomas McLaughlin McAvoy 14 Dec 1943
Created Baron McAvoy for life 22 Jun 2010
MP for Rutherglen 1987-2005 and Rutherglen
and Hamilton West 2005-2010.PC 2003
McCARTHY
19 Jan 1976 B[L] 1 William Edward John McCarthy 30 Jul 1925 18 Nov 2012 87
to†††† Created Baron McCarthy for life 19 Jan 1976
18 Nov 2012 Peerage extinct on his death
MACCLESFIELD
23 Jul 1679 E 1 Charles Gerard c 1618 7 Jan 1694
Created Baron Gerard of Brandon
8 Nov 1645,and Viscount Brandon and
Earl of Macclesfield 23 Jul 1679
Lord Lieutenant Gloucestershire and Herefordshire
1689-1694. PC 1689
7 Jan 1694 2 Charles Gerard c 1659 5 Nov 1701
MP for Lancashire 1679-1685 and 1689-1694.
Lord Lieutenant Lancashire 1689-1701 and
Anglesey 1696-1701
For information on this peer's sometime wife,
see the note at the foot of this page
5 Nov 1701 3 Fitton Gerard 15 Oct 1663 26 Dec 1702 39
to†††† MP for Yarmouth IOW 1689-1690, Clitheroe
26 Dec 1702 1693-1695, Lancaster 1697-1698 and
Lancashire 1698-1701
Peerage extinct on his death
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15 Nov 1721 E 1 Thomas Parker 23 Jul 1667 28 Apr 1732 64
Created Baron Parker of Macclesfield
10 Mar 1716 and Viscount Parker of
Ewelm and Earl of Macclesfield
15 Nov 1721
MP for Derby 1705-1710. Lord Chief
Justice 1710-1718. Lord Chancellor 1718-
1725. Lord Lieutenant Warwick 1719
PC 1710
28 Apr 1732 2 George Parker c 1697 17 Mar 1764
MP for Wallingford 1722-1727. President
of the Royal Society 1752-1764
17 Mar 1764 3 Thomas Parker 12 Dec 1723 9 Feb 1795 71
MP for Newcastle under Lyme 1747-1754,
Oxfordshire 1754-1761 and Rochester
1761-1764
9 Feb 1795 4 George Parker 24 Feb 1755 20 Mar 1842 87
MP for Woodstock 1777-1784 and Minehead
1790-1795. President of the Board of
Agriculture 1816-1818. Lord Lieutenant
Oxford 1817-1842.PC 1791
20 Mar 1842 5 Thomas Parker 9 Jun 1763 31 Mar 1850 86
31 Mar 1850 6 Thomas Augustus Wolstenholme Parker 17 Mar 1811 24 Jul 1896 85
MP for Oxfordshire West 1837-1841
24 Jul 1896 7 George Loveden William Henry Parker 24 May 1888 20 Sep 1975 87
Lord Lieutenant Oxfordshire 1954-1963
20 Sep 1975 8 George Roger Alexander Thomas Parker 6 May 1914 7 Dec 1992 78
7 Dec 1992 9 Richard Timothy George Mansfield Parker 31 May 1943
McCLUSKEY
29 Sep 1976 B[L] 1 John Herbert McCluskey 12 Jun 1929 20 Jul 2017 88
to†††† Created Baron McCluskey for life
20 Jul 2017 29 Sep 1976
Solicitor General for Scotland 1974-1979
Peerage extinct on his death
McCOLL OF DULWICH
25 Jul 1989 B[L] 1 Ian McColl 6 Jan 1933
Created Baron McColl of Dulwich for life
25 Jul 1989
McCONNELL
10 Feb 1995 B[L] 1 Robert William Brian McConnell 25 Nov 1922 25 Oct 2000 77
to†††† Created Baron McConnell 10 Feb 1995 for life
25 Oct 2000 PC [NI] 1964
Peerage extinct on his death
McCONNELL OF GLENSCORRODALE
28 Jun 2010 B[L] 1 Jack Wilson McConnell 30 Jun 1960
Created Baron McConnell of Glenscorrodale
for life 28 Jun 2010
First Minister of Scotland 2001-2007PC 2001
McCORQUODALE OF NEWTON
2 Sep 1955 B 1 Malcolm Stewart McCorquodale 29 Mar 1901 25 Sep 1971 70
to†††† Created Baron McCorquodale of Newton
25 Sep 1971 2 Sep 1955
MP for Sowerby 1931-1945 and Epsom
1947-1955. PC 1945
Peerage extinct on his death
MACDERMOTT
23 Apr 1947 B[L] 1 John Clarke Macdermott 12 Apr 1896 13 Jul 1979 83
to†††† Created Baron Macdermott for life
13 Jul 1979 23 Apr 1947
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary 1947. Lord Chief
Justice of Northern Ireland 1951-1971.
PC [NI] 1940PC 1947
Peerage extinct on his death
McDONAGH
24 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Margaret Josephine McDonagh 26 Jun 1961
Created Baroness McDonagh for life
24 Jun 2004
MACDONALD
25 Jul 1776 B[I] 1 Sir Alexander Macdonald,9th baronet c 1745 12 Sep 1795
Created Baron Macdonald 25 Jul 1776
12 Sep 1795 2 Alexander Wentworth Macdonald 9 Dec 1773 19 Jun 1824 50
MP for Saltash 1798-1806
19 Jun 1824 3 Godfrey Bosville-Macdonald 14 Oct 1775 13 Oct 1832 56
For further information on the descent of the
baronetcy on his death, see the note at the
foot of this page
13 Oct 1832 4 Godfrey William Wentworth Bosville-
Macdonald 16 Mar 1809 25 Jul 1863 54
25 Jul 1863 5 Somerled James Brudenell Bosville-
Macdonald 2 Oct 1849 25 Dec 1874 25
25 Dec 1874 6 Ronald Archibald Bosville-Macdonald 9 Jun 1853 20 Jan 1947 93
20 Jan 1947 7 Alexander Godfrey Macdonald 27 Jun 1909 28 Nov 1970 61
Lord Lieutenant Inverness 1952-1970
28 Nov 1970 8 Godfrey James Macdonald 28 Nov 1947
MACDONALD OF EARNSCLIFFE
14 Aug 1891 B 1 Susan Agnes Earnscliffe Macdonald 1836 5 Sep 1920 84
to†††† Created Baroness Macdonald of
5 Sep 1920 Earnscliffe 14 Aug 1891
Widow of Sir John Macdonald, Prime Minister
of Canada
Peerage extinct on her death
MACDONALD OF GWAENYSGOR
13 Apr 1949 B 1 Sir Gordon Macdonald 27 May 1888 20 Jan 1966 77
Created Baron Macdonald of
Gwaenysgor 13 Apr 1949
MP for Ince 1929-1942. Governor of
Newfoundland 1942-1949. Paymaster
General 1949-1951.PC 1951
20 Jan 1966 2 Gordon Ramsay Macdonald 16 Oct 1915 27 Jan 2002 86
to†††† Peerage extinct on his death
27 Jan 2002
MACDONALD OF RIVER GLAVEN
12 Jul 2010 B[L] 1 Sir Kenneth Donald John Macdonald 4 Jan 1953
Created Baron Macdonald of River Glaven
for life 12 Jul 2010
MACDONALD OF TRADESTON
2 Oct 1998 B[L] 1 Angus John Macdonald 20 Aug 1940
Minister of Transport 1999-2001. Chancellor of
the Duchy of Lancaster 2001-2003PC 1999
Created Baron Macdonald of Tradeston
for life 2 Oct 1998
MacDONNELL
2 Jul 1908 B 1 Sir Antony Patrick MacDonnell 7 Mar 1844 9 Jun 1925 81
to†††† Created Baron MacDonnell 2 Jul 1908
9 Jun 1925 PC 1902. PC [I] 1903
Peerage extinct on his death
MACDONNELL AND ARRASS
20 Dec 1660 B[S] 1 Aeneas Macdonnell 6 Dec 1680
to†††† Created Lord Macdonnell and Arrass
6 Dec 1680 20 Dec 1660
Peerage extinct on his death
MACDUFF
26 Apr 1759 V[I] 1 William Duff,1st Baron Braco of Kilbryde c 1696 30 Sep 1763
Created Viscount Macduff and
Earl of Fife 26 Apr 1759
See "Fife"
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
29 Jul 1889 M 1 Alexander William George Duff,6th Earl of Fife 10 Nov 1849 29 Jan 1912 62
to†††† Created Marquess of Macduff and
29 Jan 1912 Duke of Fife 29 Jul 1889 and Earl of
24 Apr 1900 E 1 Macduff and Duke of Fife 24 Apr 1900
On his death the Marquessate became
extinct but the Earldom continues
merged in the Dukedom of Fife (qv)
McENTEE
26 Jun 1951 B 1 Valentine la Touche McEntee 16 Jan 1871 11 Feb 1953 82
to†††† Created Baron McEntee 26 Jun 1951
11 Feb 1953 MP for Walthamstow West 1922-1924 and
1929-1950
Peerage extinct on his death
McFADZEAN
24 Jun 1966 B[L] 1 William Hunter McFadzean 17 Dec 1903 14 Jan 1996 92
to†††† Created Baron McFadzean for life 24 Jun 1966
14 Jan 1996 KT 1976
Peerage extinct on his death
McFADZEAN OF KELVINSIDE
1 Sep 1980 B[L] 1 Francis Scott McFadzean 26 Nov 1915 23 May 1992 76
to†††† Created Baron McFadzean of Kelvinside
23 May 1992 for life 1 Sep 1980
Peerage extinct on his death
McFALL OF ALCLUITH
17 Jun 2010 B[L] 1 John Francis McFall 4 Oct 1944
Created Baron McFall of Alcluith for life
17 Jun 2010
MP for Dumbarton 1987-2005 and Dunbartonshire
West 2005-2010.PC 2004
MACFARLANE OF BEARSDEN
29 Jul 1991 B[L] 1 Sir Norman Somerville Macfarlane 5 Mar 1926
Created Baron Macfarlane of Bearsden
for life 29 Jul 1991
KT 1996
McFARLANE OF LLANDAFF
30 Jul 1979 B[L] 1 Jean Kennedy McFarlane 1 Apr 1926 13 May 2012 86
to†††† Created Baroness McFarlane of Llandaff
13 May 2012 for life 30 Jul 1979
Peerage extinct on her death
MACGILL OF COUSLAND
19 Apr 1651 B[S] 1 James Makgill 5 May 1663
Created Lord Macgill of Cousland and
Viscount of Oxfuird 19 Apr 1651
See "Oxfuird"
McGOWAN
24 Feb 1937 B 1 Sir Harry Duncan McGowan 3 Jun 1874 13 Jul 1961 87
Created Baron McGowan 24 Feb 1937
13 Jul 1961 2 Harry Wilson McGowan 18 May 1906 5 Jul 1966 60
5 Jul 1966 3 Harry Duncan Cory McGowan 20 Jul 1938 6 May 2003 64
6 May 2003 4 Harry John Charles McGowan 23 Jun 1971
McGREGOR OF DURRIS
9 Feb 1978 B[L] 1 Oliver Ross McGregor 25 Aug 1921 10 Nov 1997 76
to†††† Created Baron McGregor of Durris for life
10 Nov 1997 9 Feb 1978
Peerage extinct on his death
MacGREGOR OF PULHAM MARKET
5 Jul 2001 B[L] 1 John Roddick Russell MacGregor 14 Feb 1937
Created Baron MacGregor of Pulham
Market for life 5 Jul 2001
MP for South Norfolk 1974-2001. Minister of
State,Agriculture 1983-1985, Chief Sec to
Treasury 1985-1987. Minister of Agriculture
1987-1989. Sec of State for Education and
Science 1989-1990. Lord President of the
Council 1990-1992. Sec of State for
Transport 1992-1994. PC 1985
McGREGOR-SMITH
16 Oct 2015 B[L] 1 Ruby McGregor-Smith 22 Feb 1963
Created Baroness McGregor-Smith for life
16 Oct 2015
MACHANSYRE AND POLMONT
31 Mar 1639 B[S] 1 William Hamilton 14 Dec 1616 2 Sep 1651 34
Created Lord Machansyre and Polmont
and Earl of Lanark 31 Mar 1639
See "Hamilton"
McINNES OF KILWINNING
1 Sep 2016 B[L] 1 Mark McInnes
Created Baron McInnes of Kilwinning for life
1 Sep 2016
McINTOSH OF HARINGEY
17 Jan 1983 B[L] 1 Andrew Robert McIntosh 30 Apr 1933 27 Aug 2010 77
Created Baron McIntosh of Haringey for life
17 Jan 1983
PC 2001
Peerage extinct on his death
McINTOSH OF HUDNALL
3 Aug 1999 B[L] 1 Genista Mary McIntosh 23 Sep 1946
Created Baroness McIntosh of Hudnall
for life 3 Aug 1999
McINTOSH OF PICKERING
6 Oct 2015 B[L] 1 Anne Caroline Ballingall McIntosh 20 Sep 1954
Created Baroness McIntosh of Pickering for
life 6 Oct 2015
MP for Vale of York 1997-2010 and Thirsk and
Malton 2010-2015. MEP for Essex North East
1989-1994 and Essex North and Suffolk South
1994-1999
MACKAY OF ARDBRECKNISH
26 Jun 1991 B[L] 1 John Jackson Mackay 15 Nov 1938 21 Feb 2001 62
to†††† Created Baron Mackay of Ardbrecknish
21 Feb 2001 for life 26 Jun 1991
MP for Argyll 1979-1983 and Argyll and Bute
1983-1987. Minister of State for Social Security
1994-1997.PC 1996
Peerage extinct on his death
MACKAY OF CLASHFERN
6 Jul 1979 B[L] 1 James Peter Hymers Mackay 2 Jul 1927
Created Baron Mackay of Clashfern for life
6 Jul 1979
Lord Advocate 1979-1984. Lord of Appeal
in Ordinary 1985-1987. Lord Chancellor
1987-1997. PC 1979KT 1997
MACKAY OF DRUMADOON
13 Dec 1995 B[L] 1 Donald Sage Mackay 30 Jan 1946
Created Baron Mackay of Drumadoon
for life 13 Dec 1995
Solicitor General for Scotland 1995-1996.
Lord Advocate 1996-1997.PC 1996
MACKENZIE OF CULKEIN
4 Aug 1999 B[L] 1 Hector Uisdean Mackenzie 25 Feb 1940
Created Baron Mackenzie of Culkein
for life 4 Aug 1999
MACKENZIE OF FRAMWELLGATE
17 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Brian Mackenzie 21 Mar 1943
Created Baron Mackenzie of Framwellgate
for life 17 Jul 1998
MACKENZIE OF KINTAIL
19 Nov 1609 B[S] 1 Kenneth Mackenzie Mar 1611
Created Lord Mackenzie of Kintail
19 Nov 1609
Mar 1611 2 Colin Mackenzie 15 Mar 1633
He was created Earl of Seaforth (qv) in
1683 with which title this peerage then
merged
McKENZIE OF LUTON
18 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 William David McKenzie 24 Jul 1946
Created Baron McKenzie of Luton for life
18 Jun 2004
MACKENZIE-STUART
18 Oct 1988 B[L] 1 Alexander John Mackenzie Stuart 18 Nov 1924 1 Apr 2000 75
to†††† Created Baron Mackenzie-Stuart for life
1 Apr 2000 18 Oct 1988
President of the European Court of Justice
1984-1988
Peerage extinct on his death
MACKIE OF BENSHIE
10 May 1974 B[L] 1 George Yull Mackie 10 Jul 1919 17 Feb 2015 95
to†††† Created Baron Mackie of Benshie for life
17 Feb 2015 10 May 1974
MP for Caithness and Sutherland 1964-1966
Peerage extinct on his death
MACKINTOSH OF HALIFAX
10 Jul 1957 V 1 Sir Harold Vincent Mackintosh,1st baronet 8 Jun 1891 27 Dec 1964 73
Created Baron Mackintosh 6 Feb 1948
and Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax
10 Jul 1957
27 Dec 1964 2 John Mackintosh 7 Oct 1921 2 Nov 1980 59
2 Nov 1980 3 John Clive Mackintosh 9 Sep 1958
MacLAURIN OF KNEBWORTH
18 Oct 1996 B[L] 1 Ian Charter MacLaurin 30 Mar 1937
Created Baron MacLaurin of Knebworth
for life 18 Oct 1996
MACLAY
21 Nov 1922 B 1 Sir James Paton Maclay,1st baronet 6 Sep 1857 24 Apr 1951 93
Created Baron Maclay 21 Nov 1922
Minister of Shipping 1916-1921.PC 1916
24 Apr 1951 2 Sir Joseph Paton Maclay 31 May 1899 7 Nov 1969 70
MP for Paisley 1931-1945
7 Nov 1969 3 Joseph Paton Maclay 11 Apr 1942
MACLEAN
9 Feb 1971 B[L] 1 Sir Charles Hector Fitzroy Maclean 5 May 1916 8 Feb 1990 73
to†††† Created Baron Maclean for life 9 Feb 1971
8 Feb 1990 Lord Lieutenant Argyll 1954-1974 and
Argyll & Bute 1974- 1990†† KT 1969. PC 1971
Peerage extinct on his death
McLEAVY
11 Sep 1967 B[L] 1 Frank McLeavy 1 Jan 1899 1 Oct 1976 77
to†††† Created Baron McLeavy for life 11 Sep 1967
1 Oct 1976 MP for Bradford East 1945-1966
Peerage extinct on his death
MACLEHOSE OF BEOCH
21 May 1982 B[L] 1 Sir (Crawford) Murray Maclehose 16 Oct 1917 27 May 2000 82
to†††† Created Baron Maclehose of Beoch for life
27 May 2000 21 May 1982
Governor of Hong Kong 1971-1982. KT 1983
Peerage extinct on his death
MACLENNAN OF ROGART
19 Jul 2001 B[L] 1 Robert Adam Ross Maclennan 26 Jun 1936
Created Baron Maclennan of Rogart for life
19 Jul 2001
MP for Caithness and Sutherland 1966-1997
and Caithness Sutherland and Easter Ross
1997-2001. PC 1999
MACLEOD
21 Oct 1861 B 1 Anne Sutherland-Leveson-Gower 21 Apr 1829 25 Nov 1888 59
Created Baroness Macleod,Baroness
Castlehaven,Viscountess Tarbat and
Countess of Cromartie 21 Oct 1861
See "Cromartie"
MACLEOD OF BORVE
4 Jun 1971 B[L] 1 Evelyn Hester Macleod 19 Feb 1915 17 Nov 1999 84
to†††† Created Baroness Macleod of Borve for life
17 Nov 1999 4 Jun 1971
Peerage extinct on her death
MACLEOD AND CASTLEHAVEN
15 Apr 1685 B[S] 1 Sir George Mackenzie 1630 17 Aug 1714 84
1 Jan 1703 B[S] 1 Created Lord Macleod and Castlehaven
and Viscount of Tarbat 15 Apr 1685,
and Lord Macleod and Castlehaven,
Viscount of Tarbat and Earl of
Cromartie 1 Jan 1703
See "Cromartie"
MacLEOD OF FUINARY
6 Feb 1967 B 1 Sir George Fielden MacLeod,4th baronet 17 Jun 1895 27 Jun 1991 96
to†††† Created Baron MacLeod of Fuinary
27 Jun 1991 for life 6 Feb 1967
Peerage extinct on his death
MACMILLAN
3 Feb 1930 B[L] 1 Hugh Pattinson Macmillan 20 Feb 1873 5 Sep 1952 79
to†††† Created Baron Macmillan for life 3 Feb 1930
5 Sep 1952 Lord of Appeal in Ordinary 1930-1939 and
1941-1947. PC 1924
Peerage extinct on his death
MACMILLAN OF OVENDEN
24 Feb 1984 V 1 Maurice Harold Macmillan 10 Feb 1894 29 Dec 1986 92
Created Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden
and Earl of Stockton 24 Feb 1984
See "Stockton"
MACNAGHTEN
25 Jan 1887 B[L] 1 Edward Macnaghten 3 Feb 1830 17 Feb 1913 83
to†††† Created Baron Macnaghten for life
17 Feb 1913 25 Jan 1887
MP for Antrim 1880-1885 and Antrim North
1885-1887. Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
1887-1913PC 1887
Peerage extinct on his death
McNAIR
4 Aug 1955 B 1 Sir Arnold Duncan McNair 4 Mar 1885 22 May 1975 90
Created Baron McNair 4 Aug 1955
22 May 1975 2 Clement John McNair 11 Jan 1915 7 Aug 1989 74
7 Aug 1989 3 Duncan James McNair 26 Jun 1947
McNALLY
20 Dec 1995 B[L] 1 Thomas McNally 20 Feb 1943
Created Baron McNally for life 20 Dec 1995
MP for Stockport South 1979-1983
MACPHERSON OF DRUMOCHTER
25 Jan 1951 B 1 Thomas Macpherson 9 Jul 1888 11 Jun 1965 76
Created Baron Macpherson of
Drumochter 25 Jan 1951
MP for Romford 1945-1950
11 Jun 1965 2 James Gordon Macpherson 22 Jan 1924 7 Sep 2008 84
7 Sep 2008 3 James Anthony Macpherson 27 Feb 1979
MACPHERSON OF EARL'S COURT
4 Oct 2016 B[L] 1 Nicholas Ian Macpherson 14 Jul 1959
Created Baron Macpherson of Earl's Court
for life 4 Oct 2016
MADDOCK
30 Oct 1997 B[L] 1 Diana Margaret Maddock 19 May 1945
Created Baroness Maddock for life
30 Oct 1997
MP for Christchurch 1993-1997
MADELEY
3 Jul 1911 E 1 Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes 12 Jan 1858 20 Jun 1945 87
to†††† Created Earl of Madeley and Marquess
20 Jun 1945 of Crewe 3 Jul 1911
See "Crewe"
MADERTY
31 Jan 1609 B[S] 1 James Drummond Sep 1623
Created Lord Maderty 31 Jan 1609
Sep 1623 2 John Drummond c 1650
c 1650 3 David Drummond 20 Jan 1692
20 Jan 1692 4 William Drummond c 1617 23 Mar 1688
He had been created Viscount of Strathallan
(qv) in 1686 with which title this peerage
then merged
MAELOR
13 Jun 1966 B[L] 1 Thomas William Jones 10 Feb 1898 18 Nov 1984 86
to†††† Created Baron Maelor for life 13 Jun 1966
18 Nov 1984 MP for Merioneth 1951-1966
Peerage extinct on his death
MAENAN
23 Jun 1948 B 1 Sir William Francis Kyffin-Taylor 9 Jul 1854 22 Sep 1951 97
to†††† Created Baron Maenan 23 Jun 1948
22 Sep 1951 Peerage extinct on his death
MAGAN OF CASTLETOWN
25 Jan 2011 B[L] 1 George Morgan Magan 14 Nov 1945
Created Baron Magan of Castletown for life
25 Jan 2011
MAGENNIS
18 Jul 1623 V[I] 1 Arthur Magennis 7 May 1629
Created Viscount Magennis 18 Jul 1623
7 May 1629 2 Hugh Magennis 1599 Apr 1639 39
Apr 1639 3 Arthur Magennis 1 May 1683
1 May 1683 4 Hugh Magennis 5 Dec 1684
5 Dec 1684 5 Bryan Magennis 1693
to†††† He was attainted and the peerage forfeited
1691
MAGHERAMORNE
5 Jul 1887 B 1 Sir James Macnaghten MacGarel-Hogg,2nd
baronet 3 May 1823 27 Jun 1890 67
Created Baron Magheramorne 5 Jul 1887
MP for Bath 1865-1868, Truro 1871-1885
and Hornsey 1885-1887
27 Jun 1890 2 James Douglas MacGarel-Hogg 16 Jan 1861 10 Mar 1903 42
10 Mar 1903 3 Dudley Stuart MacGarel-Hogg 3 Dec 1863 14 Mar 1946 82
14 Mar 1946 4 Ronald Tracey MacGarel-Hogg 28 Jul 1865 21 Apr 1957 91
to†††† Peerage extinct on his death
21 Apr 1957
MAGINNIS OF DRUMGLASS
20 Jul 2001 B[L] 1 Kenneth Wiggins Maginnis 21 Jan 1938
Created Baron Maginnis of Drumglass
for life 20 Jul 2001
MP for Fermanagh and South Tyrone 1983-
2001
MAGUIRE OF ENNISKILLEN
3 Mar 1628 B[I] 1 Bryan Maguire c 1589 15 Dec 1633
Created Lord Maguire,Baron of
Enniskillen 3 Mar 1628
15 Dec 1633 2 Connor Maguire c 1616 10 Feb 1645
to†††† He was attainted and executed and
10 Feb 1645 the peerage forfeited
For further information on this peer,see the
note at the foot of this page
MAIDSTONE
8 Jul 1623 V 1 Elizabeth Finch 9 Jul 1556 23 Mar 1634 77
Created Viscountess Maidstone
8 Jul 1623 and Countess of Winchilsea
11 Jul 1628
See "Winchilsea"
MAIR
29 Oct 2015 B[L] 1 Robert James Mair 20 Apr 1950
Created Baron Mair for life 29 Oct 2015
MAIS
26 Aug 1967 B[L] 1 Alan Raymond Mais 7 Jul 1911 28 Nov 1993 82
to†††† Created Baron Mais for life 26 Aug 1967
28 Nov 1993 Peerage extinct on his death
MAITLAND
18 May 1590 B[S] 1 John Maitland 1545 3 Oct 1595 50
Created Lord Maitland 18 May 1590
Secretary of State of Scotland 1584-1591.
Lord Chancellor of Scotland 1586
3 Oct 1595 2 John Maitland 18 Jan 1645
Created Viscount of Lauderdale
2 Apr 1616 and Lord Thirlestane and
Boltoun,Viscount Maitland and Earl of
Lauderdale 14 Mar 1624
See "Lauderdale"
MALCOLM
9 Jun 1896 B 1 John Wingfield Malcolm 16 May 1833 6 Mar 1902 68
to†††† Created Baron Malcolm 9 Jun 1896
6 Mar 1902 MP for Boston 1860-1874 and 1874-1878
and Argyllshire 1886-1892
Peerage extinct on his death
MALDEN
20 Apr 1661 V 1 Arthur Capell,2nd Baron Capell of Hadham 28 Jan 1632 13 Jul 1683 51
Created Viscount Malden and Earl of
Essex 20 Apr 1661
See "Essex"
MALLALIEU
19 Jun 1991 B[L] 1 Ann Mallalieu 27 Nov 1945
Created Baroness Mallalieu for life
19 Jun 1991
MALLOCH-BROWN
9 Jul 2007 B[L] 1 Sir George Mark Malloch-Brown 16 Sep 1953
Created Baron Malloch-Brown for life
9 Jul 2007
PC 2007
MALMESBURY
15 Feb 1715 M 1 Thomas Wharton Aug 1648 12 Apr 1715 66
Created Viscount Winchendon and
Earl of Wharton 23 Dec 1706,Baron of
Trim,Earl of Rathfarnham and
Marquess of Catherlough 7 Jan 1715,
and Marquess of Wharton and
Marquess of Malmesbury 15 Feb 1715
See "Wharton"
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
29 Dec 1800 E 1 James Harris 9 Apr 1746 21 Nov 1820 74
Created Baron Malmesbury 19 Sep 1788
and Viscount Fitzharris and Earl of
Malmesbury 29 Dec 1800
MP for Christchurch 1770-1774 and 1784-
1788. Lord Lieutenant Hampshire 1807-1820
PC 1784
21 Nov 1820 2 James Edward Harris 19 Aug 1778 10 Sep 1841 63
MP for Helston 1802-1804, Horsham 1804-
1807, Heytesbury 1807-1812 and Wilton
1816-1820
10 Sep 1841 3 James Howard Harris 25 Mar 1807 17 May 1889 82
MP for Wilton 1841. Foreign Secretary
1852 and 1858-1859. Lord Privy Seal 1866-
1868 and 1874-1876.PC 1852
17 May 1889 4 Edward James Harris 12 Apr 1842 19 May 1899 57
19 May 1899 5 James Edward Harris 18 Dec 1872 12 Jun 1950 77
12 Jun 1950 6 William James Harris 18 Nov 1907 11 Nov 2000 92
Lord Lieutenant Hampshire 1973-1982
11 Nov 2000 7 James Carleton Harris 19 Jun 1946
MALPAS
29 Dec 1706 V 1 Hugh Cholmondeley,2nd Viscount Cholmondeley 1662 18 Jan 1725 62
Created Viscount Malpas and Earl of
Cholmondeley 29 Dec 1706
See "Cholmondeley"
MALTON
28 May 1728 B 1 Thomas Watson-Wentworth 13 Nov 1693 14 Dec 1750 57
19 Nov 1733 E 1 Created Baron Malton 28 May 1728,
Baron Wath,Baron Harrowden,
Viscount Higham and Earl of Malton
19 Nov 1733 and Marquess of
Rockingham 19 Apr 1746
See "Rockingham" - titles extinct 1782
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
17 Sep 1750 E[I] 1 Charles Watson-Wentworth,later [Dec 1750] 13 May 1730 2 Jul 1782 52
to†††† 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
2 Jul 1782 Created Baron Malton [I] and Earl
Malton [I]17 Sep 1750
Peerages extinct on his death
MALTRAVERS
25 Jan 1330 B 1 John Maltravers c 1290 16 Feb 1364
to†††† Summoned to Parliament as Lord
16 Feb 1364 Maltravers 25 Jan 1330
On his death the peerage fell into abeyance
†††††††††††††††††††† **************
1482 Thomas Fitz-Alan 25 Oct 1524
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Lord Maltravers in 1482
He succeeded as Earl of Arundel (qv) in 1488
†††††††††††††††††††† **************
5 Feb 1533 Henry Fitz-Alan c 1513 24 Feb 1580
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Lord Maltravers 5 Feb 1533
He succeeded as Earl of Arundel (qv) in 1544
†††††††††††††††††††† **************
16 Aug 1841 Henry Charles Howard 12 Aug 1791 18 Feb 1856 64
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Maltravers 16 Aug 1841
He succeeded as Duke of Norfolk (qv) in 1842
MALVERN
18 Mar 1955 V 1 Sir Godfrey Martin Huggins 6 Jul 1883 8 May 1971 87
Created Viscount Malvern 18 Mar 1955
Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia 1933-
1953 and Rhodesia & Nyasaland 1953-1956
CH 1944PC 1947
8 May 1971 2 John Godfrey Huggins 26 Oct 1922 28 Aug 1978 55
28 Aug 1978 3 Ashley Kevin Godfrey Huggins 26 Oct 1949
MAMHEAD OF EXETER
5 Dec 1931 B 1 Sir Robert Hunt Staplyton Dudley Lydston
to†††† Newman,4th baronet 27 Oct 1871 2 Nov 1945 74
2 Nov 1945 Created Baron Mamhead of Exeter
5 Dec 1931
MP for Exeter 1918-1931
Peerage extinct on his death
Anne, Countess of Macclesfield, sometime wife of Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl
of Macclesfield
One of the major scandals of the first half of the eighteenth century was the parentage of the
writer and poet Richard Savage. He maintained that he was the illegitimate son of the 4th Earl
Rivers and Anne, Countess of Macclesfield, who spent much of her later life denying this
relationship. The following article appeared in the Australian monthly magazine "Parade" in its
issue for February 1963:-
'Never had the fashionable world of Bath had such a juicy theme for scandal as in the autumn
of 1728. In pumproom and ballroom, wits were delightedly quoting a newly-published poem, The
Bastard, the work of a debt≠haunted young Fleet Street hack named Richard Savage. Savage's
target was a celebrated figure in Bath society - Mrs. Anne Brett, formerly Countess of
Macclesfield, the woman whom Savage claimed was his mother. Not only did Mrs. Brett deny
that the poet was her illegitimate son, she persecuted him with what Dr. Johnson called
"implacable and restless cruelty" from his childhood until the day he died of starvation and fever
in a debtors' gaol.
'Publication of the poem drove Anne Brett from Bath. It deepened the malignant fury that made
her campaign against Richard Savage an extraordinary episode of the 18th century.
Contemporaries had no doubt that Savage was indeed her son - the fruit of her illicit liaison with
[Richard Savage,4th] Earl Rivers while she was the wife of the Earl of Macclesfield. In Richard's
childhood, Anne tried to bury him in obscure poverty by apprenticing him to a cobbler. In his
youth, she schemed to have him shipped off to the American colonies. Later she tried to have
him hanged for murder. She failed in all attempts. It was Savage's own frantic dissipation, to
which her persecution drove him, that finally killed him.
'Anne was born in 1668, daughter of Sir Richard Mason. She was only 15 when she wed Charles
Gerard, Earl of Macclesfield, a notorious hot-head and political intriguer. A month after the
marriage, Macclesfield was a prisoner in the Tower for plotting against the Duke of York, brother
of Charles II. When the Duke succeeded his brother as James II in 1685, Macclesfield, who was
involved in the Rye House Plot to murder the King, was sentenced to death, but escaped with
two years in the Tower. Anne later claimed she saved her husband's life by yielding her honour
to King James. Macclesfield did not believe her, but he strongly suspected she was free with her
favours elsewhere.
'The exile of James and arrival of William and Mary on the English throne restored Macclesfield to
prosperity, which he celebrated by determined efforts to get rid of his wanton wife. By 1690
Anne had been turned out of Macclesfield's London mansion and told never to return. She was
still only 22, in the full flush of her beauty, and did not lack "protectors" for long. When she
became the mistress of the sickly young Earl Rivers is uncertain. But he fathered two illegitimate
children by her - a daughter born in 1695 and a son in January 1697.
'The boy, born in the dingy alley of Fox Court, off Holborn, was entered in the local parish
parish register as "John Smith," sent to a wet nurse in Hampstead and later handed over to
Anne Portlock, a baker's wife, of Covent Garden. Rivers acknowledged himself as the boy's
father, paid for his upkeep, and even insisted on the child being known by his own surname of
Savage. Anne, however, felt none of the ties of parenthood. She tried to keep the news of her
children's birth from her husband, but gossip soon reached Macclesfield, and, by the end of
1697, he had launched proceedings for divorce in the House of Lords.
'For three months London society smacked its lips over the scandal, and debates on the earl's
charges enlivened the Lords, until a special Act of Parliament declared Macclesfield and Anne
divorced.Under its terms Macclesfield had to return his wife's dowry of £20,000. Her fortune
and handsome person soon attracted the roving eye of an aristocratic young town idler, Henry
Brett [1675-1724, MP for Bishop's Castle Dec 1701-1708]. Brett, who had contrived to pile up
spectacular gambling debts in his brief career, enlisted Anne's sympathy when his creditors
thrashed him in the street beneath her window. In 1700 they were married. Her money bought
Brett a colonelcy in the army, a partnership in Drury Lane Theatre, and launched him on a
career as a man of fashion and associate of the literary celebrities of the London coffee houses.
'Echoes of the Macclesfield divorce scandal still lingered, however, and Anne set out with
ruthless determination to silence them. Her daughter by Earl Rivers had soon died. Anne's next
step was to remove the boy from his father's protection, and Rivers himself died in 1712 fully
convinced that his son was also dead. By denying young Richard's existence, Anne cheated the
boy out of £6,000 that Rivers had planned to leave him, but even this did not exhaust Anne's
schemes to bury her disgrace in complete oblivion.
'For a few years Richard was shielded by Anne's mother, Lady Mason, who was outraged by her
daughter's conduct and paid for his education at a grammar school in St. Alban's, outside
London. Lady Mason's death removed the last obstacle to Anne's plans. Richard was promptly
taken from school and apprenticed to a London shoemaker, in the hope that poverty and
obscurity would swallow him up. In later years Richard Savage swore that his mother even tried
to have him shipped to the American colonies as an indentured servant, but was foiled by
Rivers' kinsmen, who knew her guilty secret. Meanwhile, with Savage growing up unconscious
of his parentage and stitching leather in a Charing Cross garret, Mrs. Anne Brett and her gallant
husband basked in the sunshine of wit and fashion.
'In 1718 the blow fell. Richard Savage, now aged 20, emerged from his slum den loudly
proclaiming himself the son of Earl Rivers and calling on Anne Brett to acknowledge him as her
son. Savage's claim was based on letters written by Anne's mother, Lady Mason, which he had
found among papers left by his former nurse. His assertions set off a storm of controversy in
London. Savage had already begun his writing career as a poet, and his first play - "Love in a
Veil" - was produced at Drury Lane in the same year as he proclaimed his noble parentage.
Cobbling was abandoned as a menial task unfit for the son of an earl. Savage determined to live
by literature, at least until his mother made more suitable provision for him.
'Thus began the fantastic barrage of claim and counter-claim, of blackmail threats, perjury and
vituperative literary warfare that was to intrigue London's mansions and taverns for the next 25
years. From the beginning Anne Brett furiously denied that Savage was her son. She refused to
to see him, and ordered her servants to thrash him when he loitered outside her door. Once,
when he broke into her house to demand an interview, Anne screamed that he had come to
murder her and her lackeys flung him into the street,
'Most of Savage's literary friends rallied to his aid. He was befriended by Sir Richard Steele and
the celebrated comedian Robert Wilkes. He was rescued from starvation by a pension of £50
from an actress. Savage earned little money by his writings, and his dissipation kept him in
desperate poverty all his life despite the sympathy of many powerful aristocrats who believed
his claims. When his poems were published in 1726, subscribers included the Duke of Rutland,
the Duchess of Cleveland, the Countess of Warwick, and a dozen more notables who regarded
Anne Brett as "an unnatural monster." Into his preface to the poems, Savage poured all his
pent-up rage and frustration against his mother. The attack, which goaded Anne to madness,
almost had a fatal sequel a year later.
'In November 1727 Savage stabbed and killed a man in a tavern brawl. He was tried and
sentenced to death, but because he had drawn his sword on great provocation, his friends
were certain of a reprieve. With remorseless deliberation, Anne tried to foil every plea for mercy.
For weeks Savage lay in Newgate under the shadow of the gallows, until the Countess of
Hertford induced the king to sign a pardon. [For further details of this killing, see below].
'Savage was freed in February 1728, and renewed his pamphlet campaign with such vitriolic
scorn that Anne - having failed to hang, transport or cudgel him into silence - decided to try
bribery. She persuaded her kinsman, LordTyrconnel, to take Savage into his house and pay
him an annual pension of £100. For a few months the poet lived in comfort - then his humiliation
exploded again in the ferocious satire of "The Bastard." The poem was "subscribed with all Due
Reverence to Mrs. Brett, once Countess of Macclesfield, by Richard Savage, son of the late Earl
Rivers." Savage ironically hailed his mother as ".....unenslaved by Nature's narrow laws, Warm
championess of Freedom's sacred cause!" Five editions of the poem sold out in a few weeks.
Street urchins chanted its lines. Mrs. Brett, having fled to Bath to escape it, was driven out
again by the wits who delighted in quoting it in her presence.
'Ousted from the shelter of Tyrconnel's house, Savage escaped thrashings by Anne's retainers
only by shifting desperately from one slum to another. His later career was a miserable record
of poverty, debts and semi≠starvation despite the friendship of such celebrities as Pope and Dr.
Johnson and a meagre pension paid him by Queen Caroline.
'His mother's vindictive wrath pursued him to the end. The pension lapsed when Caroline died in
1738, and Anne used her influence with Prime Minister Walpole to ensure that it was not
renewed. For five more years Anne Brett endured the onslaughts of Savage and his supporters
Dr. Johnson blasted her "implacable cruelty." Pamphleteers branded her a "monster" and
"Messalina." But Anne never changed her declaration that Richard Savage was an imposter,
and Savage's own reckless folly in his closing years began to alienate many of his sympathisers.
Finally, his friends raised a fund to send him out of London to escape his host of creditors. In
August 1743, in a Bristol debtors' gaol, ended Savage's tormented life - and Anne Brett's long
ordeal was over. She survived him by 10 years, dying at the age of 85 on October 11, 1753.'
†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† *******************
Savage's [edited] entry in "The Newgate Calendar" reads as follows:-
'In the month of December, 1727, this gentleman [Savage], together with James Gregory and
William Merchant, was indicted at the Old Bailey, for the murder of James Sinclair; - Savage by
giving him a mortal wound with a drawn sword in the lower part of the belly; and Gregory and
Merchant by aiding and abetting in the commission of the said murder.
'It appeared in evidence that these three gentlemen had accidentally come, at a late hour, much
disguised in liquor, to Robinson's coffee-house at Charing Cross, and went into a room where Mr.
Sinclair and other company were drinking. Merchant, entering first, kicked down the table; and
and Savage and Gregory drawing their swords, they were earnestly desired to put them up, but
refused to do so.
'A scuffle ensued, in which Mr. Sinclair received a mortal wound, and was heard to say "I am a
dead man": soon after which the candles were extinguished.
'Another witness deposed that, as he and some other company were on the point of leaving the
house, the prisoners came in, when Merchant kicked down the table, and Gregory, going up to
the deceased, said, "Damn ye, you rascal, deliver your sword"; on which weapons were drawn
and the deceased wounded, as above mentioned: that the deceased had his sword drawn when
the word was given by Savage; but that he held it with the point down towards the ground;
but neither this deponent nor the former observed that Merchant had any sword.
'The perpetrators of this rash action having left the house, some soldiers were sent for, by
whom they were taken into custody, and lodged in the round-house; and in the morning were
carried before a magistrate, who committed them to the Gate-house; but Mr. Sinclair dying on
the following day, they were sent to Newgate.
'The deceased had been attended by a clergyman, who declared that he said he was stabbed
before he had time to draw his sword; and his testimony was confirmed by that of other
witnesses.
'When the evidence was summed up, the Court observed to the jury, that, "As the deceased
and his companions were in possession of the room, if the prisoners were the aggressors, by
coming into that room, kicking down the table, and immediately thereupon drawing their swords,
without provocation etc it was murder, not only in him who gave the wound, but in those who
aided and abetted him."
'After a trial of eight hours, the jury found Savage and Gregory guilty of murder, and Merchant
guilty of manslaughter: in consequence of which the latter was burnt in the hand and
discharged.
'On the 11th of December, 1727, Richard Savage and James Gregory were brought to the bar,
with other capital convicts, to receive sentence of death............
'It will scarcely be believed that, at this critical juncture, the inhuman countess exerted all her
influence to prejudice the queen against her unhappy child, and to render unavailing every
intercession that might be made to procure for him the royal mercy: at length, however, the
Countess of Hertford having laid an account of the extraordinary story and sufferings of poor
Savage before her majesty, a pardon was obtained for him and his companion, and they were
accordingly set at liberty on the 5th of March, 1728.'
†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† *******************
Was Savage an imposter? There are a number of holes in Savage's story - for example he
incorrectly states the name of his god-mother, whom he claimed had cared for him as a boy.
There is also no evidence that Anne was the cruel and vindictive woman he claimed her to be,
while there is evidence that she did in fact provide for her illegitimate children. If Anne knew
that Savage was indeed an imposter, she probably would have acted in the manner described.
A lengthy investigation into the case can be found in the 6 November 1858 number of "Notes
and Queries."
Godfrey Bosville-Macdonald, 3rd Baron Macdonald and 11th baronet, and the
subsequent descent of the barony and baronetcy
The circumstances of this peer's marriage provide an interesting example of peerage law in
relation to the differences in the law of legitimacy between Scotland and other parts of the
United Kingdom.
In 1625, Donald Macdonald was created a baronet of Nova Scotia. The baronetcy descended
through the succeeding generations of the Macdonald family until 1766, when Alexander
Macdonald succeeded as the ninth baronet. This baronet was created Baron Macdonald on
25 July 1776, in the peerage of Ireland.
The peerage, together with the baronetcy, then passed on the death of the 1st Baron in 1795
to his eldest son, Alexander Wentworth Macdonald, who died unmarried on 19 June 1824. On
his death, the peerage and baronetcy passed to next oldest brother, Godfrey. This peer had
previously inherited his uncle's estate, upon which he changed his name by royal licence to
Bosville in 1814. When he succeeded to the peerage in 1824, he again changed his name to
Bosville-Macdonald.
In 1799, Godfrey went through a form of marriage in Scotland with Louisa Maria La Coast, who
was the illegitimate daughter of the Duke of Gloucester by Lady Almeria Carpenter, daughter
of the 1st Earl of Tyrconnel of the 1761 creation. Godfrey and Louisa were again married,
this time in a lawful ceremony on 29 December 1803 at Norwich. However, between the time
of the 1799 'marriage' and the undoubtedly legal marriage of 1803, three children had been
born.
The fact that Godfrey and Louisa had been legally married in 1803 had the effect, under
present Scottish law, of legitimating the three children born between the two marriages.
However, under English law, and more importantly, Irish law, given that the peerage was an
Irish title, the marriage of 1803 had no effect upon the children's status, and they were
considered to be illegitimate. As a result, the eldest son, Alexander, could legally succeed to
the Scottish baronetcy but not to the Irish peerage. Consequently, the barony of Macdonald
was inherited by the eldest son who had been born after the marriage of 1803.
The reader will note that I have emphasised the word "present" in the preceding paragraph.
At the time of the Godfrey's death in 1832, the view appears to have been taken that the
eldest son of the 1799 'marriage' could not inherit either the peerage or the baronetcy.
Certainly, it is the case that reference to the standard peerage works between 1832 and
1910, including Burke, Dod, the Complete Peerage (original edition) and the Complete
Baronetage all show the baronetcy remaining attached to the barony of Macdonald.
The eldest son of the 1799 'marriage' was Alexander William Robert Bosville-Macdonald. He
considered himself to be illegitimate and therefore did not assume the baronetcy. On his
death in 1847, he was 'succeeded' by his son, Godfrey - he also did not assume the title.
He died in 1865, and it was his son, Alexander, who in September 1909, petitioned to have
his grandfather declared legitimate by reason of his parents' subsequent legal marriage
in 1803. This petition was heard in the Scottish Court of Session between December 1909
and June 1910, and on 4 June 1910 the Court of Session declared the legitimacy of his
grandfather, followed by a decree from Lord Lyon on 30 June 1910, which was published in
the Edinburgh Gazette on 1 July 1910. As a result, it was held that Alexander had succeeded
to the baronetcy in 1832, thus necessitating a re-writing of the peerage reference works.
Connor Maguire, 2nd Baron Maguire of Enniskillen
Maguire was executed in February 1645 for his part in the rebellion in Ireland in October 1641.
The following is taken from "A critical review of the state trials" [London 1735]:-
'Connor Lord Maguire, a Peer of Ireland, was arraigned at the King's Bench Bar in England, as a
Commoner, for High Treason committed in Ireland.
'The Indictment charges the Prisoner with Compassing and Imagining the Death of the King,
Conspiring to raise a Rebellion, and inviting over foreign Forces to invade the Realm of Ireland,
and particularly, with a Design of seizing the Castle of Dublin, and other Forts and Magazines
in that Kingdom. It Charges him also, with Levying open War against his Majesty; surprising the
Castles of Charlemont, Cragan etc and murdering the Lord Calfield [i.e. Toby Caulfeild, 3rd
Baron Charlemont - see the note under that peerage] and other Protestants in Ireland.
The Prisoner pleaded his Peerage; shewing, by the statute of Magna Charta, every one ought
to be tried by his Peers, and that by the 10 Hen. VII, the Statutes of England were made part
of the Laws of Ireland.
'The Council for the Parliament, demurring to this Plea, Mr. Justice Bacon over ruled it; declaring
that a Baron of Ireland was triable by a Jury of Commoners in England; and of this Opinion it
seems were both Houses of that Parliament: Whereupon, the Prisoner pleaded Not Guilty, and
desired time to bring his Witnesses from Ireland; but this was denied him: Then the Jury were
called over, and he challenged Twenty-three peremptorily, which were all that appeared but
one: Whereupon a Tales was granted [A Tales is a writ for summoning substitute jurors when
the original jury has become deficient in number], and he was brought to the Bar again the next
Day by the Lieutenant of the Tower, when he challenged as many of the Tales as, with those
challenged before, amounted to Thirty-five; and at length, a Jury being sworn, the Council for
the Parliament produced their Evidence.
'And First, they brought Witnesses that deposed, the Prisoner was a Papist, and was very
inquisitive about the Condition of the Magazines of Arms and Ammunition in Dublin.
Then the Deposition of John Woodcock the Sheriff of Dublin was read, who deposed, that he
apprehended the Lord Maguire and several of his Accomplices at Dublin, on the Twenty second
of October 1641, (being the Day before the Insurrection of the Papists in Ireland.) That it was
then late at Night, and the Prisoners had Arms about them, and several Petards for breaking
open Doors; and that he carried them before the Lords Justices.
'The Prisoner's Examination also was read, who confessed before the Lords Justices, that he
was engaged in a Conspiracy to raise an Insurrection, in order to restore the Catholick Religion
in that Kingdom, and recover their Lands from the Protestants. He acknowledged also, that
they intended to have surprised the Castle of Dublin; that he came to Dublin for that purpose,
and that he should have attempted the Castle the next Morning, (the 23d of October, 1641)
if they had not been apprehended: But he knew of no Letters or Messages from England, to
countenance the Attempt.
'Other Witnesses deposed, that there was to have been a General Insurrection in Ireland, the
23d October; that it was intended to seize all the Castles and strong Places in the Kingdom,
and to Massacre the Protestants.
'It was also proved, that the Irish broke out into an actual Rebellion, on the said 23d October,
and surprised the Castle of Charlemont, where they [subsequently] murdered the Lord Calfield;
that they also seized several other Fortresses, and murdered the Protestant Inhabitants: And
Sir Charles Coote deposed, that upwards of an Hundred Thousand Protestants were massacred
in the Province of Ulster only, (which were a great many more than the whole Province
contained.) He deposed also, that the Irish Papists set up a New Form of Government, by a
supreme Council, constituted Judges and Magistrates, and coined Money.
'A Bull of Pope Urban VIII also was read in Evidence, whereby he grants a plenary Indulgence
and absolute remission of all Sins to such Irish Catholicks as should make War upon the Heretick
Protestants, and endeavour to extirpate them. Dated at Rome, the 25th of May 1643, in the
20th Year of his Pontificate.
'To this Charge and Evidence the Lord Maguire answered, that he knew of no such Examinations
as had been produced against him, but insinuated they were forged, and observed that it was
impossible the Testimony of Coote and others, as to the Number of Protestants sworn to be
murdered, could be true, because there were not so many Protestants in that Kingdom: And,
if there had been several murders and Outrages committed by others, that did not affect him.
He knew nothing of the Plot but by Hearsay, but the Jury giving little credit to the Prisoner's
Asseverations found him Guilty: And it being demanded, What he had to say, why judgment
should not be pronounced, he insisted again on his Peerage; he objected also, that the Judges
had no legal Commissions, as they acted only by the Power of the Parliament, without any
Authority from the King; to which one of the Judges answered, that he was made a Judge by
the Old Seal, and continued by the Parliament: Then Sentence was passed upon the Prisoner
as a Traitor. He afterwards petitioned the Commons, that he might have the favour of being
beheaded, but his Petition was rejected, and he was hanged drawn and quartered, on the 20th
[10th] of Feb, according to his Sentence.
[The author then adds his own comments, as follows] 'It is generally held, that a Peer of Ireland
may be tryed by a Jury of Commoners in England, for a Fact committed in England: But I do not
see how an Irish Peer could be legally tryed here, for a Fact committed in Ireland; because, at
this rate he loses his Privilege of Peerage; and there is this further Objection to it, that every
Treason must be laid and proved, to be committed in some County of England, and here all the
Proof was, of Facts committed in Ireland only: They also read the Deposition of the Sheriff of
Dublin against him, though the Sheriff was in England just before the Trial, and ought to have
given his Evidence Personally in Court: The Prisoner very justly objected, that the Judges who
tryed him had no lawful Commission from the King for trying him: For, though one of them had
formerly a Commission from his Majesty, they did not sit by the King's Authority at this time; but
derived their Power from a body of Men in actual Rebellion against the Crown, and consequently
the Bench were no less Traytors than the Prisoner at the Bar: But it is no new thing to see
Criminals it in Judgment on their Brethren in iniquity, there is not much Doubt to be made of the
Lord Maguire's Guilt; but yet the putting him to Death by those Usurpers, who could have no
Legal Authority to try or condemn him, was Murder in them. It is observable also, that the
Commons made use of Coote, and other Tools to aggravate matters and testifie that there were
Ten times more Protestants murdered in Ireland than there really were; and this with an
Intention to render the King odious to his Subjects, whom they charged with countenancing
the Irish Rebellion, though nothing could be more unjust: And here we find them tampering with
Maguire, to acknowledge a Correspondence between the Irish Rebels, and the English Royalists;
but he had the Grace to acquit the King's Party of having any Share in that Insurrection, though
he might possibly have saved his Life, if he would have humoured the Parliament in this
particular. He was long detained in Prison, in order to extort something out of him to the
prejudice of the Royal party; and one while had so much liberty allowed him in the Tower, that
he made his Escape from thence: He was afterwards indeed retaken; and, when they found he
would not answer their purpose, they put him to Death by Forms of Law.'
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