PEERAGE
Last updated 28/09/2014
     Date Rank Order Name Born Died  Age
PERCY
5 Feb 1299 B 1 Henry de Percy Oct 1315
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Percy 5 Feb 1299
Oct 1315 2 Henry de Percy c 1302 26 Feb 1352
26 Feb 1352 3 Henry de Percy 1322 16 Jun 1368 45
16 Jun 1368 4 Henry de Percy,later [1377] 1st Earl of 
to     Northumberland 1342 19 Feb 1408 65
1406 He was attainted and the peerages forfeited
1414 5 Henry Percy,2nd Earl of Northumberland 3 Feb 1393 23 May 1455 62
Restored to the peerages 1414
23 May 1455 6 Henry Percy,3rd Earl of Northumberland 25 Jul 1421 29 Mar 1461 39
to     He was attainted and the peerages forfeited
29 Mar 1461
1473 7 Henry Percy,4th Earl of Northumberland c 1449 27 Apr 1489
Restored to the peerages 1473
27 Apr 1489 8 Henry Algernon Percy,5th Earl of
Northumberland 13 Jan 1478 19 May 1527 49
19 May 1527 9 Henry Percy,6th Earl of Northumberland c 1502 30 Jun 1537
to     On his death the heir was under attainder
30 Jun 1537 and the peerage was therefore forfeited
30 Apr 1557 10 Thomas Percy 10 Jun 1528 22 Aug 1572 44
  Created Baron Percy 30 Apr 1557 and Earl
of Northumberland 1 May 1557
The Barony remained merged with the 
Earldom of Northumberland until its 
extinction in 1670
                    ******************
28 Mar 1626 Algernon Percy 13 Oct 1602 13 Oct 1668 66
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Percy 28 Mar 1626
He succeeded as Earl of Northumberland (qv)
in 1632
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23 Nov 1722 B 1 Algernon Seymour 11 Nov 1684 7 Feb 1750 65
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Percy 23 Nov 1722
He succeeded as 7th Duke of Somerset (qv)
in 1748 and was later created Earl of Egremont 
(qv) in 1749
For further information on this peerage, which
was created in error,see the note at the foot of 
this page
7 Feb 1750 2 Elizabeth Percy,Duchess of Northumberland 26 Nov 1716 5 Dec 1776 60
5 Dec 1776 3 Hugh Percy,later [1786] 2nd Duke of
Northumberland 14 Aug 1742 10 Jul 1817 74
10 Jul 1817 4 Hugh Percy,3rd Duke of Northumberland 20 Apr 1785 11 Feb 1847 61
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Percy 12 Mar 1812
11 Feb 1847 5 Algernon Percy,4th Duke of Northumberland 19 Dec 1792 12 Feb 1865 72
12 Feb 1865 6 John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray
7th Duke of Atholl 4 Aug 1840 10 Jul 1917 76
10 Jul 1917 7 John George Stewart-Murray,8th Duke of
Atholl 15 Dec 1871 16 Mar 1942 70
16 Mar 1942   8 James Thomas Murray,9th Duke of Atholl 18 Aug 1879  8 May 1957 77
8 May 1957 9 Hugh Algernon Percy,10th Duke of
Northumberland 6 Apr 1914 11 Oct 1988 74
The peerage then merged with the Dukedom 
of Northumberland
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22 Oct 1766 E 1 Hugh Percy,2nd Earl of Northumberland c 1714 6 Jun 1786
Created Earl Percy and Duke of
Northumberland 22 Oct 1766 
See "Northumberland"
PERCY OF ALNWICK
28 Jun 1643 B 1 Henry Percy c 1604 Apr 1659
to     Created Baron Percy of Alnwick
Apr 1659 28 Jun 1643
Peerage extinct on his death
PERCY OF NEWCASTLE
12 Feb 1953 B 1 Lord Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy 21 Mar 1887 3 Apr 1958 71
to     Created Baron Percy of Newcastle
3 Apr 1958 12 Feb 1953
MP for Hastings 1921-1937. President of the
Board of Education 1924-1929. Minister
without Portfolio 1935-1936. PC 1924
Peerage extinct on his death
PERRY
28 Jan 1938 B 1 Percival Lea Dewhurst Perry 18 Mar 1878 17 Jun 1956 78
to     Created Baron Perry 28 Jan 1938
17 Jun 1956 Peerage extinct on his death
PERRY OF SOUTHWARK
16 Jul 1991 B[L] 1 Pauline Perry 15 Oct 1931
Created Baroness Perry of Southwark for life
16 Jul 1991
PERRY OF WALTON
9 Feb 1979 B[L] 1 Walter Laing Macdonald Perry 16 Jun 1921 18 Jul 2003 82
to     Created Baron Perry of Walton for life
18 Jul 2003 9 Feb 1979
Peerage extinct on his death
PERTH
4 Mar 1605 E[S] 1 James Drummond,4th Lord Drummond c 1580 18 Dec 1611
Created Earl of Perth 4 Mar 1605
18 Dec 1611 2 John Drummond c 1598 11 Jun 1662
11 Jun 1662 3 James Drummond c 1615 2 Jun 1675
2 Jun 1675 4 James Drummond 7 Jul 1648 11 May 1716 67
to     High Chancellor [S] 1684-1688. PC 1685  KT 1687
11 May 1716 On his death the next heir was under attainder
and the peerage was therefore forfeited
[11 May 1716]   [James Drummond] 1675 17 Apr 1720 44
He was attainted 17 Feb 1716
[17 Apr 1720]   [James Drummond] 11 May 1713 13 May 1746 33
[13 May 1746]   [John Drummond] c 1716 28 Sep 1747
[28 Sep 1747]   [John Drummond] c 1680 27 Oct 1757
[27 Oct 1757]   [James Drummond] c 1690 7 Feb 1760
[7 Feb 1760]   [James Drummond] 6 Nov 1707 18 Jul 1781 73
[18 Jul 1781]   [James Drummond] 12 Feb 1744 2 Jul 1800 56
Created Lord Perth,Baron Drummond of 
Stobhall 26 Oct 1797
On his death the Barony became extinct
whilst the Earldom (but for the attainder)
passed to -
[2 Jul 1800]   [James Lewis Drummond] c 1750 Sep 1800
[Sep 1800]   [Charles Edward Drummond] 1 Jan 1752 9 Apr 1840 88
[9 Apr 1840]   George Drummond 6 May 1807 28 Feb 1902 94
28 Jun 1853 5 He obtained a reversal of the attainder 
in 1853
For information on his son, styled Viscount Forth,
and his grandson,styled Lord Drummond,see the 
note at the foot of this page
28 Feb 1902 6 William Huntley Drummond 5 Aug 1871 20 Aug 1937 66
20 Aug 1937 7 James Eric Drummond 17 Aug 1876 15 Dec 1951 75
PC 1933
19 Dec 1951 8 John David Drummond 13 May 1907 25 Nov 2002 95
Minister of State for Colonial Affairs 
1957-1962.  PC 1957
25 Nov 2002 9 John Eric Drummond 7 Jul 1935
PERY
30 Mar 1785 V[I] 1 Edmond Sexton Pery 8 Apr 1719 24 Feb 1806 86
to     Created Viscount Pery 30 Mar 1785
24 Feb 1806 Speaker of the House of Commons [I]
1771-1785.  PC [I] 1771
Peerage extinct on his death
PESTON
24 Mar 1987 B[L] 1 Maurice Harry Peston 19 Mar 1931
Created Baron Peston for life 24 Mar 1987
PETERBOROUGH
9 Mar 1628 E 1 John Mordaunt,5th Baron Mordaunt 18 Jan 1599 18 Jun 1644 45
Created Earl of Peterborough 
9 Mar 1628
Lord Lieutenant Northamptonshire 1640
18 Jun 1643 2 Henry Mordaunt 15 Nov 1621 19 Jun 1697 75
Lord Lieutenant Northamptonshire 1666-1689
and Rutland 1688-1690   PC 1683  KG 1685
19 Jun 1697 3 Charles Mordaunt 1658 25 Oct 1735 77
Created Earl of Monmouth 9 Apr 1689
First Lord of the Treasury 1689-1691. Lord
Lieutenant Northamptonshire 1689-1715
PC 1689  KG 1713
For further information on this peer,see the
note at the foot of this page
25 Oct 1735 4 Charles Mordaunt c 1710 1 Aug 1779
1 Aug 1779 5 Charles Henry Mordaunt 10 May 1758 14 Jun 1814 56
to     Peerages extinct on his death
14 Jun 1814
PETERSFIELD
19 Aug 1673 B[L] 1 Louise Renee de Penancort de Keroualle c 1647 14 Nov 1734
to     Created Baroness Petersfield,
14 Nov 1734 Countess of Fareham and Duchess of 
Portsmouth for life 19 Aug 1673
Mistress of Charles II
Peerages extinct on her death
PETERSHAM
25 Jun 1674 B 1 John Maitland,1st Duke of Lauderdale 24 May 1616 24 Aug 1682 66
to     Created Baron Petersham and Earl of
24 Aug 1682 Guilford 25 Jun 1674
Peerages extinct on his death
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9 Feb 1742 V 1 William Stanhope,1st Baron Harrington c 1683 8 Dec 1756  
Created Viscount Petersham and Earl 
of Harrington 9 Feb 1742
See "Harrington"
PETHICK-LAWRENCE
16 Aug 1945 B 1 Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence 28 Dec 1871 10 Sep 1961 89
to     Created Baron Pethick-Lawrence
10 Sep 1961 16 Aug 1945
MP for Leicester West 1923-1931 and
Edinburgh East 1935-1945. Secretary of
State for India and Burma 1945-1947.  
PC 1937
Peerage extinct on his death
PETRE
21 Jul 1603 B 1 John Petre 20 Dec 1549 11 Oct 1613 63
Created Baron Petre 21 Jul 1603
Lord Lieutenant Essex
11 Oct 1613 2 William Petre 24 Jun 1575 5 May 1637 61
5 May 1637 3 Robert Petre 22 Jan 1599 28 Oct 1638 39
28 Oct 1638 4 William Petre 1626 5 Jan 1684 57
5 Jan 1684 5 John Petre 24 Jun 1629 22 Jan 1684 54
22 Jan 1684 6 Thomas Petre 5 Dec 1633 4 Jan 1706 72
Lord Lieutenant Essex 1688
4 Jan 1706 7 Robert Petre 17 Mar 1689 22 Mar 1713 24
3 Jun 1713 8 Robert James Petre 3 Jun 1713 2 Jul 1742 29
2 Jul 1742 9 Robert Edward Petre Feb 1742 2 Jul 1801 59
2 Jul 1801 10 Robert Edward Petre 2 Sep 1763 28 Mar 1809 45
28 Mar 1809 11 William Henry Francis Petre 22 Jan 1793 3 Jul 1850 57
3 Jul 1850 12 William Bernard Petre 20 Dec 1817 4 Jul 1884 66
4 Jul 1884 13 William Joseph Petre 25 Feb 1847 8 May 1893 46
8 May 1893 14 Bernard Henry Philip Petre 31 May 1858 16 Jun 1908 50
16 Jun 1908 15 Philip Benedict Joseph Petre 21 Aug 1864 6 Dec 1908 44
For further information on the death of this peer,
see the note at the foot of this page
6 Dec 1908 16 Lionel George Carroll Petre 3 Nov 1890 30 Sep 1915 24
30 Sep 1915 17 Joseph William Lionel Petre 5 Jun 1914 1 Jan 1989 74
1 Jan 1989 18 John Patrick Lionel Petre 4 Aug 1942
Lord Lieutenant Essex 2002-
PEVENSEY
14 May 1730 V 1 Spencer Compton,1st Baron Wilmington c 1674 2 Jul 1743
to     Created Viscount Pevensey and Earl of
2 Jul 1743 Wilmington 14 May 1730
See "Wilmington" - extinct 1743
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22 Jan 1816 V[I] 1 John Baker-Holroyd 21 Dec 1735 30 May 1821 85
      Created Baron Sheffield [I] 
      9 Jan 1781 and 20 Sep 1783, Baron
      Sheffield [UK] 29 Jul 1802 and 
Viscount Pevensey and Earl of
Sheffield 22 Jan 1816
See "Sheffield"
PEYTON OF YEOVIL
5 Oct 1983 B[L] 1 John Wynne William Peyton 13 Feb 1919 22 Nov 2006 87
to     Created Baron Peyton of Yeovil for life
22 Nov 2006 5 Oct 1983
MP for Yeovil 1951-1983. Minister of
Transport 1970. Minister for Transport
Industries 1970-1974.  PC 1970
Peerage extinct on his death
PEYVRE
6 Feb 1299 B 1 John Peyvre c 1262 1316
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1316 Peyvre 6 Feb 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
PHILLIMORE
2 Jul 1918 B 1 Sir Walter George Frank Phillimore,2nd baronet 21 Nov 1845 13 Mar 1929 83
Created Baron Phillimore 2 Jul 1918
Lord Justice of Appeal 1913-1916.  PC 1913
13 Mar 1929 2 Godfrey Walter Phillimore 29 Dec 1879 28 Nov 1947 67
28 Nov 1947 3 Robert Godfrey Phillimore 24 Sep 1939 26 Feb 1990 50
26 Feb 1990 4 Claud Stephen Phillimore 15 Jan 1911 29 Mar 1994 83
29 Mar 1994 5 Francis Stephen Phillimore 25 Nov 1944
PHILLIPS
21 Dec 1964 B[L] 1 Norah Mary Phillips 12 Aug 1910 14 Aug 1992 82
to     Created Baroness Phillips for life
14 Aug 1992 21 Dec 1964
Lord Lieutenant Greater London 1978-1986
Peerage extinct on her death
PHILLIPS OF ELLESMERE
14 Jul 1994 B[L] 1 David Chilton Phillips 7 Mar 1924 23 Feb 1999 74
to     Created Baron Phillips of Ellesmere for life
23 Feb 1999 14 Jul 1994
Peerage extinct on his death
PHILLIPS OF SUDBURY
25 Jul 1998 B[L] 1 Andrew Wyndham Phillips 15 Mar 1939
Created Baron Phillips of Sudbury for life
25 Jul 1998
PHILLIPS OF WORTH MATRAVERS
12 Jan 1999 B[L] 1 Sir Nicholas Addison Phillips 21 Jan 1938
Created Baron Phillips of Worth
Matravers for life 12 Jan 1999
Lord Justice of Appeal 1995-1998. Lord of
Appeal in Ordinary 1999-2000. Master of the Rolls 
2000-2005. Lord Chief Justice 2005-2008. Senior
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary 2008-2009. President of
the Supreme Court 2009-2012  PC 1995  KG 2011
PHILLIPSTOWN
22 Dec 1631 B[I] 1 Terence O'Dempsey c 1638
Created Baron of Phillipstown and
Viscount Clanmalier 22 Dec 1631
See "Clanmalier"
PIERCY
14 Nov 1945 B 1 William Piercy 7 Feb 1886 7 Jul 1966 80
Created Baron Piercy 14 Nov 1945
7 Jul 1966 2 Nicholas Pelham Piercy 23 Jun 1918 22 Mar 1981 62
22 Mar 1981 3 James William Piercy 19 Jan 1946
PIERREPONT
29 Jun 1627 B 1 Robert Pierrepont 6 Aug 1584 30 Jul 1643 58
Created Baron Pierrepont 29 Jun 1627
and Viscount Newark and Earl of
Kingston-upon-Hull 25 Jul 1628
See "Kingston-upon-Hull" - extinct 1773
                      **************
1641 Henry Pierrepont Mar 1607 1 Dec 1680 73
He was summoned to Parliament by a Writ of
Acceleration as Baron Pierrepont 11 Jan 1641
He succeeded as Earl of Kingston upon Hull (qv)
in 1643 and was subsequently created Marquess
of Dorchester (qv) in 1645
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29 Mar 1702 B[I] 1 Gervase Pierrepont 1649 22 May 1715 65
19 Oct 1714 B 1 Created Baron Pierrepont [I] 29 Mar
to     1702 and Baron Pierrepont [GB] 
22 May 1715 19 Oct 1714
MP for Appleby 1698-1705
Peerages extinct on his death
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23 Jul 1796 B 1 Charles Pierrepont 14 Nov 1737 17 Jun 1816 78
Created Baron Pierrepont and
Viscount Newark 23 Jul 1796,and Earl
Manvers 9 Apr 1806
See "Manvers"
PIGOT
19 Jan 1766 B[I] 1 Sir George Pigot,1st baronet 4 Mar 1719 11 May 1777 58
to     Created Baron Pigot 19 Jan 1766
11 May 1777 MP for Wallingford 1765-1768 and
Bridgnorth 1768-1777
Peerage extinct on his death
PIKE
15 May 1974 B[L] 1 Irene Mervyn Parnicott Pike 16 Sep 1918 11 Jan 2004 85
to     Created Baroness Pike for life
11 Jan 2004 15 May 1974
MP for Melton 1956-1974
Peerage extinct on her death
PILKINGTON
18 Jan 1968 B[L] 1 William Henry Pilkington 19 Apr 1905 22 Dec 1983 78
to     Created Baron Pilkington for life 18 Jan 1968
22 Dec 1983 Peerage extinct on his death
PILKINGTON OF OXENFORD
12 Jan 1996 B[L] 1 Peter Pilkington 5 Sep 1933 14 Feb 2011 77
to     Created Baron Pilkington of Oxenford
14 Feb 2011 for life 12 Jan 1996
Peerage extinct on his death
PINKENEY
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Henry de Pinkeney c 1265 1301
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1301 Pinkeney 6 Feb 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
PINNOCK
23 Sep 2014 B[L] 1 Kathryn Mary Pinnock
Created Baroness Pinnock for life 23 Sep 2014
PIPARD
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Ralph Pipard c 1244 20 Jun 1303
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
20 Jun 1303 Pipard 6 Feb 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
PIRBRIGHT
15 Nov 1895 B 1 Henry de Worms 20 Oct 1840 9 Jan 1903 62
to     Created Baron Pirbright 15 Nov 1895
9 Jan 1903 MP for Greenwich 1880-1885 and East
Toxteth 1885-1895. PC 1889
Peerage extinct on his death
PIRRIE
9 Jul 1921 V 1 William James Pirrie 31 May 1847 6 Jun 1924 77
to     Created Baron Pirrie 17 Jul 1906 and
6 Jun 1924 Viscount Pirrie 9 Jul 1921
PC [I] 1897. KP 1908  PC 1918  Lord Lieutenant
Belfast 1911-1924
Peerage extinct on his death
PITKEATHLEY
6 Oct 1997 B[L] 1 Jill Elizabeth Pitkeathley 4 Jan 1940
Created Baroness Pitkeathley for life
6 Oct 1997
PITT
4 Aug 1766 V 1 William Pitt 15 Nov 1708 11 May 1778 69
Created Viscount Pitt and Earl of
Chatham 4 Aug 1766
See "Chatham" - extinct 1835
PITT OF HAMPSTEAD
3 Feb 1975 B[L] 1 David Thomas Pitt 3 Oct 1913 18 Dec 1994 81
to     Created Baron Pitt of Hampstead for life
18 Dec 1994 3 Feb 1975
Peerage extinct on his death
PITTENWEEM
26 Jan 1609 B[S] 1 Frederick Stewart c 1590 16 Dec 1625
to     Created Lord Pittenweem 26 Jan 1609
16 Dec 1625 Peerage extinct on his death
PLANT
9 May 1978 B[L] 1 Cyril Thomas Howe Plant 27 Aug 1910 9 Aug 1986 75
to     Created Baron Plant for life 9 May 1978
9 Aug 1986 Peerage extinct on his death
PLANT OF HIGHFIELD
24 Jul 1992 B[L] 1 Raymond Plant 19 Mar 1945
Created Baron Plant of Highfield for life
24 Jul 1992
PLATT
16 Jan 1967 B[L] 1 Robert Platt 16 Apr 1900 30 Jun 1978 78
to     Created Baron Platt for life 16 Jan 1967
30 Jun 1978 Peerage extinct on his death
PLATT OF WRITTLE
28 May 1981 B[L] 1 Beryl Catherine Platt 18 Apr 1923
Created Baroness Platt of Writtle for life
28 May 1981
PLAYFAIR
3 Sep 1892 B 1 Sir Lyon Playfair 21 May 1818 29 May 1898 80
Created Baron Playfair 3 Sep 1892
MP for Edinburgh and St.Andrews 
Universities 1868-1885 and Leeds South
1885-1892. Postmaster General 1873-1874.
PC 1873
29 May 1898 2 George James Playfair 31 Mar 1849 25 Dec 1939 90
to     Peerage extinct on his death
25 Dec 1939
PLAYZ
20 Nov 1317 B 1 Richard de Playz 1 Aug 1296 Aug 1327 31
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Playz 20 Nov 1317
Aug 1327 2 Giles de Playz 1320 16 Jul 1334 14
16 Jul 1334 3 Richard Playz 21 Sep 1323 Oct 1359 36
Oct 1359 4 John de Playz 1341 2 Jun 1389 47
2 Jun 1389 5 Margaret Howard 1367 Aug 1391 24
Aug 1391 6 John Howard 1409
1409 7 Elizabeth de Vere 11 Jun 1410 c 1470
c 1470 8 John de Vere,4th Earl of Oxford 1443 10 Mar 1513 69
Mar 1513 9 John de Vere,5th Earl of Oxford 14 Aug 1499 15 Jul 1526 26
to     On his death the peerage fell into
14 Jul 1526 abeyance
PLENDER
20 Jan 1931 B 1 Sir William Plender,1st baronet 20 Aug 1861 19 Jan 1946 84
to     Created Baron Plender 20 Jan 1931
19 Jan 1946 Peerage extinct on his death
PLESSETS
6 Feb 1299 B 1 Hugh de Plessets c 1267 1301
to     Summoned to Parliament as Lord
1301 Plessets 6 Feb 1299
Peerage extinct on his death
PLEYDELL-BOUVERIE
31 Oct 1765 B 1 William Bouverie,2nd Viscount Folkestone 26 Feb 1725 28 Jan 1776 50
Created Baron Pleydell-Bouverie and
Earl of the County of Radnor
31 Oct 1765
See "Radnor"
PLOWDEN
17 Feb 1959 B[L] 1 Edwin Noel Plowden 6 Jan 1907 15 Feb 2001 94
to     Created Baron Plowden for life 17 Feb 1959
15 Feb 2001 Peerage extinct on his death
PLUGENET
24 Jun 1295 B 1 Alan de Plugenet 1299
Summoned to Parliament as Lord
Plugenet 24 Jun 1295
1299 2 Alan Plugenet 1277 by 1326
to     Peerage extinct on his death
by 1326
PLUMB
6 Apr 1987 B[L] 1 Charles Henry Plumb 27 Mar 1925
Created Baron Plumb for life 6 Apr 1987
PLUMER
24 Jun 1929 V 1 Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer 13 Mar 1857 16 Jul 1932 75
Created Baron Plumer 4 Oct 1919
and Viscount Plumer 24 Jun 1929
Field Marshal 1919. Governor of Malta
1919-1924. High Commissioner of Palestine
1925-1928
16 Jul 1932 2 Thomas Hall Rokeby Plumer 17 May 1890 24 Feb 1944 53
to     Peerages extinct on his death
24 Feb 1944
PLUMMER
10 May 1965 B[L] 1 Beatrice Plummer 14 Apr 1903 13 Jun 1972 69
to     Created Baroness Plummer for life
13 Jun 1972 10 May 1965
Peerages extinct on her death
PLUMMER OF ST.MARYLEBONE
29 May 1981 B[L] 1 Arthur Herne Desmond Plummer 25 May 1914 2 Oct 2009 95
to     Created Baron Plummer of St.Marylebone
2 Oct 2009 for life 29 May 1981
Peerage extinct on his death
PLUNKET
1 May 1827 B 1 William Conyngham Plunket 1 Jul 1765 5 Jan 1854 88
Created Baron Plunket 1 May 1827
MP for Midhurst 1807 and Dublin University
1812-1827. Solicitor General [I] 1803-1805.
Attorney General [I] 1805-1807 and 1822-
1827.  Lord Chancellor [I] 1830-1834 and
1835-1841. PC [I] 1805  PC 1827
5 Jan 1854 2 Thomas Span Plunket 27 Jun 1792 19 Aug 1866 74
Bishop of Tuam. PC [I] 1846
19 Aug 1866 3 John Span Plunket 10 Jul 1793 16 Apr 1871 77
16 Apr 1871 4 William Conyngham Plunket 26 Aug 1828 1 Apr 1897 68
Bishop of Meath 1876-1885. Archbishop of
Dublin 1885-1897
1 Apr 1897 5 William Lee Plunket 19 Dec 1864 24 Jan 1920 55
Governor of New Zealand 1904-1910
24 Jan 1920 6 Terence Conyngham Plunket 12 Jul 1899 24 Feb 1938 38
For further information on the death of this
peer,see the note at the foot of this page
24 Feb 1938 7 Patrick Terence William Span Plunket 8 Sep 1923 28 May 1975 51
28 May 1975 8 Robin Rathmore Plunket 3 Dec 1925 16 Nov 2013 87
16 Nov 2013 9 Tyrone Shaun Terence Plunket 5 Feb 1966
PLURENDEN
28 Jan 1975 B[L] 1 Rudy Sternberg 17 Apr 1917 5 Jan 1978 60
to     Created Baron Plurenden for life 28 Jan 1975
5 Jan 1978 Peerage extinct on his death
PLYMOUTH
28 Jul 1675 E 1 Charles FitzCharles 1657 17 Oct 1680 23
to     Created Baron of Dartmouth,Viscount
17 Oct 1680 Totness and Earl of Plymouth 
28 Jul 1675
Illegitimate son of Charles II
Peerage extinct on his death
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6 Dec 1682 E 1 Thomas Windsor Hickman-Windsor,7th Lord Windsor c 1627 3 Nov 1687
Created Earl of Plymouth 6 Dec 1682
Lord Lieutenant Worcester 1660-1662 and 1663-
1687. Governor of Jamaica 1661-1663.  PC 1685
3 Nov 1687 2 Other Windsor 27 Aug 1679 26 Dec 1725 46
Lord Lieutenant Cheshire,Anglesey,Denbigh and 
Flint 1713-1714
26 Dec 1725 3 Other Windsor 30 Jun 1707 23 Nov 1732 25
23 Nov 1732 4 Other Lewis Windsor 12 May 1731 21 Apr 1771 39
Lord Lieutenant Glamorgan 1754-1771
21 Apr 1771 5 Other Hickman Windsor 30 May 1751 12 Jun 1799 48
12 Jun 1799 6 Other Archer Windsor 2 Jul 1789 20 Jul 1833 44
20 Jul 1833 7 Andrews Windsor 12 May 1754 19 Jan 1837 82
19 Jan 1837 8 Henry Windsor 1 Feb 1768 8 Dec 1843 75
to     Peerage extinct on his death
8 Dec 1843
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18 Dec 1905 E 1 Robert George Windsor-Clive,14th Lord 27 Aug 1857 6 Mar 1923 65
Windsor
Created Viscount Windsor and Earl of
Plymouth 18 Dec 1905
Paymaster General 1891-1892. First
Commissioner of Works 1902-1905. Lord
Lieutenant Glamorgan 1890-1923.  PC 1891
6 Mar 1923 2 Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive 4 Feb 1889 1 Oct 1943 54
MP for Ludlow 1922-1923. Lord Lieutenant
Glamorgan 1923-1943.  PC 1929
1 Oct 1943 3 Other Robert Ivor Windsor-Clive 9 Oct 1923
POER or LA POER
16 Nov 1767 B[I] 1 Catherine Beresford, Dowager Countess of Tyrone 27 Jul 1769
or 19 Dec 1767 Created Baroness [La] Poer 16 Nov 1767 or
19 Dec 1767
For further information on this creation see the
note at the foot of this page
27 Jul 1769 2 George de la Poer Beresford 8 Jan 1735 3 Dec 1800 65
He had previously [1763] succeeded his father as
2nd Earl of Tyrone and was subsequently [1789]
created 1st Marquess of Waterford with which
title this peerage remains merged
POLLINGTON
11 Feb 1766 V[I] 1 John Savile Dec 1719 17 Feb 1778 58
Created Baron Pollington 8 Nov 1753,
and Viscount Pollington and Earl of
Mexborough 11 Feb 1766
See "Mexborough"
POLTIMORE
10 Sep 1831 B 1 Sir George Warwick Bampfylde,6th baronet 23 Mar 1786 19 Dec 1858 72
Created Baron Poltimore 10 Sep 1831
19 Dec 1858 2 Augustus Frederick George Warwick
Bampfylde 12 Apr 1837 3 May 1908 71
PC 1872
3 May 1908 3 Coplestone Richard George Warwick
Bampfylde 29 Nov 1859 2 Nov 1918 58
2 Nov 1918 4 George Wentworth Warwick Bampfylde 23 Sep 1882 13 Jul 1965 82
13 Jul 1965 5 Arthur Blackett Warwick Bampfylde 29 Nov 1883 10 Jun 1967 83
10 Jun 1967 6 Hugh de Burgh Warwick Bampfylde 25 Mar 1888 27 Mar 1978 90
27 Mar 1978 7 Mark Coplestone Bampfylde 8 Jun 1957
The barony of Percy created in 1722
This peerage is one of several created in error. For similar cases see the notes relating to the
peerages of Strange and Clifford, both of which were created in error in 1628.
The original barony of Percy was created in February 1299 when Henry de Percy was summoned
by writ to attend Parliament. The barony thereafter descended through the Percy family until the
death of Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, in 1537. On his death, the barony of Percy
would normally have descended to his nephew and heir, Thomas Percy, but according to the law
of that time, he could not inherit the title, since he was the son of Sir Thomas Percy, who had
been attainted. The peerage was therefore considered to have become forfeited. The law 
relating to such instances was subsequently amended in 1764 as a result of the claim made by
John Murray to the dukedom of Atholl where it was held that, if the attainted person died during
the lifetime of the person who held a dignity, the issue of such an attainted person could 
succeed to the title in question.
In any event, the nephew and heir of the 6th Earl of Northumberland, Thomas Percy, who is
referred to above, was created Baron Percy on 30 April 1557, and Earl of Northumberland on
the following day. Both peerages were created with a special remainder which provided that,
failing heirs male of his body, the peerages would pass to his brother, Henry Percy. In 1572,
the Earl was himself attainted and executed. In normal circumstances his hereditary dignities
would have again been forfeited, but the special remainders of the creations of 1557 meant
that they were immune from the attainder. 
Accordingly, the barony of Percy continued to be united with the Earldom of Northumberland
until the death of the 5th Earl (creation of 1557) in 1670, when both the earldom and the 
barony created in 1557 became extinct.
The 5th Earl of Northumberland's daughter, Elizabeth Percy, married Algernon Seymour, 6th
Duke of Somerset. She died 23 November 1722. On her death, it was mistakenly believed that
she had been entitled to the ancient (i.e. 1299) barony of Percy, but, as outlined above, this
peerage had been forfeited in 1537. Notwithstanding this forfeiture, her son, Algernon Seymour,
later 7th Duke of Somerset in 1748, was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Percy, and
was wrongly placed in the order of precedence as if his peerage had been created in 1299,
whereas the writ of summons had actually created an entirely new peerage.
George Henry Charles Francis Malcolm Drummond, styled Viscount Forth,
son of the 5th Earl of Perth, and his son, styled Lord Drummond
On the death of the 4th Earl of Perth in May 1716, his son and heir, James Drummond, who
had commanded the Jacobite cavalry at the Battle of Sheriffmuir on 13 Nov 1715, was unable
to inherit the peerage, since he had been attainted on 17 Feb 1716 for his role in the Jacobite
Rebellion. The peerage remained forfeited until 1853, when George Drummond obtained a
reversal of the attainder on both this peerage and also the Earldom of Melfort and its subsidiary
titles. 
Forth was born in Naples on 13 May 1834, second (but oldest surviving son) of the George 
Drummond mentioned above. When George Drummond became the 5th Earl in 1853, his son
became styled Viscount Forth, one of the subsidiary titles of the Earldom of Melfort.
Forth enlisted in the 42nd Highlanders in December 1853 and was posted to the Crimea, where
he arrived on 14 September 1854, just prior to the Battle of Alma. At that battle, Forth carried
the regimental colours.
One version of what happened next is described in a letter written by his father to 'The Times'
and published in that newspaper on 23 April 1855:-
'Various unpleasant allusions having been made in the newspapers regarding the conduct of my
son, Lord Forth (late of the 42nd Regiment), in the Crimea, I shall feel much obliged if you will
have the kindness to insert this letter in one of the next numbers of your paper, and I beg to 
add that it was out of my power to make this request before, in consequence of the necessity
of having several communications on the subject with officers in the Crimea.
'My son obtained his commission in October, 1853, and joined the 42nd Regiment in the 
following December. In May, 1854, he accompanied his regiment to Varna, and landed in the
Crimea on the 14th of September, and carried the colours of the regiment at the battle of the
Alma, on the 20th. Immediately after the battle Colonel Cameron, commanding the 42nd
Regiment, addressed my son and said, "I am glad to hear that you have been present in one of
the most severe actions ever known; you carried the colours, did you not?" My son's reply was,
"Yes;" and Colonel Cameron continued, "It was a very honourable post, and a good thing for a
young man to have seen such service." The above conversation is stated by Colonel Cameron
to have been correctly reported to me, and this is all that took place regarding the battle of 
the Alma, the only battle in which the 42nd Regiment has been engaged since it left England, 
that regiment not having been present either at Balaklava or Inkermann.
'After having been some time before Sebastopol, and having done his duty regularly in the
trenches, on picket, etc., my son, being very unwell, the result of the great hardships he had
undergone, resolved to retire from the service, on account of his bad state of health, as soon 
as Sebastopol was taken, and he sent in his papers requesting leave to sell out as soon as that 
object was attained; but he continued to do his duty in the trenches, etc., until one day, 
having only returned at noon, after having been 24 hours in the trenches, he was much 
exhausted, and as soon as he reached his tent rested for a couple of hours, without having 
taken any food. At 3 o'clock he went off to dine with a friend at the Commissariat quarters, 
and a few minutes after he had got there, and before dinner began, he was sent for to go with 
a covering party; he took his cloak to start at once, but was prevailed upon to drink some wine 
before he started, and to take some bread with him. When he reached his quarters, finding the 
covering party had gone, and that his place was taken by another officer, he resolved to go 
back and have his dinner, and afterwards to join the men at the halt. On being subsequently
desired by his colonel to go at once, he stubbornly refused, stating that he had had no dinner, 
that he had plenty of time to dine, and overtake the men before they got to the trenches, and 
that he would not go without his dinner. This insubordinate refusal to obey his colonel's orders 
caused an altercation, and the colonel, finding him so stubborn (and being much irritated, no 
doubt, at his determination not to go before he had had his dinner), said to him, to rouse him, 
"If you do not go at once, I will not believe it is for want of your dinner that you refuse to go,
but I will attribute it to fear, or, at all events, to gross insubordination." After some 
consideration, my son made up his mind to go without his dinner, and he joined the men at the 
halt, reported himself to the officer in command, and relieved the officer who had taken his 
place. It was after waiting a considerable time at the halt that it became sufficiently dark for
the covering party to enter the trenches. Having considered what had taken place, the next 
morning, on his return to his quarters, my son sent in his immediate resignation, but he 
continued to do his duty in the trenches, etc., for several days and nights more, until one 
morning, on his return from the trenches, he received his leave of absence from Lord Raglan to 
return to England, to retire from the service, as he had requested, and he only then ceased 
doing duty, and left the camp for Balaklava to embark.
'This most unfortunate altercation, arising, I deplore to say, from my son's inattention to his
military duty and want of subordination to the orders of Colonel Cameron, has been the
foundation of many anonymous, slanderous and absurd falsehoods which have been so
uncharitably set about regarding him, and which it was out of my power to deny until I had
ascertained from various persons who were on the spot, and from Colonel Cameron himself,
the truth of this most painful affair.
              I have the honour to be, Sir
                 Your most obedient, humble servant,
                      PERTH AND MELFORT'
On 29 May 1855, Colonel Cameron's response to the above letter was published in 'The Times.'
'Sir - as the last paragraph in the letter from the Earl of Perth which appeared in The Times
of the 23rd of April may have led the public to infer that the account therein given of his son's
conduct in the 42nd Regiment before Sebastopol was derived from information furnished by me,
I think it right to state that his Lordship's letter, besides omitting some important facts, 
contains may statements not authorised by any information ever given by me to his Lordship.'
According to Forth's entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 'detrimental versions
of this incident circulated widely.' Shortly after his return from the Crimea, when his name 
appeared in one newspaper, he is described as being "Lord Forth, of Crimean notoriety." 
American newspapers, which were less concerned about being sued for libel, described him as 
"the valiant Lord Forth, who was kicked out of the British camp in the Crimea for cowardly 
conduct." Other reports which appeared in 'The Chicago Daily Tribune' on 19 August 1887 and 
11 October 1899 were far more direct in their accusations against Viscount Forth, as interested
readers can discover for themselves if they look up those particular editions.
Forth married, on 24 October 1855, Harriet Mary Capell, niece of the 6th Earl of Essex. After
one child, a son, styled Lord Drummond, had been born, the couple separated in 1858. In
April 1861, the Divorce Court heard her petition for a divorce from Viscount Forth, based on 
his wife's allegations of adultery and cruelty. It was shown in evidence that Forth was an
habitual drunkard, often in a state of delirium tremens, and often physically assaulted his
wife. It was alleged that, on one occasion, he threatened to "contract a certain disease
[syphilis?] and infect both her and the child with it." In any event, it seems that Harriet's 
reputation had been somewhat tarnished by her relationship with a Captain Theophilus Blakely,
inventor of the Blakely gun used in the American Civil War.
Shortly after the divorce case, in July 1861, Forth moved to the Spa Hotel in Gloucester. Here
he lived under the name of Captain Drummond, together with a lady whom he passed off as his
wife. On 19 September 1861, this woman gave birth to a baby girl, but the woman 
unfortunately died on 8 October 1861. In a report in 'The Times' of 11 October 1861, '[Lord
Forth] was with her at the time of his death, was very much grieved, and wept bitterly. 
Soon afterwards he commenced drinking brandy, and appeared like a madman. In this
distracted state he continued for several hours, after which he commenced packing his own 
and the deceased lady's clothes……He then left that room (in which were the nurse and
landlady) and proceeded to another opposite, followed by the nurse, whose suspicions were
excited by his conduct. He asked what was the matter, at the same time putting a bottle to
his mouth. The nurse exclaimed, "Good God! He's got hold of the laudanum bottle!" The landlady
seized the bottle and succeeded in wresting it from him, but not until he had drunk nearly half.
He said, "It's only a little port wine," and descended to the sitting room. A doctor was sent for
and soon arrived; he found his Lordship walking up and down in the room, and was just in time 
to prevent him from cutting his throat with a knife. The deceased nobleman continued to walk
up and down in the room, until at last he exclaimed, "Oh! how funny I feel," and became
insensible. The stomach pump was used, but without success; it was found impossible to
restore him.'
The fates of Forth's ex-wife and son were equally melancholy. His ex-wife is reported to have
died from yellow fever, in a destitute state, in Lima, Peru in April 1868. His son, Lord Drummond,
died in New York in August 1887 at the age of 30, apparently from consumption. He is reported
to have earned a living as a ticket checker on the New York elevated railway and as a night
porter at a New York newspaper. 
Upon his death, the following article appeared in 'The Illustrated Police News' on 20 August 
1887, under the heading of "A Romance of the Peerage" :-
'Some strange particulars are given of the life of George Montifex, Lord Drummond, who died
a few days ago in the United States. He was born in 1856, and, upon becoming an orphan, was
entrusted to the guardianship of his maternal grandmother, the Honourable Mrs. Capel, who
resided at Folkestone. Here, it is stated, he associated with fishermen, and assumed their 
dress. His tutor tried in vain every inducement to wean him from this company. He was a most
handsome lad and of the utmost daring. Fishermen of Folkestone narrate many stories 
illustrative of his intrepid courage, for it was his great delight to be on the sea, and the more
boisterous the weather the greater his pleasure. Of course, the companionship of one so well
known was eagerly sought after amongst the class he favoured, and although as far as 
education went he was comparatively ignorant, nothing offended him more, or more aroused his
indignation, than any reference to his title or rank. Amongst the fisher-lads - for he frequented,
unfortunately, the public-houses in the east quarters of the town - he mixed on equal terms as
their boon companion. His purse seemed open to all, and his generosity may be judged from
the following circumstance. A fisherman, having been laid up with illness, came into a certain
place, after a long absence, where his lordship was. A subscription to assist the man was
suggested, when Lord Drummond, emptying his pockets, produced £1 and 5s., and, giving it to
the man, said, "Here's all I've got, and I'd give you more if I had it." 
'He made the acquaintance of Miss Eliza Harrison, who was five years his senior; and 
immediately after the death of his grandmother, in 1871, he married her. Apprehensive of the 
disapproval of his grandfather, the Earl of Perth, whose heir he was, he engaged a steerage
passage for himself and his wife to New York, where he obtained a situation as porter to a
commission agent, and upon the failure of his first employer supported himself for a time by
fishing and duck shooting on Long Island. A son was there born to him, but the child died, and
the father, growing dissatisfied with his precarious mode of life, shipped in 1877 as a common
sailor. Later he secured a post as packer in a wholesale clothing house in New York, and
remained there until the firm failed. A second child, a girl, still living, was born in 1881; and,
having no employment, Lord Drummund found himself reduced to most painful straits, for
remittances from England were scanty and uncertain. After some months of almost absolute
poverty he obtained an engagement as night gateman on the Elevated Railway, and in 1884
became a clerk in a clothing manufactory. During all this trying period, and indeed until the
close of his life, Lord Drummond was a model husband and father; but his health was not good
enough to enable him to continue the struggle indefinitely; and at last he became a chronic
invalid. Lady Drummond from that time forward supported him by her needle, and did all that
lay in her power to persuade her husband's relatives to recognise the marriage, which they
always regarded as a mesalliance.'
Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough
The following article on the life of the 3rd Earl of Peterborough appeared in the Australian 
monthly magazine "Parade" in its issue for May 1955:-
'On an afternoon in 1723 a dignified and fashionable audience at Bath was attending an opera
performance. On stage a bulky Italian tenor, Signor Senesino, was giving his considerable all to 
his art - when suddenly out of the wings sprang the well-known, wiry little figure of the old Earl 
of Peterborough wielding a cane, with which, like a skinny David assaulting a fat Goliath, he 
proceeded to belabour the singer. After the first startled yells the audience rocked with laughter
as the fiery little peer thrashed the mountainous tenor to his knees and demanded an apology for
the insult he had tendered the young prima donna that morning.
'It was common gossip that the eccentric old soldier, peer and politician was the insulted Miss
Anastasia Robinson's lover, though she was in her twenties and he nearly 40 years older; but for
once gossip was wrong.
The fact of the matter was that the young prima donna and her aged defender were married, 
though for some reason known only to himself Peterborough rather caddishly chose to let the
world think she was only his mistress.
'Perhaps he feared the disclosure would adversely affect his ambitions for royal advancement, or
my be he thought it would put a stopper on his ardent secret wooing of Mrs. Howard, the 
mistress of the Prince of Wales (later King George II).
'The royal mistress, whom he cascaded with love letters, conveying such sentiments as "I 
tremble when I approach your door," was also less than half his age; but throughout his lifetime 
Peterborough was never one to say die whether in the intrigues of war, politics, or love.
'Born Charles Mordaunt, son of Viscount Mordaunt, in 1658, he gathered a string of titles through
following that policy in a number of tight corners and so outliving titled relatives.
The tempestuous nobleman was an enigma to his contemporaries. The Duchess of Marlborough
called him a man who "in violence of soul joined a sort of knight-errantry." An enthusiastic
admirer called him "a hangdog he dearly loved" and "the ramblingest, lying rogue on earth."
'Perhaps the chief quality that made him a puzzling mixture of good and bad to his contemporaries
was his complete, and reckless, indifference to public opinion - except, it seems, in his marriage 
to the fair Anastasia.
'As a youth he had been something of a rebel. He refused to adopt his father's allegiance to the
restored Stuarts, scorned the playboy goings-on of King Charles II, and was outspoken in his 
praise of the "good old days" of the dead and gone Cromwell.
'To express his scorn of religious intolerance, he founded with his brother Philip, the first of the
notorious Hellfire Clubs, and his defiance of social conventions was witnessed by his penchant
for taking the stiff and stodgy down a peg or two, as was instances by one of his practical jokes,
for which he became notorious.
'One day in the Strand he saw an actor or dancing master mincing along in pearl-coloured silk
stockings. It had been raining and the dandy was daintily avoiding the puddles. Something in his
behaviour aroused Peterborough's ire, and leaping from his coach with drawn sword, he chased 
the dandy, pricking him in the calves and driving him hopping and squealing into the puddles. In
desperation the dandy closed with him, and dragged him, too, into the mud. When he shook
himself free from the scrimmage, the earl returned laughing and spattered to his carriage.
'His contempt for public opinion is perhaps best instanced by his conduct at the fashionable
resort of Bath. Priding himself on his cooking, he would often withdraw from his guests, don a
chef's cap and cook the dinner, trusting his servants to serve it while he entertained his guests
with witty roars from the kitchen. Because of his pride in his cooking he liked to do his own
household marketing. "It is a comical sight to see him, decked in blue ribbon and star, clasping
a cabbage under each arm or a chicken in his hand which he has purchased at market and carries
home for his dinner," the Lady Hervey once wrote to her friend, Mrs. Howard.
'So reckless was his conduct and outspokenness at times that it is difficult to see how he 
escaped the attentions of Judge Jeffreys in the pogrom of "The Bloody Assizes" in James', the
last of the Stuarts, reign. Even the "Hanging Judge" was not exempt from Peterborough's 
practical joking. The story is told that Judge Jeffreys once had an assignation with a domestic
servant, Sophie Crowe, whom he had arranged to have picked up in a carriage from near her
place of employment and conveyed to his chambers. Peterborough, it is said, heard of it and
substituted himself for the girl, decking himself in a veil and woman's clothes. Jeffreys would
have hanged him with the greatest pleasure there and then, when, after chasing his "charmer"
around the room for a kiss, he tore off the veil, and gazed into the quizzical, laughing face of
Mordaunt. Fortunately, however, for the practical joker, Jeffreys was not then Lord Chief Justice,
nor plagued with the painful disease that made him unable to take a joke in his later life.
'Born the eldest of 11 children, Mordaunt ran away to sea at an early age, and at 16 was a
volunteer in an expedition against the Corsair pirates of Algiers. Unfortunately little is known
of his early adventures, as he was persuaded to burn his autobiography before he died. It was
rumoured that in it he had confessed to the commission of three capital crimes before was 20.
'At that age he was back in England, heir the year before to his father's title and estates as
viscount [Mordaunt]. The income was scarcely sufficient to support the reckless style of living
he adopted, and he was soon in sore financial straits. His careless conduct of his affairs, it was
said, provided an excellent example to dishonest stewards of methods by which they could rob
their masters. His wooing cost him money too. In one affair he joined a band of strolling players
to make love to a pretty married woman of the company named Barton, living apart from her
husband. After stumping around the countryside with her his passion waned. So he gave the
lady's husband £500 so that he could set up a home for her and withdraw her from the company.
'Later, to win favour in the eyes of another fair charmer, he is said to have had her and a 
companion held up by a highwayman, whom he hired for the occasion so that he might rescue
the maiden under circumstances most conducive of his robbing her, himself, of her virtue.
'In the intervals between those affairs he sailed in other forays against the Barbary pirates and
married [in 1678] a winsome Scottish lass, a Carey Fraser, daughter of a Highland knight. She
was to bear him three children, but the union does seem to have caused him to be any the less
reckless or indiscreet in his peccadilloes.
'His amatory exploits, added to the fame he acquired as a fighter of Barbary pirates, made him a
notable figure in society, but his undisguised contempt for the Stuart monarchy barred him from
political or martial advancement. Accordingly, when the "Glorious Revolution" to oust King James
and put William of Orange on the throne was first mooted, he dashed off to Holland to urge 
William to take up the offer.
'He was appointed a Lieutenant-Colonel of Horse in the army of rebellion, and reaped a rich
harvest of rewards when William and Mary came to the throne, being appointed Privy Councillor,
Gentleman of the Bedchamber, First Lord of the Treasury (for which his conduct of his own
financial affairs seems scarcely to have been a recommendation) and created Earl of Monmouth.
'His careless tongue soon made him suspect in the eyes of the new monarch. In spite of the 
favours he had gained, he complained that William had been ungrateful. He was already 
suspected of being the author of "the lemon letters," written in invisible ink composed of lemon
juice, conveying information to the French, and was hauled before the House, adjudged guilty
of "uttering undutiful words," and committed to the Tower. However, he was shortly released,
and, what is more, granted a pension of £2,000 a year, and went off soldiering in Flanders till
a temporary peace with the French was signed.
'When war with France broke out again in the reign of Anne he once more incurred the dis-
pleasure of the Commons and was sent off in command of an expeditionary force to drive the 
French out of Spain. Matching cunning against great odds, he penetrated Barcelona in disguise, 
surveyed the defences, and then led an attack that forced the city's surrender. Later, in 
in Valencia, he drove out an enemy army numbering over 10,000 with a force of only 1,320, by 
sending a small party ahead to be captured, "turn traitor," and cause the French to retire by 
"warning" them that Peterborough's force was but the advance guard of a great English army.
'His exploits won him fame in England but his unorthodox tactics and careless comments on the
efforts of less successful officers brought him into non-speaking terms with fellow generals. 
Inevitably he was recalled but took his time obeying the summons, and junketed about Saxony, 
the Netherlands, Italy, and Austria before embarking for England in 1707. He there found himself
Marlborough's rival in military glory, the pet of the Tories and the despair of the Whigs.
'In the spring of 1709 Lady Peterborough died "of a quinsy" [acute inflammation of the tonsils].
The following year both his sons succumbed to smallpox. He was stunned by the disasters, but
still had the spirit to keep up a running quarrel with the Marlboroughs. They were dropped from
Queen Anne's favour that year, and the Tories came into their own. Somewhat embarrassed by
Peterborough, the Tories appointed him ambassador abroad [to Vienna] to get rid of him. Before
he sailed he was accosted by a London mob which mistook him for the unpopular Marlborough, 
who gossip said had lined his pockets with war profits. But the earl's quips to the crowd and
scattering five sovereigns among them soon convinced them of his identity, and he was cheered
aboard.
'In Verona the aging and still tempestuous earl met Anastasia Robinson, who was then living with
her family there. He travelled back with the Robinsons to England at the beginning of 1713.
'On the death of Queen Anne, the Whig government of her successor, King George I, had no use
for him. For years he was abroad rushing from place to place although no records of his 
adventures have been preserved, except his imprisonment by Papal guards for suspicious conduct
in 1717. His blazing anger was only appeased when the British government was given a reluctant
apology by the Pope.
'Since the loss of official employment Peterborough had been paying court to Anastasia Robinson.
Her father was a painter of good family who had settled in Italy to study art. After their return to
England in 1713 his sight had failed and Anastasia had become a concert singer of considerable
acclaim. She insisted that her favours could only be won via the altar. For a long time he could
not bring himself to marry, but in the spring of 1722 he proposed. She accepted, even on his 
condition that their marriage should not be announced until "more convenient."
'For a year or more she continued on the stage and thereafter patiently bore the ignominy of
being counted his mistress. It was only shortly before his death at Lisbon in 1735, at 77, that he
allowed her to reveal the secret of their marriage.'
Three further anecdotes relating to Peterborough are to be found in "Chambers's Book of Days"
under October 25th:-
'He was courting a young lady who was remarkably fond of birds, and had taken a fancy to an
uncommonly fine canary which belonged to a widow, the keeper of a coffee house at Charing
Cross. She besought Peterborough, then Lord Charles Mordaunt [sic], to procure for her, as a
pledge of his affection, this unrivalled songster.
'He offered, accordingly, an enormous sum to its owner, who, however, was so much attached
to it, that she refused to part with it at any price. Determined to gain the prize, he contrived to
obtain another bird, of the same size and colour, but a hen, and totally tuneless. The coveted
bird was almost never allowed out of sight of its mistress, who sat behind the bar of the coffee
house; but one day Peterborough succeeded in getting her out of the way on some pretext,
and made use of the opportunity to effect an exchange of the canaries. This was about the time
of James II's expulsion. After the Revolution, Peterborough happened to be visiting the coffee
house where he had committed the fraud, and ventured to remark to the landlady: "I would have
bought that bird of yours, and you refused my money for it; I daresay you are by this time sorry
for it." "Indeed, sir," she replied, "I am not, nor would I now take any money for him; for would
you believe it? From the time that our good king was forced to go abroad and leave us, the dear
creature has not sung a note!"
'When stationed at the town of Huete, he learned that a very beautiful young lady had just 
taken refuge there, in a convent. Peterborough was determined to get a sight of this celebrated 
fair one, but he was well known as a gay Lothario, and the strictness of the lady abbess would
have opposed an effectual bar to the gratification of his wishes. Procuring the attendance, then,
of an engineer officer, he proceeded with him to the convent, and demanded admission, for the
purpose of tracing out a line of defences in the garden, preparatory to converting the place into
a fort for protecting his position at Huete. The lady abbess and her nuns, including the object of
Peterborough's curiosity, rushed out in an agony of terror, and besought him to spare their 
convent. It would seem that the great general was not inexorable, and the construction of the
fort was indefinitely postponed. Whether the real purpose of the ruse was ever discovered by the
fair nun whose beauty prompted the act, or how far she appreciated it, history does not record.
'A strong antipathy existed between Peterborough and the Duke of Marlborough. On one 
occasion, the former was surrounded by an angry mob who took him for the Duke, at that time
rather unpopular. He ran a chance of receiving some violent usage, when he exclaimed 
"Gentlemen, I shall convince you by two good and sufficient reasons that I am not the Duke of
Marlborough. First, I have only five guineas in my pocket; and, second, here they are at your
service," suiting his action at the same time to the word, by scattering the money amongst the
crowd. He was then allowed to depart amid loud huzzas, after having thus hurled an ingenious
satire both at the wealth and avarice of the great commander.'
Philip Benedict Joseph Petre, 15th Baron Petre
After succeeding to the title in June 1908, the 15th Baron enjoyed it for less than six months.
The following report appeared in the Adelaide 'Advertiser' on 12 January 1909:-
'The tragic death of Lord Petre, in modest apartments in North London, was disclosed on
Monday by a notification to the Coroner for Central London. Lord Petre, who only came into
the title last June, has a country seat at Ingatestone Hall, Ingatestone, Essex, and another
at Brentwood, but he had somewhat eccentric ideas, and since he succeeded his brother  in
the title he occupied two rooms in Huntingdon-street, Barnsbury, a little distance off the
Caledonian-road. It was in one of those rooms that he was found unconscious on Sunday
afternoon shortly after midday. Dr. Jackson, who lives opposite, was at once brought over,
but found his patient already dead from heart failure. A press representative obtained some
interesting particulars of Lord Petre's obscure life in Barnsbury.
'The handsome, middle-aged gentleman, with the moustache turning grey (he was 45 years 
old) was known at the Huntingdon-street address simply as "Mr. Petre," and the people of
the house only discovered by accident about a fortnight ago his real identity. A letter arriving
by post addressed to "Lord Petre" gave the startling secret away.  From all others, however, 
the fact was kept a profound secret.  Nevertheless, a great deal of curiosity was felt about
"Mr. Petre" in the neighbourhood, gossip being chiefly stimulated by the magnificent motor
landau that called regularly for him every morning at half-past 10. It is not customary for
Barnsbury boarders to keep big motor cars on daily hire. Where he went in the motor - 
sometimes accompanied by his valet and a friend and sometimes alone - none knew, but he
generally remained away for the best part of the day.
'Another thing that aroused comment was the daily call of a local hairdresser to shave him in
his own rooms. "Mr. Petre" was also addicted to extravagant acts of generosity. It was no
uncommon thing for him to stop his car at sight of a poor woman, with a baby, selling matches
in the gutter, astonish her with a present of a £5 note, and drive away without waiting to be
thanked. Naturally the discovery of his secret, which has followed the announcement of his
death, has created a great sensation in Huntingdon-street and the neighbourhood, a typical
inner-London boarding-house district of small houses and little shops. 
'The late peer has had a romantic career. He married twenty years ago a daughter of the late
Mrs. Cavendish Taylor, once a famous American hostess in London, but some years ago he
renounced Society, severing himself from all his old friends, and spending a roving life in
England and America. It was in the West Indies that he caught the malarial fever that left
him with the weak heart which caused his sudden death, and when he unexpectedly came
into the barony last June his whereabouts were for some time undiscoverable by the family
lawyers. The family is one of the oldest in England, sharing with the Duke of Norfolk the
headship of the Catholic Church in England. The barony was created in 1603. The new peer 
is deceased's son, the Hon. Lionel George Carroll Petre, a lad of 17.'
At the subsequent inquest into Lord Petre's death, evidence was given that 'on Sunday last
he rose as usual and went to the lavatory, taking with him a glass of whisky and soda. Half an
hour later his hairdresser, who attended him every day, arrived. As Lord Petre did not appear
the door of the lavatory was forced, and he was found dead.' The inquest returned a verdict 
of death from natural causes, the immediate cause being a blood-clot on the brain.
Terence Conyngham Plunket, 6th Baron Plunket
Plunket, together with his wife and the pilot, died in a plane crash on 24 February 1938. The
following edited report appeared in the 'Los Angeles Times' of 25 February 1938:-
'Lord Terence Conyngham Plunket [sic], 38-year-old member of the Irish Parliament, and his
wife, Lady Plunket, lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth of England and [illegitimate] daughter
of actress Fanny Ward [by the 7th Marquess of Londonderry], were killed instantly last night
at San Simeon when a private airplane in which they rode crashed and burned.
'Pilot Tex Phillips, thrown clear of the wreckage, also died when the ship he sought to guide
into the fog-bound airport at William Randolph Hearst's seacoast ranch smashed to earth a 
mile south of the landing field. 
'[The] only one of four [on board] to escape instant death, James Lawrence, 34-year-old son of 
Sir Walter Lawrence of London, suffered serious burns and a broken leg. He was taken to San 
Luis Obispo Sanatorium, where surgeons said his condition is serious.
'The large, all-metal monoplane burst into roaring flames the moment it struck the ground, 
according to witnesses. Roy Summers, postmaster at San Simeon, heard the noise of the impact
and rushed to the scene. He found Phillips dead, Lawrence staggering about in a daze, and the
Plunkets trapped in the blazing cabin. Both, apparently, were killed instantly. 
'In good weather and carrying instruments for blind-flying, the aircraft, which belongs to the
newspaper publisher's aerial fleet, left Union Air Terminal, Burbank, at 2.40 p.m. with Phillips
at the controls. The 150-mile flight took them slightly more than an hour.
'Apparently, reports indicated, Phillips was attempting the hazardous job of setting the metal-
cabin monoplane down on the ranch airport in a blinding fog when the crash occurred.'
The Barony of [La] Poer, a subsidiary title of the Marquess of Waterford
This peerage, although it certainly exists to the present day, appears to have been granted
following an erroneous report from the Attorney General and Solicitor General of Ireland which 
considered that the Barony of La Poer was one created by writ.
Catherine, Dowager Countess of Tyrone (widow of the 1st Earl) presented a claim on 4 April
1763 to the Barony of La Poer. The Irish House of Lords on 9 November 1767 decided that she
"had fully proved her claim to the Barony of La Poer in fee and hath a right to the said Barony
in fee" (my emphasis). This resolution was confirmed by King George III on 19 December 1767.
Peerage works now consider that an entirely new peerage was created on either 9 November
or 19 December 1767.
The two following paragraphs appear in Cokayne's "Complete Peerage" under this title.
'Of this extremely anomalous Peerage (one which in point of fact could never have existed), viz,
an Irish Barony "in fee," it is difficult to give any account other than it was allowed, 19 Dec.
1767, to the Dowager Countess of Tyrone and her heirs, as the "Barony of La Poer in fee by
descent from her grandfather, Richard, who sat and voted in Parl. as Baron La Poer till 25 Car. II."
'From the Journals of the Irish House of Lords it appears that (1) that on 9 Nov. 1767, the claim
was received "for the ancient Barony of La Poer" which the King on the 3rd of March previous
had directed the Lord Lieutenant [I] to refer to the House, together with the report of the
Attorney General and the Solicitor General thereon; (2) that on 16 Nov. 1767, it was "resolved 
that the Rt. Hon. Countess Dowager of Tyrone hath fully proved her claim to the Barony of La
Poer and hath a right to the said Barony in fee; (3) that a letter, dated 19 Dec. 1767, from the
Earl of Shelburne, one of the principal Secretaries of State, in respect to Lady Tyrone's "claim
to the Barony of La Poer in fee, by descent from her grandfather Richard, who had sat and voted
in Parl. As Baron La Poer till 25 Car, II [when] he was advanced to the title and dignity of Earl of
Tyrone" confirms their Lordships' resolution thereon, and orders "that the said Catherine, 
Countess Dowager of Tyrone and her heirs, be allowed to enjoy all the rights and privileges 
belonging to the said Barony of La Poer."  [It should be noted that the numbering of the regnal
years of Charles II commence from the date of death of his father, Charles I, in 1649, rather
than from the Restoration in 1660].
However, the Barony referred to above in which the Dowager Countess's grandfather sat and 
voted was that of "Power" created by patent in 1535 (qv). The date usually assigned to the
earlier so called Barony of La Poer is 23 November 1375, being the date on which Nicholas 
Poer was first summoned to attend the Irish Parliament. Although such a writ of summons 
was sufficient to create a peerage in England, this writ did not create a peerage in Ireland.
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