PEERAGE
Last updated 20/08/2016
Date Rank Order Name Born Died Age
YARBOROUGH
13 Aug 1794 B 1 Charles Anderson-Pelham 3 Feb 1749 22 Sep 1823 74
Created Baron Yarborough 13 Aug 1794
MP for Beverley 1768-1774 and Lincolnshire
1774-1794
22 Sep 1823 2 Charles Anderson-Pelham 8 Aug 1781 5 Sep 1846 65
30 Jan 1837 E 1 Created Baron Worsley and Earl of
Yarborough 30 Jan 1837
MP for Great Grimsby 1803-1807 and
Lincolnshire 1807-1823
5 Sep 1846 2 Charles Anderson Worsley Anderson-
Pelham 12 Apr 1809 7 Jan 1862 52
MP for Newtown 1830-1831, Lincolnshire
1831-1832 and Lincolnshire North 1835-
1846. Lord Lieutenant Lincolnshire
1857-1862
7 Jan 1862 3 Charles Anderson-Pelham 14 Jan 1835 6 Feb 1875 40
MP for Great Grimsby 1857-1862
6 Feb 1875 4 Charles Alfred Worsley Anderson-Pelham 11 Jun 1859 12 Jul 1936 77
PC 1890. Lord Lieutenant Lincolnshire
1921-1936. KG 1935
12 Jul 1936 5 Sackville George Pelham 17 Dec 1888 7 Feb 1948 59
He had previously [1926] succeeded as 14th
Lord Conyers
7 Feb 1948 6 Marcus Herbert Pelham 30 Jun 1893 2 Dec 1966 73
2 Dec 1966 7 John Edward Pelham 2 Jun 1920 21 Mar 1991 70
21 Mar 1991 8 Charles John Pelham 5 Nov 1963
YARMOUTH
30 Jul 1679 E 1 Sir Robert Paston,2nd baronet 29 May 1631 8 Mar 1683 51
Created Baron Paston and Viscount
Yarmouth 19 Aug 1673 and Earl of
Yarmouth 30 Jul 1679
MP for Thetford 1660 and Castle Rising
1661-1673. Lord Lieutenant Norfolk 1676-1683
8 Mar 1683 2 William Paston 1654 25 Dec 1732 78
to MP for Norwich 1678-1683. Lord Lieutenant
25 Dec 1732 Wiltshire 1688-1689
Peerages extinct on his death
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24 Mar 1740 E[L] 1 Amelia Sophia de Walmoden 1 Apr 1704 20 Oct 1765 61
to Created Baroness Yarmouth and
20 Oct 1765 Countess of Yarmouth for life 24 Mar 1740
Peerages extinct on her death
YELVERTON
15 Jun 1795 B[I] 1 Barry Yelverton 28 May 1736 19 Aug 1805 69
Created Baron Yelverton 15 Jun 1795
and Viscount Avonmore 29 Dec 1800
See "Avonmore"
YORK
1138 E 1 William d'Aumale 20 Aug 1179
to Created Earl of Yorkshire 1138
20 Aug 1179 On his death the peerage reverted to the
Crown
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1190 E 1 Otho of Saxony 19 May 1218
to Created Earl of York 1190
1196 He surrendered the peerage in 1196
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6 Aug 1385 D 1 Edmund Plantagenet 5 Jun 1341 1 Aug 1402 61
Created Duke of York 6 Aug 1385
Fifth son of Edward III. KG 1361
1 Aug 1402 2 Edward Plantagenet,1st Earl of Cork 1373 25 Oct 1415 42
to KG 1387
25 Oct 1415 On his death the next heir was under
attainder and the peerage was therefore
forfeited
1426 3 Richard Plantagenet 21 Sep 1411 30 Dec 1460 49
restored to the peerage 1426
KG 1433. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1447-
1453 and 1457-1459
30 Dec 1460 4 Edward Plantagenet 28 Apr 1442 9 Apr 1483 40
to He succeeded to the throne as Edward IV
1461 in 1461 when the peerage merged with the
Crown
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28 May 1474 D 1 Richard Plantagenet 17 Aug 1473 23 Jun 1483 9
to Created Duke of York 28 May 1474
23 Jun 1483 Second son of Edward IV. KG 1475
Peerage extinct on his death
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31 Oct 1494 D 1 Henry Tudor 28 Jun 1491 28 Jan 1547 55
to Created Duke of York 28 May 1474
1504 Second son of Henry VII. KG 1495
He became Prince of Wales in 1504 when
the peerage reverted to the Crown
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6 Jan 1605 D 1 Charles Stuart 19 Nov 1600 30 Jan 1649 48
to Created Duke of York 6 Jan 1605
1625 Third son of James I
He succeeded to the throne as Charles I
in 1625 when the peerage merged in the
Crown
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27 Jan 1644 D 1 James Stuart 14 Oct 1633 6 Sep 1701 67
to Created Duke of York 27 Jan 1644,Earl
1685 of Ulster 10 May 1659 and Duke of
Albany 31 Dec 1660
Third son of Charles I. KG 1642. Lord
Warden of the Cinque Ports 1660-1673
He succeeded to the throne as James II
in 1685 when the peerage merged with the
Crown
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5 Jul 1716 D 1 Ernest Augustus 7 Sep 1674 14 Aug 1728 53
to Created Earl of Ulster and Duke of
14 Aug 1728 York and Albany 5 Jul 1716
Brother of George I. KG 1717
Peerages extinct on his death
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1 Apr 1760 D 1 Edward Augustus 14 Mar 1739 17 Sep 1767 28
to Created Earl of Ulster and Duke of
17 Sep 1767 York and Albany 1 Apr 1760
Brother of George III KG 1752 PC 1760
Peerages extinct on his death
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29 Nov 1784 D 1 Frederick Augustus 16 Aug 1763 5 Jan 1827 63
to Created Earl of Ulster and Duke of
5 Jan 1827 York and Albany 29 Nov 1784
Second son of George III KG 1771
PC 1787
Peerages extinct on his death
For information on his some-time mistress,
see the note at the foot of this page
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24 May 1892 D 1 George Frederick Ernest Albert 3 Jun 1865 20 Jan 1936 70
to Created Duke of York 24 May 1892
6 May 1910 Second son of Edward VII. KG 1884
KT 1893 KP 1897
He succeeded to the throne as George V
in 1910 when the peerage merged with the
Crown
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3 Jun 1920 D 1 H R H Albert Frederick Arthur George 14 Dec 1895 6 Feb 1952 56
to Created Baron Killarney,Earl of
11 Dec 1936 Inverness and Duke of York 3 Jun 1920
PC 1925 KG 1916 KT 1923
He succeeded to the throne as George VI
on 11 Dec 1936 when the peerages merged
with the Crown
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23 Jul 1986 D 1 Andrew Albert Christian Edward 19 Feb 1960
Created Baron Killyleagh,Earl of
Inverness and Duke of York 23 Jul 1986
Second son of Elizabeth II KG 2006
YOUNG
24 May 1971 B[L] 1 Janet Mary Young 23 Oct 1926 6 Sep 2002 75
to Created Baroness Young for life 24 May 1971
6 Sep 2002 Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1981-1982
Lord Privy Seal 1982-1983 PC 1981
Peerage extinct on her death
YOUNG OF COOKHAM
29 Sep 2015 B[L] 1 Sir George Samuel Knatchbull Young,6th baronet 16 Jul 1941
Created Baron Young of Cookham for
life 29 Sep 2015
MP for Acton 1974-1983, Ealing Acton 1983-
1997 and Hampshire North West 1997-2015.
Financial Secretary to the Treasury 1994-1995.
Secretary of State for Transport 1995-1997. Lord
Privy Seal 2010-2012. Parliamentary Secretary
to the Treasury (Chief Whip) 2012-2014. PC 1993
CH 2012
YOUNG OF DARTINGTON
20 Mar 1978 B[L] 1 Michael Young 9 Aug 1915 14 Jan 2002 86
to Created Baron Young of Dartington for life
14 Jan 2002 20 Mar 1978
Peerage extinct on his death
YOUNG OF GRAFFHAM
10 Oct 1984 B[L] 1 David Ivor Young 27 Feb 1932
Created Baron Young of Graffham for life
10 Oct 1984
Minister without Portfolio 1984-1985.
Secretary of State for Employment 1985-
1987. Secretary of State for Trade and
Industry 1987-1989. PC 1984 CH 2015
YOUNG OF HORNSEY
22 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Margaret Omolola Young 1 Jun 1951
Created Baroness Young of Hornsey for life
22 Jun 2004
YOUNG OF NORWOOD GREEN
25 Jun 2004 B[L] 1 Sir Anthony Ian Young 16 Apr 1942
Created Baron Young of Norwood Green
for life 25 Jun 2004
YOUNG OF OLD SCONE
4 Nov 1997 B[L] 1 Barbara Scott Young 8 Apr 1948
Created Baroness Young of Old Scone
for life 4 Nov 1997
YOUNGER OF LECKIE
20 Feb 1923 V 1 Sir George Younger,1st baronet 13 Oct 1851 29 Apr 1929 77
Created Viscount Younger of Leckie
20 Feb 1923
MP for Ayr 1906-1922. Lord Lieutenant
Stirling 1926-1929
29 Apr 1929 2 James Younger 19 May 1880 4 Dec 1946 66
4 Dec 1946 3 Edward George Younger 21 Nov 1906 25 Jun 1997 90
Lord Lieutenant Stirling 1964-1975 and
Stirling & Falkirk 1975-1979
25 Jun 1997 4 George Kenneth Hotson Younger 22 Sep 1931 26 Jan 2003 71
See below
26 Jan 2003 5 James Edward George Younger [Elected 11 Nov 1955
hereditary peer 2010-]
YOUNGER OF PRESTWICK
7 Jul 1992 B[L] 1 George Kenneth Hotson Younger 22 Sep 1931 26 Jan 2003 71
to Created Baron Younger of Prestwick
26 Jan 2003 for life 7 Jul 1992
MP for Ayr 1964-1992. Minister of State,
Defence 1974. Secretary of State for
Scotland 1979-1986. Secretary of State
for Defence 1986-1989. PC 1979 KT 1995
He succeeded to the Viscountcy of
Younger of Leckie (qv) in 1997. Life
peerage extinct on his death
YPRES
5 Jun 1922 E 1 Sir John Denton Pinkstone French 28 Sep 1852 22 May 1925 72
Created Viscount French 1 Jan 1916
and Earl of Ypres 5 Jun 1922
Field Marshal 1913. Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland 1918-1921. OM 1914 KP 1917 PC 1918
PC [I] 1918
22 May 1925 2 John Richard Lowndes French 6 Jul 1881 5 Apr 1958 76
5 Apr 1958 3 John Richard Charles Lambart French 30 Dec 1921 4 Mar 1988 66
to Peerage extinct on his death
4 Mar 1988
YSTWYTH
18 Jan 1921 B 1 Mathew Lewis Vaughan-Davies 17 Dec 1840 21 Aug 1935 94
to Created Baron Ystwyth 18 Jan 1921
21 Aug 1935 MP for Cardiganshire 1895-1920
Peerage extinct on his death
Mary Anne Clarke (3 April 1776-21 June 1852), mistress of the Duke of York
and Albany (creation of 1784)
The following biography of Mary Anne Clarke appeared in the January 1967 issue of the
Australian monthly magazine "Parade":-
'The fascinating Mary Anne Clarke of London was not really a courtesan. She could be more
aptly described as a daughter of joy on the grand scale, whose immorality in love was matched
only by her immorality in commerce. Many men helped Mary Anne on her way to notoriety - men
like Sir James Brudenell, Sir Charles Milner and Lord Folkestone. But it was His Royal Highness,
Prince Frederick Augustus, Duke of York, second son of King George III and commander of the
British Army, who really brought her to the pinnacle of fame.
'Mary Anne made a fortune as mistress of the commander-in-chief by selling army commissions
at cut rates. When the duke grew tired of her she gained another 7000 and a 400 annuity by
threatening to publish her lurid memoirs. Persuaded finally to leave England, the 40-year-old
Mary Anne voyaged to the Continent, where her still amazing beauty captivated an English
marquis. Yet even while fulfilling the role of the marquis's mistress, the insatiable Mary Anne set
up a network of other liaisons and continued them until she was well advanced in years.
'Mary Anne was born in Chancery Lane in 1776. Her father died when she was a baby and her
destitute mother married a compositor. By the time she was 12 the son of her step-father's
employer had fallen in love with her. He saw to it that she attended a school which gave her at
least a facade of respectability. But little of her education came from textbooks. The proof of
this irregular tuition was the two illegitimate children she had mothered by the time she was 17.
'At 18 she married Joseph Clarke, the son of a prosperous builder, and co-suspect with the
printer's son for the role of father of her children. Mary Anne did not let her marriage or the
birth of subsequent children interfere with her amorous adventures. Beginning with men of
humble birth, she worked up the scale until personages like Sir James Brudenell and Sir Charles
Milner vied for her favours.
'In 1803 she was in Blackheath when, it is believed, the Duke of York saw her walking by and
insisted on meeting her. She soon put his amorous advances on a commercial basis. It was
agreed she would become his mistress on payment of 20 a week and a retiring annuity of
400. Physically the big and awkward duke was quite unlike his elder brother the Prince of
Wales, later King George IV. But like his brother the duke was a gambler, spendthrift and
heavy drinker.
'At the time he met Mary Anne his marriage to his [P]Russian wife had completely broken down
although, to avoid scandal, they continued under the same roof. Thus, assuming he remained
moderately discreet, the duke's taking of a mistress was unlikely to create any domestic
upheaval.
'Mary Anne was no sooner under the duke's patronage than she launched into an orgy of
spending. Establishing herself at No. 18 Gloucester Place, she bought the Duc de Berri's silver
plate and spent 2000 on kitchen furniture alone. She also invested in several carriages and
about 20 servants. Later, because the Duke of York often spent week-ends at his estate,
Oatlands Park, he bought his mistress another house at Weybridge so she could be near him
seven days a week. Yet somehow Mary Anne found time to cultivate other lovers who, if they
were less wealthy than the duke, were far more entertaining. Among these lovers were Lord
Folkestone, Colonel Gwyllym Wardle and Captain Gronow.
'It was the affair with Wardle that brought to light another of Mary Anne's sidelines - the sale
of army commissions. One day while Wardle was paying Mary Anne a clandestine visit, the
duke's coach pulled up outside the house. Wardle dived under a sofa. But the visitor was not
the duke. It was an aide who had certain matters to discuss with his master's mistress. The
conversation, overhead by Wardle, convinced the colonel that both Mrs. Clarke and the duke
were selling army commissions and promotions.
'Towards the end of 1806 the Duke of York transferred his affections to a Mrs. Cary, who lived
at Fulham, and put Mary Anne on her 400 retiring annuity. But these payments did not go on
for long. At that time the duke probably could not afford the 8 a week, for his creditors were
after him for debts totalling more than 100,000.
'On January 27, 1809, Colonel Wardle, now a member of the Opposition in the House of
House of Commons [as member for Okehampton], electrified the House by revealing not only
details of the Duke of York's love life but of the commission-selling business operated by his
former mistress. To the shocked Commons, Wardle outlined the case of Captain Tonyon, who
in 1804 had been promoted major after contacting Mrs. Clarke. Wardle said the major paid Mrs.
Clarke 500. He also mentioned the case of Colonel French, who through Mary Anne's influence
had been appointed by the duke to conduct a recruiting campaign. Wardle alleged that Mrs.
Clarke's cut was a guinea from the bounty the colonel was paid for each man he recruited. The
duke's former mistress also retained the right to sell a number of commissions herself.
'Actually it was not illegal in those days to sell commissions. The offence lay in selling them
through channels which did not ensure that the money was paid into soldiers' provident funds.
Upon these allegations the government set up a committee to ascertain if the commander-in-
chief was involved. Mary Anne attended the inquiry each day dressed in the height of fashion.
Hundreds packed the streets to catch a glimpse of her. In evidence she happily admitted what
she had done and even showed the court a list of her charges. According to the list an
applicant could win a major's rank for 900. Other charges were 700 for a captain, 400 for a
lieutenant and 200 for an ensign. These charges were a cut of almost 75 per cent on the
regular cost of commissions.
'It also came out in evidence that Mary Anne had made such a business of selling commissions
that she had established an office in the heart of the city, and even rewarded one of her
footmen's good services by giving him a commission. After this evidence, counsel assisting the
inquiry delved into her love life. Mary Anne was not so happy under this questioning as when
interrogated about her commission deals. She reluctantly admitted she had spent a night with
spent a night with a Mr. Dowler as his wife. She also agreed that she had entertained Colonel
Wardle three times in one day. When the chairman asked her: "Madam, under whose protection
are you now?" she replied: "I believe I am under yours." Later, when asked to repeat a
conversation she had had in the lobby with a witness, she replied: "I cannot tell you for it was
too indelicate." As to her sales of privileges, she admitted using her influence with the duke to
have the Rev. Dr. O'Meara appointed a bishop. She added that the bishop was not popular with
the king for he objected to the O before his name.
'Finally, by a vote of 278 to 196, the House absolved the Duke of York from complicity in the
commission racket. Then several months after the inquiry had ended, much evidence that had
not been put before it was aired in public. It began when a firm of furniture suppliers sued
Colonel Wardle for the cost of furniture supplied to a fashionable house in Sloane Square.
According to Mary Anne's evidence at the court hearing, Wardle had promised to furnish the
house for her as a reward for implicating the Duke of York in the army commission case. She
said Wardle had asked her many times to support the charges against the duke. Then she said:
"If anyone believes I would go to all that trouble from purely patriotic zeal he must be the most
innocent man who ever lived." Finally the court found against Wardle and he was order to pay
costs totalling almost 2000. The day after the finding, Wardle published in several newspapers
a public notice declaring "Before God and my country, the verdict against me was
obtained by perjury."
'In 1810, with her capital diminishing rapidly, Mary Anne wrote her memoirs. When she showed
the manuscript to the novelist John Galt he told her it was too lurid for publication. Undaunted,
Mary Anne hawked the work from printer to printer until she found one willing. Quickly 10,000
copies were prepared for sale. But before they could be put on the market Sir Herbert Taylor,
who was acting for the Prince Regent, the Duke of York's elder brother, called on Mary Anne.
Taylor had a proposition. Would Mrs. Clarke forget about publishing the memoirs for a down
payment of 7000 and an annuity of 400? The lawyer added that before the settlement terms
could be completed the manuscript must be delivered to him and the 10,000 copies already
printed must be burned. Mary Anne happily accepted every condition. And for three days
Londoners in the vicinity of Salisbury Square found themselves breathing large quantities of
smoke. Only Frederick Augustus, Duke of York, found delight in the fumes as 10,000 copies of
Mary Anne Clarke's Life and Adventures went up.
'Just three years later Mary Anne was sentenced to a month's gaol for having libelled the Right
Honourable William Fitzgerald. In 1816, with money again running low, she contacted the Duke
of York and threatened to publish his letters to her. Again the Duke's elder brother bought her
silence. After that she moved to the Continent where a marquis became the chief of her many
lovers. She finally settled in Paris, where she died in 1852. She was 76.'
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